Time and Place 1899: Apex Empires, Savage Wars (V1482)

15 credits, Level 5

Spring teaching

Situated within Eric Hobsbawm’s Age of Empire (1875-1914), this module offers a revisionist history of colonial battles that took place in the twentieth century. It concentrates on the Philippine-American War and the South African War (1899-1902), which have been understood as important, yet separate sites of anti-colonial resistance and memory.

Emphasising themes and case studies that draw these two conflicts together, it reconstructs 1899 as a watershed moment in a more connected global history, when the colonised struck back and laid bare the hypocrisy of apex colonisers consolidating their empires through what Rudyard Kipling called ‘savage wars of peace.


52%: Lecture
48%: Seminar


100%: Coursework (Essay)

Contact hours and workload

This module is approximately 150 hours of work. This breaks down into about 23 hours of contact time and about 127 hours of independent study. The University may make minor variations to the contact hours for operational reasons, including timetabling requirements.

We regularly review our modules to incorporate student feedback, staff expertise, as well as the latest research and teaching methodology. We’re planning to run these modules in the academic year 2024/25. However, there may be changes to these modules in response to feedback, staff availability, student demand or updates to our curriculum. We’ll make sure to let you know of any material changes to modules at the earliest opportunity.


This module is offered on the following courses: