Law LLM

Key information

Duration:
1 year full time, 2 years part time
Start date:
September 2019
Apply by:
1 August (International), 1 September (UK/EU)

You'll learn from leading scholars with expertise in a wide range of areas, so you can keep your options open and explore a variety of approaches to law.

You can select core modules from any of our LLM courses. This means you'll extend your breadth and depth of knowledge of legal principles and the social, political, economic and cultural context in which you operate.

This LLM gives you the opportunity to investigate a broad range of legal subject areas and to choose different pathways.

Why choose this course?

  • Learn from today’s leading lawyers – our world-leading research underpins our teaching.
  • Prepare for your future career – our courses are designed with skills training at their core, enabling you to think logically about legal problems.
  • Discover what interests you most – Sussex Law School provides a truly international, stimulating and engaging learning environment for you to build a rich base of knowledge.

Entry requirements

Degree requirements

You should normally have an upper second-class (2.1) undergraduate honours degree or above.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please select your country from the list.

Argentina

Degree requirements

Licenciado/Titulo with a final mark of at least 7.5-8.5 depending on your university. 

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Australia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Azerbaijan

Degree requirements

Magistr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4 or 81%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bahrain

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.0/4.0 (Grade B).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bangladesh

Degree requirements

Masters degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brazil

Degree requirements

Bacharel, Licenciado or professional title with a final mark of at least 7.5 or 8 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brunei

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second class upper division or GPA 3.1/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Canada

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.3/4.0 (grade B+).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Chile

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of 5-5.5/7 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

China

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of at least 72%-85% depending on your university.

As evidence of completing your degree you must provide both a Degree Certificate and Graduation Certificate.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Colombia

Degree requirements

Licenciado with ‘Acreditacion de alta calidad' and a GPA of 3.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Cyprus

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Ptychion with a final mark of at least 7.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ecuador

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 17/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Egypt

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a university with an overall grade of at least 70%-75% depending on your university

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

France

Degree requirements

Licence with mention bien or Maîtrise with final mark of at least 13.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Germany

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Magister Artium with a final mark of 2.4 or better.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ghana

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a public university with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Greece

Degree requirements

Ptychion from an AEI with a final mark of at least 7.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Hong Kong

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

India

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of at least 55-70% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Indonesia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from an 'A' accredited university with GPA 3.0/4.0. 

Bachelors degree from a 'B' accredited university with GPA 3.2/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Iran

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (Licence or Karshenasi) with a final mark of at least 15.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Italy

Degree requirements

Diploma di Laurea with an overall mark of at least 105.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Japan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a minimum C/GPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Jordan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kazakhstan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of 4 or better (on a scale of 1-5)/GPA 3,33.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kenya

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kuwait

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Lebanon

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.5/4.0 or 14/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malawi

Degree requirements

Masters degree, depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malaysia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Mexico

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 8/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nepal

Degree requirements

Masters degree with overall mark of 80%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nigeria

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division or CGPA of at least 3.0-3.5/5.0 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Norway

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall grade of B.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Oman

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Pakistan

Degree requirements

Four-year bachelors degree with overall grade of 65% or Masters with 60%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Palestine

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with at least 80% or GPA of at least 3.0/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Paraguay

Degree requirements

Bachelors with a final mark of at least 7.5/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Peru

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 12-15 / 20 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Philippines

Degree requirements

Masters degree with 1.5/5.0 (where 1 is the highest) or 3.7/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Qatar

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall CPGA of at least 3 (on a scale of 4).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Russia

Degree requirements

Magistr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Saudi Arabia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a CGPA 3.5/5.0 or 3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Singapore

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division or CAP 4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Africa

Degree requirements

Bachelors (honours) degree with second-class division 1.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Korea

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a CGPA of at least 3.3/4.5 or 3.1/4.3 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Spain

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 2/4 or 7/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Sri Lanka

Degree requirements

Bachelors Special degree with upper second honours.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Switzerland

Degree requirements

Licence or Diplôme with 5/6 or 8/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Taiwan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with overall mark of at least 67%-80% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Thailand

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 2.8 - 3.0/4.0 or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Turkey

Degree requirements

Lisans Diplomasi with CGPA of at least 2.8 - 3.0/4.0 or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

United Arab Emirates

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

USA

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3-3.5/4.0 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Vietnam

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (with a Graduate Thesis/research component) with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0 or 7.5/10.

As evidence of completing your degree you must provide both proof of graduation in addition to your transcript.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zambia

Degree requirements

Masters degree with GPA of 2.0/2.5 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zimbabwe

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

My country is not listed

If your country is not listed, you need to contact us and find out the qualification level you should have for this course. Contact us

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

English language requirements

IELTS (Academic)

Standard level (6.5 overall, including at least 6.0 in each component).

Check your IELTS qualification meets all of our entry requirements and find out more about IELTS

Alternative English language qualifications

Proficiency tests

Cambridge Advanced Certificate in English (CAE)

For tests taken before January 2015: grade B or above.

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill

We would normally expect the CAE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Advanced

Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE)

For tests taken before January 2015: grade C or above.

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill.

We would normally expect the CPE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Proficiency

Pearson (PTE Academic)

62 overall, including at least 56 in all four skills.

PTE (Academic) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Pearson (PTE Academic)

TOEFL (iBT)

88 overall, including at least 20 in Listening, 19 in Reading, 21 in Speaking, 23 in Writing.

TOEFL (iBT) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about TOEFL (iBT)

The TOEFL Institution Code for the University of Sussex is 9166.

