This course starts in September 2020

Law LLM

Law LLM

Key information

Duration:
1 year full time, 2 years part time
Start date:
September 2020
Apply by:
1 August 2020 (international), 1 September 2020 (UK/EU)
  • 94% of Sussex Law School postgraduates were in work or further study six months after graduating (Destinations of Post Graduate Leavers from Higher Education Survey 2017)
You’ll learn from leading scholars with expertise in a wide range of areas, so you can keep your options open and explore a variety of approaches to law.
 
Sussex Law School provides an international, stimulating and engaging learning environment for you to build a rich base of knowledge. You can select core modules from any of our LLM courses. You'll extend your breadth and depth of knowledge of legal principles and the social, political, economic and cultural context in which you operate.
 
This course has skills training at its core, helping you to approach legal problems logically. This LLM gives you the opportunity to investigate a broad range of legal subject areas and to choose different pathways.

Entry requirements

Degree requirements

You should normally have an upper second-class (2.1) undergraduate honours degree or above.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please select your country from the list.

Argentina

Degree requirements

Licenciado/Titulo with a final mark of at least 7.5-8.5 depending on your university. 

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Australia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Azerbaijan

Degree requirements

Magistr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4 or 81%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bahrain

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.0/4.0 (Grade B).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bangladesh

Degree requirements

Masters degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brazil

Degree requirements

Bacharel, Licenciado or professional title with a final mark of at least 7.5 or 8 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brunei

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second class upper division or GPA 3.1/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Canada

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.3/4.0 (grade B+).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Chile

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of 5-5.5/7 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

China

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of at least 72%-85% depending on your university.

As evidence of completing your degree you must provide both a Degree Certificate and Graduation Certificate.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Colombia

Degree requirements

Licenciado with ‘Acreditacion de alta calidad' and a GPA of 3.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Cyprus

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Ptychion with a final mark of at least 7.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ecuador

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 17/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Egypt

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a university with an overall grade of at least 70%-75% depending on your university

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

France

Degree requirements

Licence with mention bien or Maîtrise with final mark of at least 13.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Germany

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Magister Artium with a final mark of 2.4 or better.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ghana

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a public university with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Greece

Degree requirements

Ptychion from an AEI with a final mark of at least 7.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Hong Kong

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

India

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of at least 55-70% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Indonesia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from an 'A' accredited university with GPA 3.0/4.0. 

Bachelors degree from a 'B' accredited university with GPA 3.2/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Iran

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (Licence or Karshenasi) with a final mark of at least 15.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Italy

Degree requirements

Diploma di Laurea with an overall mark of at least 105.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Japan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a minimum C/GPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Jordan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or 80%.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kazakhstan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of 4 or better (on a scale of 1-5)/GPA 3,33.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kenya

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kuwait

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Lebanon

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.5/4.0 or 14/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malawi

Degree requirements

Masters degree, depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malaysia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Mexico

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 8/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nepal

Degree requirements

Masters degree with overall mark of 80%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nigeria

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division or CGPA of at least 3.0-3.5/5.0 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Norway

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall grade of B.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Oman

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Pakistan

Degree requirements

Four-year bachelors degree with overall grade of 65% or Masters with 60%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Palestine

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with at least 80% or GPA of at least 3.0/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Paraguay

Degree requirements

Bachelors with a final mark of at least 7.5/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Peru

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 13/20 from a public university or 15/20 from a private university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Philippines

Degree requirements

Masters degree with 1.5/5.0 (where 1 is the highest) or 3.7/4.0

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Qatar

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall CPGA of at least 3 (on a scale of 4).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Russia

Degree requirements

Bakalavr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Saudi Arabia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a CGPA 3.5/5.0 or 3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Singapore

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division or CAP 4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Africa

Degree requirements

Bachelors (honours) degree with second-class division 1.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Korea

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a CGPA of at least 3.3/4.5 or 3.1/4.3 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Spain

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 2/4 or 7/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Sri Lanka

Degree requirements

Bachelors Special degree with upper second honours.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Switzerland

Degree requirements

Licence or Diplôme with 5/6 or 8/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Taiwan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with overall mark of at least 67%-80% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Thailand

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 2.8 - 3.0/4.0 or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Turkey

Degree requirements

Lisans Diplomasi with CGPA of at least 2.8 - 3.0/4.0 or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

United Arab Emirates

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

USA

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3-3.5/4.0 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Vietnam

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (with a Graduate Thesis/research component) with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0 or 7.5/10.

As evidence of completing your degree you must provide both proof of graduation in addition to your transcript.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zambia

Degree requirements

Masters degree with GPA of 2.0/2.5 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zimbabwe

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

My country is not listed

If your country is not listed, you need to contact us and find out the qualification level you should have for this course. Contact us

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

English language requirements

IELTS (Academic)

Standard level (6.5 overall, including at least 6.0 in each component).

Check your IELTS qualification meets all of our entry requirements and find out more about IELTS

Alternative English language qualifications

Proficiency tests

Cambridge Advanced Certificate in English (CAE)

176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill.

We would normally expect the CAE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Advanced

Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE)

176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill.

We would normally expect the CPE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Proficiency

Pearson (PTE Academic)

62 overall, including at least 56 in all four skills.

PTE (Academic) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Pearson (PTE Academic)

TOEFL (iBT)

88 overall, including at least 20 in Listening, 19 in Reading, 21 in Speaking, 23 in Writing.

TOEFL (iBT) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about TOEFL (iBT)

The TOEFL Institution Code for the University of Sussex is 9166.

English language qualifications

AS/A-level (GCE)

Grade C or above in English Language.

Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE)/ AS or A Level: grade C or above in Use of English.

GCE O-level

Grade C or above in English.

Brunei/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

Singapore/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

GCSE or IGCSE

Grade C or above in English as a First Language (Grade 4 or above in GCSE from 2017).

Grade B or above in English as a Second Language.

German Abitur

A score of 12 or above in English.

Ghana Senior Secondary School Certificate

If awarded before 1993: grades 1-6 in English language.

If awarded between 1993 and 2005: grades A-D in English language.

Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)

 Level 4, including at least 3 in each component in English Language.

Indian School Certificate (Standard XII)

The Indian School Certificate is accepted at the grades below when awarded by the following examination boards:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) – English Core only: 70%

Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) - English: 70% 

International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB)

English A or English B at grade 5 or above.

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

Grades A - C in English language

Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM) 1119/GCE O-level

If taken before the end of 2008: grades 1-6 in English Language.

If taken from 2009 onwards: grade C or above in English Language.

The qualification must be jointly awarded by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).

West African Senior School Certificate

Grades A1-C6 (1-6) in English language when awarded by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or the National Examinations Council (NECO).

Country exceptions

Select to see the list of exempt English-speaking countries

If you are a national of one of the countries below, or if you have recently completed a qualification equivalent to a UK Bachelors degree or higher in one of these countries, you will normally meet our English requirement. Note that qualifications obtained by distance learning or awarded by studying outside these countries cannot be accepted for English language purposes.

You will normally be expected to have completed the qualification within two years before starting your course at Sussex. If the qualification was obtained earlier than this, we would expect you to be able to demonstrate that you have maintained a good level of English, for example by living in an English-speaking country or working in an occupation that required you to use English regularly and to a high level.

Please note that this list is determined by the UK’s Home Office, not by the University of Sussex.

List of exempt countries: 

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Australia
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada**
  • Dominica
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • New Zealand
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United Kingdom
  • USA

** Canada: you must be a national of Canada; other nationals not on this list who have a degree from a Canadian institution will not normally be exempt from needing to provide evidence of English.

English language support

If you don’t meet the English language requirements for your degree, you may be able to take a pre-sessional course

Visas and immigration

Find out how to apply for a student visa

Admissions information for applicants

How to apply

You apply to Sussex using our postgraduate application system

Personal statement

Yes. You must submit a personal statement as part of your application. 

Find out how to write a personal statement

If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, contact us

Pre-Masters

Need to boost your academic skills for your taught course? Find out about Pre-Masters routes

Application deadlines

1 August 2020 (international), 1 September 2020 (UK/EU)

Course details

Full-time and part-time study

Choose to study this course full time or part time, to fit around your work and personal life. Modules for the full-time course are listed below.

For details about the part-time course, contact us at lps@sussex.ac.uk

How will I study?

You’ll learn through core modules and options in the autumn and spring terms. In the summer, you undertake supervised work on the LLM dissertation.

You’ll be assessed through coursework, unseen examinations, essays and a 10,000-word dissertation.

Modules

These modules are running in the academic year 2019/20. We also plan to offer them in future academic years. They may become unavailable due to staff availability, student demand or updates to our curriculum. We’ll make sure to let our applicants know of such changes to modules at the earliest opportunity.

Core modules

Core modules are taken by all students on the course. They give you a solid grounding in your chosen subject and prepare you to explore the topics that interest you most.

