Law with International Relations LLB

Law

Key information

Duration:
3 years full time
Typical A-level offer:
AAA-AAB
UCAS code:
M1L2
Start date:
September 2018

Study a qualifying law degree while gaining insight into the role of legal systems in global issues.

As well as developing your knowledge of English law, you can explore Canadian and international law, and learn from experts in conflict, global health and security.

You may undertake training to offer legal advice to the public (under supervision). Through the Sussex Law Clinic you can gain practical experience of the law in action before you graduate.

Accreditation

“I’m passionate about law and there are many opportunities at Sussex to develop that passion into skills.” Ryan DowdingLaw LLB

Entry requirements

A-level

Typical offer

AAA-AAB

GCSEs

You should also have a broad range of GCSEs (A*-C), including good grades in relevant subjects

Extended Project Qualification

We take the EPQ into account when considering your application and it can be useful in the summer when your results are released if you have narrowly missed the conditions of your offer. We do not routinely include the EPQ in the conditions of your offer but we sometimes offer alternative conditions that include the EPQ. If you wish to discuss this further please contact Admissions at ug.enquiries@sussex.ac.uk

Other UK qualifications

Access to HE Diploma

Typical offer

Pass the Access to HE Diploma with at least 45 Level 3 credits at Merit or above of which 30 credits must be at Distinction. 

 

Subjects

The Access to HE Diploma should be in the humanities or social sciences.

International Baccalaureate

Typical offer

34 points overall from full IB Diploma.

Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Diploma (formerly BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma)

Typical offer

DDD

Subjects

The BTEC Level 3 National  extended diploma would normally be in Business, Health & Social Care or Public Services.

GCSEs

You should also have a broad range of GCSEs (A*-C), including good grades in relevant subjects.

Scottish Highers

Typical offer

AAABB

Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced

Typical offer

Grade B and AA in two A-levels.

GCSEs

You should also have a broad range of GCSEs (A*-C), including good grades in relevant subjects.

International baccalaureate

Typical offer

34 points overall from full IB Diploma.

European baccalaureate

Typical offer

Overall result of at least 80%

Other international qualifications

Australia

Typical offer

Relevant state (Year 12) High School Certificate, and over 85% in the ATAR or UAI/TER/ENTER. Or a Queensland OP of 5 or below.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Austria

Typical offer

Reifeprüfung or Matura with an overall result of 2.2 or better for first-year entry. A result of 2.5 or better would be considered for Foundation Year entry.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Belgium

Typical offer

Certificat d'Enseignement Secondaire Supérieur (CESS) or Diploma van Hoger Secundair Onderwijs with a good overall average. 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bulgaria

Typical offer

Diploma za Sredno Obrazovanie with excellent final-year scores (normally 5.5 overall with 6 in key subjects).

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Canada

Typical offer

High School Graduation Diploma. Specific requirements vary between provinces.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

China

Typical offer

We usually do not accept Senior High School Graduation for direct entry to our undergraduate courses. However, we do consider applicants who have studied 1 or more years of Higher Education in China at a recognised degree awarding institution or who are following a recognised International Foundation Year.

If you are interested in applying for a business related course which requires an academic ability in Mathematics, you will normally also need a grade B in Mathematics from the Huikao or a score of 90 in Mathematics from the Gaokao.

Applicants who have the Senior High School Graduation may be eligible to apply to our International Foundation Year, which if you complete successfully you can progress on to a relevant undergraduate course at Sussex. You can find more information about the qualifications which are accepted by our International Study Centre at  http://isc.sussex.ac.uk/entry-requirements/international-foundation-year .

 

 

 

 

 

 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Croatia

Typical offer

Maturatna Svjedodžba with an overall score of at least 4-5 depending on your degree choice.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Cyprus

Typical offer

Apolytirion of Lykeion with an overall average of at least 18 or 19/20 will be considered for first-year entry.

A score of 15/20 in the Apolytirion would be suitable for Foundation Year entry. Find out more about Foundation Years.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Czech Republic

Typical offer

Maturita with a good overall average.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Denmark

Typical offer

Højere Forberedelseseksamen (HF) or studentereksamen with an overall average of at least 7 on the new grading scale.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Finland

Typical offer

Finnish Ylioppilastutkinto with an overall average result in the final matriculation examinations of at least 6.5.

France

Typical offer

French Baccalauréat with an overall final result of at least 14/20

Germany

Typical offer

German Abitur with an overall result of 1.8 or better.

Greece

Typical offer

Apolytirion with an overall average of at least 18 or 19/20 will be considered for first-year entry.

A score of 15/20 in the Apolytirion would be suitable for Foundation Year entry. Find out more about Foundation Years.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Hong Kong

Typical offer

Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) with grades of 5, 4, 4 from three subjects including two electives. 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Hungary

Typical offer

Erettsegi/Matura with a good average.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

India

Typical offer

Standard XII results from Central and Metro Boards with an overall average of 75-80%. 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Iran

Typical offer

High School Diploma and Pre-University Certificate.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ireland

Typical offer

Irish Leaving Certificate (Higher Level) at  H1 H1 H2 H2 H3.

Israel

Typical offer

Bagrut, with at least 8/10 in at least six subjects, including one five-unit subject.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Italy

Typical offer

Italian Diploma di Maturità or Diploma Pass di Esame di Stato with a Final Diploma mark of at least 85/100.

Japan

Typical offer

Upper Secondary Leaving Certificate is suitable for entry to our Foundation Years. Find out more about Foundation Years.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Latvia

Typical offer

Atestats par Visparejo videjo Izglitibu with very good grades in state exams.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Lithuania

Typical offer

Brandos Atestatas including scores of 80-90% in at least three state examinations (other than English).

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Luxembourg

Typical offer

Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes Secondaires.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malaysia

Typical offer

Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM). As well as various two or three-year college or polytechnic certificates and diplomas.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Netherlands

Typical offer

Voorereidend Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs (VWO), normally with an average of at least 7.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nigeria

Typical offer

You are expected to have one of the following:

  • Higher National Diploma
  • One year at a recognised Nigerian University
  • Professional Diploma (Part IV) from the Institute of Medical Laboratory Technology of Nigeria
  • Advanced Diploma

You must also have a score of C6 or above in WAEC/SSC English.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Norway

Typical offer

Norwegian Vitnemal Fra Den Videregaende Skole- Pass with an overall average of at least 4.5.

Pakistan

Typical offer

Bachelor (Pass) degree in arts, commerce or science.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Poland

Typical offer

Matura with three extended-level written examinations, normally scored within the 7th stanine.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Portugal

Typical offer

Diploma de Ensino Secundario normally with an overall mark of at least 16/20. 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Romania

Typical offer

Diploma de Bacalaureat with an overall average of 8.5-9.5 depending on your degree choice.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Singapore

Typical offer

A-levels, as well as certain certificates and diplomas.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Slovakia

Typical offer

Maturitna Skuska or Maturita with honours, normally including scores of 1 in at least three subjects.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Slovenia

Typical offer

Secondary School Leaving Diploma or Matura with at least 23 points overall.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Africa

Typical offer

National Senior Certificate with very good grades. 

