Centre for the History of War and Society

Members

Hester Barron

Hester Barron is Senior Lecturer in History. Her monograph, The 1926 Miners' Lockout: Meanings of Community in the Durham Coalfield, was published in 2010. It considered the social and political effects of the long 1926 strike, investigating attitudes to collective behaviour and the way in which miners and their families conceptualised issues of class and community. More recently, the focus of Hester's research has shifted to histories of childhood and parenting in the first half of the twentieth century. She is interested in two main research areas: exploring issues of community, identity and belonging amongst London schoolchildren in the interwar years; and the experience of motherhood during the Second World War. She is also involved in the research project Raising the Nation: Parenting and the State in Britain and Europe, 1870-1950, with Claudia Siebrecht.

Ben Burbridge

Ben Burbridge is Lecturer in Art History at University of Sussex. His research focuses on the intersection of photography, art and politics, particularly in the contemporary period. Curated exhibitions include No Passaran! Robert Capa and the Spanish Civil War (Charleston Farmhouse Gallery, Firle, 2007) and the 2012 Brighton Photo Biennial, Agents of Change: Photography and the Politics of Space (various venues). He is currently working with Media Space, London, on an exhibition and edited publication examining artists’ responses to modes of vision made available by early scientific photography.

Angela Campos

Angela Campos is an FCT-funded (Portugal) PhD student at the University of Sussex, currently preparing her thesis for submission. Her research focuses on the lived experience of the Portuguese colonial war (1961-1974), accessed through oral history interviews with veterans of that conflict. Since 2005, she has also been involved in teaching and doing oral history for several projects taking place at the Faculty of Letters of the University of Porto, Portugal. Her main research interests are veteran war memory, war and trauma, life history, and oral history in particular.

Natacha Chevalier

Natacha Chevalier is a PhD student at the University of Sussex. Working mainly on material from the Mass Observation Archive, she studies the impact of the Second World War on the food practices and perspectives of British civilians, with a focus on middle-classes. Also an associate tutor at Sussex, she taught on Global History, another of her academic interests.

Robert Cook

Robert Cook is professor of American History. He is a specialist in the history of the American Civil War and the constructed memory of that sanguinary conflict. His books include Civil War America: Making a Nation 1848-1877 (Longman, 2004), Troubled Commemoration: The American Civil War Centennial, 1961-1965 (Louisiana State University Press, 2007), Civil War Senator: William Pitt Fessenden and the Fight to Save the American Republic (Louisiana State University Press, 2011) and (with William Barney and Elizabeth Varon) Secession Winter: When the Union Fell Apart (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013). He is currently working on a history of Civil War memory from Appomattox to the Sesquicentennial.

Sian Edwards

Sian Edwards is an Associate Tutor in the history department and has taught and lectured on undergraduate courses since 2010, including the second year course Britain in the Twentieth Century. Her recently completed doctoral research focused on the role of the countryside in the citizen training provided by youth movements in the mid-twentieth century. In this she explored the impact of the Second World War on youth organisations and shifting meanings of citizenship as a result. In February 2013 Sian was the principal researcher in the three month AHRC funded cultural engagement research project ‘In the Fields and in the Streets: Sarre at War 1939-45’. This community engagement project worked with Kent County Council to uncover local stories of the war and create ways in which the local community could engage with them.

Martin Evans

Martin Evans is Professor of Modern European History. His work examines the impact of war on society, but in particular the complex impact of colonial wars in the twentieth century. It also explores the memory of conflict and conflict resolution. His books include Memory of Resistance: French Opposition to the Algerian War 1954-62 (Oxford: Berg, 1997), (with Emmanuel Godin) France 1815-2003 (London: Edward Arnold, 2004) and (with John Phillips) Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed (London: Yale University Press, 2007). He has also co-edited (with Ken Lunn) War and Memory in the Twentieth Century (Oxford: Berg, 1997) and (with Martin Alexander and J.F.V. Keiger) The Algerian War and the French Army: Experiences, Images, Testimonies (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2002). His latest book is Algeria: France’s Undeclared War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012) which analyses that conflict as a clash between Algerian nationalism and third way reformism encapsulated by the French Socialist Party. This book is based upon research he conducted as a Leverhulme Senior Research Fellow at the British Academy in 2007-08. He is currently completing a three year British Academy project with colleagues at the University of Portsmouth, the University of Dakar in Senegal and the University of Algiers in Algeria that looks at the Algerian War conflict through oral testimony.

