SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit

SPRU Working Paper Series

The SPRU Working Paper Series aims to accelerate the public availability of the research undertaken by SPRU-associated people of all categories, and exceptionally, other research that is of considerable interest within SPRU. It presents research results that in whole or part are suitable for submission to a refereed journal, to a sponsor, to a major conference or to the editor of a book. Our intention is to provide access to early copies of SPRU research.

Papers are listed in order from the most recent; click on a heading below to view working papers from that year.

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2017

SWPS 2017-25: A New ‘Cut’ on Technological Innovation Aiming for Sustainability in a Globalized World

Adela Conchado and Pedro Linares

SWPS 2017-25 [PDF 2.04MB]

SWPS 2017-24: Resource Efficiency, Environmental Policy and Eco-Innovations for a Circular Economy: Evidence from EU Firms

Giulio Cainelli, Alessio D’Amato and Massimiliano Mazzanti

SWPS 2017-24 [PDF 1.55MB]

SWPS 2017-23: Exploring Perceptions of the Credibility of Policy Mixes: The Case of German Manufacturers of Renewable Power Generation Technologies

Karoline S. Rogge and Elisabeth Dütschke

SWPS 2017-23 [PDF 1.90MB]

SWPS 2017-22: Kalecki on Technology and Military Keynesianism

Jan Toporowski

SWPS 2017-22 [PDF 948.32KB]

SWPS 2017-21: Hate at First Sight? Dynamic Aspects of the Electoral Impact of Migrations: The Case of the UK and Brexit

Eugenio Levi, Rama Dasi Mariani and Fabrizio Patriarca

SWPS 2017-21 [PDF 1.89MB]

SWPS 2017-20: School Infrastructure Spending and Educational Outcomes in Northern Italy

Alessandro Belmonte, Vincenzo Bove, Giovanna D’Inverno and Marco Modica

SWPS 2017-20 [PDF 2.74MB]

SWPS 2017-19: Do Policy Mix Characteristics Matter for Low-Carbon Innovation? A Survey-Based Exploration for Renewable Power Generation Technologies in Germany

Karoline S. Rogge and Joachim Schleich

SWPS 2017-19 [PDF 1.17MB]

SWPS 2017-18: Lost in Transition? Drivers and Barriers in the Eco-Innovation Road to the Circular Economy

Ana de Jesus and Sandro Mendonça

SWPS 2017-18 [PDF 1.63MB]

SWPS 2017-17: Towards a Typology of Intermediaries in Transitions: a Systematic Review

Paula Kivimaa, Wouter Boon, Sampsa Hyysalo and Laurens Klerkx

SWPS 2017-17 [PDF 1.38MB]

SWPS 2017-16: Innovation, Inequality and the Skill Premium

Riccardo Leoncini

SWPS 2017-16 [PDF 1017.43KB]

SWPS 2017-15: User-Intermediaries and the Local Embedding of Low Carbon Technologies

Jake Barnes

SWPS 2017-15 [PDF 1.35MB]

SWPS 2017-14: Who gains from high-tech growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain

Neil Lee and Stephen Clarke

SWPS 2017-14 [PDF 1.36MB]

SWPS 2017-13: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014

Francesco Vona, Giovanni Marin and Davide Consoli

SWPS 2017-13 [PDF 964.38KB]

SWPS 2017-12: Structural Changes and Growth Regimes

Tommaso Ciarli, André Lorentz, Marco Valente and Maria Savona

SWPS 2017-12 [PDF 1.72MB]

SWPS 2017-11: Explaining Sociotechnical Transitions: A Critical Realist Perspective

Steve Sorrell

SWPS 2017-11 [PDF 1.22MB]

SWPS 2017-10: Social Innovation, Democracy and Makerspaces

Adrian Smith

SWPS 2017-10 [PDF 636.92KB]

SWPS 2017-09: Adoption and Diffusion of Micro-Grids in Italy. An Analysis of Regional Factors Using Agent-Based Modelling

Francesco Pasimeni

SWPS 2017-09 [PDF 2.07MB]

SWPS 2017-08: The Measurement of Synergy in Innovation Systems: Redundancy Generation in a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations

Loet Leydesdorff, Henry Etzkowitz, Inga Ivanova and Martin Meyer

SWPS 2017-08 [PDF 1.90MB]

SWPS 2017-07: Inclusive Innovation and Rapid Sociotechnical Transitions: The Case of Mobile Money in Kenya

Elsie Onsongo and Johan Schot

SWPS 2017-07 [PDF 1.42MB]

SWPS 2017-06: Does Managerial Experience Affect Strategic Change?

Matte Hartog and Frank M. H. Neffke

SWPS 2017-06 [PDF 1.55MB]

SWPS 2017-05: Coworker Complementarity

Frank Neffke

SWPS 2017-05 [PDF 1.37MB]

SWPS 2017-04: Technical skills, disinterest and non-functional regulation: Energy efficiency barriers viewed in an ecosystem of energy service companies

Hanna-Liisa Kangas, David Lazarevic and Paula Kivimaa

SWPS 2017-04 [PDF 1.50MB]

SWPS 2017-03: Employment Effects of Innovations over the Business Cycle: Firm-Level Evidence from European Countries

Bernhard Dachs, Martin Hud, Christian Koehler and Bettina Peters

SWPS 2017-03 [PDF 564.60KB]

SWPS 2017-02: Policy Democracy: Social and Material Participation in Biodiesel Policy-Making Processes in India

Evelien de Hoop and Saurabh Arora

SWPS 2017-02 [PDF 2.60MB]

SWPS 2017-01: A Typology of European Research Universities. Differentiation, Layering and Resource Distribution

Benedetto Lepori, Aldo Geuna and Valerio Veglio

SWPS 2017-01 [PDF 1.31MB]

SWPS 2017-00: Thank you.

SWPS Editors

SWPS 2017-00 [PDF 222.79KB]

Further information

Disclaimer

The works available here are the responsibility of the individual author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of other SPRU researchers. As matters of policy and practice, SPRU does not endorse individual research contributions.

Guidelines for authors

Papers shall be submitted in pdf or Word format. They should contain a title, an abstract, and keywords. Papers should be submitted to one of the Editors, who will process them and send them to the appropriate Associate Editor. Two members of SPRU will be asked to provide a short written review within three weeks. The revised versions of the paper, together with a reply to the reviewers, should be sent to the Associate Editor, who will propose to the Editors its publication on the series. When submitting the authors should indicate if the paper has already undergone peer-review, in which case the Associate Editors may decide to skip internal review process.

Referencing and feedback

We shall be grateful if the papers are referenced in the usual way. Each paper contains information with regard to appropriate citation and users are advised that these 'pre-publication' versions are subject to alterations in the refereeing process. We shall also be grateful for feedback from users.

Copyright and journal submissions

Papers published in the SWPS remain the intellectual property of the author, and the author retains all copyrights. The purpose of the SWPS is to be an open-access source of research.

It is worth noting that most academic journals do allow the submission of papers that have been previously published in working paper series. However, authors are advised to check the editorial policy of the journal they wish to submit to.

Please note that many academic journals also allow post-print publication, meaning that authors may also be able to publish their work in the SWPS after it has been accepted for publication in a journal.

Previous editors

SPRU is very grateful to Ed Steinmuller, Jim Watson, Stefano Brusoni, and Aldo Geuna for their contribution in managing the Working Paper series in past years.

Archive

2016

SWPS 2016-22: Why Researchers Publish in Non-Mainstream Journals: Training, Knowledge Bridging, and Gap
Filling

Diego Chavarro, Puay Tang, and Ismael Ràfols

SWPS 2016-22 [PDF 640.25KB]

SWPS 2016-21: Multicriteria Mapping Manual - Version 2.0

Josie Coburn, Andy Stirling

SWPS 2016-21 [PDF 3.10MB]

SWPS 2016-20: Lost in space? NASA and the changing public-private
eco-system in space

Mariana Mazzucato, Douglas K. R. Robinson

SWPS 2016-20 [PDF 1.06MB]

SWPS 2016-19: Open Innovation: Revealing and Engagement in Open Data organisations

Franz Huber,  Francesco Rentocchin and Thomas Wainwright

SWPS 2016-19 [PDF 757.30KB]

SWPS 2016-18: The Triple Challenge for Europe: The Economy, Climate Change and Governance

Jan Fagerberg, Staffan Laestadius, Ben Martin

SWPS 2016-18 [PDF 920.03KB]

SWPS 2016-17: Serendipity: Towards a taxonomy and a theory

Ohid Yaqub

SWPS 2016-17 [PDF 563.39KB]

SWPS 2016-16: Understanding the Intensity of UK Policy Commitments to Nuclear Power

Emily Cox, Phil Johnstone, Andy Stirling

SWPS 2016-16 [PDF 2.11MB]

SWPS 2016-15: Deep Transitions: Emergence, Acceleration, Stabilization and Directionality

Johan Schot, Laur Kanger

SWPS 2016-15 [PDF 2.10MB]

SWPS 2016-14: Precaution in the Governance of Technology

Andy Stirling

SWPS 2016-14 [PDF 868.92KB]

SWPS 2016-13: User-made Immobilities: A Transitions Perspective.

Laur Kanger, Johan Schot

SWPS 2016-13 [PDF 1.16MB]

SWPS 2016-12: Financing Renewable Energy: Who is Financing What and Why it Matters

Mariana Mazzucato, Gregor Semieniuk

SWPS 2016-12 [PDF 876.60KB]

SWPS 2016-11: Fossil Energy in Economic Growth: A Study of the Energy Direction of Technical Change, 1950-2012.

Gregor Semieniuk

SWPS 2016-11 [PDF 863.17KB]

SWPS 2016-10: The Role of Community Leadership in the Development of Grassroots Innovations.

Mari Martiskainen

SWPS 2016-10 [PDF 640.44KB]

SWPS 2016-09: Reviewing the evidence on the innovation impact of the EU Emission Trading System. 

Karoline Rogge

SWPS 2016-09 [PDF 709.10KB]

SWPS 2016-08: Funding Data from Publication Acknowledgements: Coverage, Uses and Limitations.

Nicola Grassano, Daniele Rotolo, Joshua Hutton, Frédérique Lang, Michael Hopkins

SWPS 2016-08 [PDF 4.53MB]

SWPS 2016-07: Assessing Energy Security in a Low-Carbon Context: The Case of Electricity in the UK.

Emily Cox

SWPS 2016-07 [PDF 1.96MB]

SWPS 2016-06: The Complex Interactions between Economic Growth and Market Concentration in a Model
of Structural Change.

Tommaso Ciarli, Marco Valente

SWPS 2016-06 [PDF 2.15MB]

SWPS 2016-05: Technology Development in South Africa: The Case of Wind and Solar PV.

Lucy Baker

SWPS 2016-05 [PDF 989.51KB]

SWPS 2016-04: Nonhumans in the Practice of Development: Material Agency and Friction in a Small-Scale Energy Program in Indonesia.

Yuti Ariani Fatimah, Saurabh Arora

SWPS 2016-04 [PDF 821.29KB]

SWPS 2016-03: What is Happening to our Universities?

Ben Martin

SWPS 2016-03 [PDF 808.94KB]

SWPS 2016-02: Shaping the Agenda of a Grand Challenge: Institutional Mediation of Priorities in Avian Influenza Research.

Matthew L. Wallace, Ismael Rafols

SWPS 2016-02 [PDF 2.18MB]

SWPS 2016-01: A Triple Helix Model of Medical Innovation: Supply, Demand, and Technological Capabilities in terms of Medical Subject Headings.

Alexander Petersen, Daniele Rotolo, Loet Leydesdorff

SWPS 2016-01 [PDF 5.95MB]

SWPS 2016-00: Thank you.

SWPS Editors

SWPS 2016-00 [PDF 631.64KB]

2015

SWPS 2015-37:Opening the Black Box of Energy Security: A Study of Conceptions of Electricity Security in the UK

Emily Cox

Download:SWPS 2015-37 [PDF 2.42MB]

SWPS 2015-36: Experiments in climate governance – a systematic review of research on energy and built environment transitions

Paula Kivimaa, Mikael Hildén, Dave Huitema, Andrew Jordan, Jens Newig

Download: SWPS 2015-36 [PDF 1.28MB]

SWPS 2015-35: Social network and private provision of public goods

Bulat Sanditov, Saurabh Arora

Download: SWPS 2015-35 [PDF 805.25KB]

SWPS 2015-34: Explaining Variation in Medical Innovation: The Case of Vaccines, and the HIV AIDS effort

Ohid Yaqub

Download: SWPS 2015-34 [PDF 512.27KB]

SWPS 2015-33: Barriers to Innovation: Can Firm Age Help Lower Them?

Gabriele Pellegrino

Download: SWPS 2015-33 [PDF 1.03MB]

SWPS 2015-32: Services in Developing Economies: A New Chance for Catching-Up?

Gisela Di Meglio, Jorge Gallego, Andr?s Maroto, Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2015-32 [PDF 4.04MB]

SWPS 2015-31: Innovative Procurement Frameworks for Energy Performance Contracting in the UK Public Sector

Colin Nolden, Steve Sorrell, Friedemann Polzin

Download: SWPS 2015-31 [PDF 838.03KB]

SWPS 2015-30: Twenty Challenges for Innovation Studies

Ben R. Martin

Download: SWPS 2015-30 [PDF 808.67KB]

SWPS 2015-29: Institutional Innovation in the Management of Pro-Poor Energy Access in East Africa

Lorenz Gollwitzer, David Ockwell, Adrian Ely

Download: SWPS 2015-29 [PDF 1.18MB]

SWPS 2015-28: The Green Entrepreneurial State

Mariana Mazzucato

Download: SWPS 2015-28 [PDF 1.57MB]

SWPS 2015-27: Research Assessment in the UK and Italy: Costly and Difficult, But Probably Worth it (At Least For a While)

Aldo Geuna, Matteo Piolatto

Download: SWPS 2015-27 [PDF 865.22KB]

SWPS 2015-26: The Rise of Mission-Oriented State Investment Banks: The Cases of Germany’s KfW and Brazil’s BNDES

Mariana Mazzucato, Caetano Penna

Download: SWPS 2015-26 [PDF 461.12KB]

SWPS 2015-25: From Market Fixing to Market-Creating: A New Framework for Economic Policy

Mariana Mazzucato

Download: SWPS 2015-25 [PDF 850.76KB]

SWPS 2015-24: Do Academics Doubt Their Own Research? 

Lee Stapleton

Download: SWPS 2015-24 [PDF 1.04MB]

SWPS 2015-23: Quantitative Analysis of Technology Futures: A review of Techniques, Uses and Characteristics 

Tommaso Ciarli, Alex Coad, Ismael Rafols 

Download: SWPS 2015-23 [PDF 1.82MB]

SWPS 2015-22: Accelerating the Cleantech Revolution: Exploring the Financial Mobilisation Functions of Institutional Innovation Intermediaries 

Friedemann Polzin, Paschen von Flotow, Laurens Klerkx

Download: SWPS 2015-22 [PDF 914.28KB]

SWPS 2015-21: What is a Complex Innovation System?

J. Sylvan Katz

Download: 2015-21 [PDF 644.50KB]

SWPS 2015-20: When Linder Meets Hirschman: Inter-Industry Linkages and Global Value Chains in Business Services

Javier Lopez Gonzalez, Valentina Meliciani, Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2015-20 [PDF 2.07MB]

SWPS 2015-19: Global Structural Change and Value Chains in Services: A Reappraisal

Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2015-19 [PDF 1.28MB]

SWPS 2015-18: Comparing Nuclear Power Trajectories in Germany And the UK: From ‘Regimes’ to ‘Democracies’ in Sociotechnical Transitions and Discontinuities

Phil Johnstone, Andy Stirling

Download: SWPS 2015-18 [PDF 1.81MB]

SWPS 2015-17: Employment Protection Legislation and Firm Growth: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

Anders Bornhä?l, Sven-Olov Daunfeldt, Niklas Rudholm

Download: SWPS 2015-17 [PDF 411.15KB]

SWPS 2015-16: Do green jobs differ from non-green jobs in terms of skills and human capital?

Davide Consoli, Giovanni Marin, Alberto Marzucchi, Francesco Vona

Download: SWPS 2015-16 [PDF 1.31MB]

SWPS 2015-15: Unpacking Big Systems – Natural Language Processing meets Network Analysis A Study of Smart Grid Development in Denmark

Roman Jurowetzki

Download: SWPS 2015-15 [PDF 2.75MB]

SWPS 2015-14: Network (Mis)Alignment, Technology Policy and Innovation: The Tale of Two Brazilian Cities

Janaina Pamplona da Costa

Download: SWPS 2015-14  [PDF 1.24MB]

SWPS 2015-13: Socio-Technical Transitions and Policy Change – Advocacy Coalitions in Swiss Energy Policy

Jochen Markard, Marco Suter, Karin Ingold

Download: SWPS 2015-13 [PDF 1.04MB]

SWPS 2015-12: Going Beyond Instrument Interactions: Towards a More Comprehensive Policy Mix Conceptualization for Environmental Technological Change

Karoline S. Rogge,  Kristin Reichardt

Download: SWPS 2015-12 [PDF 744.86KB]

SWPS 2015-11: Journal Portfolio Analysis for Countries, Cities, and Organizations: Maps and Comparisons?

Loet Leydesdorff, Gaston Heimeriks, Daniele Rotolo

Download: SWPS 2015-11 [PDF 3.75MB]

SWPS 2015-10: Research Portfolio Analysis in Science Policy: Moving from Financial Returns to Societal Benefits

Matthew L. Wallace, Ismael Rafols 

Download: SWPS 2015-10 [PDF 1.28MB]

SWPS 2015-09: International Careers of Researchers in Biomedical Sciences: A Comparison of the US and the UK

Cornelia Lawson, Aldo Geuna, Ana Fernández-Zubieta, Rodrigo Kataishi, Manuel Toselli

Updated version: July 2015

Download: SWPS 2015-09 [PDF 1.92MB]

SWPS 2015-08: Estimating Direct Rebound Effects for Personal Automotive Travel in Great Britain

Lee Stapleton, Steve Sorrell, Tim Schwanen

Updated version: SWPS 2015-08 - Updated version: February 2016 [PDF 1.75MB]

Now published in http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2015.12.012 

SWPS 2015-07: Exploring the Role of Servitization to Overcome Barriers for Innovative Energy Efficiency Technologies – The Case of Public LED Street Lighting in German Municipalities

Friedemann Polzin, Paschen von Flotow, Colin Nolden

Download: SWPS 2015-07 [PDF 813.04KB]

SWPS 2015-06: What Is an Emerging Technology?

Daniele Rotolo, Diana Hicks, Ben Martin

Updated version: September 2015

Download: SWPS 2015-06 [PDF 969.39KB]

SWPS 2015-05: High-Growth Firms: Stylized Facts and Conflicting Results

Fabiana Moreno, Alex Coad

Download: SWPS 2015-05 [PDF 1.62MB]

SWPS 2015-04: The Effect of Demand-Driven Structural Transformations on Growth and Technological Change

André Lorentz, Tommaso Ciarli, Maria Savona, Marco Valente

Download: SWPS 2015-04 [PDF 1.08MB]

SWPS 2015-03: SiSOB Data Extraction and Codification: A tool to analyse scientific careers

Aldo Geuna, Rodrigo Kataishi, Manuel Toselli, Eduardo Guzm?n, Cornelia Lawson, Ana Fernandez-Zubieta, Beatriz Barros

Download: SWPS 2015-03 [PDF 1.33MB]

SWPS 2015-02: Creative Destruction or Mere Niche Creation? Innovation Policy Mixes for Sustainability Transitions

Paula Kivimaa, Florian Kern

Download: SWPS 2015-02 [PDF 624.86KB]

SWPS 2015-01: Moving Out Of Academic Research: Why Scientists Stop Doing Research?

Aldo Geuna, Sotaro Shibayama

Updated version: July 2015

Download: SWPS 2015-01 [PDF 1.15MB]

2014

SWPS 2014-25: From fuel poverty to energy vulnerability: The importance of services, needs and practices

Stefan Bouzarovski, Saska Petrova, Sergio Tirado-Herrero

Download: SWPS 2014-25 [PDF 860.62KB]

SWPS 2014-24: Towards Innovation Democracy? Participation, Responsibility and Precaution in Innovation Governance

Andy Stirling

Download: SWPS 2014-24 [PDF 933.70KB]

SWPS 2014-23: Exploring and yet failing less: Learning from exploration, exploitation and human capital in R&D

Pablo D’Este, Alberto Marzucchi, Francesco Rentocchini

Download: SWPS 2014-23 [PDF 1.20MB]

SWPS 2014-22: Reducing energy demand: An overview of issues, challenges and approaches

Steve Sorrell

Download: SWPS 2014-22 [PDF 902.05KB]

SWPS 2014-21: Beyond market failures: The market creating and shaping roles of state investment banks 

Mariana Mazzucato, Caetano C.R. Penna

Download: SWPS 2014-21 [PDF 1.90MB]

SWPS 2014-20: Distinguishing patterns of learning and inclusion through patterns of network formation in developing aricultural clusters

Matias Ramirez, Paloma Bernal, Ian Clarke, Ivan Hernandez

Download: SWPS 2014-20 [PDF 1.65MB]

SWPS 2014-19: What is Technology? Six definitions and two pathologies

Paul Nightingale

Download: SWPS 2014-19 [PDF 1.94MB]

SWPS 2014-18: That was then, this is now: Skills and Routinization in the 2000's

Davide Consoli, Francesco Vona, Francesco Rentocchini

Download: SWPS 2014-18 [PDF 1.71MB]

SWPS 2014-17: How satisfied are the self-employed? A life domain view

Martin Binder, Alex Coad

Download: SWPS 2014-17 [PDF 1.19MB]

SWPS 2014-16: Energy substitution, technical change and rebound effects

Steve Sorrell

Download: SWPS 2014-16 [PDF 1.13MB]

Paper published as:
S. Sorrell (2014), Energy Substitution, Technical Change and Rebound Effects, Energies, 7(5), 2850-2873, doi:10.3390/en7052850

SWPS 2014-15: Taste and Power: The flavouring industry and flavour additive regulation

Patrick van Zwanenberg, Erik Millstone

Download: SWPS 2014-15 [PDF 795.52KB]

SWPS 2014-14: Matching MEDLINE/PubMed Data with Web of Science (WOS): A Routine in R Language

Daniele Rotolo, Loet Leydesdorff

Download: SWPS 2014-14 [PDF 1.08MB]

SWPS 2014-13: Innovation as Growth Policy: The challenge for Europe

Mariana Mazzucato, Carlota Perez

Download: SWPS 2014-13 [PDF 1.19MB]

SWPS 2014-12: Developing capabilities in the seed industry: which direction to follow?

Anabel Marin, Lilia Stubrin, Patrick van Zwanenberg

Download: SWPS 2014-12 [PDF 1.22MB]

SWPS 2014-11: Multicriteria Mapping Manual: Version 1.0

Andy Stirling, Josie Coburn

Download: SWPS 2014-11 [PDF 2.98MB]

SWPS 2014-10: Scientometric Mapping as a Strategic Intelligence Tool for the Governance of Emerging Technologies

Daniele Rotolo, Ismael Rafols, Michael Hopkins, Loet Leydesdorff

Download: SWPS 2014-10 [PDF 9.09MB]

SWPS 2014-09: Reviving demand-pull perspectives: The effect of demand uncertainty and stagnancy on R&D strategy

José García-Quevedo, Gabriele Pellegrino, Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2014-09 [PDF 3.09MB]

SWPS 2014-08: Community-based digital fabrication workshops: A review of the research literature

Sabine Hielscher, Adrian Smith

Download: SWPS 2014-08 [PDF 860.82KB]

SWPS 2014-07: Standing in the way by standing in the middle: The case of state-owned natural gas intermediaries in Bulgaria

Ralitsa Petrova Hiteva, Tomas Maltby

Download: SWPS 2014-07 [PDF 5.03MB]

SWPS 2014-06: From sustainability to transformation: Dynamics and diversity in reflexive governance of vulnerability

Andy Stirling

Download: SWPS 2014-06 [PDF 2.37MB]

SWPS 2014-05: Determinants of patent citations in biotechnology: An analysis of patent influence across the industrial and organizational boundaries

Antonio Messeni Petruzzelli, Daniele Rotolo, Vito Albino

Download: SWPS 2014-05 [PDF 2.67MB]

SWPS 2014-04: Don't stop me now: Barriers to innovation and firm productivity

Alex Coad, Gabriele Pellegrino, Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2014-04 [PDF 1.17MB]

SWPS 2014-03: Transforming Power: social science and the politics of energy choices

Andy Stirling

Download: SWPS 2014-03 [PDF 538.41KB]

SWPS 2014-02: From laggard to leader: Explaining offshore wind developments in the UK

Florian Kern, Adrian Smith, Chris Shaw, Rob Raven, Bram Verhees

Download: SWPS 2014-02 [PDF 1.38MB]

SWPS 2014-01: Productivity in services twenty years on. A review of conceptual and measurement issues and a way forward

Nicola Grassano, Maria Savona

Download: SWPS 2014-01 [PDF 1.06MB]

2013

SWPS 2013-17: Strategic interactions in public R&D across European countries: A spatial econometric analysis

Hakim Hammadou, Sonia Paty, Maria Savona 

Download: SWPS 2013-17 [PDF 594.31KB]

Paper published as:
H. Hammadou, S. Paty, M. Savona, (2014), Strategic interactions in public R&D across European countries: A spatial econometric analysis, Research Policy, 43(7), 1217-1226

SWPS 2013-16: High growth firms, innovation and competition: the case of the US pharmaceutical industry

Mariana Mazzucato, Stuart Parris

Download: SWPS 2013-16 [PDF 1.25MB]

SWPS 2013-15: Schumpeter's theological roots? Harnack and the origins of creative destruction

Paul Nightingale

Download: SWPS 2013-15 [PDF 319.55KB]

SWPS 2013-14: Interdisciplinarity and research on local issues: evidence from a developing country

Diego Chavarro, Puay Tang, Ismeal Rafols

Dowload: SWPS 2013-14 [PDF 650.21KB]

SWPS 2013-13: Entrepreneurs and output: Theory and empirical evidence with Spanish data

Vicente Salas-Fumas, J.Javier Sanchez-Asin, David Storey 

Dowload: SWPS 2013-13 [PDF 1.64MB]

SWPS 2013-12: Investing in food security? Philanthrocapitalism, biotechnology and development

Sally Brooks

Download: SWPS 2013-12 [PDF 369.00KB]

SWPS 2013-11: Processes of firm growth and diversification: theory and evidence 

Alex Coad and Christina Guenther

Download: SWPS 2013-11 [PDF 645.13KB]

SWPS 2013-10: Sleeping gazelles: High profits but no growth 

Anders Bornhall, Sven-Olov Daunfeldt, and Niklas Rudholm 

Download: SWPS 2013-10 [PDF 303.68KB]

SWPS 2013-09: Accounting for productive investment and value creation

Mariana Mazzucato, Alan Shipman

Download: SWPS 2013-09 [PDF 456.60KB]

SWPS 2013-08: Planning reform, rescaling, and the construction of the post-political: the case of The Planning Act 2008 and nuclear power consultation in the UK

Philip Johnstone

Download: SWPS 2013-08 [PDF 420.83KB]

SWPS 2013-07: Apple’s changing business model: What should the world’s richest company do with all those profits?

William Lazonick, Mariana Mazzucato, Öner Tulum

Download: SWPS 2013-07 [PDF 1.02MB]

SWPS 2013-06: Theoretical arguments forindustrialisation-driven growth and economic development

Tommaso Ciarli, Michele Di Maio

Download: SWPS 2013-06 [PDF 651.87KB]

SWPS 2013-05: Institutional voids or entry barriers? Business groups, innovation and market fevelopment in emerging economies

Fulvio Castellacci

Download SWPS 2013-05 [PDF 549.20KB]

SWPS 2013-04:The multi-dimensional additionality of innovation policies: A multi-level application to Italy and Spain

Alberto Marzucchi, Sandro Montresor

Download SWPS 2013-04 [PDF 871.49KB]

SWPS 2013-03: Muppets and gazelles: Political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research

Paul Nightingale, Alex Coad

Download SWPS 2013-03 [PDF 510.27KB]

SWPS 2013-02: Grassroots digital fabrication and makerspaces: Reconfiguring, relocating and recalbirating innovation?

Adrian Smith, Sabine Hielscher, Sascha Dickel, Johan Söderberg, Ellen van Oost

Please note that this paper has been updated from the previous version on 9 December 2013: Download SWPS 2013-02 [PDF 399.16KB]

SWPS 2013-01: Is money all? Financing versus knowledge and demand constraints to innovation

Gabriele Pellegrino, Maria Savona

Download SWPS 2013-01 [PDF 2.18MB]

2012

Business Experience and Start-up Size: Buying More Lottery Tickets Next Time Around?

Alex Coad (SPRU), Julian S. Frankish (Barclay’s Bank), Paul Nightingale (SPRU), Richard G. Roberts (Barclay’s Bank), David J. Storey (Business and Management)

Abstract

This paper explores the determinants of start-up size by focusing on a cohort of 6247 businesses that started trading in 2004, using a unique dataset on customer records at Barclays Bank. In our theoretical model, post-entry growth is treated as a random walk, and start-up size is positively related to survival. In this view, business experience does not have any impact on post-entry growth (since growth is random), but is associated with higher survival if entrepreneurs with prior business experience have a larger start-up size. Quantile regressions show that prior business experience is significantly related with start-up size, as are a number of other variables such as age, education and bank account activity. Quantile treatment effects (QTE) estimates show that business experience leads to a higher start-up size, with the effect of business experience on (log) start-up size being roughly constant across the quantiles. Prior personal business experience leads to an increase in expected start-up size of about 48%. IVQTE estimates are even higher.

Download SEWP203 [PDF 582.18KB]

New Venture Survival and Growth: When does the fog lift?

Alex Coad (SPRU) , Julian S Frankish (Barclays Bank), Richard G Roberts (Barclays Bank), David J Storey (SPRU)

Abstract

Does our ability to predict the performance of new ventures improve in the years after startup? We investigate the growth and survival of 6247 new ventures that are tracked through the customer records at Barclays Bank. We develop the concept of Gamblers Ruin as a valid approach to understanding new venture growth and survival. The Nagelkerke R2 obtained from growth rate regressions decreases significantly in the years after start-up, which suggests that the fog gets thicker with respect to growth. However, the Nagelkerke R2 of survival regressions increases in the years after start-up. Interestingly, a blip in year five suggests that macro-economic factors may have a strong effect on the amount of ‘fog.’ Our results offer little support for Strategic Entrepreneurship theory.

Download SEWP202 [PDF 961.53KB]

Two's Company: Human Capital Composition and Performance of Entrepreneurial Pairs

Alex Coad (SPRU) Bram Timmermans (Aalborg University)

Abstract

We study the effects of diverse team composition on the survival and growth of new ventures using the Danish Linked Employer-Employee database. To get cleaner measures of diverse team composition, we focus on entrepreneurial dyads, and also investigate the asymmetric effects of team composition by distinguishing between the `primary' and the `secondary' founder. We complement existing work by showing that heterogeneity in team composition is affected by the asymmetric hierarchical structure within the team, and that a uni-dimensional diversity indicator (which is usually applied) fails to capture a number of performance effects of heterogeneous team composition. Ventures with a STEM-educated primary founder and a Business-educated secondary founder have high employment growth, while the opposite combination (Business first, STEM second) has low employment growth.  Pairs of younger individuals have lower survival chances but higher employment growth. Family firms have lower employment growth, especially when formed with your mother.

Download SEWP201 [PDF 674.31KB]

"I'm afraid I have bad news for you…"  Estimating the impact of different health impairments on subjective well-being

Martin Binder (SPRU) and Alex Coad (Max Planck Institute of Economics/SPRU)

Abstract

Bad health can severely disrupt a person's life. We apply matching estimators to examine how changes in subjective health status as well as different (objective) conditions of bad health affect subjective well-being. The strongest effect is in the category alcohol and drug abuse, followed by anxiety, depression and other mental illnesses, stroke and cancer. Adaptation to health impairments depends strongly on the health impairment examined. There is a puzzling asymmetry: strong adverse reactions to deteriorations in health are observed alongside weak increases in well-being after health improvements.

Download SEWP200 [PDF 680.23KB]

The Role of Multi-Level Regulation in the Transition towards Cleaner Production and a Circular Economy in China: The Case of Bao'an District, Shenzhen Under the 11th Five Year Plan

Adrian Ely (SPRU), Li Ping (Tsinghua University, Shenzen), Fruzsina Kemenes (University of York) and Wang Pusheng (Tsinghua University, Shenzhen)

Abstract

The “circular economy” first emerged as a movement in China in 2003, when Chinese leaders began embarking upon a series of legislative initiatives that sought to address the country’s worsening environmental problems. Led by the National Development and Reform Commission, in cooperation with the State Environmental Protection Agency (now Ministry) and other related ministries, the move towards a circular economy in China is being promoted at provincial and sub-provincial levels through policies focussing on firms, eco-parks and industrial areas. This particular paper looks at Bao’an District in Shenzhen, a rapidly developing industrial city in the Southern province of Guangdong, that is one of ten cities that were selected for pilot “circular economy” projects nationwide within the country’s 11th Five Year Plan (2006-2010). Based on interview data and documentary analysis from 2007 and 2008, the paper provides case studies of ways in which industry actors are contributing to the transition towards cleaner production and a circular economy in Bao’an District. It also investigates the role of municipal regulations in facilitating and incentivising these changes, and contrasts these with other motivations for investment in cleaner technologies. The paper identifies cost-saving as the primary motivation for investments in cleaner production technologies, and discusses technological upgrading as one of the strategies that has led not only to environmental benefits and cost-saving, but also enhanced long-term competitiveness. Avoiding formal censure through government-enforced fines was less commonly cited as a motivation, raising questions as to the role of such formal regulations in cleaner technology governance in Shenzhen. The paper also highlights less important motivations that are nevertheless of interest - attraction of government subsidies for cleaner technology projects, cultivation of good relationships with government and brand recognition/ public image. The resulting insights provide a better understanding of the decision-making context of Shenzhen’s firms (including the role of regulation within this), and point to implications for further government efforts towards encouraging cleaner production and the development of a circular economy.

Download SEWP199 [PDF 789.26KB]

Science Policy, Complex Innovation Systems and Performance Measures

Sylvan Katz (SPRU, U of Saskatchewan, Science-Metrix)

Abstract

The design of effective science and innovation policy is partially predicated on the notion that decision makers have reliable evidence-based performance measures. The study of science systems has shown they are complex, adaptive systems with emergent properties frequently characterized by power law distributions and functions. These properties are rarely used to prepare measures that inform policy makers. A difficulty with traditional measures such as national wealth (GDP per capita), R&D intensity (GERD/GDP) and scientific impact (citations/paper) is that they are based on measures of wealth and impact (i.e. citations) that have power law distributions. Performance measures based on population averages derived from these distributions may have large or indefinable error limits making comparisons across groups misleading or uninformative. This article illustrates how a scaling model of a science system constructed from 1984-2007 Web of Science (WoS) data can be used to prepare measures with error limits that provide insight into the evolution and performance of a complex science system and answer policy relevant questions.

Download   SEWP198 [PDF 418.40KB]

2011

Intermediaries and Capability Building in an Emerging Resource based Cluster

Ian Clarke (Greenwich Business School, University of Greenwich) and Matias Ramirez (SPRU)

Abstract

This paper evaluates and analyses the role played by intermediary organisations in consolidating the position of an emerging resource-based cluster in exports markets. Through a purpose-built typology, the argument is made that organisations undertaking important intermediary functions act not only to facilitate the transfer and diffusion of knowledge, as previous literature has emphasized, but that in emerging clusters, their scope of activities, extending into leading joint actions by producers, coordinating new investment and enabling new knowledge, places intermediaries at the centre of the network of organisations. The implications of this for the governance of the cluster, including inclusion of diverse producers is discussed.

Download SEWP197 [PDF 1.62MB] 

Do entrepreneurs really learn? Or do they just tell us that they do?

Julian S. Frankish (Barclays Bank plc), Richard G. Roberts (Barclays Bank plc), Alex Coad (SPRU), Taylor C. Spears (SPRU), David J. Storey (University of Sussex)

Abstract

This paper examines the theory and evidence in support of entrepreneurial leaning (EL). Under this theory entrepreneurial performance is argued to be enhanced by EL which itself is enhanced by business experience. However, if business performance is strongly influenced by chance then evidence of EL will be difficult to identify. We test for EL using a large scale data set comprising 6671 new firms. We choose business survival over three years as our performance measure and then formulate three tests for EL. None of the three tests provide compelling evidence in support of EL.

Download SEWP196 [PDF 532.96KB]

Growth Paths and Survival Chances

Alex Coad (SPRU), Julian Frankish (Barclay’s Bank, UK), Richard G. Roberts (Barclay’s Bank, UK), David J. Storey (University of Sussex)

Abstract

We investigate the growth and survival of nascent businesses by analyzing their bank records. We do not find strong evidence in favour of a taxonomy of growth paths, because we observe that every possible growth path seems to occur with roughly equal probability. However, we observe that survival depends on the business' growth path. Controlling for lagged size, we observe that longer lags of growth, and even start-up size, have significant effects on survival.

Download SEWP195 [PDF 685.12KB]

Life satisfaction and self-employment: A matching approach

Martin Binder (Max Planck Institute of Economics) and Alex Coad (Max Planck Institute of Economics and SPRU)

Abstract

Despite lower incomes, the self-employed consistently report higher satisfaction with their jobs. But are self-employed individuals also happier, more satisfied with their lives as a whole? High job satisfaction might cause them to neglect other important domains of life, such that the fulfiling job crowds out other pleasures, leaving the individual on the whole not happier than others. Moreover, self-employment is often chosen to escape unemployment, not for the associated autonomy that seems to account for the high job satisfaction. We apply matching estimators that allow us to better take into account the above-mentioned considerations and construct an appropriate control group. Using the BHPS data set that comprises a large nationally representative sample of the British populace, we find that individuals who move from regular employment into self-employment experience an increase in life satisfaction (up to two years later), while individuals moving from unemployment to self-employment are not more satisfied than their counterparts moving from unemployment to regular employment. We argue that these groups correspond to “opportunity" and “necessity" entrepreneurship, respectively. These findings are robust with regard to different measures of subjective well-being as well as choice of matching variables, and also robustness exercises involving “simulated confounders".

Download SEWP194 [PDF 674.80KB]

The Determinants of Regional Specialisation in Business Services: Agglomeration Economies, Vertical Linkages and Innovation

Valentina Meliciani (University of Teramo) and Maria Savona (SPRU)

Abstract

The paper accounts for the determinants of sectoral specialisation in business services across the EU-27 regions as determined by: (1) agglomeration economies (2) the region-specific structure of intermediate linkages (3) technological innovation and knowledge intensity and (4) the presence of these factors in neighbouring regions. The empirical analysis draws upon the REGIO panel database over the period 1999-2003. By estimating a Spatial Durbin Model, we find that urbanisation economies, intermediate linkages and innovation, in particular Information and Communication Technologies, are important determinants of specialisation in business services. We also find significant spatial effects in explaining regional specialisation in business services, which supports the argument of the literature on agglomeration economies.

Download SEWP193 [PDF 971.38KB]

Management and Organisation of Knowledge Creation in Emerging Markets:  a Perspective from subsidiaries of EU MNEs

Vandana Ujjual(SPRU), Parimal Patel(SPRU), Rishikesha T. Krishnan(IIM, Bangalore), Srivardhini Keshavamurthy (IIM, Bangalore), RueyLin Hsiao(National Cheng-Chi University, Taipei) and Frank Yan Zhao (Shanghai University, China)

Abstract

A key emerging trend in the globalization of innovation is that an increasing share of R&D is being undertaken in Emerging Markets, especially in India and China. This paper focuses on the involvement EU MNEs in this process. It is based on 22 interviews conducted with managers of R&D centres of 15 EU-based companies located in India and China. These companies are amongst the leading R&D spenders in 3 industries: ICT, Automobiles and Pharmaceuticals.

The declared aim of all the surveyed companies is to increase their R&D in Emerging Markets, especially India and China. The two main driving forces for this process are firstly the large market potential of these countries and the availability of a large pool of well-qualified scientists and engineers. A great deal of the activities in India and China are concerned with adapting products and processes to the local market. At the same time a number of companies are devising low cost products specifically for these markets. Another explanation for the growing volume of R&D in Emerging markets is that some of the long established R&D and engineering centres of EU firms have evolved from providing low-cost, low-level support for peripheral activities to becoming global centres for excellence providing support to the R&D carried out in the rest of the company. This is especially the case for design and development of software in the ICT companies in India. It is also important for both software and engineering services for the Automobile companies.

Download SEWPS 192 [PDF 308.99KB]

Performance Characteristics of Large Firms at the Forefront of Globalization of Technology

Vandana Ujjual and Parimal Patel

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the performance characteristics of large firms that are at the forefront of globalization of their knowledge creating activities. This we do by making a comparison with firms that are much more concentrated in terms of their knowledge creation. Our analysis is based on around 500 of the world’s largest technologically active companies, with their headquarters in the EU, Japan and the US. These companies account for a large proportion of both corporate R&D spending worldwide and total EPO patenting. We examine performance according to size, volume and intensity of innovation and various measures of profitability (such as Tobin’s q and operating margin).

The results for the sample as a whole show that firms that are geographically dispersed in their technology creation are, on average, considerably larger, have a higher volume of innovative activities, and have superior economic performance. However in terms of innovation intensity the difference between the two sets of firms is negligible, i.e. they both devote very similar proportions of their total resources to innovation. The analysis also shows that there are considerable differences across sectors in the degree to which these results hold. 

Download SEWPS191 [PDF 370.40KB]

Location of Innovative Activities of EU Large Firms

Parimal Patel

Abstract

This paper focuses on the main stylized facts emerging from a systematic analysis of the geographic location of knowledge-creating activities of the world’s largest technologically active firms. Together these firms accounted for more than 85% of all corporate R&D in 2006 and 70% of all EPO patent applications in the period 2001-06.  Thus the decisions made by these firms in terms of location of their technology facilities have important implications for both their home countries and for the host countries. Our results show that a very high share of European firms are technologically active outside their home countries.  However in terms of volume, foreign sources account for a small share of the overall technology creation amongst  these firms. Moreover the degree of internationalisation of technology varies greatly according to the nationality of firms and according to their main industry of activity.  The most important foreign locations of EU firms are within the EU-15, and a majority of them are active in at least one other EU-15 country. In general the most preferred location of EU firms outside Europe is the US. This is especially the case for Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals and ICT firms. Emerging countries such as India and China account for a very small but increasing proportion of these companies’ activities. Our results are consistent with those derived from the latest firm-level surveys such as that undertaken by the European Commission (IPTS).

Download SEWPS 190 [PDF 214.71KB]

Stem Cells as a Driver of the Knowledge Economy:Progress and Challenges Facing Scotland

Yumiko Okamoto

Abstract

Regional science and innovation policies have diffused rapidly through OECD countries and regions, partly stimulated by evolutionary theories of learning and innovation, which hold that the regional institutional environment can play a role in stimulating innovation. The concept that became known as regional systems of innovation has received attention from both theorists and policy makers. This paper evaluates this concept using Scotland as a case study. The Scottish experience supports critics’ views against those of theorists of regional innovation systems for two reasons. First, the systems of innovation are bounded by knowledge and technology, but less by geography. Second, markets tend to limit the potential of regional-driven knowledge to foster local development. The Scottish case highlights the difficulties of pursuing regional science and innovation policies in the era of globalization.

Download: SEWP189 [PDF 612.83KB]

2010

Managing Intellectual Property in Universities: Patents and the Protection Failure Problem

Puay Tang, Dagmara Weckowska, André Campos, Michael Hobday

Abstract

This project investigated the entrepreneurial activities of UK universities through in-depth interviews with the key university actors in a representative sample of 40 universities across the country. The project assessed the scale and extent of the ‘patent protection failure’ problem, which revolves around the issue of universities withdrawing and abandoning patent applications. It found that TTOs are becoming more selective in their patenting process. Our findings also shed new light on university commercialisation models, the “verdict” on TTOs performance, the role of metrics in accounting for HEI performance in IP commercialisation and the impact of academic entrepreneurialism on the behaviour of researchers. Our findings also contribute to the recent discussion about the utility of a regional grouping of TTOs and a “matchmaking” forum for unexploited university IP. The report concludes with policy recommendations for Government to consider. This study was sponsored by the Gatsby Charitable Foundation.

Download: SEWP188 [PDF 719.27KB]

A review of the influence of long-term patterns in research and technological development (R&D) formalisation on university-industry links

André Luiz de Campos CENTRIM, University of Brighton & SPRU

Abstract 
There has been growing interest in the study of the role played by university-industry links in the development and strengthening of economic systems. It is commonly agreed that university-industry links play a crucial role in the economy and many studies have examined the factors that influence their occurrence. Two sets of factors can be identified from these studies: demand-side factors (i.e. relating to industry) and supply-side factors (i.e. relating to universities). This paper reviews this literature. It concentrates on the influence of long-term patterns in R&D formalisation on university-industry links. This is done for selected advanced and late industrialising countries. The literature reviewed indicated that, in advanced countries, university-industry links become more varied as R&D becomes formalised. In late industrialising countries, university-industry links become more intense as R&D becomes formalised.

Download: SEWP187 [PDF 313.49KB]

A demand side perspective on multinational corporations’ (MNC) university-industry links: the case of Unilever

André Luiz de Campos CENTRIM, University of Brighton and SPRU

Abstract

This paper considers university-industry links from the perspective of industry rather than from the usual university-centred perspective. While the literature has shown that the characteristics of business firms influence the composition and intensity of university-industry links, little is known about whether university-industry links are similar or different across the technical activities of firms; for example between research and technological development activities (R&D) or during efforts at manufacturing improvement. The paper analyses the composition and intensity of university-industry links in a disaggregate fashion, to observe them across these various activities. While these links are often treated under the common heading of 'absorptive capacity', this paper argues that the composition and intensity of the university links varies substantially across these activities. Based on a comparative embedded case study design, it examines empirical evidence from a large company’s (Unilever) technological activities related to two product groups (deodorants and margarine) in the United Kingdom (UK). We find that dramatic changes in the composition and intensity of university-industry links occur when the firm moves from research to technological development.

Download: SEWP186 [PDF 413.94KB]

Energy, growth and sustainability: five propositions

Steve Sorrell

Abstract

This paper advances five linked and controversial propositions that have both deep historical roots and urgent contemporary relevance. These are: a) the rebound effects from energy efficiency improvements are significant and limit the potential for decoupling energy consumption from economic growth; b) the contribution of energy to productivity improvements and economic growth has been greatly underestimated; c) the pursuit of improved efficiency needs to be complemented by an ethic of sufficifency; d) sustainability is incompatible with continued economic growth in rich countries; and e) a zero-growth economy is incompatible with a debt-based monetary system. These propositions run counter to conventional wisdom and each highlights either a ‘blind spot’ or ‘taboo subject’ that deserves closer scrutiny. While accepting one proposition reinforces the case for accepting the next, the former is neither necessary nor sufficient for the latter.