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Spain

Typical offer

Spanish Título de Bachillerato (LOGSE) with an overall average result of at least 8.0

Sri Lanka

Typical offer

Sri Lankan A-levels.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Sweden

Typical offer

Fullstandigt Slutbetyg with good grades.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Switzerland

Typical offer

Federal Maturity Certificate.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Turkey

Typical offer

Devlet Lise Diplomasi or Lise Bitirme is normally only suitable for Foundation Years, but very strong applicants may be considered for first year entry. Find out more about Foundation Years.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

USA

Typical offer

We look at your full profile taking into account everything you are studying. You must have your high school graduation diploma and we will be interested in your Grade 12 GPA. However, we will also want to see evidence of the external tests you have taken. Each application is looked at individually, but you should normally have one or two of the following:

  • APs (where we would expect at least three subject with 4/5 in each)
  • SAT Reasoning Tests (normally with a combined score of 1300) or ACT grades
  • and/or SAT Subject Tests (where generally we expect you to have scores of 600 or higher). 

We would normally require APs or SAT Subject Tests in areas relevant to your chosen degree course.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

My country is not listed

If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, email ug.enquiries@sussex.ac.uk.

English language requirements

IELTS (Academic)

6.5 overall, including at least 6.0 in each component

IELTS scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test.

If you are applying for degree-level study we can consider your IELTS test from any test centre, but if you require a Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) for an English language or pre-sessional English course (not combined with a degree) the test must be taken at a UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI)-approved IELTS test centre.

Find out more about IELTS.

Other English language requirements

Proficiency tests

Cambridge Advanced Certificate in English (CAE)

For tests taken before January 2015: Grade B or above

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill

We would normally expect the CAE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Advanced.

Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE)

For tests taken before January 2015: grade C or above

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill

We would normally expect the CPE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Proficiency.

Pearson (PTE Academic)

62 overall, including at least 56 in all four skills.

PTE (Academic) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Pearson (PTE Academic).

TOEFL (iBT)

88 overall, including at least 20 in Listening, 19 in Reading, 21 in Speaking, 23 in Writing.

TOEFL (iBT) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about TOEFL (iBT).

The TOEFL Institution Code for the University of Sussex is 9166.

English language qualifications

AS/A-level (GCE)

Grade C or above in English Language.

Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE)/ AS or A Level: grade C or above in Use of English

French Baccalaureat

A score of 12 or above in English.

GCE O-level

Grade C or above in English.

Brunei/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

Singapore/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

GCSE or IGCSE

Grade C or above in English as a First Language.

Grade B or above in English as a Second Language

German Abitur

A score of 12 or above in English.

Ghana Senior Secondary School Certificate

If awarded before 1993: grades 1-6 in English language.

If awarded between 1993 and 2005: grades A-D in English language.

Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)

 Level 4, including at least 3 in each component in English Language.

Indian School Certificate (Standard XII)

The Indian School Certificate is accepted at the grades below when awarded by the following examination boards:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) – English Core only: 70%

Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) - English: 70% 

International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB)

English A or English B at grade 5 or above.

Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM) 119/GCE O-level

If taken before the end of 2008: grades 1-5 in English Language.

If taken from 2009 onwards: grade C or above in English Language.

The qualification must be jointly awarded by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).

West African Senior School Certificate

Grades 1-6 in English language when awarded by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or the National Examinations Council (NECO).

Country exceptions

Select to see the list of exempt English-speaking countries

If you are a national of one of the countries below, or if you have recently completed a qualification equivalent to a UK Bachelors degree or higher in one of these countries, you will normally meet our English requirements. Note that qualifications obtained by distance learning or awarded by studying outside these countries cannot be accepted for English language purposes.

You will normally be expected to have completed the qualification within two years before starting your course at Sussex. If the qualification was obtained earlier than this we would expect you to be able to demonstrate that you have maintained a good level of English, for example by living in an English-speaking country or working in an occupation that required you to use English regularly and to a high level.

Please note that this list is determined by the UK’s Home Office, not by the University of Sussex.

List of exempt countries

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Australia
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada**
  • Dominica
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • New Zealand
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United Kingdom
  • USA

** Canada: you must be a national of Canada; other nationals not on this list who have a degree from a Canadian institution will not normally be exempt from needing to provide evidence of English.

Admissions information for applicants

Transfers into Year 2

No

If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, email ug.enquiries@sussex.ac.uk.

Why choose this course?

  • Ranked 21st in the UK for Law (The Guardian University Guide 2018).
  • 96% of our Law students were in work or further study six months after graduating (Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education Survey 2015).
  • 94% for overall satisfaction for International Relations (National Student Survey 2016).

Course information

How will I study?

You learn through lectures, workshops and seminars, and are assessed by unseen written exams and coursework. Some assessment is through individual and group work.

You spend 75% of your time studying Law, and 25% of it studying International Relations. Topics covered include an introduction to the English legal system, the law of obligations and public law.

You explore these topics together with International Relations, where you study different approaches to the discipline, the major events of international history and the role of theory.

Modules

These are the modules running in the academic year 2017. Modules running in 2018 may be subject to change.

Core modules

How will I study?

You study through a combination of lectures, workshops and seminars and are assessed through unseen written exams and coursework.

You spend 75% of your time studying Law, and 25% of it studying International Relations. Law topics covered include criminal law, land law, European Union Law, and equity and trusts.

You explore these together with International Relations, where you study contemporary international theory and global political economy. You also learn how to use the concepts, approaches and methods of the discipline, developing an understanding of its contested nature.

Modules

These are the modules running in the academic year 2017. Modules running in 2018 may be subject to change.

Core modules

Options

Study abroad (optional)

Apply to study abroad – you’ll develop an international perspective and gain an edge when it comes to your career. Find out where your course could take you.

“Studying abroad means learning new ways of thinking, and new perspectives on life.” Bluinse ThomasLaw with International Relations LLB
Studied abroad in Hong Kong

Placement (optional)

A placement is a great way to network and gain practical skills. When you leave Sussex, you'll benefit from having the experience employers are looking for.

Recent students have gone on placements at:

  • Mott MacDonald
  • United Biscuits
  • QualitySolicitors Howlett Clarke.

Find out more about placements and internships.

“I gained valuable commercial experience, and developed my understanding of how a business operates.” Hanan ZakherLaw with International Relations LLB
Commercial and Finance Business Support, Sussex Estates and Facilities LLP

Please note

If you’re receiving – or applying for – USA federal Direct Loan funds, you can’t transfer to the version of this program with an optional study abroad period in any country or optional placement in the USA. Find out more about American Student Loans and Federal Student Aid

How will I study?

Learning is through lectures, workshops and seminars. You are assessed through unseen written exams and coursework.

You spend 75% of your time studying Law, and 25% of it studying International Relations.

In Law, you look at elements from Year 2 and can choose from topics including:

  • commercial and company law
  • family and employment law
  • media law and intellectual property law
  • environmental law and human rights law.

In International Relations, you develop high-level expertise in specialised areas of your choice, such as the politics of terror, international trade or rights, or you could specialise by world region.

Modules

These are the modules running in the academic year 2017. Modules running in 2018 may be subject to change.

Core modules

Options

My main research focuses on criminal law theory and doctrine, examining the substantive rules that make up criminal law and questioning theoretical foundations.”Dr John Child
Senior Lecturer in Law

Fees

UK/EU students:
Fees are not yet set for entry in the academic year 2018. The University intends to set fees at the maximum permitted by the UK Government (subject to continued satisfaction of the Teaching Excellence Framework). For the academic year 2017, fees were £9,250 per year.

The UK Government has confirmed that if you’re an EU student applying for entry in September 2018, you’ll pay the same fee rate as UK students for the duration of your course, even if the UK leaves the EU before the end of your course. You’ll also continue to have access to student loans and grants. Find out more on the UK Government website

Channel Islands and Isle of Man students:
The University aligns fees for Channel Islands and Isle of Man students with fees for UK/EU students. These fees are not yet set for entry in the academic year 2018. We intend to set fees at the maximum permitted by the UK Government (subject to continued satisfaction of the Teaching Excellence Framework). For the academic year 2017, fees were £9,250 per year.
International students:
£15,500 per year
Study abroad:
Find out about grants and funding, tuition fees and insurance costs for studying abroad
Placement:
Find out about tuition fees for placements

Note that your fees may be subject to an increase on an annual basis.

Find out about typical living costs for studying at Sussex

Scholarships

Our focus is personal development and social mobility. To help you meet your ambitions to study at Sussex, we deliver one of the most generous scholarship programmes of any UK university.

Careers

Graduate destinations

96% of Sussex Law School students from were in work or further study six months after completing their degrees. Recent graduates have started jobs as:

  • trainee solicitor, Linklaters
  • relationship manager, Montresor Legal
  • graduate scheme, UK Civil Service.

(HESA EPI, Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education Survey 2015)

Your future career

You’ll be prepared – subject to completion of the necessary further qualifications – to practise law as a solicitor, a barrister or an in-house lawyer for a public limited company or a government agency.

Or you can choose to use your excellent communication skills in fields such as:

  • broadcast media
  • public relations or human resources
  • policy development or politics.

Working while you study

Our Careers and Employability Centre can help you find part-time work while you study. Find out more about career development and part-time work

I did a Law degree but studied other areas, such as politics and human rights, which I found gave me the skills to not only succeed as a solicitor but also to run a business.”Lucinda Dore
Partner, Crosby and Woods Solicitors

English Legal System

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1

This module covers use of the library and electronic resources reading cases, statutes and academic literature.

You will learn how to produce fully referenced academic work among the other skills necessary to help you study law. You learn about the doctrine of judicial precedent and the principles involved in interpreting legislation.

This module gives you the opportunity to focus very narrowly and examine in detail how to find a ratio and to see the English Legal System in a broader context by critically examining its structures, process and personnel.

Global Issues

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1

The module aims to introduce you to the study of global politics and global political economy. To do so, we will examine problems, issues and dynamics that have come to shape contemporary political life at the international, transnational and global levels. This introduction will set the scene for later modules that offer an in-depth analysis of these issues, as well as a thorough examination of the theoretical and conceptual tools used by scholars.

Law of Contract

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 1

This module explores the legal rules and principles related to the formation, enforcement and vitiation of contractual promises. In particular you will consider ideas of offer and acceptance. You will study the legal doctrine of consideration and the equitable doctrine of promissory estoppel. You will consider rights of enforceability under the doctrine of privity and then go on to consider the classification and substance of particular terms in a contract, eg implied terms or exemption clauses. The module goes on to look at factors that may vitiate or void agreement such as misrepresentation, mistake, frusration, duress and undue influence.

Law of Tort

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 1

In broad terms, the Law of tort is the area of civil law primarily concerned with providing a remedy to persons who have been wrongfully harmed by the conduct of others. This module explores a number of the most important areas of tort law, for example negligence, nuisance, trespass to the person, liability for dangerous premises, liability for psychiatric harm and employers' liability.

The module will consider these and other areas as they are approached by the courts in England and Wales, to some extent the approach of other legal jurisdictions and also the social and political context of tort law.

Foundations of International Relations (pathway elective)

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1

This module introduces you to the conceptual history of international relations and outlines the specific characteristics of International Relations (IR) as a distinct scholarly discipline. We will consider what constitutes its core conceptual and methodological coordinates at the present time by looking at historical development of IR through a series of conceptual and methodological debates which will allow you to theoretically frame the global issues discussed in the first semester. Classically these debates are conceived of as tracing a path from idealism via realism to a pluralist methodological position. Understanding these debates, the circumstances that have given rise to them, and the methods they have generated will give you a good basic orientation in the disciplinary terrain of IR.

Justice, Equality and Society

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1

In this coursed, special attention is given to justice, equality and rights. You are introduced to theory which is then explored through a number of case studies focusing in particular on the development of non-discrimination and equality law in the English Legal System. The course will encourage you to think about contemporary issues from the perspectives of justice, equality and rights.

Introduction to International Political Economy (Pathway elective)

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 2

The intensity and scope of the relationship between politics and economics has become a central element of international relations. This module offers a distinctive perspective in terms of which traditional issues of international relations – such as war, trade, integration and international society – can be studied. It considers the central theoretical traditions of international political economy: liberalism, realism, Marxism, neo-institutionalism, and critical theory. It then applies these diverse theoretical traditions in an analysis of the evolution of the state system from the 16th to the 20th century, paying particular attention to the relationship between class and state power, on the one hand, and the capitalist world economy, on the other.

Public Law I: Constitutional and Administrative Law advanced

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 2

The module will consider the nature and structure of the British constitution. It will address some of the core theoretical principles of the constitution and examine how those principles are applied in the institutional arrangements of government in the UK.

The relationship between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government will be considered, and the allocation of power between them will be analysed in terms of both constitutional theory and political practice.

The module will also consider the extent to which state power is subject to control and restraint. The mechanisms that are used to control the exercises of state power will be examined; the principles of Judicial Review, as well as some alternative mechanisms for holding the institutions of the state to account, will be considered.

Equity and Trusts

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 2

This subject consists of two related parts:

  • (a) key principles and concepts of equity and equitable remedies
  • (b) the institution of the trust

The module aims to set Equity and Trusts in its social, economic and political contexts. It will consider the historical development of equity and the use of particular equitable remedies.

We will look at the institution of the trust, its formation and constitution, moving on to regard the idea of beneficial ownership. The nature of private and public purpose trusts and implied trusts is considered.

We also look at the duties, responsibilities and rights of the personnel involved in a trust relationship, and finally moving on to look at the liability for strangers to a trust.

Within this framework, the basic principles and theoretical underpinnings of the subject will be analysed.

Land Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 2

This module explores the legal rules determining what it means to own land and/or other rights that relate to land. Specific topics may include: the doctrines of estates and tenure; the meaning of land (fixtures); and the distinction between personal and property rights; the role of equity and the trust and the doctrine of proprietary estoppel; the contractual formalities for buying an interest or estate in land; acquiring ownership rights, including the rules of adverse possession; unregistered and registered title; mortgages; leases (and licences); co-ownership; trusts of land; freehold covenants; and easements.

Security and Insecurity in Global Politics (Pathway elective)

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 2

Gain an introduction to the broad issue agenda that shapes the contemporary study of (in)security.

Each week, you focus on a different issue that defines the agenda of International Security.

Security is central to the issue agenda of international relations. Traditionally security has been understood to comprise the question of the protection of sovereign territory through armed force.

Security has thus examined issues such as arms races, war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Traditionally these issues were addressed through a realist lens that regarded the state and its survival as the central conceptual maxims.

However, contemporary scholarship concerning security has broadened this agenda considerably.

New sources of insecurity have emerged outside the traditional state form, as can be seen in the rise of issues such as terrorism as well as wider 'complex emergencies' on the international security agenda.

Moreover, the conceptual lenses for examining these questions of (in)security have increased. This has given rise to new referent objects of security and a wider security agenda which includes issues such as identity, genocide and the environment. 

Canadian Constitutional Law in Comparative Perspective advanced

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 2

The distinctive nature and history of the Canadian state and Canadian constitutional arrangements make it an interesting study in its own right, and a useful comparator at a time of growing discussion and interest in the field of constitutionalism.

The Canadian model with its Charter of Rights and Freedoms provides a source of influence and inspiration to the UK and other Commonwealth countries, and is frequently used as a comparator particularly because of the multi-faceted nature of the Canadian state and the commitment of the Canadian Constitution to multi-culturalism.

Canadian constitutional law is examined in comparative perspective.

This module introduces students to the history, structures, sources and nature of the Canadian Constitution. In particular the module examines the distinctive history of the Canadian constitutional arrangements and the development of a rich Canadian constitutional literature which has made a major contribution to discussions of constitutionalism and difference.

The context of multi-national Canadian democracy provides a particularly interesting case study for an examination of Constitutional contestation. The course examines how this context has influenced the structure of the Canadian state, including Canadian federalism, constitutional change in Canada, and the adjudication of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 1982 through the courts.

Public Law II: Power, the Individual and the State advanced

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 2

The module builds upon Public Law I to develop a deeper understanding of the British constitution and of constitutional law more generally. Drawing upon legal, political and social theory, you examine the theoretical principles of constitutions focussing upon the operation and distribution of power within the state and its impact upon the lives of groups and individuals. Both theories and historical accounts of legitimacy, democracy and human rights will be examined, and their operation in contemporary legal and political practice will be considered.

Criminal Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module encompasses the elements of a crime; actus reus and mens rea; negligence and strict liability; the criminal liability of corporations and children; defences; accomplices; homicide; non-fatal offences against the person; sexual offences; theft and other property offences and inchoate offences.

It places the law within the framework of the Human Rights Act 1998. Some aspects of criminal law theory such as theories of punishment, why conduct should be criminalised, and issues of procedure and evidence that are relevant to the substantive law are covered.

Law and Policy of the European Union advanced

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module examines the law and policy of the EU, with an emphasis on the role of law as a tool of European integration. The first part concentrates on a detailed study of the constitutional principles and values of the EU as expressed in the treaties and case law of the Court of Justice.

The second half of the module addresses substantive law, particularly in relation to the single market (in persons, goods and services) and non-market issues such as citizenship of the European Union and protection of fundamental rights.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

The module provides you with an integrated understanding of the theory and practice of dispute resolution from an academic, cross-cultural and interdisciplinary perspective.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is now a fundamental subject for legal professions and academic research. The first part of the module examines theoretical perspectives with a focus on the emergence of the ADR movement, with specific emphasis given to the influence and principles of the Access to Justice Movement.

The second part of the module offers an analysis of negotiation, mediation and arbitration, complemented by formative practical negotiation and mediation exercises. The module enables you to develop your critical understanding of the nature of dispute resolution, and to become more creative and effective in your legal problem solving.

Anti-Corruption Law and Practice

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Environmental Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Can law protect the environment?

This module introduces you to the role of law in decision-making processes which affect environmental quality and the use and conservation of natural resources.

You will gain an understanding of the role of law at national, EU and international levels. You also look at what makes environmental problems distinctive and key issues such as: how can we set legal standards for the environment?

Can we tell industry or individuals what to do, or should we incentivise behaviour by using economic tools or by disclosing information? Should we criminalise environmentally harmful behaviour or should we try to work with polluters to clean up and prevent problems in the future?

What rights do we, or future generations, or perhaps even the environment itself, have in relation to the environment? How far should we make those responsible for environmental harm pay for this? What role should the courts play in the development of environmental law?

Fashion Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Hate Crime and the Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Law and the Entertainment Industry

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Law of Succession (Aut)

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

This module is concerned with the devolution of assets on death, often representing the culmination of a person’s accumulation of goods in a lifetime of work and saving. The module considers both the law of intestacy (where property devolves by rules of law because there is no will) and the law of wills.

We will explore the modes of transfering inherited wealth and property on death in a social context, focusing on the idea of freedom of testation (which is particularly strong in this jurisdiction) and in the social context in which that principle operates. Here, we will consider the consequences that freedom of testation may have for poverty and the impact that that may have on the State’s obligation to alleviate poverty. The adequacy of current legislation to provide for the meeting of support obligations to family and dependants will be considered in this light.

The module will cover not only wills and intestacy, but also probate and the administration of estates (although in this regard the outline ideas rather than the technical details will be relevant to our study).

Media Law and Regulation

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Gain an introduction to the legal issues concerned with the mass media.You will learn about:

  • freedom of expression, what it might mean at a theoretical level and why it is perceived as important.
  • who has rights (whether freedom of expression or privacy) and the issue of against whom they may be enforced.
  • the various schools of thought about the application of law to the Internet.
  • the history of communications legislation in the United Kingdom, as well as essential case law.
  • the dual role of communications network users as both consumers and citizens, and the economic and human rights arguments pertinent to each category.
  • the case law and legislation of the European Union and the Council of Europe, as well as comparative analysis of US legislation and case law
  • the tension between protection of reputation and freedom of expression.

In this module, you look at how the media, as well as having rights, may also infringe the rights of others, especially privacy. You consider legislation including the Defamation Act 2013, Human Rights Act 1998, Communications Act 2003, and the Communications White Paper 2013.

You will also consider:

  • Articles 8 and 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • freedom of expression and privacy issues
  • policy as implemented through case law at the European Court of Human Rights.
  • European Union case law
  • the Charter of Fundamental Freedoms
  • media regulatory practice in the European Commission, in particular the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMS) 2010/13/EU.

Principles of Islamic Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Islamic law is based on the Quran, the practice of the Prophet Muhammad, and the writings of Muslim scholars and jurists making it one of the oldest and most significant systems of law in the contemporary age.

Understanding Islamic law is crucial not only for Muslims, but for non-Muslims who work with Muslims in legal contexts, as well as for anyone wanting to understand the role of Islam in the world today.

This module will provide a critical overview of the history and practice of Islamic law. We will examine the basic cocepts of Islamic law, its classification, and the development of the classical schools of jurisprudence.

We will then consider the place of Islamic Law in the modern state and government. Placing Islamic law in the present context, this module will investigate the purposes, methodologies, and processes of Islamic jurisprudence.

Professional Negligence

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

Professional negligence and liability is a well established specialist area of academic legal study, as well as an important specialism within legal practice.

The range of solicitors' firms and barristers' chambers which offer specialist professional negligence services is wide. Some focus upon claimant based actions against, for example, architects, accountants, doctors,  lawyers, surveyors whilst others focus upon defence work.

Large City of London and similar practices will often specialise in bringing or defending complex commercially focussed professional negligence claims (e.g. the largest claims against firms of solicitors or accountants can run to hundreds of millions of pounds).

Consideration will also be given to professional protections and the history of professional immunities.

This module aims to enable you to consider and debate key areas of professional negligence and liability, focussing predominantly on the position in England and Wales but also making international comparisons where appropriate.

The module will consider the common law, statutory and other regulatory aspects of professional control and liability. In essence, the module will seek to address the question: 'how are professionals controlled and what avenues of redress are available for the wrongs they commit?'

Short Dissertation A

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

The dissertation module involves researching and writing a 5,000-word dissertation on a subject of your choice. Having chosen your research topic in consultation with a supervisor, you work under the guidance of your supervisor for teaching block one. The teaching component is seminar based. The seminars are designed to equip you with the research skills required to complete your dissertation. The topics covered include: research methodology, writing up, advanced word processing and researching online. You submit a 2,000-word research proposal to your supervisor and receive feedback on this. You also present your research proposals to the tutor and the other students at one of the seminars towards the end of the first term. The module seeks to develop the skills of independent research and learning; good time management; the ability to reflect upon progress; and an appreciation of the value of constructive criticism.


You cannot undertake both Short Dissertation A and B and this module cannot be taken if you are completing the 30-credit dissertation module.

The Politics of International Trade

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

This module aims to equip you with an understanding of the modern international trading system and the theoretical traditions and political practices that have helped to shape it. The first section examines the core theories around trade and trade liberalisation, particularly those of liberalism, economic nationalism and neo-Marxism, in order to explore different understandings of the relationship between free trade, protectionism, and development.

The second section of the module examines the evolution of a liberal trade regime in the world economy from its collapse in the interwar period to its resurrection and extension in the form of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 1995. Core elements of, and controversies within, the global trade system will be scrutinised and situated within this historical context. These will include the recurring threat and changing forms of protectionism, the increasing fragmentation of the trade system engendered by regional trade agreements, the role of emerging powers, and the differential impact of the trade system on developed and developing countries. This survey will establish the empirical and theoretical resources to move in the third section towards an assessment of the deadlocked WTO Doha Round and the ongoing negotiations of a Transatlantic Free-Trade Agreement (TAFTA).

The aim of this section is to understand the main actors and areas of contention and to assess the potential for a more equitable and ethical trading system.

The module is taught through a weekly three-hour seminar that normally consists of a combination of `mini-lectures' and seminar discussions on the week's topics. The assessment for this module is a research exercise (weighted 10%) and a long term paper of 6000 words (weighted 90%).

Transnational Commercial Litigation

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 3

This module examines the rules governing commercial litigation in which not all facts are linked to a single jurisdiction. In those cases,
the following questions may arise:

  • In which jurisdiction can litigation between the parties take place?
  • The law of which jurisdiction governs the substantive issues of the dispute?
  • Can a judgment rendered in one jurisdiction be recognised and enforced in another jurisdiction?

This module addresses those questions. It focusses on the relevant EC/EU Regulations and English domestic law, but there is also
an opportunity to look at international conventions and the law in some other countries.

Clinical Legal Education

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module brings together several legal clinics and pro-bono projects within a single module, as well as critically discussing the evolution of such projects on a national and international stage. The aims of the module are therefore two-fold, and clearly focused on the two units of assessment:

  1. The Autumn Term is predominantly focused on the academic understanding and discussion of pro-bono and clinic projects. Mainly through a lecture format, we discuss the history and evolution of such projects nationally as well as internationally. This will prepare you for your individual pro-bono projects, as well as your first assessment in A1.
  2. Beginning in the Autumn Term, and the focus of the Spring Term, the other part of the module involves individual pro-bono projects. Within the various project streams (Clinics), you will actively participate and reflect upon and evaluate your work in (stream specific) seminar groups. Thematic lectures in the Spring Term, as well as formative presentations on your work, will both feed into your final assessed reflective portfolio (to be submitted in A2).

Commercial Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

One of the most powerful influences on human activity is the driving force of trade. Commercial law is primarily concerned with the rights and duties arising from the supply of goods and services by way of trade.

This module adopts the specific-contract approach to the subject and focuses on the paradigm commercial transaction - the sale and supply of goods by one merchant to another.

Company Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3
  1. Introduction to Company Law: an outline of the new statute: Companies Act 2006; the inter-relationship between statute and the common law; the role of the European Company Law Harmonisation Programme; Company Law in context, theory and history.
  2. Legal Personality and Limited Liability: different categories of companies (the private/public divide); the rule in Salomon's case and lifting the veil of incorporation.
  3. The Promotion of Companies: the role of the Stock Exchange and investor protection; the role, duties and liabilities of the promoter; pre-incorporation contracts.
  4. The Relationship between the Company and the Outside World: the objects of the company and the rise and fall of the ultra vires rule; the nullity principle; the internal operations of the company and their effect on third parties; principles of agency/vicarious liability, corporate crimes and criminal liability.
  5. The Internal Relations within the Company: shareholders inter se; inter-relationship between the company's constitution and the Companies Act; alteration of the constitution; different classes of shares; preference shares and the alteration of their rights; the company and its employees; the stakeholder debate.
  6. The Role of Corporate Governance in Company Life: the regulatory framework for companies; self-regulation by business and Government intervention; the work of the CG committees, a definition of CG and Corporate Social Responsibility;
  7. The Management of the Company: composition of the board of directors; formalities of management; division of functions between the company's organs.
  8. The Qualification of Directors: different kinds of directors (non-executive/executive; nominee; shadow; de facto); how are directors qualified?; the disqualification framework.
  9. Directors' Duties and their Enforcement: the new statutory statement of duties; to whom are the duties owed?; the rule in Foss v. Harbottle; derivative and representative actions.
  10. Protection of Minority Shareholders: just and equitable winding up; the action for unfair prejudice.

Competition Law of the European Union

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

You examine the detailed rules of competition law and policy in the EU.

You cover the law relating to cartels, abuses of dominant position, mergers, enforcement, state aid and the application of competition law to public services and undertakings entrusted with services of general economic interest.

