Sussex Asia Centre

 Current Highlights


The Afterlives of Urban Muslim Asia: Alternative Imaginaries of Society and Polity

In the context of upheaval in Muslim Asia, studies of the region's urban centres and migrant communities can offer critical insights into identities that transcend sectarian and national identity and enable greater sensitivity in heritage preservation.

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SAC 2021 Research Seminar Series

Join us for our weekly seminar series, Wednesdays 13:00-14:30. 

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Pilgrimonics

Pilgrimage is influenced by a complex of religious, socio-cultural, political and economic factors. This research project provides an original and systematic analyses of global pilgrimage across different sites.

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Trust, Global Traders and Commodities in a Chinese International City

Professor Magnus Marsden leads this multi-sited and interdisciplinary research project centred on the Chinese city of Yiwu, engaging researchers and theoretical approaches in anthropology, area studies, business studies, and history and drawing on expertise from law, commercial shipping, and international trade policy.

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Inter-Asian Dynamics Research Network 

Professor Magnus Marsden leads a new network exploring the nature of connections, comparisons and circulations across multiple Asian settings.

IADRN Project Page

Narrating Blood

Professor Maya Unnithan, director of the Centre for Cultures, Reproduction, Technologies and Health (CORTH), is building an international network for cross-cultural research and intervention into blood-related reproductive and adolescent health and care-economies in India, Bangladesh, Ghana and the UK.

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Environmental History of South Asia

Professor Vinita Damodaran uses historical records to understand climate change in the Indian Ocean World.

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Woman's Leadership in the Asian Century

Professor Louise Morley, Director of the Centre of Higher Education and Equity Research, explores women and academic leadership in Asia.

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 Upcoming Events

 

Spring Seminars '24 Programme

Spring Seminars '24 Programme

 On 20th March 2024, Michiel Baas from the Max Planck Institute will be delivering a talk to the Asia Centre and Anthropology Dept. about 'Living and Creating with AI in India'

 The seminar takes place in-person in GSRC (Arts C, C175), 3-4.30pm GMT. After the event, guests are welcome to come to the IDS bar for a drink.                                                                                       

 Indian artists are increasingly incorporating artificial intelligence (AI) into their creative works. While their output shows the potential uses of AI for art, it also underscores its limitations and engages with common assumptions about what AI is. Drawing attention to the implications of AI for daily lives and its reliance on vast amounts of energy, their works point at the presence of AI as part of people’s lifeworlds and the way we share a planet with it. Taking a multispecies approach this article builds on extensive research among Indian artists and data scientists to propose a possible anthropological approach that centers on notions of cocreation and cohabitation with AI.

  Michiel Baas is a Senior Research Fellow with the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology (Halle, Germany). His most research book is Muscular India: Masculinity, Mobility and the New Middle Class (Context, 2020). He has published extensively on migration and transnationalism; gender, sexuality and the body; and is currently working on an anthropological approach to artificial intelligence (AI). Previously he was with the Asia Research of the National University of Singapore; Nalanda University (Delhi/Rajgir); and the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS, Leiden). He holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Amsterdam.

 

 On the 14th March 2024, Dr. Heila Sha will visit the Asia Centre to deliver a talk on 'Working for laowai: trade, gender, employment, and social status'

 The seminar takes place in-person in Bramber House 235, 1-2.30pm GMT.

  Over the past three decades, Yiwu has attracted thousands of foreign traders, mainly from the Middle-east, Africa, South Asia and Latin-America, to live and trade in the city. Despite a boom in research into the migration experience of these traders, we know little about their interactions with Chinese (both locals and incoming) or what the foreign presence means to Chinese people in the city. Drawing on long-term ethnographic research into the lived experience of Chinese internal migrant women who are employed by foreign business owners in restaurants, trade agencies, and domestic spaces, I demonstrate how the nature of employment creates hierarchies and inequalities in social status not just between foreign employers and Chinese employees but among Chinese migrant women as well. I show how these hierarchies are associated with intertwining aspects of age, gender, cultural difference, social relationships, types of work, migrant status and senses of (in)security. I also show how these women may experience upward social mobility – through peer support and transnational marriage – and downward mobility, often related to the risks of international trade and the business cycle within transnational companies. In so doing, the paper contributes to theoretical reflection on migration, gender, employment, and inequality.

