Skills Hub


Reference Management Tools

Referencing process

Reference management software and web-based tools allow you to:

  • Collect, store, organise and format references
  • Create bibliographies and in-text citations
  • Cite as you write in Word and other word-processing software
  • Annotate, store and share PDFs.


These tools are particularly useful when writing a dissertation or long assignment in which you cite the work of others.


To find out which referencing style to use in your work, refer to your course handbook or contact your school office.


As always, we recommend you pay attention to academic integrity and ensure you avoid plagiarism.


The Library at Sussex provides detailed guides for the most popular tools:



You can also refer to a regularly updated Wikipedia guide to reference management software.

See the table below for a quick comparison:


SoftwareCost Online/Desktop Storage Word processor Citation styles Advantages 
EndNote The software is already installed on Sussex computers; You can also install on your own device for free, if you are a Sussex student or staff member. Both: Synchronise across all devicesUnlimited Word, LibreOffice, OpenOffice, Pages6000+ Collect the largest number of references; collect references easily from PubMed, Web of Science; online support
EndNote BasicFree (with Sussex subscription)Online only50,000 references; 2GB for attachment imports  Word21Free, though limited version of EndNote
MendeleyFree (owned by Elsevier, an information and analytics company)Both: Synchronise across all devices2GB free 

Word, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice 

9000+Integrated PDF tools; enhanced sharing with other researchers; online support 
ZoteroFree, open sourceBoth: Synchronise across all devices300MB freeWord, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice9000+One-click capture with most databases; store a diverse range of sources; online community
Juris-MFree, open sourceBoth: Synchronise across all devices300MB freeWord, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice 9000+ Enhanced legal and multilingual referencing 
Zotero BibFree, open sourceOnline only NA: One-off bibliographies stored in local browserWord, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice9000+ Create one-off bibliographies without opening an account; may be especially useful for undergraduates


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