Melanie Friend

In her early career Melanie Friend worked as a photojournalist, and occasional radio reporter. From the mid 1990s she shifted her focus to long-term photographic projects, producing work for books and galleries, and at times using her experience of radio to accompany her still images with soundtracks in the gallery space. Much of Friend’s work has directly or indirectly engaged with conflict. Information about her books and exhibitions – Homes and Gardens: Documenting the Invisible (1996), The Guide (2001), No Place Like Home: Echoes from Kosovo (2001), Border Country (2007) and her latest project The Home Front (2013) – can be found here. Friend is part-time Senior Lecturer (Photography) in the School of Media, Film and Music at the University of Sussex.

Adam Gilbert

Adam Gilbert is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow in History at the University of Sussex. He recently completed his PhD, ‘Morality, Soldier-Poetry, and the American War in Vietnam’, at the University of Cambridge, before moving to Sussex to begin work on a three-year postdoctoral research project entitled ‘A Moral History of the American War in Vietnam’. His work looks at how moral philosophical conceptions of war and violence can contribute to historical understandings of the American past, and how an awareness of this past can deepen and enrich moral philosophical ideas. He also focuses on cultural representations of war, especially literature, and the important role they can play in advancing historical and philosophical comprehension.

Jessica Hammett

Jessica Hammett is a first year PhD student at the University of Sussex (AHRC-funded). Her research focuses on the memory of Second World War era Civil Defence, considering the relationship between the group and individual in remembrance and exploring storytelling practices. She has previously studied at the University of Sheffield, King’s College London, and the University of Cambridge.

Rose Holmes

Rose Holmes is a PhD researcher and works on the response of British Quakers to refugees from fascism in the 1930s. She is interested in histories of humanitarianism, activism and women's political engagement. Rose is an Associate Tutor at the university and has worked on courses including The Making of the Modern World and The Holocaust. With colleagues, she edits the University of Sussex Journal of Contemporary History. She has previously studied at the universities of Nottingham and Sussex.

Caroline Hurley

Caroline Hurley is an AHRC-funded first-year PhD student at the University of Sussex. She is researching photography of the American Civil War, both how the photographs were consumed and understood in their own time and how they have been used since in the construction of Civil War memory. She completed her BA in History of Art at London Metropolitan University and her MSc in American History at the University of Edinburgh.

Chris Kempshall

Chris Kempshall is a Visiting Research Fellow at the CHWS. His recently completed doctoral research examined the relationships and interactions between British and French soldiers on the Western Front during the First World War. Chris has been an Associate Tutor at the University of Sussex for several years and has taught and lectured on the First World War. In February 2012 he was selected to participate in an AHRC collaborative workshop to inform and influence BBC thinking around their centenary coverage. He is also a contributor to the open educational resources project WW1 Continuations and Beginnings organised in conjunction with the University of Oxford and JISC.

Sarah L. King

Sarah King is a molecular neuroscientist in the Biological and Clinical Neuroscience group in the School of Psychology. Her work takes a molecular approach to study how changes in brain structure and function impact on behaviour. A Sussex–funded project with Lucy Robinson (History) explored combat-PTSD in Falklands War veterans in the context of history, psychiatry and neuroscience. Sarah is currently working on a project exploring how stress interacts with genetics to make some people susceptible to drug addiction.

Jill Kirby

Jill Kirby is an Associate Tutor in the History Department and has taught on several undergraduate courses including 1984: Thatcher’s Britain and the Century of the Gene. Her research examines the experience of stress in Britain in the twentieth century and includes analysis of institutional attitudes towards worker motivation during the Second World War as well as the war’s impact on domestic experience and roles in the 1950s and 1960s. She also works as an Associate Lecturer at Chichester University teaching Twentieth Century British History and recently produced, in collaboration with Dr Lucy Robinson, the JISC-funded OER ‘Observing the 1980s’. She is currently completing her thesis and taking part in the After the Archive network.