Options

Alongside your core modules, you can choose options to broaden your horizons and tailor your course to your interests.

Find out about LLM degrees at the University of Sussex

Our experts

Dr Stephanie Berry

Dr Stephanie Berry

Senior Lecturer in International Human Rights Law

Research interests

Freedom of Religion, International human rights, Minority Rights, Public international law, The European convention on human rights

View Stephanie Berry's profile

Dr Helen Dancer

Dr Helen Dancer

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Anthropology and ethnography, anthropology of law, Feminist Legal Studies, Forest law, gender and development, Land law, Land rights, law and development, Law and Society, Legal Anthropology, legal pluralism, Tanzania, wild law

View Helen Dancer's profile

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Senior Lecturer In Intellectual PropertyLaw

Research interests

Artificial Intelligence, Comparative Law, Complexity and Law, Copyright Law, Cyberlaw, Data Mining, intellectual property law, Internet Law, Internet regulation, Law and economics of intellectual property, Machine Learning (AI), Software patents, Virtual worlds

View Andres Guadamuz's profile

Dr Edward Guntrip

Dr Edward Guntrip

Senior Lecturer in International Law

Research interests

Foreign direct investment, global commons, international dispute resolution, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, Public international law

View Edward Guntrip's profile

Dr Sirko Harder

Dr Sirko Harder

Reader in Law

Research interests

Civil remedies, Law of obligations, Private international law

View Sirko Harder's profile

Prof Heather Keating

Prof Heather Keating

Professor of Criminal Law & Criminal Responsibility

Research interests

Criminal law, Family (especially child) law

View Heather Keating's profile

Prof Chris Marsden

Prof Chris Marsden

Professor Of Media Law

Research interests

broadcasting law, Internet Law, Internet policy, Internet Science, Law and economics, Net Neutrality, Open Access to Law, Telecommunications Law

View Chris Marsden's profile

Dr Tanya Palmer

Dr Tanya Palmer

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminal law theory, Embodiment, feminist perspectives on law, Feminist theory, gender, Gender and Sexuality, gender-based violence, Research design and methodology, Sexual and gendered subjectivities, sexual violence, Socio Legal Studies

View Tanya Palmer's profile

Fees and scholarships

How much does it cost?

Fees

UK/EU students:
£9,250 per year
Channel Islands and Isle of Man students:
£9,250 per year
International students:
£18,500 per year

Note that your fees, once they’re set, may be subject to an increase on an annual basis - see details on our tuition fees page.

If you are a self-funded international student starting a Masters course in September 2020, you are required to pay a tuition fee deposit. Find out more about Masters tuition fee deposits.

Additional costs

Additional costs

Please note, all costs are best estimates based on current market values. We review estimates every year and they may vary with inflation. Find out tips for budgeting as a student here.

Recommended texts

The optional but recommended texts for this course cost between £20 and £50.

Living costs

Find out typical living costs for studying at Sussex

Find out about our terms and conditions

How can I fund my course?

Postgraduate Masters loans

You can borrow up to £10,906 to help with fees and living costs if your course starts on or after 1 August 2019. Loans are available from the Student Loans Company if you’re from the UK or if you’re an EU national studying for a Masters.

Find out more about Postgraduate Masters Loans

Scholarships

Our aim is to ensure that every student who wants to study with us is able to despite financial barriers, so that we continue to attract talented and unique individuals.

How Masters scholarships make studying more affordable

Working while you study

Our Careers and Employability Centre can help you find part-time work while you study. Find out more about career development and part-time work

Careers

Career options available after graduation are as wide as the course itself. Many of our graduates go on to qualify as law professionals, nationally and internationally.

Others find employment in government or NGOs, or in commerce. Some choose to work in-house without qualifying in any particular jurisdiction or go on to further study.

Graduate destinations

Recent Sussex Law School graduates have gone on to jobs including:

  • pupil barrister, Three Raymond Buildings
  • regulatory specialist, UBS
  • refugee researcher, Amnesty International UK.

(Sussex Law School careers database and Destinations of Post Graduate Leavers from Higher Education Survey 2017)

LLM Dissertation

  • 45 credits
  • Spring & Summer Teaching, Year 1

All LLM students design and carry out a project of research under individual supervision.

You are encouraged to apply the theoretical and practical principles of research methodology, which were addressed by the module Advanced Research for LLM Students, when producing your 10,000-word dissertation.

Advanced Legal Research and Writing

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

Advanced Legal Research and Writing has two purposes:

  • to ground students in the conventions of advanced academic writing in law (a specialised form of discourse with many non-obvious conventions and norms)
  • to ground students in the leading traditions or approaches in academic legal research.