  Dr. Heila Sha (Saheira Haliel) is a Research Fellow in the Centre for Research in Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship (CREME) at Aston University. Her research expertise includes migration, cross-border trade, ethnic minority/migrant entrepreneurship, kinship, gender, marriage, family business, and socio-economic transformations in China.  Saheira completed her Ph.D at Max-Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Germany in July 2015. Her Ph.D research focused on inter-generational transformations of family life, care, and gender relations in response to socio-economic transformations in Northwest China. In April 2016, she joined University of Sussex (UK) as a postdoctoral Research Fellow, where her research explored transnational lives, mobilities and networks by applying multi-sited methodologies that bridge scales to connect globally diverse localities within transnational trading networks and commodity markets in the context of global trade liberalization. After Sussex, Saheira was a Research Fellow at Coventry University, where she worked with Migration for Development and Equality ( MIDEQ) hub,  with a particular focus on migration intermediaries and inequalities.

Working for Laowai Poster

 

 

  29th February 2024, the Asia Centre is joined by Dr. Nick Long from LSE for a talk about 'Modern Sorcerers: The Cultural Politics of Hypnotherapy in Contemporary Indonesia'

  The seminar takes place in-person in Bramber House 235, 1-2.30pm GMT.

  Hypnotherapy is becoming increasingly popular in contemporary Indonesia as a means of improving one’s mental health as well as securing assistance for a variety of other personal and medical issues. However, the inherent ambiguity of hypnotic phenomena, coupled with longstanding schisms in Indonesian cultural politics, have led to profound disagreements over how the therapy should be understood. Some of its advocates see hypnotherapy as a means of not only treating specific issues but also moving public consciousness away from sorcerous and supernatural forms of ‘traditional healing’ and towards more ‘scientific’ and Islamically permissible notions of a psychological self. Such projects of psychological modernisation are challenged by other practitioners of mesmerism, magnetism and ‘energy-based hypnosis’, who see hypnosis as fundamentally spiritual or supernatural in nature. They are also complicated by patients who expect or need ‘magical’ treatments in order to achieve cure. Practitioners are thus at risk of unsettling each others’, and sometimes their own, claims to legitimacy and modernity. This talk will explore how this dynamic is affecting Indonesia’s broader medical landscape and forms of patient care. It will also reflect on the implications of the material for long-standing anthropological theories of symbolic healing and for more recent work in the field of ‘subjunctive medicine’.

  Nicholas J. Long is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), where he works on the anthropology of Indonesia and on responses to COVID-19 in the UK and Aotearoa New Zealand. He won the 2019 Stirling Prize for Best Published Work in Psychological Anthropology for his article ‘Suggestions of Power: Searching for Efficacy in Indonesia's Hypnosis Boom’.

Modern Sorcerers Poster

 

  20th February 2024, Dr. Ka-Kin Cheuk, Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Anthropology at the University of Southampton, will visit the Asia Centre to present a talk on 'Homeland visit and transnational connections: a study of the Sikhs in Hong Kong and their family trips in India'

  The seminar takes place in-person in Arts C C333, 1-2.30pm GMT. 

  In this seminar, Dr. Cheuk will explore the transnational connections established by Hong Kong Sikhs through their regular visits to their families in India, focusing on how these connections are formed, maintained, and mediated. The research draws on long-term and ongoing fieldwork conducted at the Hong Kong Sikh Temple since 2006, as well as Dr. Cheuk's observations during several trips made by Hong Kong Sikhs to the state of Punjab in India. By analyzing ethnographic materials from multiple locations, they examine the implications of these trips on the dynamics of transnational family networks within the Hong Kong Sikh community. Additionally, Dr. Cheuk delves into the historical and sociocultural factors that have shaped the significance of these visits in everyday life, while also considering how these factors may evolve in the post-COVID-19 era.

  Ka-Kin Cheuk is Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Southampton. Trained as a social and cultural anthropologist (PhD, Oxford), his research revolves around the study of migration, transnationalism, diaspora, and inter-Asian connections, with ethnographic focuses on China, Hong Kong, India, and the Middle East. His recent publications include “Diasporic Convergence, Sustained Transience and Indifferent Survival: Indian Traders in China” (History and Anthropology 2022), “Inter-Asian Hinduism in East Asian Diasporic Nodes through the Material Lens” (in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Hindu Diasporas, Oxford University Press, 2023), and “Homeland Visit and Transnational Connections: A Study of the Sikhs in Hong Kong and their Family Trips in India” (Hong Kong Studies 2023). Having conducted fieldwork over the past 17 years on Sikh diaspora in Hong Kong and on Indian traders in southeast China, he is currently working on a new project on flower industries and Scotland-China circuits of environmental ethics.

Ka-Kin Cheuk - Homeland Visit Poster

 

  Tuesday 6th February 2024, Prof. Magnus Marsden will give a talk for the Sussex Asia Centre on ‘The legacies of Afghanistan’s Urban Cosmopolitanism: Sikhs, Muslims and Markets in London.’

  The seminar takes place at 1 - 2.30pm in Arts C333

Event Poster

    

 

Recent Events

 

  29th November 2023, the Sussex Asia Centre will be joined by Dr. Rabia Khan, a postdoctoral research fellow at Global Studies, working on an Afghanistan Institute of Strategic Studies project funded by Research England and in conjuction with 'The Afterlives of Urban Muslim Asia'.

  The seminar takes place in-person in Jubilee G35, 1-2.30pm GMT.

Rabia Khan - From the Diaspora to the Homeland Poster

  To find out more about the Afghanistan Institute of Strategic Studies please see AISS | Afghan Institute for Strategic Studies (aissonline.org). For further information on the 'The Afterlives of Urban Muslim Asia: Alternative Imaginaries of Society and Polity' funded project, see The Afterlives of Urban Muslim Asia: Alternative Imaginaries of Society and Polity : Research highlights : ... : School of Global Studies : University of Sussex

  15th November 2023, Dr. Caroline Bennett joined the Sussex Asia Centre for a talk on ‘Overwhelming violence: the imagined Khmer Rouge in contemporary Cambodia’. 

  The Transitional Justice framework of the ECCC works within a defined temporality: a political time that limits its jurisdiction from 1975-1979, disregarding events outside those bounds that actually comprise the Khmer Rouge regime. Choeung Ek Genocidal Centre, a national memorial and major tourist site to the Khmer Rouge situates itself in the same temporal framework. The current ruling party, the Cambodian People’s Party, also asserts this temporality, presenting a clear distinction between ‘Samay aPot’: the time of Pol Pot, and Cambodia today - the time of Hun Sen. The transitional justice framework then, which aims to create a split between the violent past and the present, and a more ‘just’ and democratic present, actually enforces the political time of the CPP, in which political violence is rife, and democratic rule appears to be disintegrating. This juxtaposition is possible because of the presentation of the Khmer Rouge regime as a sublime event: an event (with its event-centred boundaries) so incomprehensible that it overwhelms all understandings, and subsumes all other violence. As long as their exists an imagined Khmer Rouge, and a highly publicised court system dealing with it, a multitude of violence can continue in everyday life. This chapter examines the aesthetics of violence through which the court, the current government, and the international imaginary, create a spectral Khmer Rouge, which enables violence to persist despite claims to the opposite.

  Caroline is a Lecturer in Social Anthropology and International Development, with a focus on Human Rights, at the University of Sussex. She works on mass death and the treatment of human remains. She is particularly interested in genocide, conflict and violence, and the politics of the dead. Her long-term ethnographic research concentrates on the Cambodian genocide, considering relationships to the dead and their graves at the everyday, state, and international level. She also works on the treatment of human remains after mass death, research emerging from previous training as a forensic anthropologist. 

   Event Poster

  8th November 2023, Prof. Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner gave a talk on ‘Global Regulatory Capitalism and the Rise of Asian Biotech’. 

  Neoliberalism is presumed to enable free competition in an international environment. Not since the World War II, neoliberal societies have exponentially increased regulation, both at home and internationally. Initially, hegemonic countries could set the rules that enabled cut-throat competition between biotech products in jurisdictions internationally. But for some decades now this is no longer the case: Using anthropological case-studies from Asia and archival research, I illustrate how Asian countries have become crucial in the regulatory changes of biotechnological applications over the last decades. In this seminar, I show how in a global context of fierce competition and strategic alliances this form of regulatory competition has generated new concerns: First, regulation is instrumentalised on a global scale and does not have the exclusive function to protect the safety and expectations of patients and to safeguard the quality of scientific applications in jurisdictions; second, international science collaboration in itself has become a form of competition, catering for clashing interests of collaborative partners; third, there is no global institution that has sufficient authority to mediate the local interests of patients, science and healthcare provision. I suggest that radical changes in how we deal with health resources are called for.

   Margaret is Professor of Social & Medical Anthropology here at Sussex.

  Event Poster

  18th October 2023, Zohra Saed, Brooklyn-based writer and Afghan American poet. Zohra gave a talk on ‘Turkic heritage in Afghanistan through personal family narrative’. Zohra Saed’s poetry and essays have been published in numerous anthologies and journals. She is the co-editor of One Story, Thirty Stories: An Anthology of Contemporary Afghan American Literature (University of Arkansas Press), editor of Langston Hughes: Poems, Photos, and Notebooks from Turkestan (Lost & Found, The CUNY Poetics Documents Initiative); and Woman. Hand/Pen. (Belladonna Chaplet). Her essays on the Central Asian diaspora have appeared in Eating Asian America (NYU Press) and The Asian American Literary Review. She co-founded UpSet Press, a Brooklyn-based nonprofit indie press, with poet Robert Booras. Zohra is a Distinguished Lecturer at Macaulay Honors College, The City University of New York.