English language qualifications

AS/A-level (GCE)

Grade C or above in English Language.

Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE)/ AS or A Level: grade C or above in Use of English.

French Baccalaureat

A score of 12 or above in English.

GCE O-level

Grade C or above in English.

Brunei/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

Singapore/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

GCSE or IGCSE

Grade C or above in English as a First Language (Grade 5 or above in GCSE from 2017).

Grade B or above in English as a Second Language.

German Abitur

A score of 12 or above in English.

Ghana Senior Secondary School Certificate

If awarded before 1993: grades 1-6 in English language.

If awarded between 1993 and 2005: grades A-D in English language.

Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)

 Level 4, including at least 3 in each component in English Language.

Indian School Certificate (Standard XII)

The Indian School Certificate is accepted at the grades below when awarded by the following examination boards:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) – English Core only: 70%

Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) - English: 70% 

International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB)

English A or English B at grade 5 or above.

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

Grades A - C in English language

Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM) 1119/GCE O-level

If taken before the end of 2008: grades 1-6 in English Language.

If taken from 2009 onwards: grade C or above in English Language.

The qualification must be jointly awarded by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).

West African Senior School Certificate

Grades A1-C6 (1-6) in English language when awarded by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or the National Examinations Council (NECO).

Country exceptions

Select to see the list of exempt English-speaking countries

If you are a national of one of the countries below, or if you have recently completed a qualification equivalent to a UK Bachelors degree or higher in one of these countries, you will normally meet our English requirement. Note that qualifications obtained by distance learning or awarded by studying outside these countries cannot be accepted for English language purposes.

You will normally be expected to have completed the qualification within two years before starting your course at Sussex. If the qualification was obtained earlier than this, we would expect you to be able to demonstrate that you have maintained a good level of English, for example by living in an English-speaking country or working in an occupation that required you to use English regularly and to a high level.

Please note that this list is determined by the UK’s Home Office, not by the University of Sussex.

List of exempt countries: 

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Australia
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada**
  • Dominica
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • New Zealand
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United Kingdom
  • USA

** Canada: you must be a national of Canada; other nationals not on this list who have a degree from a Canadian institution will not normally be exempt from needing to provide evidence of English.

English language support

If you don’t meet the English language requirements for your degree, you may be able to take a pre-sessional course

Visas and immigration

Find out how to apply for a student visa

Admissions information for applicants

How to apply

You apply to Sussex using our postgraduate application system

Personal statement

Yes. You must submit a personal statement as part of your application. 

Find out how to write a personal statement

If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, contact us

Application deadlines

1 August (International), 1 September (UK/EU)

Course details

Full-time and part-time study

Choose to study this course full time or part time, to fit around your work and family life. Modules for the full-time course are listed below.

For details about the part-time course, contact us at lps@sussex.ac.uk

How will I study?

You’ll learn through core modules and options in the autumn and spring terms. In the summer, you undertake supervised work on the LLM dissertation.

You’ll be assessed through coursework, unseen examinations, essays and a 10,000-word dissertation.

Modules

These modules are running in the academic year 2018/19. We also plan to offer them in future academic years. They may become unavailable due to staff availability, student demand or updates to our curriculum. We’ll make sure to let our applicants know of such changes to modules at the earliest opportunity.

Core modules

Core modules are taken by all students on the course. They give you a solid grounding in your chosen subject and prepare you to explore the topics that interest you most.

Options

Alongside your core modules, you can choose options to broaden your horizons and tailor your course to your interests.

Find out about LLM degrees at the University of Sussex

Our experts

Dr Stephanie Berry

Dr Stephanie Berry

Senior Lecturer in Public Law

Research interests

Freedom of Religion, International human rights, Minority Rights, Public international law, The European convention on human rights

View Stephanie Berry's profile

Dr Kimberley Brayson

Dr Kimberley Brayson

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Critical Legal Theory, Feminist Legal Studies, Jurisprudence/Philosophy Of Law, The European convention on human rights

View Kimberley Brayson's profile

Dr Philip Bremner

Dr Philip Bremner

Lecturer in Tort Law

Research interests

Assisted Reproduction, Comparative Family Law, Comparative Law, Cross-border family law, EU Law, Family (especially child) law, Gender and Sexuality, legal theory, LGBTQ+ Legal Issues, Mental Health Law, Private international law, Research design and methodology, Same-Sex Parenting, Sexuality and the law, Socio Legal Studies, Surrogacy, Tort Law

View Philip Bremner's profile

Prof Jo Bridgeman

Prof Jo Bridgeman

Professor of Healthcare Law & Feminist Ethics

Research interests

critiques of rights, family and parental responsibility, feminist perspectives on law, Healthcare Law and Ethics, Legal regulation of children's health, Responsibilities to children

View Jo Bridgeman's profile

Dr Qingxiu Bu

Dr Qingxiu Bu

Senior Lecturer in Corporate/CommercialLaw

Research interests

Corporate Criminal Liability and Anti-Bribery Law, Corporate Finance Law, Extraterritoriality, Sovereignty and Global Crime, Financial Fraud Litigation, Foreign Investment and National Security, Global Antitrust Enforcement, International Business and Human Rights, Transnational Business Law

View Qingxiu Bu's profile

Dr Elizabeth Craig

Dr Elizabeth Craig

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Bills of Rights, Constitutional Law, Culture, Identity, International human rights, Language rights, Minority Rights

View Elizabeth Craig's profile

Dr Mark Davies

Dr Mark Davies

Senior Lecturer In Law

Research interests

Criminal law and healthcare regulation, Ethics and law of future technologies, Healthcare Law and Ethics, higher education, medical law, Professional regulation, Research Ethics, Science and law, Tort Law

View Mark Davies's profile

Dr Kamala Dawar

Dr Kamala Dawar

Senior Lecturer in Commercial Law

Research interests

Company Law, Competition and consumer law, Development law, International Financial Law, International political economy, International trade law, Investment Arbitration, Public procurement and subsidy regulation

View Kamala Dawar's profile

Mr Paul Eden

Mr Paul Eden

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Carriage by Air, Carriage of Goods by Sea, International Commercial Law, International Sales Law, Law of Treaties, Legal Interpretation, Plurilingualism, Statehood and Recognition, Terrorist Financing, The Crime of Apartheid

View Paul Eden's profile

Dr Lucy Finchett-Maddock

Dr Lucy Finchett-Maddock

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Aesthetics and Politics, Commons, Complexity and Law, Critical Legal Theory, Entropy, Law and Art, New Materialisms, Right to Housing, Right to Protest, Speculative Philosophy, Squatting, William S. Burroughs (disobedience)

View Lucy Finchett-Maddock's profile

Dr Maria Frabboni

Dr Maria Frabboni

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

intellectual property law, Law and economics of intellectual property, Policy, Arts Management & Creative Industries

View Maria Frabboni's profile

Dr Matthew Garrod

Dr Matthew Garrod

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Counter-terrorism, Cyber terrorism, History of international law, Immunities from Criminal Jurisdiction, International Crimes, International Criminal Law, International Terrorism, Laws of War, Piracy, Protective Principle Jurisdiction in International Law, Public international law, Universal Jurisdiction in International Law

View Matthew Garrod's profile

Dr Gianluca Gentili

Dr Gianluca Gentili

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

American Constitutional Law, Applied Constitutional Theory, Canadian Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, Comparative Law, European Union Law, International human rights, Law and Society, Public international law, Rights of LGBTI People, Sub-national constitutionalism, UK constitutional law

View Gianluca Gentili's profile

Dr Ahmad Ghouri

Dr Ahmad Ghouri

Senior Lecturer in Commercial Law

Research interests

Alternative Dispute Resolution, comparative corporate law and governance, international commercial arbitration, International Commercial Law, international dispute resolution, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, Islamic commercial law

View Ahmad Ghouri's profile

Dr Sabrina Gilani

Lecturer in Canadian Law

Research interests

aboriginal rights, Critical Legal Theory, digital embodiment, Digital Humanities, legal geography, legal pluralism, Minority Rights, Postcolonial/Decolonial theory, posthumanism, Socio-legal theory, sociology of law, sociology of the body

View Sabrina Gilani's profile

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Senior Lecturer In Intellectual PropertyLaw

Research interests

Artificial Intelligence, Comparative Law, Complexity and Law, Copyright Law, Cyberlaw, Data Mining, intellectual property law, Internet Law, Internet regulation, Law and economics of intellectual property, Machine Learning (AI), Software patents, Virtual worlds

View Andres Guadamuz's profile

Dr Edward Guntrip

Dr Edward Guntrip

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

Foreign direct investment, global commons, international dispute resolution, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, Public international law

View Edward Guntrip's profile

Dr Sirko Harder

Dr Sirko Harder

Reader in Law

Research interests

Civil remedies, Law of obligations, Private international law

View Sirko Harder's profile

Dr Helena Howe

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

environmental education, Property law, Sustainable agriculture

View Helena Howe's profile

Ms Marie Hutton

Ms Marie Hutton

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Ethnographic Methods, Human Rights, prison visits, prisoners' families, prisons research

View Marie Hutton's profile

Dr Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez

Dr Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez

Senior Lecturer in International Finance Law

Research interests

comparative corporate law and governance, Financial Markets, Financial regulation, Global Corporate Law and Governance

View Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez's profile

Dr Ioannis Katsaroumpas

Dr Ioannis Katsaroumpas

Lecturer in Employment Law

Research interests

Collective Labour Law, European Labour Law, Freedom of Association, Industrial Action Law, Neo-Liberalism and Labour Law, Philosophy of Labour Law

View Ioannis Katsaroumpas's profile

Prof Heather Keating

Prof Heather Keating

Professor of Criminal Law & Criminal Responsibility

Research interests

Family (especially child) law

View Heather Keating's profile

Dr Tarik Kochi

Dr Tarik Kochi

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Critical Legal Theory, Critical Theory, Hegel, History and Theory of War, History of political economy, History of Political Thought, International Law, International Political Theory, Jurisprudence/Philosophy Of Law, Social and political theory

View Tarik Kochi's profile

Dr Phoebe Li

Dr Phoebe Li

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

3D bioprinting, 3D printing, Access to health technologies, Compulsory licensing, International intellectual property, Patents, Regulation of science and technology

View Phoebe Li's profile

Mr Craig Lind

Mr Craig Lind

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Child Law, Family Law, Gender and law, Sexuality and the law

View Craig Lind's profile

Dr Emily Lydgate

Dr Emily Lydgate

Lecturer In Environmental Law

Research interests

agriculture and conservation, biodiversity and climate change regulation, Economic integration, Environmental policy, Renewable Energy, Trade liberalization

View Emily Lydgate's profile

Prof Chris Marsden

Prof Chris Marsden

Professor Of Media Law

Research interests

broadcasting law, Internet Law, Internet policy, Internet Science, Law and economics, Media law, Net Neutrality, Open Access to Law, Telecommunications Law