Claire Langhamer

Claire Langhamer is Senior Lecturer in History and works on twentieth century Britain. Her publications include Women’s Leisure in England, 1920-1960 (MUP, 2000) and The English in Love: The Intimate Story of an Emotional Revolution (OUP, 2013). Current projects include bigamy in wartime and the emotional aftermath of the Second World War. She is also involved in a project with Claudia Siebrecht and Lucy Noakes (Brighton) called War: an Emotional History.

Karen Leenders

Karen Leenders is a second year PhD student focussing on the Indian Army on the Western Front 1914-1915 and subsequent commemoration.Karen began her studies at Sussex in 1995 with a BA Philosophy and a MA in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Karen has MAs in Contemporary History from Sussex and in Imperialism and Culture from Sheffield Hallam University. Karen works full time managing a hostel for homeless people and is a director of East Sussex Credit Union.

Sarah Maltby

Dr Sarah Maltby is a Senior Lecturer in Media at Sussex. Her core academic interests centre upon the intersection between contemporary military practice and media practice. This includes the tactical and strategic role of mediated information in the implementation of security provision, the perceived impact of media information on social behaviour in conflict scenarios, and the representation of conflict in military, journalistic and artistic output. Her latest research is an ESRC and Dstl funded project: The D.U.N Project : Defence, Uncertainty and 'New Media': Mapping social media in strategic communications. This project explores how social media is perceived, understood and responded to both as a tool for strategic communication and a tool for uncertainty in defence practice. Sarah is Co-Editor for the Sage journal Media, War and Conflict. She is also the author of Military Media Management: Negotiating the ‘Front’Line in Mediatized War (Routledge, 2012), co‚Äźeditor of Communicating War: Memory, Military and Media (Arima, 2007) and is currently writing a book based on ethnography she conducted in the Falkland Islands in 2012 with the British military, Falklands Islanders, and the BBC during the 30th Anniversary of the Falklands war. The book explores how the differently ‘imagined’ Falklands (as a site of commemoration and memorialization; as a site of contested political ownership; and as a site of UK nationalist politics) were negotiated and rationalized in the public domain. Sarah is also the founder and coordinator of the War and Media Network which promotes productive dialogue between academics and practitioners interested in the intersection between war and the media. Launched in Spring 2003, the Network is both an online resource and networking forum, which currently has over 350 members worldwide.

Iain McDaniel

Iain McDaniel is Lecturer in Intellectual History at the University of Sussex. His research deals with aspects of European political thought between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, and he has particular interests in the Scottish Enlightenment, the history of republicanism and democracy, and the role of classical history in shaping modern political thought.   His first book, Adam Ferguson in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Roman Past and Europe’s Future, was published in 2013 by Harvard University Press.  An important strand of this work deals with eighteenth-century preoccupations about military government and civil-military relations.  He is currently working on a book on the idea of Caesarism, and is also contributing to a collaborative project entitled Commerce, War and Peace in the Long Eighteenth Century.

Jacob Norris

Jacob Norris is Lecturer in Middle Eastern History at the University of Sussex. He was previously Research Fellow at Pembroke College, Cambridge, after completing his PhD at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 2010. Jacob has a particular interest in Palestinian history around the time of World War I and its immediate aftermath. His monograph, Land of Progress: Palestine in the Age of Colonial Development, 1905-1948 was published in 2013 by Oxford University Press. The book spans both the late Ottoman and British periods of rule in Palestine, charting the widespread enthusiasm for colonial development in that period and its ultimately negative consequences for the Arab Palestinian population. Jacob’s latest research looks at the social history of Bethlehem through the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries – a town that has long been intimately connected to global movements of people, goods and ideas in ways that defy its stereotypical western Christian image.

Sally Palmer

Sally Palmer is a part time M Phil student at the University of Sussex. Her research focuses on women's representations of their experiences in France during the Occupation, 1940 - 1944. She has been researching women's unpublished journals and diaries in archives in Paris and Caen,and has undertaken some oral histories. She has previously studied at the University of St Andrews and at the University of Sussex.