The module covers modern standards for the citation of legal authorities (such as OSCOLA), as well as the justification for them. Legal traditions covered include:

  • doctrinal exposition and analysis
  • critique of doctrine, institutional design and practice
  • researching the dynamics of law.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will provide you with a critical and in-depth understanding of the theoretical and practical dimensions of dispute resolution in comparative perspective.

In addition, the module will equip you with practical experience of negotiation and mediation in a variety of national and international contexts. Because Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) has attracted interests from a variety of academic disciplines the course engages with interdisciplinary research.

The module is divided into three substantive parts;

  • Part I examines issues of formal and informal justice across a range of legal cultures, and then explores the manner in which ADR emerged as a reform movement in the late 20th century, primarily in common law jurisdictions.
  • Part II surveys the primary key modes of dispute resolution ordinarily used: negotiation, mediation, and umpiring.
  • Part III examines the inventive approaches to dispute resolution based on a fusion of one or more primary processes and gives emphasis to international dispute resolution and online dispute resolution.

Anthropology of Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Approaches to International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module introduces you to the key theories and critiques that underpin scholarship and thinking about international law.

It covers approaches such as positivism and socio-legal studies, as well as approaches which place particular emphasis on power and power structures (e.g. Marxism, Feminism, Critical Legal Studies, Post-Colonial Studies and Third World Approaches to International Law) and on human rights.

You will be required to evaluate and critique different approaches, and to reflect on uses of these approaches within the field of international law.

Aspects of Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

You will focus on aspects of the law of copyright, trademarks and patents. You will be introduced to intellectual property law and its philosophical and economic justifications, but you will also engage in in-depth analysis of particular issues in the law and policy of intellectual property. You will consider aspects of the international framework which governs intellectual property, such as the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPSs). However, emphasis will be placed on EC and UK law in order to provide a basis for substantive discussion of the issues.

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The module examines international and regional approaches to the legal protection of biodiversity and natural and cultural heritage. It also examines the way in which some national jurisdictions (emphasising the UK approach) deal with this type of protection. The module will include consideration of the natural science and non-legal social-science that deals with measuring rates of biodiversity loss and the optimum way to protect biodiversity and cultural heritage as well as the interlinking with other volitions for protection.

The aims of the module are:

  1. to provide a grounding in the relevant international, regional and some aspects of national law
  2. to provide a critical understanding of such law and the dynamics behind it
  3. to provide an understanding of the rationale behind approaches to protect biodiversity and heritage and the subject(s)’ relationship with other issues; and
  4. to develop skills of presentation and advocacy.

Carriage of Goods by Sea

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You will examine the law and practice of the international carriage of goods by sea including contracts of affreightment, bills of lading, charter parties and other chartering documents (sometimes referred to collectively as 'dry shipping'). Seminar topics include implied obligations in the contract of affreightment; voyage charterparties; time charterparties; bills of lading and their functions; The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992; The Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules; and dispute settlement.

Civil and Political Rights: Contemporary Challenges

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Corruption and the Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You will examine the ways legal systems seek to control the problem of corruption and bribery.

The module initially focuses on the regulation of bribery in domestic law, examining the Bribery Act 2010.

It then examines the domestic law of other national jurisdictions before turning to consider the position under international law. It focuses on anti-corruption agreements including the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime.

Criminology in Theory and Method

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

In this module, you study and carry out a critical analysis of major criminological theories.

You discuss the predominant research methodologies in criminology and explore and identify the links between theoretical frameworks and methodological approaches.

Critical Approaches to Information Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

In this module, you explore an area of the law where far-reaching effects of globalisation have produced considerable consequences: an area broadly termed ‘Information Law’. These legal developments are driven at global level by institutions that make policy and regulation, and have also witnessed the evolution of existing institutions and rules.

Areas affected by these changes range from international commercial relationships and trade to public policy questions regarding development, governance and access to technology. In this context, you will study these institutions to understand their constitution, structure, effectiveness and relevance.

You will also study the most pressing policy choices faced by governments, institutions and stakeholders, and how those policy choices are translated into the law. In relation to information law, the module focuses on the institutions that regulate and police new technologies, particularly those related to the Information Society.

We will also analyse the problems of access to these technologies, and how current regulation affects choices of law and regulation. This module includes treatments of the traditional field of Information Technology Law with an examination of the role of law in the broader context of responding to advances in technology. The focus of the module is on the international nature of the subject matter – offering a highly comparative analysis of current legal developments around the globe.