View Chris Marsden's profile

Prof Donald Mcgillivray

Prof Donald Mcgillivray

Professor of Environmental Law

Research interests

climate change law, Environmental law, Land law, Land Use, nature conservation law, Water Resources

View Donald Mcgillivray's profile

Prof Susan Millns

Prof Susan Millns

Professor of Law

Research interests

citizenship, Comparative Law, Constitutional Law, European Union Law, Feminist Legal Studies, Human Rights

View Susan Millns's profile

Dr Maria Moscati

Dr Maria Moscati

Lecturer in Family Law

Research interests

Access to justice, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Cause Lawyering, Children's rights, Comparative Family Law, Comparative Law, Family Law, Law in Society; Anthropology and Law., Rights of LGBTI People, Sexuality and the law

View Maria Moscati's profile

Dr Aisling O'Sullivan

Dr Aisling O'Sullivan

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Critical approaches to international criminal law, History of International Criminal Law, Immunity of State Officials in International Criminal law, Universal Jurisdiction in International Law

View Aisling O'Sullivan's profile

Dr Emanuela Orlando

Dr Emanuela Orlando

Lecturer in Environmental Law

Research interests

environmental crime, environmental liability, EU Law, International and EU environmental law

View Emanuela Orlando's profile

Dr Tanya Palmer

Dr Tanya Palmer

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminal law theory, Embodiment, feminist perspectives on law, Feminist theory, gender, Gender and Sexuality, gender-based violence, Research design and methodology, Sexual and gendered subjectivities, sexual violence, Socio Legal Studies

View Tanya Palmer's profile

Dr Amir Paz-Fuchs

Dr Amir Paz-Fuchs

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Employment Law, legal theory, Privatisation and outsourcing, Social rights and social justice, Socio Legal Studies

View Amir Paz-Fuchs's profile

Dr Charlotte Skeet

Dr Charlotte Skeet

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Canadian Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, Gender and law, Human Rights, Post-colonial legal theory

View Charlotte Skeet's profile

Prof Lindsay Stirton

Prof Lindsay Stirton

Professor of Public Law

Research interests

Basic Income, Bayesian Methods, Caribbean politics, Energy Regulation, healthcare regulation, Jamaican Government, Judicial review, law and development, Legal History, Multilevel Modelling, postcolonialism, Public Law, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Regulation, Telecommunications Law, Utilities Regulation

View Lindsay Stirton's profile

Mrs Teresa Sutton

Mrs Teresa Sutton

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Ecclesiastical law, Land law, Land Use, Land Use Change, Law Relating To Property, Legal History, Property law

View Teresa Sutton's profile

Prof Erika Szyszczak

Prof Erika Szyszczak

Research Professor

Research interests

EU Competition Law, EU Employment Law, EU Governance, EU State Aid Law and Policy, EU trade policy, EU-Ukraine DCFTA, New Models of Public Services, Post Brexit Trade Policy, Public Procurement, Services of General Economic Interest, Transformation of the state and markets

View Erika Szyszczak's profile

Dr Kenneth Veitch

Dr Kenneth Veitch

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

health care law, medical law, social bonds, Social policy, Social Theory, Socio Legal Studies, sociology of law, Welfare state

View Kenneth Veitch's profile

Prof Richard Vogler

Prof Richard Vogler

Professor of Comparative Criminal Law &Criminal Justice

Research interests

Comparative Law, Criminal justice reform, Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminal Law And Criminology

View Richard Vogler's profile

Dr Lara Walker

Dr Lara Walker

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Cross-border family law, Family (especially child) law, Private international law

View Lara Walker's profile

Prof Mark Walters

Prof Mark Walters

Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology

Research interests

Criminal justice reform, Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminology, hate crime, Restorative justice, sexual violence

View Mark Walters's profile

Dr Joanna Wilson

Dr Joanna Wilson

Lecturer In Commercial Law

Research interests

bail in, bail out, bank regulation, banking, banking law, club governance, Common Law, Including Commercial Law, Corporate/commercial law, crisis management, lender of last resort

View Joanna Wilson's profile

Course enquiries

+44 (0)1273 678655 
lps@​sussex.ac.uk

Find out about the School of Law, Politics and Sociology

Fees and scholarships

How much does it cost?

Fees

Fees are not yet set for entry in the academic year 2019/20 but will be published here as soon as they are available. Note that your fees, once they’re set, may be subject to an increase on an annual basis.

Living costs

Find out typical living costs for studying at Sussex

How can I fund my course?

Postgraduate Masters loans

You can borrow up to £10,609 to help with fees and living costs if your course starts on or after 1 August 2018. Loans are available from the Student Loans Company if you’re from the UK or if you’re an EU national studying for a Masters.

Find out more about Postgraduate Masters Loans

Scholarships

Our aim is to ensure that every student who wants to study with us is able to despite financial barriers, so that we continue to attract talented and unique individuals.

How Masters scholarships make studying more affordable

Working while you study

Our Careers and Employability Centre can help you find part-time work while you study. Find out more about career development and part-time work

Careers

Career options available after graduation are as wide as the course itself. Many of our graduates go on to qualify as law professionals, nationally and internationally.

Others find employment in government or NGOs, or in commerce. Some choose to work in-house without qualifying in any particular jurisdiction or go on to further study.

Graduate destinations

94% of students from Sussex Law School were in work or further study six months after graduating. Recent School of Law, Politics and Sociology graduates have gone on to jobs including:

  • paralegal, Turpin and Miller
  • general advisor, Citizens Advice Bureau
  • refugee researcher, Amnesty International UK.

(HESA EPI, Destinations of Post Graduate Leavers of Higher Education 2017 survey)

Dissertation (LLM generic)

  • 45 credits
  • Spring & Summer Teaching, Year 1

All LLM students design and carry out a project of research under individual supervision.

You are encouraged to apply the theoretical and practical principles of research methodology, which were addressed by the module Advanced Research for LLM Students, when producing your 10,000-word dissertation.

Advanced Legal Research and Writing

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

Advanced Legal Research and Writing has two purposes:

  • to ground students in the conventions of advanced academic writing in law (a specialised form of discourse with many non-obvious conventions and norms)
  • to ground students in the leading traditions or approaches in academic legal research.

The module covers modern standards for the citation of legal authorities (such as OSCOLA), as well as the justification for them. Legal traditions covered include:

  • doctrinal exposition and analysis
  • critique of doctrine, institutional design and practice
  • researching the dynamics of law.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will provide you with a critical and in-depth understanding of the theoretical and practical dimensions of dispute resolution in comparative perspective.

In addition, the module will equip you with practical experience of negotiation and mediation in a variety of national and international contexts. Because Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) has attracted interests from a variety of academic disciplines the course engages with interdisciplinary research.

The module is divided into three substantive parts;

  • Part I examines issues of formal and informal justice across a range of legal cultures, and then explores the manner in which ADR emerged as a reform movement in the late 20th century, primarily in common law jurisdictions.
  • Part II surveys the primary key modes of dispute resolution ordinarily used: negotiation, mediation, and umpiring.
  • Part III examines the inventive approaches to dispute resolution based on a fusion of one or more primary processes and gives emphasis to international dispute resolution and online dispute resolution.

Anthropology of Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Approaches to International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module introduces you to the key theories and critiques that underpin scholarship and thinking about international law.

It covers approaches such as positivism and socio-legal studies, as well as approaches which place particular emphasis on power and power structures (e.g. Marxism, Feminism, Critical Legal Studies, Post-Colonial Studies and Third World Approaches to International Law) and on human rights.

You will be required to evaluate and critique different approaches, and to reflect on uses of these approaches within the field of international law.

Aspects of Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

You will focus on aspects of the law of copyright, trademarks and patents. You will be introduced to intellectual property law and its philosophical and economic justifications, but you will also engage in in-depth analysis of particular issues in the law and policy of intellectual property. You will consider aspects of the international framework which governs intellectual property, such as the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPSs). However, emphasis will be placed on EC and UK law in order to provide a basis for substantive discussion of the issues.

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The module examines international and regional approaches to the legal protection of biodiversity and natural and cultural heritage. It also examines the way in which some national jurisdictions (emphasising the UK approach) deal with this type of protection. The module will include consideration of the natural science and non-legal social-science that deals with measuring rates of biodiversity loss and the optimum way to protect biodiversity and cultural heritage as well as the interlinking with other volitions for protection.

The aims of the module are:

  1. to provide a grounding in the relevant international, regional and some aspects of national law
  2. to provide a critical understanding of such law and the dynamics behind it
  3. to provide an understanding of the rationale behind approaches to protect biodiversity and heritage and the subject(s)’ relationship with other issues; and
  4. to develop skills of presentation and advocacy.

Civil and Political Rights: Contemporary Challenges

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Climate Change and Energy Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module examines a selected number of topics relating to the legal regulation of anthropogenic climate change, the legal regulation of the energy sector and the promotion of renewable and other alternative forms of energy generation and conservation.

The module considers the nature of climate change as a policy problem and a selected number of salient issues in relation to the legal response to it, the use of long-term legislative targets, the tension between direct regulation and the use of economic instruments such as emissions trading, informational regulation, liability, rules on financial support for energy generation and the interaction with free trade and competition (antitrust) law. As the international law and governance of climate change is covered elsewhere, the focus of the module is on the response at regional (especially EU) and national levels.

Corruption and the Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You will examine the ways legal systems seek to control the problem of corruption and bribery.

The module initially focuses on the regulation of bribery in domestic law, examining the Bribery Act 2010.

It then examines the domestic law of other national jurisdictions before turning to consider the position under international law. It focuses on anti-corruption agreements including the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime.

Criminology in Theory and Method

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

In this module, you study and carry out a critical analysis of major criminological theories.

You discuss the predominant research methodologies in criminology and explore and identify the links between theoretical frameworks and methodological approaches.

Critical Approaches to Information Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

In this module, you explore an area of the law where far-reaching effects of globalisation have produced considerable consequences: an area broadly termed ‘Information Law’. These legal developments are driven at global level by institutions that make policy and regulation, and have also witnessed the evolution of existing institutions and rules.

Areas affected by these changes range from international commercial relationships and trade to public policy questions regarding development, governance and access to technology. In this context, you will study these institutions to understand their constitution, structure, effectiveness and relevance.

You will also study the most pressing policy choices faced by governments, institutions and stakeholders, and how those policy choices are translated into the law. In relation to information law, the module focuses on the institutions that regulate and police new technologies, particularly those related to the Information Society.

We will also analyse the problems of access to these technologies, and how current regulation affects choices of law and regulation. This module includes treatments of the traditional field of Information Technology Law with an examination of the role of law in the broader context of responding to advances in technology. The focus of the module is on the international nature of the subject matter – offering a highly comparative analysis of current legal developments around the globe.