Event Poster

  11th October 2023, Prof. R. Santhosh of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India presented a seminar on their paper: 'A Goddess and a Muslim Saint: The Emerging Discourses on Communal Harmony in Kerala, South India'. 

  This talk analyses discourses and practices celebrating a historical connection between a highly popular Muslim dargah and a Hindu temple in northern Kerala. The historical connection between Sayyid ʿAlawī Mawlā al-Dawīlah al-Ḥusaynī Thangal, popularly known as Mamburam Thangal and the Goddess of Kaliyatta kavu is celebrated through ritualistic processions and songs, especially among the Dalits, the ex-untouchable castes in the region. Within the larger institutional and ideological/theological transformations of the Dargha and the temple in recent times, these discourses lack official sanction and encouragement from the administrators of these places of worship. However, these processions and practices have moved beyond their ritualistic realm and have become celebrated symbols of communal harmony and peaceful religious coexistence in the region. This talk examines these transformations and argues that the production of communal harmony in contemporary Kerala, especially within the Muslim public and religious sphere, is closely connected to their claim to complete citizenship and a rightful position in the socio-cultural history of the country.

  R. Santhosh is an associate professor at the Department of Humanities and Social Science, IIT Madras, India. Currently, he is affiliated with Sussex University as a British Academy Visiting Fellow. Santhosh has a deep interest in the entanglement of religion with the secular in contemporary India. He works primarily on Muslim communities in India with a special focus on intra-community contestations, forms of Islamic activism, religion and development, women’s questions, and emerging Muslim politics. He also has a keen research interest in the emerging forms of new spirituality, identity questions and political mobilization among Hindus. His articles have been published in Modern Asian Studies, Ethnicities, Asian Survey, Economic and Political Weekly, European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology, and Historical Sociology, among others. 

Event Poster

    4th October 2023, Dr. Vivek V. Narayan of Ashoka University gave a seminar on his paper: 'The Möbius Strip of Spirit and Matter: Abolition, slave agency, and missionary modernity in nineteenth-century Travancore, south India'. 

  This paper argues that slave caste conversions in colonial-era Travancore must be read as a conjoining of the spiritual and the material within an encasted habitus best understood through the geometric metaphor of the Möbius strip. I develop my argument through three interrelated claims: first, that the language of spirituality was repurposed to articulate material claims; second, that many of the conceptual spaces that missionary discourse sought to enter were occupied by the Brahminical doctrines of caste; and third, that the slave castes recast Protestant theology within a situated intellectual habitus codified by Brahminical doctrine that compelled recent converts to insist upon transgression. I engage with Partha Chatterjee’s influential spherical metaphor for sovereignty in the spiritual domain in anticolonial nationalism to reveal the faultlines between the situated social imaginaries of anti-caste struggles and the focus upon the nationalism in postcolonial theory. In doing so, this talk attempts to demonstrate a method of doing intellectual histories in the repertoire of embodiment that situates anti-caste struggles within transnational flows, locates these intellectual exchanges in the repertoires of everyday life, and shows that the ideas of unlettered people can, do - and, more importantly, did - take on universalistic ambitions.

  Vivek is a scholar, performance-maker, and writer working on caste and anti-caste politics in south India. He is Assistant Professor of English, Theatre, and Performance Studies at Ashoka University and an alumnus of Stanford University, Royal Holloway, University of London, and St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai. His book project, Stolen Fire: Caste Scripts and Anti-Caste Politics in South India, 1806-1941, views the long history of anti-caste struggle in colonial-era Travancore through the lens of performance. His writing appears in The Oxford Handbook of Modern Indian Literatures, Theatre Survey, J-CASTE, Modern Drama, The Georgia Review, Black Warrior Review, Muse India, The Caravan, AZURE, The Bombay Review, and The Hindu, among others, while his plays have been performed at various venues in India, the UK, and the US. He is currently a Charles Wallace India Trust Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities in Edinburgh.

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Contact

Director:

Professor Magnus Marsden
T: +44 (0)1273 606755 ext2312
E: M.Marsden@sussex.ac.uk

University of Sussex Asia Centre
Room C246, Arts C,
University of Sussex
Falmer,
Brighton
BN1 9SJ,
UK