Cyber Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module provides an introduction to the structure and governance of transactions taking place over the internet and related issues commonly called "cyberlaw".

You will focus on the theory and practice concerning the dematerialisation of transactions, the creation of extra-domestic rules through private self-regulation as well as public norms through international bodies such as UNCITRAL and the EU.

You'll also look at the relevance of private international law resolution in cases of disputes.

Digital Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The emergence of the Internet as a global telecommunications network has had an immense effect in how we view and apply intellectual property law.

Before the Internet’s mass adoption, copyright was a minority interest subject that did not elicit a significant level of global interest.

Now it is an area that is of great importance to the digital and physical economy, with the creative and entertainment industries rapidly becoming networked.

Similarly, the use of domain names to identify brands using trademarks has become a growing area of interest.

In patents, the type of protection awarded to computer programmes, mobile phone design and other digitally enabled devices is of the utmost importance to the economy.

The rise of mobile communications technologies have been shaped in great part by the intellectual property that protects some technological innovations.

Mobile manufacturers like Apple and Samsung are constantly engaged in a patent war where they try to gain control of the vast handset market by controlling core technology patents.

In this module you look at these and other IP-related subjects in the digital environment, with emphasis on digital copyright, piracy, software protection, and domain names effect on trademark.

Hate Crime and Sexual Violence

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will focus on issues relating to hate crime and sexual violence and the criminal justice system. The module starts by exploring the various conceptualisations of hate crime and how and why its definition has differed between jurisdictions. Focus is then given to the growing legislative responses to hate-motivated offences both in the UK and US. You will examine the extent to which the singling out of certain prejudiced motivations for enhanced sentencing (such as, racism, homophobia, anti-religion and disablism) can be justified. You then move on to explore the main criminological theories that have been put forward to explain the aetiology of hate crime. Attention is also give to research that has evidenced the often heightened levels of harm that such offences cause to both victims and minority communities more broadly. 

The second part of the module focuses on sexual violence. You examine the reforms made to the law and practice with regards to sexual assault and will consider remaining issues, highlighting attrition and problems of attitude. Some academics have argued that sexual violence should also be classified as hate crime. As such you will explore the arguments for and against the inclusion of sexual violence under the label of hate crime, noting both the impacts that inclusion/exclusion under the label may have on the state's responses to such crimes. You will also examine the use of alternative criminal justice measures for hate crime and sexual violence. Particular focus is given to the use of restorative justice and you will assess the potential benefits and pitfalls of using such an approach.

Human Rights Law Clinic

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You can build on law and theory learnt at degree level through the preparation of pro bono legal opinions for real clients, applying research and writing skills to the analysis of facts in real situations. You will also develop spoken presentation skills.

Under supervision, you'll work on specific legal questions related to international human rights law from clients such as international organisations or government bodies.

Depending on the complexity of the advice, you will work individually or as part of a small group to produce memoranda for clients, following a process of consultation, close supervision, oversight and review, work-in-progress discussion and draft presentations to clients.

Although the module aims to boost your ability to tailor advice to clients, it will ultimately train you in the practice and application of international human rights law.

Indigenous and Minority Rights

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International and Comparative Company Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Topics covered include:

  • Introduction and theory: the company as an instrument of entrepreneurship, domestic and foreign models of corporate entities, business as a social and economic tool, the market and profit incentive, regulation and laws as an economic function and the conflict of legal and economic rules.
  • Company law concepts: the concept of the corporate contract, legal personality, the corporate veil, judicial avoidance of the doctrine, forms of business organisation, company as entity, group enterprise, distinction between corporate forms, the legislative framework, birth, life and death of the company.
  • Corporate liability: general liability in tort and contract and trust relationships, general regulatory approach, the arguments for self-regulation and interventionism, the influence of criminal and civil liability concepts, ultra vires and agency doctrines, individual and corporate capacity, corporate crime.
  • Corporate responsibility and governance: companies as democracies, representation and power, the exercise of control, the management of conflict, internal and external control, stakeholder theory, directors duties and liabilities, administration and supervision, employee consultation and participation, dispute resolution, corporate social responsibility and philanthropy.
  • European and international company law: the EU framework for co-operation in corporate affairs, fundamental freedoms for companies, harmonisation of European law, jurisdictional issues and approaches in the common law and civil law systems, competition among jurisdictions and the Delaware effect, international co-operation issues, multinationals.