Criminology

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

The first part of the module considers the development of explanations for criminal offending, looking at the classical and positivist schools of criminology as well as sociological, psychological and behaviouralist approaches.

It concludes by examining the more radical alternatives offered by neo-Marxist and feminist criminologists, the so called 'Left Realists' and contemporary criminology.

The second part looks at the more practical dimensions of criminal justice, dealing with crime statistics and victim surveys; victims in the criminal justice system; punishment, rehabilitation and compensation; diversion of offenders; sentencing and penal policy; imprisonment and prison regimes; and non-custodial and community sentences.

Dissertation

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

The Dissertation module involves you researching and writing a 10,000 word dissertation on a subject of your choice.

Having chosen your research topic in consultation with a supervisor, you work under the guidance of your supervisors for the duration of the academic year.

The teaching component of the module takes place during the first teaching block only and is seminar-based. The seminars are designed to equip you with the research skills required to complete your dissertations.

The topics covered include:

  • research methodology
  • writing up
  • advanced word processing
  • researching online

You submit a 2,000 word research proposal to your supervisors during the first term and receive feedback on this. You also present your research proposals to the tutor and the other students at one of the seminars towards the end of the first term.

The module seeks to develop, among other things, the skills of independent research and learning; good time management; the ability to reflect upon progress; and an appreciation of the value of constructive criticism.

 

 

 

Employment Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

Employment Law is one of the fastest growing areas of law and practice: the volume of both case law and legislation is considerable.

The election of a different political party to government inevitably brings new employment legislation in its wake and the current government is producing fairly radical proposals for change.

It is against this backdrop that the module seeks to examine and explore both the individual contract of employment and the three-way relationship involving employers, employees and trades unions.

The module looks at the dramatic changes in working arrangements, such as the growing participation and influence of women in the workforce, coupled with the very varied patterns of work (such as part-time/casuals/agency/flexible working).

We also look at the employee/self-employed distinction, the employment contract and its sources - with particular reference to implied terms such as mutual trust and confidence - and also the controversial expansion of employers' liability to encompass psychiatric harm caused by stress at work.

Protection of wages and limitations on working hours, together with 'family-friendly' entitlements covering maternity, paternity, adoptive and parental issues, are also examined. Topics of current interest which feature in the module are 'whistleblowing', restraint of trade covenants and references.

Thereafter, the module addresses termination of employment, in particular wrongful and unfair dismissal, redundancy and transfers.

Finally, we examine the important and expanding subject of discrimination and equality law in some detail, including sex, religion or belief, race, disability and age.

We also examine equal pay issues in this section of the module.

Overall, the aim is to make the module informative, relevant and stimulating by combining the academic aspects of employment law with an appreciation of current developments and proposals in this dynamic area of law which affects all our lives.

To keep you abreast of the latest developments, particularly in relation to the most substantial second term topic of discrimination and equality law, separate handbooks are issued at the start of each main teaching term.

Family Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module introduces you to the most important rules of Family Law. But it does more than just outline the rules on marriage and divorce, parental status and parental responsibility, child protection, domestic violence, contact and residence disputes, etc. It also considers the application of those rules in the social and political context that frames them.

The module requires students to think about the nature of the family in its broadest sense (to include married and unmarried partners in adult relationships, and the great variety of ways in which adults raise and care for children), and to consider the appropriateness of the rules that govern the family in law.

You will also be required to reflect on the place of law in the regulation of family life. The module will, for that reason, be both theoretical and extremely practical; and it will be both thoroughly legal (in a black letter sense) and a little sociological.

Global Business Law and Regulation

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

You are suited to this module if you want to pursue a career in the City or in an international business envionment.

It presents a comprehensive discussion of cutting edge issues arising from the global financial crisis. The module develops an interdisciplinary understanding of the global context in which financial regulatory frameworks seek to operate.

The interplay of the above theoretical and policy issues in domestic and international capital markets builds a solid foundation to explain how modern corporate and securities laws are shaped and how they have been evolved in judicial practices involving such law.

Healthcare Law and Ethics

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module introduces you to a number of key contemporary issues and debates within the field of health care law and policy. As well as gaining knowledge of the subject's substantive legal rules, you will acquire an understanding of the main ethical principles underlying these. The module is also designed to create an awareness of the historical development of health care law and policy and of how their contemporary nature is influenced by wider political and economic transformations at the national, EU and global levels.

Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

Human rights has become part of the contemporary political discourse, so much so that we generally take for granted that we know what the concept covers.

Today almost everyone around the globe is acquainted with the idea of human rights. We often hear about 'human rights', especially in the media.

This module questions what we mean by human rights. It does so by introducing international human rights law in a critical manner and comparing various systems of human rights protection.

The module combines theoretical critiques with case assessments, and you are strongly encouraged to follow current issues by reading a number of human rights blogs.

Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

The module covers aspects of the law of copyright, unregistered and registered trade marks, confidential information and patents. The module aims to introduce you to the principles of intellectual property law and its philosophical and economic justifications, but it will also encourage in-depth analysis of particular issues in the law and policy of intellectual property, such as internet 'piracy' and access to medicines in developing countries.

The focus of the module will be on UK law and policy, however reference will be made to EU and international law where relevant.

Legal Theory

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module will examine theoretical approaches to law and legal discourse. After an initial grounding in the history, relevance and contemporary significance of jurisprudence and legal theory, the module will explore in more detail doctrinal and philosopical approaches to the law, as well as more critical approaches such as feminism, socio-legal approaches, law and economics, law and literature and law and anthropology.

Particular theories will be considered in relation to relevant substantive areas of law. You will be given the opportunity to consider recent legal judgements from a critical perspective. Ultimately you will be asked to consider whether the way in which the law works is appropriate for contemporary issues in modern society.

Public International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

Public International Law governs the relations between states. Increasingly, during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries it has also come to regulate the activity of individuals and organisations. This module aims to provide a grounding in the basic concepts and general principles of international law.

You will be encouraged to examine the legal basis of international law, the sources of the law and the relationship between international law and national law. The module will also examine recent developments and matters of controversy in international law and will introduce students to interdisciplinary aspects of the study of international law.

Sociology of Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

The first part of the module introduces students to a variety of historical and contemporary sociological perspectives on law. Taking the theme of the relationship between law and modernity as its point of departure, this part begins with a consideration of some of the key works of the founders of the sociology of law.

Following this, you are introduced to contemporary literature in both sociology and law that analyses the nature of some important changes in contemporary Western societies (including in politics and the economy), and how these developments may be affecting traditional understandings of the nature and function of law and regulation.

The second part of the module is designed to enable you to think through the ideas and theories explored in part one in the context of a particular institution: the welfare state. The types of question that will interest us here include the following: How has the way in which states provide for the social protection of their citizens altered over time? What role has law played in this? What is 'social law', and how (and why) might its nature have changed in the light of recent developments in the welfare state? What can contemporary social policy reveal about the relationship between the citizen and the state? What is the relationship between law, the welfare state, and the economy today?

We will think through possible answers to these questions via a consideration of some examples from the field of social policy, for instance health care, unemployment, and social housing.