Cyber Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module provides an introduction to the structure and governance of transactions taking place over the internet and related issues commonly called "cyberlaw".

You will focus on the theory and practice concerning the dematerialisation of transactions, the creation of extra-domestic rules through private self-regulation as well as public norms through international bodies such as UNCITRAL and the EU.

You'll also look at the relevance of private international law resolution in cases of disputes.

Digital Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The emergence of the Internet as a global telecommunications network has had an immense effect in how we view and apply intellectual property law.

Before the Internet’s mass adoption, copyright was a minority interest subject that did not elicit a significant level of global interest.

Now it is an area that is of great importance to the digital and physical economy, with the creative and entertainment industries rapidly becoming networked.

Similarly, the use of domain names to identify brands using trademarks has become a growing area of interest.

In patents, the type of protection awarded to computer programmes, mobile phone design and other digitally enabled devices is of the utmost importance to the economy.

The rise of mobile communications technologies have been shaped in great part by the intellectual property that protects some technological innovations.

Mobile manufacturers like Apple and Samsung are constantly engaged in a patent war where they try to gain control of the vast handset market by controlling core technology patents.

In this module you look at these and other IP-related subjects in the digital environment, with emphasis on digital copyright, piracy, software protection, and domain names effect on trademark.

Environmental Law and Governance

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module gives you a grounding in some of the most topical and challenging and foundational debates in environmental law. These include the role of rights and justice frameworks in relation to environmental law, as well as key debates in environmental legal regulation.

The aim is to provide you with a platform from which to better appreciate some of the central tensions and dynamics in the study of environmental law generally. You will have the opportunity to submit formative work for feedback and follow up as appropriate.

Environmental Law in Action

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module is taken alongside (in alternate weeks), and complements, the module Environmental Governance: Rights and Regulation.

The module aims to give you a grounding in the operation of environmental law in a range of practical contexts, including in relation to environmental law reform, environmental law activism, and environmental dispute resolution (including litigation).

We will consider the role of both lawyers and non-lawyers in these processes at the international, regional, national and comparative levels, and use real-world examples to deepen your understanding.

The module also aims to provide you with a platform from which you can better appreciate, and better critique, the law as it is considered in the modules studied in spring term, and in your dissertation.

EU External Relations Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In this module you explore the EU’s external relations law with third countries and international organisations such as the WTO.

You critically analyse:

  • the legal basis for the EU’s role as a global actor
  • the case-law of the Court of Justice
  • the key institutional players.

The module provides a survey of the main fields of EU external action.

Hate Crime and Sexual Violence

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will focus on issues relating to hate crime and sexual violence and the criminal justice system. The module starts by exploring the various conceptualisations of hate crime and how and why its definition has differed between jurisdictions. Focus is then given to the growing legislative responses to hate-motivated offences both in the UK and US. You will examine the extent to which the singling out of certain prejudiced motivations for enhanced sentencing (such as, racism, homophobia, anti-religion and disablism) can be justified. You then move on to explore the main criminological theories that have been put forward to explain the aetiology of hate crime. Attention is also give to research that has evidenced the often heightened levels of harm that such offences cause to both victims and minority communities more broadly. 

The second part of the module focuses on sexual violence. You examine the reforms made to the law and practice with regards to sexual assault and will consider remaining issues, highlighting attrition and problems of attitude. Some academics have argued that sexual violence should also be classified as hate crime. As such you will explore the arguments for and against the inclusion of sexual violence under the label of hate crime, noting both the impacts that inclusion/exclusion under the label may have on the state's responses to such crimes. You will also examine the use of alternative criminal justice measures for hate crime and sexual violence. Particular focus is given to the use of restorative justice and you will assess the potential benefits and pitfalls of using such an approach.

Human Rights Law Clinic

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You can build on law and theory learnt at degree level through the preparation of pro bono legal opinions for real clients, applying research and writing skills to the analysis of facts in real situations. You will also develop spoken presentation skills.

Under supervision, you'll work on specific legal questions related to international human rights law from clients such as international organisations or government bodies.

Depending on the complexity of the advice, you will work individually or as part of a small group to produce memoranda for clients, following a process of consultation, close supervision, oversight and review, work-in-progress discussion and draft presentations to clients.

Although the module aims to boost your ability to tailor advice to clients, it will ultimately train you in the practice and application of international human rights law.

Indigenous and Minority Rights

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International and Comparative Company Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Topics covered include:

  • Introduction and theory: the company as an instrument of entrepreneurship, domestic and foreign models of corporate entities, business as a social and economic tool, the market and profit incentive, regulation and laws as an economic function and the conflict of legal and economic rules.
  • Company law concepts: the concept of the corporate contract, legal personality, the corporate veil, judicial avoidance of the doctrine, forms of business organisation, company as entity, group enterprise, distinction between corporate forms, the legislative framework, birth, life and death of the company.
  • Corporate liability: general liability in tort and contract and trust relationships, general regulatory approach, the arguments for self-regulation and interventionism, the influence of criminal and civil liability concepts, ultra vires and agency doctrines, individual and corporate capacity, corporate crime.
  • Corporate responsibility and governance: companies as democracies, representation and power, the exercise of control, the management of conflict, internal and external control, stakeholder theory, directors duties and liabilities, administration and supervision, employee consultation and participation, dispute resolution, corporate social responsibility and philanthropy.
  • European and international company law: the EU framework for co-operation in corporate affairs, fundamental freedoms for companies, harmonisation of European law, jurisdictional issues and approaches in the common law and civil law systems, competition among jurisdictions and the Delaware effect, international co-operation issues, multinationals.