Download: SEWP185 [PDF 238.36KB]

Dynamics and deliberations: comparing heuristics for low carbon innovation policy

J. Ivan Scrase, Adrian Smith, Florian Kern

Abstract

Low carbon innovation policy is in flux. The neo-classical economic paradigm that has dominated energy policy in recent decades is loosening its grip under the challenges decarbonisation present to energy systems. Other frameworks for interpreting and responding to those challenges are available. We can see this plurality evident in the UK Low Carbon Transition Plan, where neo-classical approaches sit alongside more interventionist industrial strategy and initiatives for engaging civil society in energy restructuring. Amongst the issues that implementation of the plan will involve, we highlight four as especially critical. These are: negotiating technological priorities and portfolios; long-term signals and adaptable policy; social innovation and technology fixes; and the roles of incumbents and outsiders in energy system transformation. We focus on two heuristics for interpreting these issues – the multi-level perspective in socio-technical transitions theory, and grid-group cultural theory. Both indicate how the framing of any issue has important consequences for subsequent policy actions.

Our analysis does not advocate one heuristic over the other. We should be wary of any framework that claims to definitively and comprehensively incorporate all dimensions to the LTCP. Rather, we suggest a more reflexive and thereby constructive dialogue over LCIP is possible when the underlying heuristics informing different perspectives are made more transparent. Reflecting upon these heuristics might improve the inevitable politics of low carbon transition by enhancing mutual understanding, identifying common ground, respecting differences, and hopefully improving the legitimacy of what are likely to be wide-scale and deep-seated changes to our energy systems and our lives.

Download: SEWP184 [PDF 435.93KB]

The Nature of Collaborative Patenting Activities

Roberto Fontana (Bocconi University) and Aldo Geuna (Universities of Torino and Grenoble)

Abstract

We investigate the reasons why different governance modes are used in a sample of successful collaborative patenting activities in Europe. First we show that collaboration activities in the patenting process are much more common than one may expect by looking only at information on co-assignment. Indeed, collaborative patenting activity accounts for more than a quarter of all patents in our sample. This figure is about eight times higher than that from co-assignment data (usually considered to assess cooperation in patenting). We then examine the impact of organizational, individual and project determinants on the choice of three possible modes of governance: coassignment, co-invention, collaborative agreement. We find that higher project complexity and technological scope are associated to tighter modes of governance. We also find a significant negative relationship between licensing and co-assignment, thus providing some support to the view that some licensing can be the result of ex-ante legal agreements rather than of the presence of a market for technology. Finally, inventor specific characteristics matter too. In particular, age increases the probability of choosing looser governance modes while better education is associated to tighter modes.

Download: SEWP183 [PDF 376.98KB]

Structural Transformations in Production and Consumption: Long-Run Growth and Income Disparities

Tommaso Ciarli (MPI, Jena, Germany), André Lorentz (MPI, Jena, Germany),Maria Savona (SPRU), Marco Valente(University of L’Aquila, and LEM, Pisa, Italy)

Abstract

The paper provides a theoretical explanation for the dramatic differences observed in the income growth and distribution across countries and within countries through time. The model we propose provides micro foundations for linking structural change to economic growth. The model formalizes the links between production technology, firm organization, and functional composition of employment on the supply side and the endogenous evolution of income distribution and consumption patterns on the demand side. Wage distribution is the main channel between the organization of firms and the consumption patterns. Firm selectionis the main trigger of capital investment, productivity increase, and cumulative causation growth through demand. We analyze the effect of different structural conditions via numerical simulations. We find that these conditions have a stunning effect on the long run rate of income growth and distribution. For example, product and demand variety have a jointly positive effect on growth when variety cumulates over time. Large jumps in technological change affect the economy in a very heterogeneous way, depending on the complexity of firm organization; the positive effect of complex organizational structures on growth can be hindered by large earning disparities.

Download: SEWP182 [PDF 4.92MB]

Missing links in nanomaterials governance: bringing industrial dynamics and downstream policies into view

Ismael Rafols (SPRU, Univ. Sussex and TPAC, Geogia Tech), Patrick van Zwanenberg (SPRU), Molly Morgan (SPRU), Paul Nightingale (SPRU) and Adrian Smith (SPRU)

Abstract

In this article we explore some of the analytical and policy implications of widening the focus of nanomaterials governance from risk regulation to the broader issue of the purposeful direction of the innovation process. We focus on the impact of industrial activities on nanotechnology governance, arguing that the specific characteristics of the industrial dynamics of nanomaterials – flexibility in applications and distributed innovation - limit and enable different potential interventions to shape technology. In particular, these characteristics exacerbate the difficulties of attempting to directly influence innovation trajectories. Under these conditions, we argue that policies for nanomaterials governance need to be broadened. The prevailing emphasis in the UK on policy initiatives ‘upstream’ in the R&D process, while commendable, should be complemented with policies aimed further ‘downstream’ at potential users of nanomaterials, such as renewable energy procurement or housing regulations in order to modulate technological development towards socially desirable goals.

Download: SEWP180 [PDF 532.02KB]

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2009

Overlay Maps of Science: a New Tool for Research Policy

Ismael Rafols (SPRU, Univ. Sussex and TPAC, Geogia Tech), Alan Porter (TPAC, Georgia Tech) and Loet Leydesdorff (ASCoR, Univ. Amsterdam)

Abstract

We present a novel approach to visually locate bodies of research within the sciences, both at each moment of time and dynamically. This article describes how this approach fits with other efforts to locally and globally map scientific outputs. We then show how these science overlay maps help benchmark, explore collaborations, and track temporal changes, using examples of universities, corporations, funding agencies, and research topics. We address conditions of application, with their advantages, downsides and limitations. Overlay maps especially help investigate the increasing number of scientific developments and organisations that do not fit within traditional disciplinary categories. We make these tools accessible to help researchers explore the ongoing socio- cognitive transformation of science and technology systems.

Download: SEWP179 [PDF 3.84MB]

Developing an evidence-based approach to environmental policy making: insights from Defra’s Evidence & Innovation Strategy

Louise Shaxson (Delta Partnership), Michael Harrison (Defra), Molly Morgan (SPRU)

Abstract

Over the past ten years the literature on evidence-based policy making has paid increasing attention to the need to focus not only on what evidence is supplied to the policy process, but also on how it is supplied and the nature of demand for evidence from policy makers. This paper draws on such academic perspectives as well as experiences at the UK Government Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) to offer some insights about environmental policy making and evidence processes. We begin by analysing the drivers of change that have come to condition the types of evidence supplied to policy makers, concluding that the composition of the evidence base for environmental policy is broader and more complex than can be delivered by purely research-based approaches. This analysis is supported by the wider shift from the ‘Mode 1’ to the ‘Mode 2’ paradigm of knowledge production. The background sets the context within which we trace the process of developing and conducting Defra’s Evidence & Innovation Strategy; a systematic attempt to realign the Department’s needs for evidence with its business and policy priorities. The insights from this process lead us to propose four principles of environmental evidence-based policy making. These are offered alongside a framework which better reflects the organisational realities of environmental policy making in the UK and lends itself more readily than existing frameworks to tangible implementation in a fast-paced and rapidly changing policy environment. The framework and the principles help articulate the links between the concept of public value and the Mode 2 paradigm; but demonstrate the paucity of the tools that policy makers can use to respond to the Modernising Government agenda.

Download: SEWP181 [PDF 248.61KB]

Simulating Personal Carbon Trading: An Agent-Based Model.

Ruud Kempener (Environment & Energy Programme, SPRU)

Download: SEWP177 [PDF 617.36KB]

Electricity System Diversity in the UK and Japan - a Multicriteria Diversity Analysis.

Go Yoshizawa, Andy Stirling, Tatsujiro Suzuki (Sussex Energy Group)

Download: SEWP176 [PDF 2.20MB]

Will markets deliver low carbon power generation?

John Rhys (Visiting Fellow, Sussex Energy Group)

Download: SEWP175 [PDF 134.31KB]

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2008

The Impact of Academic Patenting on University Research and its Transfer

Gustavo Crespi (IDRC, Canada), Pablo D'Este (INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Spain & SPRU), Roberto Fontana (University of Pavia & Bocconi University) & Aldo Geuna (University of Torino, Italy & SPRU)
December 2008

Download: SEWP178 [PDF 371.57KB]

Learning and sharing in a Chinese high-technology cluster: A study of inter-firm and intra-firm knowledge flows between R&D employees.

Matias Ramirez (SPRU) and Xibao Li (School of Economics & Management, Tsinghua University)

Download: SEWP174 [PDF 129.46KB]

The governance of University knowledge transfer

Aldo Geuna (SPRU & Department of Economics S. Cognetti de Martiis, University of Turin) & Alessandro Muscio (GRIF, Università Luiss Guido Carli)

Download: SEWP173 [PDF 179.89KB]

Standards compliance as an alternative learning opportunity under globalization in Latin America

Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas (Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS), Technische Universiteit Eindhoven) & Michiko Iizuka (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht & SPRU)

Download: SEWP172 [PDF 272.12KB]

Industrial clusters and the evolution of their knowledge networks: revisiting a Chilean case.

Elisa Giuliani (DEA Facoltà di Economia, University of Pisa & SPRU) & Martin Bell (SPRU)

Download: SEWP171 [PDF 242.20KB]

What drives the formation of 'valuable' University-Industry linkages? An under-explored question in a hot policy debate.

Elisa Giuliani (Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute) & Valeria Arza (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Centro de Estudios para la Transformación)

Download: SEWP170 [PDF 209.00KB]

What drives innovative output in emerging clusters? Evidence from the wine industry.

Elisa Giuliani (DEA Facoltà di Economia, University of Pisa & SPRU)

Download: SEWP169 [PDF 204.37KB]

What hampers innovation? Evidence from the UK CIS4

Pablo D'Este (SPRU & School of Management, Cranfield University), Simona Iammarino(SPRU), Maria Savona (SPRU & Faculty of Economics & Social Sciences, University of Science & Technology Lille), Nick von Tunzelmann (SPRU)

Download: SEWP168 [PDF 200.32KB ] 

Diversity and network coherence as indicators of interdisciplinarity: Case studies in bionanoscience

Ismael Rafols (SPRU) & Martin Meyer (SPRU)

Download: SEWP167 [PDF 279.02KB]

Mapping Technological Trajectories as Patent Citation Networks. An Application to Data Communication Standards

Roberto Fontana (University of Pavia), Alessandro Nuvolari**, Bart Verspagen** (**Eindhoven University of Technology)

Download: SEWP166 [PDF 429.92KB]

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2007

Remixing Cinema: the case of the Brighton Swarm of Angels

Irene Cassarino (Polytechnic of Turin) & Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP165 [PDF 295.21KB]

The determinants of home-base-augmenting and home-base-exploiting Technological activities: some new results on multinationals' locational strategies

Christian Le Bas (LEFI, Institut des Sciences de l'Homme) & Parimal Patel (SPRU)

Download: SEWP164 [PDF 144.80KB]

Incentives and uncertainty: an empirical analysis of the impact of demand on innovation

Roberto Fontana (University of Pavia and Bocconi University) & Marco Guerzoni (Schiller Universitat)

Download: SEWP163 [PDF 253.28KB]

Related variety and regional growth in Italy

Ron Boschma (Utrecht University) & Simona Iammarino (SPRU)

Download: SEWP162 [PDF 285.26KB]

The benefits from publicly funded research

Ben R. Martin & Puay Tang (SPRU)

Download: SEWP161 [PDF 1.58MB]

The transitions discourse in the ecological modernisation of the Netherlands.

Adrian Smith & Florian Kern (SPRU)

Download: SEWP160 [PDF 227.94KB] Published in Environmental Politics, 18 (1), February 2009, pp.78-98.

Emerging in between: the multi-level govfernance of renewable energy in the English regions.

Adrian Smith (SPRU)

SEWP159 published in Energy Policy, 35 (12), 2007, pp. 6266-6280.

Policy instruments as innovation in governance: the case of emissions trading

Jan-Peter Voß (Öko-Institut, Berlin, and Institute for Governance Studies, University of Twente)

Download: SEWP158 [PDF 517.79KB]

Routines and representations at work - observing the architecture of conceptual design

Mike Hales and Joe Tidd (SPRU)

Download: SEWP157 [PDF 579.22KB]

A General Framework for Analysing Diversity in Science, Technology and Society

Andy Stirling (SPRU)

Download: SEWP156 [PDF 575.66KB] Published in Interface:Journal of the Royal Society, Vol. 4, No. 15, 2007, pp.707-719.

Global and local knowledge linkages: the case of MNE subsidiaries in Argentina

Anabel Marin and Elisa Giuliani (SPRU)

Download: SEWP155 [PDF 876.50KB]

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2006

University IPRs and Knowledge Transfer. Is the IPR ownership model more efficient?

Gustavo Crespi (SPRU), Aldo Geuna (SPRU) and Bart Verspagen (ECIS)

Download: SEWP154 [PDF 1.30MB]

Multi-level governance: Towards an analysis of renewable energy governance in the English regions

Adrian Smith (SPRU)

Download: SEWP153 [PDF 519.23KB]

Knowledge-sourcing strategies for cross-disciplinarity in bionanotechnology

Ismael Rafols and Martin Meyer (SPRU)

Download: SEWP152 [PDF 363.82KB]

Positive Developments and Challenges before Indigenous Software Industries: Looking at Bulgaria, Thinking about CEE

Rossitza Rousseva (SPRU)

Download: SEWP151 [PDF 451.80KB]

Expectations, Network Effects anfd Timing of Technology Adoption: Some Empirical Evidence from a Sample of SMEs in Italy

Nicoletta Corrocher (CESPRI, Bocconi University) and Roberto Fontana (University of Pavia and CESPRI)

Download: SEWP150 [PDF 370.85KB]

Environmentalism and Technology

Adrian Smith (SPRU)

Download: SEWP149 [PDF 514.43KB]

Inside or OutSide? Positioning the Governance of Sociotechnical Systems

Adrian Smith and Andy Stirling (SPRU)

Download: SEWP148 [PDF 531.85KB] Published in Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 9 (3-4), 2007, pp351-373

The Productivity of UK Universities

Gustavo Crespi and Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP147 [PDF 723.34KB]

Improving the Evidence Base for Energy Policy: The Role of Systematic Reviews

Steve Sorrell (SPRU)

Download: SEWP146 [PDF 713.65KB]

Peer Review and the Relevance of Science

Alister Scott (SPRU)

Download: SEWP145 [PDF 677.93KB]

Are Co-Active Researchers on Top of their Cflass? An Exploratory Comparison of Inventor-Authors with their Non-Inventing Peers in Nano-Science and Technology

Martin S. Meyer (SPRU, Helsinki University of Technology and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken)

Download: SEWP144 [PDF 2.14MB]

Exploring the "Value" of Academic Patents: IP Management Practices in UK Universities and their Implications for Third-Stream Indicators

Martin S. Meyer (SPRU, Helsinki University of Technology and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken) and Puay Tang (SPRU)

Download: SEWP143 [PDF 783.47KB]

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2005

Labour Mobility of Academic Inventors. Career Decision and Knowledge Transfer.

Gustavo A. Crespi (SPRU and University of Chile), Aldo Geuna (SPRU) and Lionel J. J. Nesta (OFCE)

Download: SEWP139 [PDF 789.51KB]

The Structure and Evolution of Industrial Clusters: Transactions, Technology and Knowledge Spillovers

Simona Iammarino (SPRU and University of Rome) and Philip McCann (University of Reading) December 2005

Download: SEWP138 [PDF 721.39KB]

Biotechnology Alliances in the European Pharmaceutical Industry: Past, Present and Future

Jacqueline Senker (SPRU)

Download: SEWP137 [PDF 644.17KB] Published in ICFAI Journal of Business Strategy, 3 (3) 2006, 24-39

Making Design Rules: A Multi-Domain Perspective

Stefano Brusoni (CESPRI, CRORA and Silvio Tronchetti Provera Foundation) and Andrea Prencipe (SPRU and University G. d'Annunzio)

Download: SEWP136 [PDF 642.96KB] Published in Organization Science 2006 17 (2): 179- 189.

Speculative and Entrepreneurial Behaviour: A Study of Micro-Economic Sustainability in Argentina During the 1990s

Valeria Arza (SPRU) and Paula Español (EHESS, Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques) October 2005

Download: SEWP135 [PDF 2.40MB]

Indicators for Complex Innovation Systems

Sylvan Katz (SPRU)

Download: SEWP134 [PDF 1.30MB] Published in Research Policy, 35 (7) 2006, 893-909.

Modelling and Measuring Scientific Production: Results for a Panel of OECD Countries

Gustavo Crespi and Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP133 [PDF 1.12MB]

The Impact of Dual Use Controls on UK Science: Results From a Pilot Study

Caitriona McLeish and Paul Nightingale (SPRU)

Download: SEWP132 [PDF 411.84KB]

To Know is to Be: Three Perspectives on the Codification of Knowledge

Mike Bartholomaei (SPRU)

Download: SEWP131 [PDF 198.81KB]

Intellectual Property and Inter-organizational Collaborative Networks: Navigating the Maze

Puay Tang and Jordi Molas-Gallart (SPRU)

Download: SEWP130 [PDF 118.82KB]

Exploiting the Oil-GDP Effect to Support Renewables Deployment

Shimon Awerbuch and Raphael Sauter (SPRU)

Download: SEWP129 [PDF 242.14KB] Published in Energy Policy, Vol. 34, No. 17, 2006, pp. 2805-2819.

Does internationalisation of technology determine technological diversification in large firms?

Christian Le Bas (Centre Walras, University of Lyon II) and Pari Patel (SPRU)

Download: SEWP128 [PDF 116.83KB]

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2004

Labour productivity, ICT and regions: The revival of Italian "dualism"?

Simona Iammarino (SPRU), Cecilia Jona-Lasinio, Susanna Mantegazza (ISTAT, Rome)

Download: SEWP127 [PDF 227.54KB]

Product Entry in a Fast Growing Industry: the LAN Switch Market

Roberto Fontana (CESPRI, Bocconi University) and Lionel Nesta (SPRU)

Download: SEWP126 [PDF 154.69KB] Published in Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, April 2006, pp. 45-64.

Technological Capabilities, Invisible Infrastructure & the Un-social Construction of Predictability: The Overlooked Fixed Costs of Useful Research

Paul Nightingale (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP125 [PDF 16.86KB] Published in Research Policy, 33 (9) 2004, 1259- 1284.

Are 'Soft' Policy Instruments Effective? The Link Between Environmental Management Systems and the Environmental Performance of Companies

Julia Hertin (SPRU), Frans Berkhout (SPRU), Marcus Wagner (University of Luneberg), Daniel Tyteca (Universite catholique de Louvain)

Download: SEWP124 [PDF 104.72KB]

The Value and Costs of Modularity: A Cognitive Perspective

Stefano Brusoni (CESPRI and CRORA, Bocconi University), Luigi Marengo (Universita di Teramo), Andrea Prencipe (Universita G. D'Annunzio and SPRU), Marco Valente (Universita dell'Aquila and DRUID, Aalborg University)

Download: SEWP123 [PDF 1.10MB]

A Combinatorial Model of Organizational Innovation: The Case of Pilkington Plc

Anna Grandori (CRORA, Bocconi University) and Andrea Prencipe (University G. D'Annunzio and SPRU)

Download: SEWP122 [PDF 153.76KB]

Sustained Innovation: Career Engineers, Stock Markets, and the Theory of the Innovative Enterprise

William Lazonick (INSEAD and University of Massachusetts Lowell) and Andrea Prencipe (University G. D'Annunzio and SPRU)

Download: SEWP121 [PDF 373.19KB]

Change, Coordination, and Capabilities

Andrea Prencipe (SPRU)

Download: SEWP120 [PDF 100.38KB]

Knowledge and Productivity in the World's Largest Manufacturing Corporations

Lionel Nesta (SPRU) August 2004

Download: SEWP119 [PDF 181.52KB] 

Technology Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): an Exploration of the Active Role of MNC Subsidiaries in the Case of Argentina in the 1990s.

A. Marin (SPRU and Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento) and M. Bell (SPRU)

Download: SEWP118 [PDF 1.03MB]

Organisational Memory and Innovation Across Projects: Integrated Service Provision in Engineering Design Firms

Eugenia Cacciatori (CRORA, Bocconi University and SPRU)

Download: SEWP117 [PDF 115.81KB ]

Social Networks of Researchers in Business To Business Marketing: A Case Study of the IMP Group 1984-1999

Piera Morlacchi (SPRU), Ian F. Wilkinson (University of New South Wales) and Louise Young (University of Technology Sydney)

Download: SEWP116 [PDF 196.12KB] Published in Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing, 12 (1) 2005, 3-34.

(New title: The micro-determinants of meso-level learning and innovation: evidence from a Chilean wine cluster)

When Micro Shapes the Meso: Learning Networks in a Chilean Wine Cluster

Elisa Giuliani and Martin Bell (SPRU)

Download: SEWP115 [PDF 246.93KB] Published in Research Policy, 34 (1) 2005, 47-68.

The Dynamics of Innovation Networks

Lionel Nesta (SPRU) and Vincent Mangematin (INRA, Université Pierre Mendes-France, Grenoble) April 2004

Download: SEWP114 [PDF 201.85KB]

Coherence of the Knowledge Base and Firm Innovative Performance: Evidence from the US Pharmaceutical Industry

Lionel Nesta (SPRU) and Pier Paolo Saviotti (INRA, Université Pierre Mendes-France, Grenoble)

Download abstract: SEWP 113 [PDF 17.02KB] Published in Journal of Industrial Economics, LIII (1) 2005, 123-142.

Committing to Vaccine R&D: A Global Science Policy Priority

Daniele Archibugi and Kim Bizzarri (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Rome)

Download abstract: SEWP112 [PDF 15.16KB] Published in Research Policy, 33 (10) 2004, 1657-1671.

A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo)

Daniele Archibugi (LSE and INRC - Rome) and Alberto Coco (Bank of Italy) January 2004

Download: SEWP111 [PDF 255.79KB]

(New title: How do firms' knowledge bases affect intra-industry heterogeneity? An analysis of the Spanish pharmaceutical industry.)

Persistent Knowledge Specialisation and Intra-Industry Heterogeneity: an Analysis of the Spanish Pharmaceutical Industry

Pablo D'Este Cukierman (SPRU)

Download: SEWP110 [PDF 245.47KB] Published in Research Policy, 34 (1) 2005, 33-45

Technology Frames: The Art of Perspective and Interpretation in Strategy

Virginia Acha (SPRU)

Download: SEWP109 [PDF 90.12KB]

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2003

Collaboration between a research university and firms and other institutions

Aldo Geuna, Patrick Llerena*, Mireille Matt* and Maria Savona (SPRU, *:BETA, University of Strasbourg)

Download abstract: SEWP108 [PDF 16.68KB] Published in F. Cesaroni et al. (eds), R&D, Innovation and Competitiveness in the European Chemical Industry; Kluwer Academic, 2004, pp. 145-173.

Reverse Technology Transfer: A Patent Citation Analysis of the European Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sectors

Paola Criscuolo (MERIT, SPRU)

Download: SEWP107 [PDF 154.08KB]

Socio-technical regimes and transition contexts

Frans Berkhout, Adrian Smith and Andy Stirling (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP106 [PDF 22.04KB] Published as 'Socio-technological regimes and transition contexts' in: B. Elzen, F.W. Geels and K. Green (eds), System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability: Theory, Evidence and Policy; Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004, pp. 48-75.

The Dynamics of Export Specialisation in the Regions of the Italian Mezzogiorno: Persistence and Change

Paolo Guerrieri and Simona Iammarino (University of Rome / IAI, Rome; SPRU / IAI)

Download: SEWP105 [PDF 305.11KB]

Governing the "New Economy": a 3-Phase Historical Model of Cumulative Gales of Creative Destruction of the United Kingdom Internet Service Providers' Market

Michèle Javary (CENTRIM)

Download: SEWP104 [PDF 155.69KB]

Firm Size and Openness: the Driving Forces of University-Industry Collaboration

Roberto Fontana (CESPRI, Bocconi), Aldo Geuna (SPRU) and Mireille Matt (BETA, Strasbourg)

Download: SEWP103 [PDF 132.78KB] Published in Y. Caloghirou, A. Constantelou and N.S. Vonortas (eds), Knowledge Flows in European Industry: Mechanisms and Policy Implications; London: Routledge, 2006. In addition, an article based on this working paper is published in Research Policy, Vol. 35, 2006, pp. 309-323. (Title: Factors affecting university-industry R&D projects: the importance of searching, screening and signalling.)

A Schumpeterian Renaissance?

Chris Freeman (SPRU)

Download: SEWP102 [PDF 54.79KB]

Authority in the Age of Modularity

Stefano Brusoni (SPRU)

Download: SEWP101 [PDF 72.77KB] Published as 'The Limits to Specialization: Problem solving and coordination in 'modular networks' Organization Studies 2005 26 (12): 1885-1908.

Who Owns the Carbon? Interactions between the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and the UK Renewables Obligation and Energy Efficiency Commitment

Steve Sorrell (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP100 [PDF 16.23KB] Published in Energy and Environment, 14 (5) 2003, 677-703.

University Patenting and its Effects on Academic Research

Aldo Geuna and Lionel Nesta (SPRU)

Download: SEWP99 [PDF 182.04KB] Published in Research Policy, 35 (6) July 2006, 790-807.

Policies for Developing New Technologies

Chris Freeman (SPRU)

Download: SEWP98 [PDF 49.89KB] Published as Politicas para el desarrollo de nuevas tecnologias. In: Instituto Espanol de Comercio Exterior (ed), Claves de la Economia Mundial; Madrid, IECX, 2003, pp. 71-78.

Future Imperfect: the Response of the Insurance Industry to the Emergence of Predictive Genetic Testing

Stefano Brusoni, Rachel Cutts and Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP97 [PDF 15.98KB] Published in M. McKelvey, A. Rickne and J. Laage-Hellman (eds),The Economic Dynamics of Biotechnologies, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004, pp. 207-234.

Trade Reforms and Technological Accumulation: the Case of the Industrial Sector in Argentina during the 1990s

Valeria Arza (SPRU)

Download: SEWP96 [PDF 316.23KB] Published in Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 7 (2-3) 2005, 131-151. (New title: Technological performance, economic performance and behaviour: a study of Argentinian firms during the 1990s)

Specialization and Systems Integration: Where Manufacture and Services Still Meet

Keith Pavitt (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP95 [PDF 19.88KB] Published in A. Prencipe, A. Davies and M. Hobday (eds) The Business of Systems Integration; Oxford: OUP, 2003, pp. 78-91.

Applying the Open Source Development Model to Knowledge Work

Juan Mateos Garcia and W. Edward Steinmueller (SPRU)

Download: SEWP94 [PDF 445.98KB]

Problem solving and the co-ordination of innovative activities

Stefano Brusoni and Keith Pavitt (SPRU)

Download: SEWP93 [PDF 97.96KB]

The Open Source Way of Working: a New Paradigm for the Division of Labour in Software Development?

Juan Mateos Garcia and W. Edward Steinmueller (SPRU)

Download: SEWP92 [PDF 130.02KB]

What are Advances in Knowledge Doing to the Large Industrial Firm in the "New Economy"?

Keith Pavitt (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP91 [PDF 14.84KB] Published in: J.F. Christensen and P. Maskell (eds) The Industrial Dynamics of the New Digital Economy; Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2003, pp. 103-120.

The Knowledge Bases of the World's Largest Pharmaceuticals Groups: what do Patent Citations to Non-Patent Literature Reveal?

Stefano Brusoni, Paola Criscuolo and Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP90 [PDF 100.46KB] (Please do not cite prepublication version) Published in: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 14 (5) July 2005, 395-415.

The Process of Innovation

Keith Pavitt (SPRU)

Download: SEWP89 [PDF 161.28KB]

The Impact of an Associative Strategy (the PROFO Program) on Small and Medium Enterprises in Chile

Jose Miguel Benavente (Oxford/Chile) and Gustavo Crespi (SPRU/Chile)

Download abstract: SEWP88 [PDF 146.02KB]

Intangible Assests and Market Value: Evidence from Biotechnology Firms

Lionel Nesta (SPRU) and Pier-Paolo Saviotti (Grenoble)

Download: SEWP87 [PDF 109.93KB]

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2002

Transforming Technological Regimes for Sustainable Development: a role for Appropriate Technology niches?

Adrian Smith (SPRU)

Download abstract: SEWP86 [PDF 20.55KB] Published in Science and Public Policy, 30 (2) 2003, 127-135.

Capacity utilisation revisited: software, control & the growth of large technical systems.

Paul Nightingale, Tim Brady, Andrew Davies and Jeremy Hall (SPRU; CENTRIM, University of Brighton; Haskayne Business School, University of Calgary, Canada)

Download abstract: SEWP85 [PDF 16.61KB] Published in Industrial and Corporate Change, 12 (3) June 2003, pp. 477-517.

Transforming the energy system - the evolution of the German technological system for solar cells.

Staffan Jacobsson, Björn A. Andersson, Lennart Bångens (Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg)

Download: SEWP84 [PDF 163.67KB]

Knowledge about knowledge since Nelson & Winter: a mixed record.

Keith Pavitt (SPRU)

Download: SEWP83 [PDF 59.00KB]

The ICT component of technological diversification: is there an underestimation of ICT capabilities among the world's largest companies?

Sandro Mendonca (ISCTE)

Download: SEWP82 [PDF 153.30KB]

Universities and industrial transformation: an interpretive and selective literature study with special emphasis on Sweden.

Staffan Jacobsson (Chalmers University of Technology)

Download: SEWP81 [PDF 133.90KB ]

The role of codified sources of knowledge in innovation: empirical evidence from Dutch manufacturing.

Stefano Brusoni (SPRU), Orietta Marsili (ECIS) and Ammon Salter (SPRU)

Download: SEWP80 [PDF 91.35KB] Published in Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 15 (2) 2005, 211-231

Search strategy on product innovation process: theory and evidence from the evolution of agrochemical lead discovery process.

Surya Mahdi

Download abstract: SEWP79 [PDF 17.61KB] Published in Industrial and Corporate Change, 12 (2) April 2003, pp. 235-270.

The fruits of intellectual production: economic and scientific specialisation among OECD countries.

Keld Laursen (CEBR and DRUID) and Ammon Salter (SPRU)

Download: SEWP78 [PDF 84.49KB]

Organizing for service innovation: best-practice or configurations?

Joe Tidd (SPRU) and Frank Hull (Fordham University, New York)

Download: SEWP77 [PDF 123.43KB]

The organization of new service development in the USA and UK

Joe Tidd (SPRU) and Frank Hull (Fordham University, New York)

Download: SEWP76 [PDF 85.49KB]

Policy transfer in the development of UK climate policy for business

Adrian Smith

Download abstract: SEWP75 [PDF 11.58KB] Published as 'Policy transfer in the development of UK climate policy' in Policy & Politics, 32 (1) 2004, 79-93.

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2001

Sources of Ideas for Innovation in Engineering Design

Ammon Salter and David Gann

Download: SEWP74 [PDF 91.49KB]

Does Proximity Matter for Knowledge Transfer from Public Institutes and Universities to Firms?

Anthony Arundel (MERIT, University of Maastricht) & Aldo Geuna (SPRU)

Download: SEWP73 [PDF 171.06KB] (A related paper has been published as: Proximity and the use of public science by innovative European firms. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 13 (6) Sept 2004, 559-580)

Ecological modernisation and EU environmental policy integration

Julia Hertin and Frans Berkhout

Download abstract: SEWP72 [PDF 16.39KB] Published as 'Analysing Institutional Strategies for Environmental Policy Integration' in Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 5 (1) 2003, 39-56

University Research Evaluation and Funding: An International Comparison

Aldo Geuna and Ben R. Martin

Download abstract: SEWP71 [PDF 14.26KB] Published in Minerva, 41, 2003, 277-304.

Challenges in the Implementation of CWC Export Controls

Daniel Feakes

Download abstract: SEWP70 [PDF 14.61KB] Published as 'Challenges in the implementation of export controls under the Chemical Weapons Convention' in: Yepes-Enríquez and L. Tabassi (eds), Treaty Enforcement and international Cooperation in Criminal Matters; The Hague: OPCW, 2002, pp. 331-343.

The Key Characteristics of Sectoral Knowledge Bases: An International Comparison

Stefano Brusoni and Aldo Geuna

Download abstract: SEWP69 [PDF 16.24KB] Published as 'An international comparison of sectoral knowledge bases: persistence and integration in the pharmaceutical industry' in Research Policy, 32, 2003, 1897-1912.

Can the Large Penrosian Firm cope with the Dynamics of Technology?

Keith Pavitt

Download: SEWP68 [PDF 56.50KB]

Making the Link: Climate Policy and the Reform of the UK Construction Industry

Steve Sorrell

Download abstract: SEWP67 [PDF 17.25KB] Published in Energy Policy, 31 (9), 2003, pp. 865-878.

Design Performance Measurement in the Construction Sector: A Pilot Study

Richard Torbett, Ammon Salter, David Gann, Mike Hobday

Download: SEWP66 [PDF 134.89KB]

The Intensification of Innovation

Mark Dodgson, David M Gann and Ammon J Salter

Download abstract: SEWP65 [PDF 19.56KB] Published in International Journal of Innovation Management, 6 (1) March 2002, pp. 53-83

Constructing Success in the Electric Power Industry: Flexibility and the Gas Turbine

Jim Watson

Download: SEWP64 [PDF 114.82KB]

The Power of Ideas: Effective Research for Environmental Decision-Making

Alister Scott

Download abstract: SEWP63 [PDF 25.21KB] Paper withdrawn

Export Controls, Chemical Trade and the Chemical Weapons Convention

Daniel Feakes

Download abstract: SEWP62 [PDF 19.86KB] Published in J. Tucker (ed) The Chemical Weapons Convention: Implementation Challenges and Solutions; San Francisco: Monterey Institute of International Studies, 2001, 45-51. Available at http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/reports/tuckcwc.htm.

The Meaning of BATNEEC: Interpreting Excessive Costs in UK Industrial Pollution Regulation

Steve Sorrell

Download abstract: SEWP61 [PDF 17.23KB] Published in Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 4, 2002, 23-40.

Matching Societal Needs and Technological Capabilities: Research Foresight and the Implications for Social Sciences

Ben R Martin

Download abstract: SEWP60 [PDF 16.75KB] Published in Social Sciences and Innovation, OECD Proceedings; Paris: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development, 2001, Chapter 11, 105-115.

The Origin and Evolution of the University Species

Ben R Martin and Henry Etzkowitz

Download abstract: SEWP59 [PDF 18.72KB] Published in Journal for Science and Technology Studies (Tidskrift för Vetenskaps- och Teknikstudier, VEST), 13 (3-4) 2000, 9-34.

The Role of Middle Range Publications in the Development of Engineering Knowledge

Ammon J Salter and David M Gann

Download: SEWP58 [PDF 90.90KB]

A Hard Landing for the 'New Economy'? Information Technology and the United States National System of Innovation

Chris Freeman

Download abstract: SEWP57 [PDF 20.98KB] Published in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 12(2), July 2001, 115-139.

Knowledge Exchange and Learning Through International Joint Ventures: An Anglo-Japanese Experience

Joseph Tidd and Yasuhiko Izumimoto

Download abstract: SEWP56 [PDF 18.16KB] Published in Technovation, 22, 2002, 137-145.

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2000

Innovation Management in Context: Environment, Organization & Performance

Joe Tidd

Download abstract: SEWP55 [PDF 15.99KB] Published in International Journal of Management Reviews, 3 (3), Sept 2001, 169-183.

The Effects of Project Novelty on the New Product Development Process

Joe Tidd and Kirsten Bodley

Download abstract: SEWP54 [PDF 16.35KB] Published as 'The influence of project novelty on the new product development process', in R&D Management, 32 (2) 2002, 127-138.

Public Policies to Support Basic Research: What Can the Rest of the World Learn from US Theory and Practice? (And what they should not learn)

Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP53 [PDF 20.16KB] Published in Industrial and Corporate Change, 10 (3) 2001, 761-779.

The Political and Economic Context of European Defence R&D

Jordi Molas-Gallart

Download: SEWP52 [PDF 2.56KB]

The Evolution of Specialisation: Public Research in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industries

Aldo Geuna

Download abstract: SEWP51 [PDF 21.53KB] Published in Research Evaluation, 10(1) April 2001, 67-79.

Crafting the Virtual Prototype: How Firms Integrate Knowledge and Capabilities Across Organisational Boundaries

Luciana D'Adderio

SEWP 50 Published in Research Policy, 30 (9) Dec 2001, 1409-1424.

Technological Risk, Scientific Advice and Public 'Education': Groping for an Adequate Language in the Case of GM Foods

Alister Scott

Download abstract: SEWP49 [PDF 17.31KB] Published in Environmental Education Research, 7 (2) 2001, 129-139.

Diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies and Changes in Skills

Gyu-heui Hwang

Download abstract: SEWP48 [PDF 13.13KB] Published as 'Information and communication technologies and changes in skills' International Journal of Manpower, 24 (1) 2003, 60-82.

Government Defence Research Establishments: The Uncertain Outcome of Institutional Change

Jordi Molas-Gallart

Download abstract: SEWP47 [PDF 13.24KB] Published in Defence and Peace Economics, 12, 2001, 417-437.

Knowledge Specialisation and the Boundaries of the Firm: Why Do Firms Know More Than they Do?

Stefano Brusoni, Andrea Prencipe and Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP46 [PDF 14.56KB] Published as 'Knowledge specialisation, organizational coupling and the boundaries of the firm: why do firms know more than they make?' Administrative Science Quarterly, 46 (4) 2001, 597-621.

Innovating Routines in the Business Firm: What Matters, What's Staying the Same, and What's Changing?

Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP45 [PDF 14.98KB] Published as 'Innovating routines in the business firm: what corporate tasks should they be accomplishing?' Industrial and Corporate Change, 11 (1) 2002, 117-133.

International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences: 3 Papers

Research and Development, Keith Pavitt
Economics of Science, Ed Steinmueller
Science Funding: Europe, Jane Calvert and Ben Martin

Download: SEWP44 [PDF 94.54KB ]

Academic Research in Europe

Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP43 [PDF 14.75KB] Published as 'Why European Union funding of academic resaerch should be increased: a radical proposal' in Science and Public Policy, 27 (6), December 2000, 455-460.

Globalisation and Inequality: The Effects of Trade Liberalisation on Developing Countries

Piergiuseppe Morone

Download abstract: SEWP42 [PDF 11.57KB] Published in Studi Economici, 80, 2003

Scale-independent Indicators and Research Evaluation

J Sylvan Katz

Download abstract: SEWP41 [PDF 18.62KB] Published in Science and Public Policy, 27 (1) February 2000 23-36.

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1999

Prospects for Internet Telephony: Toy for Multimedia Hobbyists or Next-Generation Technology?

Nicoletta Corrocher

Download: SEWP40 [PDF 344.32KB]

Project-System Interfaces in Reorganised European Railway Networks: The Management of Large-Scale Railway Projects in the UK and Germany

Anton Geyer

Download abstract: SEWP39 [PDF 20.60KB] Published as A. Geyer and A. Davies 'Managing project-system interfaces: case studies of railway projects in restructured UK and German markets', Research Policy, 29 (7-8), Aug 2000, 991-1013.

Technology in Corporate Strategy: Change, Continuity, and the Information Revolution

K Pavitt & W E Steinmueller

Download abstract: SEWP38 [PDF 33.40KB] Published in A. Pettigrew, H. Thomas and R. Whittington (eds), Handbook of Strategy and Management, London: Sage, 2001, 344-372.

Science-Technology Linkages in an Emerging Research Platform: The Case of Combinatorial Chemistry and Biology

S Malo & A Geuna

Download abstract: SEWP37 [PDF 14.68KB] Published in Scientometrics, 47(2), 2000, 303-321.

Building the Knowledge-Based Economy in Countries in Transition - From Concepts to Policies

D Dyker & S Radosevic

Download abstract: SEWP36 [PDF 17.82KB] Published in Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 12 (1) 2000.

Patterns of Innovative Activities in Countries of Central and Eastern Europe: An Analysis Based on Comparison of Innovation Surveys

S Radosevic

Download: SEWP35 [PDF 206.37KB]

The Economic Benefits of Publicly Funded Basic Research: A Critical review

A J Salter & B R Martin

Download abstract: SEWP34 [PDF 16.68KB] Published in Research Policy, 30 (3), 2001, 509-532.

The Changing Rationale for European University Research Funding: Are there Negative Unintended Consequences?

A Geuna

Download abstract: SEWP33 [PDF 35.64KB] Published in Journal of Economic Issues, XXXV (3) Sept 2001, 607-632.

An Examination of Technology Strategies for the Integration of Bioinformatics in Pharmaceutical R&D Processes

M Hopkins

Download: SEWP32 [PDF 246.86KB]

Twinning Networks: Co-Evolution and Competition of System Component Technologies in the Local Area Network Industry

R Fontana

Download: SEWP31 [PDF 284.39KB]

Does science push technology? Patents citing scientific literature

M Meyer

Download abstract: SEWP30 [PDF 15.47KB] Published in Research Policy, 29 (3), 2000, 409-434.

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1998

Policy Networks and Advocacy Coalitions: Explaining Policy Change and Continuity in UK Industrial Pollution Policy?

A Smith

Download abstract: SEWP29 [PDF 19.39KB] Published in Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 18, 2000, 95-114

On the Economics and Analysis of Diversity

A Stirling

Download: SEWP28 [PDF 1.08MB]

Interaction between environmental policy instruments: Carbon emissions trading and Integrated Pollution Prevention Control

A Smith, S Sorell

Download abstract: SEWP27 [PDF 15.42KB] Published in International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 15 (1) 2001, 22-41

The Emerging Patterns of Change and Learning

S Radosevic, U Hotopp

Download abstract: SEWP26 [PDF 18.83KB] Published as 'The product structure of Central and Eastern European trade: the emerging patterns of change and learning.' MOCT-MOST, 9, 1999, 171-199

A Case of Electronic Commerce: The On-line Music Industry - Content, Regulation and Barriers to Development

E Janson, R Mansell

Download: SEWP25 [PDF 161.27KB]

Towards 'Digital Intermediation' in the European Information Society

R Hawkins, R Mansell, W E Steinmueller

Download abstract: SEWP24 [PDF 17.25KB] Published in the Journal of Economic Issues, 33 (2), June 1999, 383-391

Electronic Cash and the Innovation Process: A User Paradigm

L Srivastava, R Mansell

Download: SEWP23 [PDF 194.94KB ]

National systems of innovation under strain: the internationalisation of corporate R & D

P Patel, K Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP22 [PDF 18.03KB] Published in R Barrell, G Mason and M O'Mahony (eds) Productivity, Innovation and Economic Performance; Cambridge UP, 2000, 217-235.

Measures of Participation in the Digital Techno-structure: Internet Access

D Neice

Download: SEWP21 [PDF 162.09KB]

ICTs and Dematerialisation: Some Implications for Status Differentiation in Advanced Market Societies

D Neice

Download: SEWP20 [PDF 251.50KB]

Why sulphur trading failed in the UK

S Sorrell

Download abstract: SEWP19 [PDF 17.49KB] Published in S Sorrell and J Skea (eds) Pollution for Sale: Emissions Trading and Joint Implementation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1999, 170-207

A changing sense of place: are integrated IT systems reshaping the home?

J Barlow & D Gann

Download: SEWP18 [PDF 101.39KB]

Aligning internal and external networks: Taiwan's specialization in IT

S Kim & N von Tunzelmann

Download: SEWP17 [PDF 111.26KB]

Patterns of restructuring in research, development and innovation activities in Central and Eastern European countries: analysis based on S&T indicators

S Radosevic & L Auriol

Download abstract: SEWP16 [PDF 17.76KB] Published in Research Policy, 28(4) April 1999, 351-376

A Study of the R&D/Marketing Interface Using SAPPHO Methodology

Q Wang & N von Tunzelmann

Download abstract: SEWP15 [PDF 15.82KB] Published in R Oakey and W During (eds) New Technology-Based Firms in the 1990s. Vol V; London: Paul Chapman, 1998, 152-168

Technology foresight for wiring up the national innovation system: experiences in Britain, Australia and New Zealand

Ben Martin & Ron Johnston

Download abstract: SEWP14 [PDF 13.10KB] Published in Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 60(1) January 1999, 37-54

Aggregate resource efficiency: a review of evidence

Frans Berkhout

Download abstract: SEWP13 [PDF 10.06KB] Published in P Vellinga, F Berkhout and J Gupta (eds) Managing a Material World: Perspectives in Industrial Ecology. London: Kluwer Academic, 1998, 165-189

Construction skills training for the next millennium

David Gann & Peter Senker, Apr 1998

Download abstract: SEWP12 [PDF 16.71KB] Published in Construction Management and Economics, 16(5) September 1998, 569-580

A Cognitive Model of Innovation

Paul Nightingale, Apr 1998

Download abstract: SEWP11 [PDF 17.42KB] Published in Research Policy, 27(7) November 1998, 689-709

Key National Factors in the Emergence of Computational Chemistry Firms

Surya Mahdi and Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP10 [PDF 26.47KB] Published in the International Journal of Innovation Management, 1(4) December 1997, 355-386

Transformation of Science & Technology Systems into Systems of Innovation in Central and Eastern Europe: The Emerging Patterns of Recombination, Path-Dependency and Change

Slavo Radosevic

Download abstract: SEWP09 [PDF 22.22KB] Published in Structural-Change-and-Economic-Dynamics, 10(3-4) December 1999, 277-320

Patterns of Internationalisation of Corporate Technology: Location versus Home Country Advantages

Pari Patel and Modesto Vega

Download abstract: SEWP08 [PDF 21.81KB] Published in Research Policy, 28(2-3) March 1999, 145-155

Technological Learning and Innovation in Industrial Clusters in the South

Michael Albu

Download: SEWP07 [PDF 376.54KB]

Do Patents Reflect the Useful Research Output of Universities?

Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP06 [PDF 13.04KB] Published in Research Evaluation, 7(2) August 1998, 105-112

The Social Shaping of the National Science Base

Keith Pavitt

Download abstract: SEWP05 [PDF 13.67KB] Published in Research Policy, 27(8) December 1998, 793-805

Technological Diversity and Industrial Networks: An Analysis of the Modus Operandi of Co-Operative Arrangements

Jorge Britto

Download: SEWP04 [PDF 205.62KB]

Plutonium: Storage, Disposal or Utilisation?

Frans Berkhout

Download abstract: SEWP03 [PDF 13.60KB] Published in F Barker (ed) Management of Radioactive Wastes. London: Thomas Telford, 1998, 129- 140

Identifying Research Priorities in Public-Sector Funding Agencies: Mapping Science Outputs onto User Needs

Marlie MacLean, Joe Anderson and Ben R Martin