International and Transnational Offending

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In order to assess the effectiveness of legal responses to offending that cross national boundaries, it is essential that you gain an insight into the phenomenon itself, rather than merely into the legal responses which we have examined in International and Transnational Offending. This module explores the nature and extent of both state and sub-state or individual offending. It includes such examples as the use of torture, war crimes, economic criminality, including illegal arms and drug dealing, corporate crime, computer and share frauds and organised crime and international crimes of violence.

International Aspects of Intellectual Property and Technology Regulation

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The strengthening of the international intellectual property system has been one of the main features of the international globalisation effort that culminated with the creation of the World Trade Organisation. It could be argued that this process is likely to remain in place for the foreseeable future. The scope of international protection of intellectual property rights is on the increase, not only in length of protection, but also geographically and in the amount of rights awarded to owners. How then does this system affect the acquisition of technology by developing countries? This is not just an academic question. Some may consider that a strong international system of intellectual property is detrimental for developing countries because one could argue that it makes technology more difficult to come by. If developing countries rely on this initial acquisition of high technologies then who owns it, and how, becomes of critical significance for their development prospects. However, others may argue that developing countries should implement stronger protection in order to foster foreign investment into their economies, which will eventually assist their efforts to become developed.

This module will focus on the relationship between technology, intellectual property and development. Special attention will be given to the specific issues that affect developing countries the most, such as access to knowledge, transfer of technology and access to essential medicines.

International Business and Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The module considers the legal and regulatory framework governing the financial and securities markets. With US, UK and EU law the primary focus, the module also looks at civil law systems, in particular, when cross-border issues arise and where corporate assets and liabilities are located in multiple jurisdictions. The module examines legal structures of cutting edge transactions as well as the underlying policy objectives that shape the financial law and regulation. In the post-financial crisis legal environment, the most challenging issues are identified and explored, with a particular regard to the recent trend of public and private law enforcement. Specifically, the module addresses financial accounting, disclosure, corporate finance, securities litigation, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), corporate criminal liability and cross-border insolvency in the global financial markets. The theory of fraud-on-the-market will also be highlighted along with the recent landmark cases by the US Supreme Court.

International Commercial Arbitration

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International commercial arbitration is a process of resolving business disputes between or among transnational parties through the use of arbitrators rather than courts. The module will examine the conceptual and practical issues relating to matters such as the decision to arbitrate, the relevant law, the structure and process of international arbitration, and the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards. Throughout the module, comparisons will be made with other mechanisms of dispute settlement in international law such as the International Court of Justice, the WTO Dispute Settlement Body and the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea.

International Crimes

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will focus on the four core crimes in international law, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. In each case we will highlight their development, application in international and domestic courts and matters of controversy in relation thereto, before examining other so-called quasi-international crimes including torture, hijacking, and terrorism.

International Environmental Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module begins with an introduction to the policies and principles surrounding international environmental law including an examination of the historical development of the subject area; the sources and participants found within international environmental law; and issues surrounding compliance and enforcement. Following this, the module will examine a range of substantive issues of contemporary global importance including climate change; the conservation of biological diversity; the law of impact assessment; liability; international economic institutions and environmental protection; international trade, development & the environment; and the relationship between human rights and the environment.

International Financial Law Regulation and Governance

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module considers the legal and regulatory framework governing the financial and securities markets. With US, UK and EU law the primary focus, we look at civil law systems, especially at cross-border issues and where corporate assets and liabilities are located in multiple jurisdictions.

You examine legal structures of cutting-edge transactions as well as the underlying policy objectives that shape the financial law and regulation. You identify and explore the most challenging issues in the post-financial crisis legal environment, with a particular regard to the recent trend of public and private law enforcement.

The module addresses:

  • financial accounting
  • disclosure
  • corporate finance
  • securities litigation
  • mergers and acquisitions (M&As)
  • corporate criminal liability and cross-border insolvency in the global financial markets.

The theory of fraud-on-the-market will also be highlighted along with the recent landmark cases by the US Supreme Court.

International Human Rights Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This core module will provide you with advanced knowledge about key approaches and issues in international human rights law. It's focused on the interplay between human rights law at the domestic, regional and international levels.

We begin by assessing the development of the body of international legislation around human rights that started to form after World War II. 

You go on to reflect upon the theoretical critiques (e.g. liberal, feminist, cultural relativist) that have been addressed to the concept of rights. We will also evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of human rights institutions charged with the adjudication and implementation of human rights.

The aim of this module is to prepare you for specialist optional modules in the Spring Term, as well as for dissertation research.