International and Transnational Offending

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In order to assess the effectiveness of legal responses to offending that cross national boundaries, it is essential that you gain an insight into the phenomenon itself, rather than merely into the legal responses which we have examined in International and Transnational Offending. This module explores the nature and extent of both state and sub-state or individual offending. It includes such examples as the use of torture, war crimes, economic criminality, including illegal arms and drug dealing, corporate crime, computer and share frauds and organised crime and international crimes of violence.

International Aspects of Intellectual Property and Technology Regulation

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The strengthening of the international intellectual property system has been one of the main features of the international globalisation effort that culminated with the creation of the World Trade Organisation. It could be argued that this process is likely to remain in place for the foreseeable future. The scope of international protection of intellectual property rights is on the increase, not only in length of protection, but also geographically and in the amount of rights awarded to owners. How then does this system affect the acquisition of technology by developing countries? This is not just an academic question. Some may consider that a strong international system of intellectual property is detrimental for developing countries because one could argue that it makes technology more difficult to come by. If developing countries rely on this initial acquisition of high technologies then who owns it, and how, becomes of critical significance for their development prospects. However, others may argue that developing countries should implement stronger protection in order to foster foreign investment into their economies, which will eventually assist their efforts to become developed.

This module will focus on the relationship between technology, intellectual property and development. Special attention will be given to the specific issues that affect developing countries the most, such as access to knowledge, transfer of technology and access to essential medicines.

International Commercial Arbitration

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International commercial arbitration is a process of resolving business disputes between or among transnational parties through the use of arbitrators rather than courts. The module will examine the conceptual and practical issues relating to matters such as the decision to arbitrate, the relevant law, the structure and process of international arbitration, and the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards. Throughout the module, comparisons will be made with other mechanisms of dispute settlement in international law such as the International Court of Justice, the WTO Dispute Settlement Body and the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea.

International Crimes

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will focus on the four core crimes in international law, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. In each case we will highlight their development, application in international and domestic courts and matters of controversy in relation thereto, before examining other so-called quasi-international crimes including torture, hijacking, and terrorism.

International Environmental Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module begins with an introduction to the policies and principles surrounding international environmental law including an examination of the historical development of the subject area; the sources and participants found within international environmental law; and issues surrounding compliance and enforcement. Following this, the module will examine a range of substantive issues of contemporary global importance including climate change; the conservation of biological diversity; the law of impact assessment; liability; international economic institutions and environmental protection; international trade, development & the environment; and the relationship between human rights and the environment.

International Financial Law Regulation and Governance

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module considers the legal and regulatory framework governing the financial and securities markets. With US, UK and EU law the primary focus, we look at civil law systems, especially at cross-border issues and where corporate assets and liabilities are located in multiple jurisdictions.

You examine legal structures of cutting-edge transactions as well as the underlying policy objectives that shape the financial law and regulation. You identify and explore the most challenging issues in the post-financial crisis legal environment, with a particular regard to the recent trend of public and private law enforcement.

The module addresses:

  • financial accounting
  • disclosure
  • corporate finance
  • securities litigation
  • mergers and acquisitions (M&As)
  • corporate criminal liability and cross-border insolvency in the global financial markets.

The theory of fraud-on-the-market will also be highlighted along with the recent landmark cases by the US Supreme Court.

International Human Rights Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This core module will provide you with advanced knowledge about key approaches and issues in international human rights law. It's focused on the interplay between human rights law at the domestic, regional and international levels.

We begin by assessing the development of the body of international legislation around human rights that started to form after World War II. 

You go on to reflect upon the theoretical critiques (e.g. liberal, feminist, cultural relativist) that have been addressed to the concept of rights. We will also evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of human rights institutions charged with the adjudication and implementation of human rights.

The aim of this module is to prepare you for specialist optional modules in the Spring Term, as well as for dissertation research.

International Investment Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International investment law is the law that protects investors and investments located in foreign jurisdictions (known as foreign direct investment).

A global network of treaties regulate foreign direct investment, and it is the interpretation of these treaties by arbitral tribunals, together with customary international law, that form the basis of international investment law.

This module examines the nature of international investment law, the protections offered to foreign investors by international investment law and investor-State dispute resolution procedures. In addition, the module considers recent developments in international investment law, including its interaction with other areas of public international law. The module addresses both theoretical and practical aspects of international investment law.

International Law: Rights and Responsibilities

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

You are introduced to, and develop your knowledge of, the nature and sources of international law.

A non-traditional approach to international law is adopted by focusing on rights and responsibilities, not only of states, but also in relation to individuals and other putative subjects of international law.

Issues in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module will provide you with an introduction to key contemporary issues in criminal law and criminal justice, with a view to enabling you to understand the main challenges facing the English and Welsh criminal justice system at the present time. Topics will include issues which highlight the contemporary problems facing both substantive criminal law and the justice system, including: youth justice and the age of criminal responsibility; overcriminalisation for example by new `inchoate type' offences in response to the threat to security; the relationship between personal autonomy and the criminal law; the difficulties in securing convictions for certain types of offences such as sexual violence and child abuse; the impact of gender upon both the substantive criminal law and criminal justice; prison overcrowding; and access to justice. You will discuss these topics from an interdisciplinary perspective, placing them within the context of human rights, social and political developments.

Law of Armed Conflict

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Law, Religion, and Human Rights

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

LGBTQI Rights: International and Comparative Perspectives

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Migration, Rights and Governance

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The seductive term "crisis" describes the state of international migration today. This crisis demands action on the part of experts and it demands study so as to understand the legal and political processes these experts use to manage migration.

This module explores migration management – or governance – as well as its legal, political and ethical connotations.

You will look at global migration governance and rights, international migration trends, and at how the international community responds to refugees and displaced people using a rights-based approach. The course focuses on the use of rights language in migration management.

A large part of this module will focus on Europe – a key destinations for migrants  – and the so-called ‘migrant crisis’. You will examine the broad themes of migration governance, rights, security, solidarity and mobility, and consider them through topics such as trafficking, immigration detention, relocation, deportation and criminal conviction.

You will be asked to contribute your own knowledge, experience and personal interest in the area through a case study-style assessment that will rotate throughout the term.

Principles of International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

Principles of International Law provides you with:

  • a guide to the history of international law
  • an introduction key institutions, sources and subjects of international law
  • an overview of principles of accountability and responsibility.

It aims to contextualise public international law’s place in contemporary international relations, and to consider new problems and insights in this broad field.

Privacy and Data Protection Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In this module, you examine the importance of privacy and data protection law, tracing its origins in international and European law.

You study its institutions, structure and enforcement challenges in the new technological age.

Particular attention is placed on the paradigmatic shifts taking place with respect to risk-based regulation, privacy by design and privacy certification, and the scope of new rights such as a right to be forgotten, a right to data portability and a right to explanation for algorithmic decision-making.

Socioeconomic rights: economic violence, social justice and human rights law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Sustainability and Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

The Law on Financial Crime

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module outlines and analyses different types of transnational financial crime and its impact. Much discussion of 'crime' and 'criminal law' is often preoccupied with 'crimes on the streets' (e.g. volume crimes such as theft, offences against the person, etc.), rather than 'crimes in the suites' (e.g. corporate fraud, bribery, money laundering, etc.).

Yet, financial crime causes significant harm and undermines both society and individuals both domestically and internationally. Financial crimes - and the finances of crime - are issues that merit deeper scrutiny.

This module provides analysis of financially motivated crime and deviance in the UK and internationally.

This module will critically examine different forms of financial crime, both domestic and transnational, and efforts to target criminal finances.

Relevant topics will include: the nature of white collar crime, fraud, insider dealing, money laundering, terrorist financing, and asset recovery. In order to explore these issues, a number of relevant in-depth case studies will be used.

The Law, Economics and Behaviour of Corporations

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module takes an innovative approach to the analysis of corporations. We focus on the economic and behavioural issues that largely determine corporate functioning, as well as the law and regulation of central aspects of their governance.

Close interactions between corporate law and financial law mean that a solid knowledge of corporate law and economics is essential to properly understand financial law. The integration of this module in the autumn term will provide you with a knowledge that will be very useful in the other modules you choose.

The Legal Regulation of International Trade

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

The central aim of this module is to provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the world trading system, in particular the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and an awareness of the different levels of government (and governance) at play in the regulation of international trade. 

To this end it explores: the background to, institutional structure, and fundamental principles of, the World Trade Organisation (WTO); certain of the substantive rules of the WTO, the context in which it operates, and the other actors operating in this field (regulation of international trade).

It also looks into the relationship between international trade rules and other branches of international law, and in particular the challenges facing the WTO in adjusting to the developing priorities of the global community.

The Use of Force and International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Transnational Commercial Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module examines the nature, history and sources of transnational commercial law.

It also looks at the role of conflict of laws in international commercial law and international commercial dispute resolution.

We examine the relevance of comparative law to transnational commercial law, and the various instruments (international conventions, model laws etc.) and institutions (including UNIDROIT, UNCITRAL, ICC, the Hague Conference on Private International Law) responsible for the harmonization of transnational commercial law.

War, Terror, Violence and International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You'll focus upon the contemporary problems of war and terrorism within a historical, political and global context.

Drawing upon approaches from international law, political and critical theory and international relations, this module examines law's various attempts to define what constitutes 'legitimate violence'. We'll look at some of the dominant legal, moral and political arguments behind the justification and condemnation of acts of war, terror and public violence. You also examine:

  • the law's criminalisation of non-state violence
  • the use of new theological arguments to justify 'humanitarian wars'
  • the relationship between violence and international security
  • the ethics of violence.

Women and Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module is divided into two halves. The first half consists of core topics providing a theoretical framework for the study of women's human rights. You will draw on feminist legal theory, human rights theory, anthropological and historical materials and international and national rights instruments and documentation. The second half focuses on the conception, implementation, adherence and breach of a specific right or related rights. 

Youth Justice

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will examine how the law does and should respond to criminal and anti-social behaviour by children and young people. Given that much discussion of such behaviour tends to be extremely emotive and characterised by a rose-tinted view of the behaviour of previous generations of children, the module begins by reflecting upon the nature and extent of youth crime. Against the backdrop of contested constructions of childhood and children's rights it then explores the shifts in policy that have occurred in relation to offending by children. It examines how perceiving them as `children in trouble' to be helped or `young thugs' to be punished profoundly affects societal and legal responses. The increasingly tough approach taken by governments in recent years is scrutinised in the light of international instruments such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child and sustained criticism from international bodies.
The module goes on to examine the youth justice process, including pre-trial diversion and the sentencing of young offenders, including the increasing use of custody. 

The module then examines a range of issues of current concern, including the age of criminal responsibility, the introduction of civil punitive orders such as ASBOs, the extent to which the state should make parents take responsibility for the actions of their children, the relationship between the media and youth crime and dangerous young offenders.

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