Emily Robinson

Emily joined the University of Sussex as a Lecturer in Politics in July 2013. She has previously held fellowships at the universities of Nottingham and East Anglia and was awarded her PhD by the University of London in 2010. She is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and a convenor of the Modern British History seminar series at the Institute for Historical Research. Her first degree was in History, from the University of Cambridge. Emily specialises in modern British cultural and political history and is particularly interested in the politics of time. Her first book, History, Heritage and Tradition in Contemporary British Politics: Past Politics and Present Histories was published by Manchester University Press in 2012. It explored the ways in which history is used and understood within British political parties and also showed how the political present is continually constructed as 'historic'. She is currently working on a book that will trace the word 'progressive' through modern British history and explore its shifting and contradictory meanings in both political thought and popular culture. In particular, it highlights the frequent gaps between political and popular understandings of the term 'progressive' and shows the many ways in which modern Britons have imagined themselves to be 'progressive people', even as they have expressed fears and doubts about the direction of self-described progressive politics, science and social values.

Lucy Robinson

Lucy Robinson is a Lecturer in Modern British History. Her first monograph Gay Men and the Left in PostWar Britain: how the personal became political (MUP, 2007) included analysis of the relationship between gay politics, anti-war activism and the wider Left. Since then Lucy has been working largely on the 1980s. As well as teaching a number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses that engage with civilian and combatant experience of warfare, and of anti-war activism, she has completed a project on the Falklands War, particularly looking at the relationship between soldiers’ memoirs and historical ideas of trauma. Lucy then developed this into a more broad analysis of the 1980s, particularly looking at the relationship between popular culture and politics or resistance. As well as academic publications this research fed into a JISC funded digital project Observing the 1980s which brought together documents from the Mass Observation Project, British Library oral history collection, and ephemera from Sussex University’s documents collection into a unique online research and teaching resource. It includes interviews, writing and ephemera relating to the Falklands, Northern Ireland and the anti-nuclear movements in the 1980s. Alongside this Lucy has been involved in the launch and development of a major new Network for Subculture, Popular Music and Social Change.

David Selway

David Selway is an AHRC-funded first-year PhD student at the University of Sussex. He is researching collective memory and the uses of history in the mining communities of south Wales during the inter-war years. He completed both his BA and MA in history at the University of Exeter.

Dorothy Sheridan

Dorothy Sheridan MBE is a Trustee of the Mass Observation Archive (MOA) at the University of Sussex and was formerly Head of Special Collections at Sussex. As Archivist and Director of the MOA (1974-2010), she co-founded the contemporary phase of Mass Observation and was researcher and consultant on the recently launched digital resource, “Observing the Eighties” with Lucy Robinson. She continues to work in areas relating to the politics and ethics of archiving and life writing (including the use of women’s diaries and life stories in history) and is currently planning further work on MO material from 1981 onwards. She is a Trustee of the National Life Stories at the British Library and Patron of the longstanding local community publisher, QueenSpark Books. She is a Visiting Professor at the University of Brighton, attached to the Centre for Memory, Narrative and Histories. Her books include Speak for Yourself (1984), Among You Taking Notes (1985), Mass Observation at the Movies (1987), Wartime Women (1990) and Writing Ourselves (2000). She was made a 50th Anniversary Fellow of the University of Sussex in 2011 and has an honorary doctorate from the Open University.

Rebecca Shtasel

Rebecca Shtasel is a first year PhD student at the University of Sussex. Her research focuses on the trade union movement in Le Havre 1936-1945. Rebecca completed her BA in French and MA in Modern European History both at Sussex. Her research interests throughout have centred on the experience of Normandy under German occupation.

Claudia Siebrecht

Claudia Siebrecht is a Senior Lecturer in Modern European History. She specialises in the cultural history of the First World War, has a particular interest in visual responses to war and her first monograph, The Aesthetics of Loss: German Women's Art of the First World War will be published in September 2013. Dr Siebrecht is also working on colonial violence and concentration camp imprisonment in the early 20th century. She is involved in the research projects Raising the Nation: Parenting and the State in Britain and Europe, 1870-1950, with Hester Barron and War: an Emotional History, with Claire Langhamer and Lucy Noakes (Brighton).

Paul Weir

Paul Weir is an AHRC-funded PhD student at the University of Sussex. His research focuses on British attitudes to the bombing of Germany during the Second World War. Paul is an Associate Tutor at the university and has taught on courses including Europe in the Twentieth Century and Britain in the Nineteenth Century. He also works as a freelance educator for the Holocaust Educational Trust.

Gerhard Wolf