International Investment Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

International investment law is the law that protects investors and investments located in foreign jurisdictions (known as foreign direct investment).

A global network of treaties regulate foreign direct investment, and it is the interpretation of these treaties by arbitral tribunals, together with customary international law, that form the basis of international investment law.

This module examines the nature of international investment law, the protections offered to foreign investors by international investment law and investor-State dispute resolution procedures. In addition, the module considers recent developments in international investment law, including its interaction with other areas of public international law. The module addresses both theoretical and practical aspects of international investment law.

International Law: Rights and Responsibilities

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

You are introduced to, and develop your knowledge of, the nature and sources of international law.

A non-traditional approach to international law is adopted by focusing on rights and responsibilities, not only of states, but also in relation to individuals and other putative subjects of international law.

Issues in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module will provide you with an introduction to key contemporary issues in criminal law and criminal justice, with a view to enabling you to understand the main challenges facing the English and Welsh criminal justice system at the present time. Topics will include issues which highlight the contemporary problems facing both substantive criminal law and the justice system, including: youth justice and the age of criminal responsibility; overcriminalisation for example by new `inchoate type' offences in response to the threat to security; the relationship between personal autonomy and the criminal law; the difficulties in securing convictions for certain types of offences such as sexual violence and child abuse; the impact of gender upon both the substantive criminal law and criminal justice; prison overcrowding; and access to justice. You will discuss these topics from an interdisciplinary perspective, placing them within the context of human rights, social and political developments.

Jurisdiction and Immunities in International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Law of Armed Conflict

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Law of International Business Transactions

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module considers the body of rules governing commercial relationships of a private law nature involving different countries. You focus on the legal rules governing the sale and supply of goods by a merchant in one country to a merchant in another country.

Law, Religion, and Human Rights

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

LGBTQI Rights: International and Comparative Perspectives

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Migration, Rights and Governance

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The seductive term "crisis" describes the state of international migration today. This crisis demands action on the part of experts and it demands study so as to understand the legal and political processes these experts use to manage migration.

This module explores migration management – or governance – as well as its legal, political and ethical connotations.

You will look at global migration governance and rights, international migration trends, and at how the international community responds to refugees and displaced people using a rights-based approach. The course focuses on the use of rights language in migration management.

A large part of this module will focus on Europe – a key destinations for migrants  – and the so-called ‘migrant crisis’. You will examine the broad themes of migration governance, rights, security, solidarity and mobility, and consider them through topics such as trafficking, immigration detention, relocation, deportation and criminal conviction.

You will be asked to contribute your own knowledge, experience and personal interest in the area through a case study-style assessment that will rotate throughout the term.

Principles of International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

Principles of International Law provides you with:

  • a guide to the history of international law
  • an introduction key institutions, sources and subjects of international law
  • an overview of principles of accountability and responsibility.

It aims to contextualise public international law’s place in contemporary international relations, and to consider new problems and insights in this broad field.

Privacy and Data Protection Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In this module, you examine the importance of privacy and data protection law, tracing its origins in international and European law.

You study its institutions, structure and enforcement challenges in the new technological age.

Particular attention is placed on the paradigmatic shifts taking place with respect to risk-based regulation, privacy by design and privacy certification, and the scope of new rights such as a right to be forgotten, a right to data portability and a right to explanation for algorithmic decision-making.

Regulating the Creative Industries

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

The module looks at international and comparative aspects of regulation, which affect the creative industries. It will start with an identification of the scope and economic value generated by the creative industries, particularly in terms of GDP and employment.

The attention will then turn to the main regulatory instruments, which affect the creation, commercialisation and fruition of creative outputs. The focus will be on intellectual property rights, the law of contracts, competition and employment. The discussion will also address more specific forms of regulation which include the administration of domain names, and the drafting and enforcement of codes of conduct by administrative authorities

The module will address certain legal aspects of the music industry. In considering the process of songwriting, music publishing, producing, recording and touring, emphasis will be given to the management of rights (eg copyright and trade marks) by way of contracts and licences (such as creative commons licences) or via collective management organisations. In addition, consideration will be given to new and evolving business models emerged from the online exploitation of music content.

When looking at the film industry the focus will be on the process of creation, production and distribution of a feature picture. Particularly, the approach will be an international and comparative one to reflect the significance of the Hollywood industry as a point of reference for film production in Europe and in developing countries. Following this approach the discussion will concentrate on the legal protection granted to film plots and film characters, on the contractual arrangements between stakeholders involved in film production and financing, and on the evolving aspects which affect the legal status and international recognition of film actors and their trade representatives.

The third industry that will be the focus of this module is the fashion industry. In this regard, consideration will be given to how the legal framework (trade mark and design laws in particular) affects the creation of fashion design both in the haute couture and prêt-à-porter markets. This will be done in a comparative manner by considering the effect of domestic legislation in markets where fashion design has a considerable commercial impact. There will be particular focus on the regulatory measures that apply to knock-offs, look-alikes and excellent fakes.

Restorative Justice: Domestic and International Approaches

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module will provide scope for you to explore contemporary restorative justice developments in the United Kingdom and internationally. The module starts by examining restorative justice theory and explores how its principles have been put into practice within the UK and in other countries. You will then examine the relationship between restorative justice and the state as well as the importance of the concept of "community" in assessing whether restorative practices can repair harm. You will also look at whether restorative justice can be used in "difficult" cases including domestic violence, hate crime, and even homicide. Finally, the module explores the use of restorative justice in countries where mass human rights violations have been committed - including genocide. Examples such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa and the Gacaca courts in Rwanda are just some of the examples of how restorative principles might be used to help repair the harms of the most serious of all crimes.

Socioeconomic rights: economic violence, social justice and human rights law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Sustainability and Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

The Law and Behaviour of Business Organisations

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

The Law of Financial Derivatives and Structured Products

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

In this module you focus on the law relating to derivatives. You examine the analysing and documenting of derivatives transactions, the termination of derivatives transactions, legal issues relevant to collateralisation and credit derivatives, stock-lending and securitisation.

Topics include:

  • financial product, income and risk
  • financial deviates product 
  • commercial and structural aspects of financial derivatives 
  • standard market documentation of financial derivatives 
  • collateralisation and taking security 
  • common legal issues with financial derivatives contracts in practice 
  • termination of financial derivatives
  • development and challenges to financial derivative after financial crisis 2008.

The Legal Regulation of International Trade

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

The central aim of this module is to provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the world trading system, in particular the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and an awareness of the different levels of government (and governance) at play in the regulation of international trade. 

To this end it explores: the background to, institutional structure, and fundamental principles of, the World Trade Organisation (WTO); certain of the substantive rules of the WTO, the context in which it operates, and the other actors operating in this field (regulation of international trade).

It also looks into the relationship between international trade rules and other branches of international law, and in particular the challenges facing the WTO in adjusting to the developing priorities of the global community.

The Use of Force and International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

Transnational Commercial Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Semester, Year 1

This module examines the nature, history and sources of transnational commercial law.

It also looks at the role of conflict of laws in international commercial law and international commercial dispute resolution.

We examine the relevance of comparative law to transnational commercial law, and the various instruments (international conventions, model laws etc.) and institutions (including UNIDROIT, UNCITRAL, ICC, the Hague Conference on Private International Law) responsible for the harmonization of transnational commercial law.

Transnational Corporate Finance Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module examines from a transnational perspective both the public and private dimensions of corporate finance law, using case studies that originate in the United Kingdom, continental Europe (with particular reference to France and Germany), the United States, and Asia, but also involving a significant cross-border dimension. The module focuses primarily on legal challenges to multinationals companies’ operations, such as jurisdiction and extraterritoriality, recognition of foreign judgments, judicial cooperation, and conflict of laws.

Cutting-edge issues arising from cross-border insolvencies, merger and acquisitions (M&As), and corporate criminal liability are studied in a global context. A secondary focus is on the interplay between international and national legal frameworks as well as soft initiatives, all of which are indispensible to an understanding of the globalisation of business law. Special attention is paid to the cultural, economic and political underpinnings of transnational laws, which will also be examined in case studies.

War, Terror, Violence and International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

You'll focus upon the contemporary problems of war and terrorism within a historical, political and global context.

Drawing upon approaches from international law, political and critical theory and international relations, this module examines law's various attempts to define what constitutes 'legitimate violence'. We'll look at some of the dominant legal, moral and political arguments behind the justification and condemnation of acts of war, terror and public violence. You also examine:

  • the law's criminalisation of non-state violence
  • the use of new theological arguments to justify 'humanitarian wars'
  • the relationship between violence and international security
  • the ethics of violence.

Women and Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Semester, Year 1

This module is divided into two halves. The first half consists of core topics providing a theoretical framework for the study of women's human rights. You will draw on feminist legal theory, human rights theory, anthropological and historical materials and international and national rights instruments and documentation. The second half focuses on the conception, implementation, adherence and breach of a specific right or related rights. 

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