Sports Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

The module will cover the subject of sports law with reference to national, regional and international regulatory systems. In its introductory part, the module will address historical aspects of sports law, which led to the establishment of dedicated governing bodies. The module will then cover issues of tort law which affect participants in and spectators at sport events. Matters of public order will be considered with reference to the legal repercussions that emerged, for example, from the events at Heysel Stadium and Hillsborough.

Employment contracts in sports will be analysed in detail, with particular emphasis on the relationship between sportsmen and sportswomen and their employers, but also on the safeguards in place for other employees, which are not directly involved with sport performances but contribute to the organisation and running of sport events.

The module will also involve a review of the European dimension of sports law, and the impact of fundamental freedoms in the relevant regulatory framework. This will include an analysis of the impact of competition rules and media laws on the broadcasting of sport. Moreover, intellectual property matters will be addressed, with reference the branding and marketing of sports personalities and events.

On issues of integrity, the module will examine rules intended to prevent instances of discrimination, and enhance standards of financial governance for the stakeholders involved. The module will conclude with a part dedicated to international and comparative aspects of anti-doping regulations.

The Law of Evidence

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn & Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module is a study of the law of evidence in England and Wales but we also take the opportunity to examine and assess selected developments in other common law jurisdictions such as Australia, Canada and the USA.

An outline of the history and development of evidence law puts into context the significance of key principles as developed very largely by case-law and, increasingly, now to be found in statutory provisions. From the last quarter of the 20th Century to the present day we examine and assess the significant impact that issues such as re-balancing the interests of victims as against those of defendants plus the rapid development of anti-terrorist legislation aimed at protecting society are having on the fundamental principles of presumption of innocence, burden of proof and right of silence.

The overall objective of a fair trial is considered in both domestic and ECtHR jurisprudence. We also explore the impact of changes over the same period on the worrying prevalence of miscarriages of justice in areas such as confession evidence and eyewitness identification.

The two major exclusionary rules of evidence - bad character and hearsay - are examined in some depth in the latter part of the module and we also address important issues relating to witnesses, such as competence, compellability, special measures for vulnerable or intimidated witnesses and the very vexed question of sexual history evidence. To ensure particularly that the rapidly developing law on bad character and hearsay is as up-to-date as possible, separate handbooks are issued at the start of each main teaching term.

Overall, the aim is to make the module informative, relevant and stimulating.

Banking Regulation

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This 30 credit module, taught over both terms, will introduce you to some of the key legal issues arising in banking.

In Term 1 we will examine the principles that underpin the regulation of banking; this will start with a discussion of risk and general theories of regulation, and then we will look more in-depth at the role of the Basel Committee in determining the nature of banking regulation on a global scale, the impact of the European Union directives on banking regulation and, finally, a case study of bank regulation in the UK.

In Term 2 our attention will focus on a detailed analysis of the relationship between banks and their customers in English law, examining the rights and obligations of those parties and we will close by looking at accounts, money and methods of payment.

Development and Geopolitics in East Asia

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

The aim of this module is to understand the rise of East Asia through examining the interconnections between regional development and geopolitical contestation in the Cold War and contemporary eras. The module will adopt a historical approach, beginning with an examination of the legacies of European and Japanese imperialism in East Asia and an analysis of the establishment of post-war US hegemony in the region and its implications for subsequent economic development. The module examines the divergent experiences of Northeast and Southeast Asia and the rise of China. We then examine the implications of the decline of Cold War geopolitical rivalry and the rise of globalisation and its role in explaining subsequent trends such as the East Asian financial crisis, East Asian regionalism and the changing nature of US-China relations. Within this historical context varying analytical frameworks and debates concerning late development will be examined, such as neoclassical versus structural institutionalism, Marxist vs. dependency theories, international/regional vs. domestic factors etc. Such theories are examined critically both in terms of their analytical purchase and their origins and role in geopolitical rivalry itself.

The assessment for this module is a long term paper of 7000 words. The teaching method is a three-hour seminar each week.

International Business Transactions

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module focuses on the international sale of goods which are transported by land, sea and air.

Due to time constraints, this module only deals with carriage by sea.

We will consider the main trade terms used in international sales contracts (common law and INCOTERMS), the essential elements of contracts of carriage of goods by sea, cargo insurance and key aspects of the financing of international sales transactions (mainly UCP 600).

International Family Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module will consider the European and International Law in specific areas of family law that have cross-border implications, such as divorce, maintenance, child abduction, intercountry adoption and surrogacy.

The module will allow you to reflect upon the effectiveness of attempts at harmonising law and legal regulation across International or European boundaries and the mechanisms for recognition and enforcement in the second state.

It will also consider the role of domestic and international courts in areas of family law in which harmonisation has been attempted or is being sought.

 

Internet Law and Regulation

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This 15-credit module will introduce you over the term to the legal issues raised by the internet. The module will begin with a discussion of the various schools of thought about the application of law to the internet. It will also familiarise you with the history of communications legislation in the United Kingdom, as well as essential case law. You will be made familiar with the dual role of communications network users as both consumers and citizens and the economic and human rights arguments pertinent to each category. This will prepare you for later discussion of the case law and legislation of the European Union and the Council of Europe, as well as comparative analysis of US legislation and case law. The relevant domestic, European and international laws will be scrutinised so that you will gain an understanding of the major regulatory regimes applicable to the internet.

Land, Property and Environment

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

Drawing on and developing knowledge acquired in Land Law, this module will enable you to further explore the law relating to land, with emphasis on the intersection between land use and the environment.

It will introduce you to different theories of property and alternative models of land ‘ownership’, in order to facilitate critical perspectives on dominant norms and structures.

The module will include analysis of property mechanisms, such as conservation covenants, for purposes of environmental protection, as well as the role of nature conservation legislation in the regulation of land use.

It will address the legal protection of landscape and the rationale for such interventions, as well as the legal framework governing the public’s right to access land for recreational activities. It will also explore the legal regulation of agricultural land use in the context of issues such as biodiversity, food security and climate change resilience.

Law and Aesthetics

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

What turns a piece of street art from illegal graffiti to legitimate public art? What role does legal method have in our understanding of aesthetics and what are the similarities between legal and aesthetic interpretation?

How does art depict law, or law deal conceptually with music, how does law speak to architecture and the literal text? What role can art play in the rehabilitation of young offenders, and therefore how can art assist in the criminal justice system overall?

How do our understandings of aesthetics affect our politics and culture, and constitutional make-up? What role does aesthetics play in the daily practice of law, and what are the recent changes in media and intellectual property law that account for extant creative and artistic forms of ownership.

The questions above will be amongst some of the core issues that this module on Law and Aesthetics seeks to interrogate.

This module aims to lay the groundwork for both a theoretical and practical exploration of the role of law in aesthetics and the other way around.

First you will be familiarised with the theoretical and philosophical theories of aesthetics, linking to the political and the legal, legal method, semiotics and also aesthetic theory as a stand alone, such as art theory and theory of music.

The impact of aesthetics on law has been dealt with in considerable detail in the disciplines of law and literature, however this module seeks to interrogate the role of aesthesis further in not just textual form, but the more expressive and spatial movements of art, architecture and musical composition.

In addition, you will be familiarised with criminonlogical, sociological and subcultural theory relating aesthetics with youth culture, consumption and crime. The theoretical and practical elements of the module will come together with the study of art therapy and its application in rehabilitation, through your observation of and collaboration with local artists in Brighton. 

The module will use connections with art organisation 'Artscape' in the provision of workshops in prisons and young offender institutes, and the possibilities for you to attend and reflect on the role of art in law, and therapy in rehabilition more specifically, as part of your reflective log.

Topics covered will be as follows:

  • Aesthetic Theory, Politics and Law
  • Law, Semiotics and Interpretation
  • Aesthetics, Performance and the Body
  • Law, Literature, Text
  • Law and Music
  • Law and Art
  • Law and Architecture
  • Aesthetics, Subculture, Crime and Resistance
  • Law, Criminal Justice and Art Therapy
  • Aesthetic Practice I: Situationism and Futurism
  • Aesthetic Practice II: Artscape, Street Art and Graffiti
  • The Future of Law in Aesthetics and Aesthetics in Law

You will gain invaluable conceptual and pracitcal knowledge in the role of law in aesthetics and the other way around, assisted through your assessed essay on a chosen topic from the syllabus, as well as an assessed presentation during the module.

This module would compliment 'Law and the Creative Industries', Legal Theory, IP and Media Law.

Law and Development

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module will cover the role of law and the legal system in human 'development' in 'developing' countries. We will explore how the law can affect the 'development' of a country and how the mode of development affects legal change. You will first engage with a critical understanding of the history and theory of law and development and engage with post-colonial crirtiques of law. The module will then examine specific topics including access to justice; human rights in the development process; governance, democracy, and development; technical legal assistance; and foreign direct investment.

Law of Succession (Spr)

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

The Law of Succession is concerned with the devolution of assets on death, often representing the culmination of a person's accumulation of good in a lifetime of work and saving.

In this module, you study both the law of intestacy (where property devolves by rules of law because there is no will) and the law of wills.

You explore the modes of transfering inherited wealth and property on death in a social context. You focus on the idea of freedom of testation (which is particularly strong in this jurisdiction) and the social context in which that principle operates.

You also consider the consequences that freedom of testation may have for poverty and the impact that that may have on the state's obligation to alleviate poverty.

The adequacy of current legislation to provide for the meeting of support obligations to family and dependants will be considered in this light. 

You cover topics including wills and intestacy, and outline ideas around probate and the administration of estates.

Law, Gender and Sexuality (Spr)

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

Short Dissertation B

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

The dissertation module involves researching and writing a 5,000-word dissertation on a subject of your choice. Having chosen your research topic in consultation with a supervisor, you will work under the guidance of your supervisor for teaching block 2. The teaching component is seminar based. The seminars are designed to equip you with the research skills required to complete your dissertation. The topics covered include research methodology, writing up, advanced word processing and researching online. You will submit a 2,000-word research proposal to your supervisor and receive feedback on this. You also present your research proposals to the tutor and the other students at one of the seminars. The module seeks to develop the skills of independent research and learning; good time management; the ability to reflect upon progress; and an appreciation of the value of constructive criticism.

You cannot undertake both Short Dissertation A and B and this module cannot be taken if you are completing the 30-credit dissertation module.

The Ethics and Conduct of Lawyers

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

The role and nature of lawyers' ethics, conduct and regulation continues to be a contentious topic of discussion amongst academics and practitioner groups. The place it should occupy within the undergraduate law syllabus as a component of the future education of lawyers also remains topical. More broadly, professional regulation may be seen as a significant element of modern government and public policy. From those who would categorize the term "lawyers' ethics" as an oxymoron, playing little or no part in the day-today practice of the lawyer as hired gun, to those who place an ethical legal profession at the heart of democratic liberal values, this is a subject area which warrants close academic scrutiny.

The overarching objective of the module will be to deliver a grounding in the theory and practice of lawyers' ethics, conduct and regulation. The focus will primarily be on England and Wales, with some comparative examples, as appropriate. The module will be relevant for those students considering a career practising law as well as those with a more general academic interest in this field.

Module content will draw from key debates and so may vary from year to year, but core elements will remain. Notably the ideals of legal professionalism; professional organisation; professional power and culture; historical and current considerations of professional education, ethics, governance, regulation, discipline and dispute resolution, all as applied to the legal professions. Specific issues will also play a role, for example diligence and confidentiality in relation to client matters and wider professional obligations to third parties and society as a whole. Where relevant, theoretical insights will be drawn from philosophy, the sociology of the legal profession and regulatory theory.

The Legal Regulation of Sexual Relationships

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module focuses on the legal regulation of sexual encounters, and requires you to think critically about the values and assumptions that underpin legal responses to a variety of sexual and intimate relationships.

Key questions which orient the module are:

  • What messages do the substantive law and enforcement practices communicate about the nature and value of sexual activity?
  • What are the consequences of the legal regulation of sexual activity in everyday life?

Topics that will be explored include legal definitions of 'sexual activity'; the role of consent in distinguishing sex from sexual violation; sexual activity involving vulnerable people such as children and mentally disordered adults; legal responses to pornography and sex work/prostitution; and legal aspects of same sex relationships.

The module combines elements of criminal, family and mental capacity law, and encourages you to consider the ways that different aspects of legal regulation intersect in particular contexts. For example, you will explore the relationship between criminal law and mental capacity law in relation to the sexual activity of mentally disordered adults.

Discussion and analysis of the substantive law will be informed by a range of relevant theoretical approaches such as feminist theory, intersectionality, masculinity studies and queer theory.

The module will be taught via weekly 2 hour seminars. These will alternate between standard seminars, each focused on a particular substantive topic, and 'workshop' sessions, the majority of which will consist of reading groups on one key text (in order to help you get to grips with some of the more complex theoretical approaches you will need to engage with). One cycle will be devoted to guidance on the assessment.

The Politics of Terror

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

This module offers an advanced-level introduction to terrorism and political violence in modern societies. Through attention to case studies, academic literatures and a variety of media and other primary sources the module focuses on:

  • The conceptual and analytical challenges of defining and understanding terrorism and political violence
  • Terror as a political instrument
  • The relationship between state and non-state terror
  • The historical development of terrorism and counter-terrorism
  • The organisational, ideological and strategic dynamics of terrorist organisations
  • The policy dilemmas faced and principle methodologies employed by democratic and other states in countering terrorism
  • The role of media, mass communication and 'public discourse' in political violence

The curriculum is roughly divided into two sections. The first, 'Studying Terrorism: Historical and Conceptual Issues', offers a thematic exploration of terrorism considering its historical development in modern societies; relation to other forms of organised violence; some of the animating ideas historically associated with the use of terror for political purposes; the phenomenon of 'suicide terrorism' and the ideas, organisations and practices used by states in their efforts to counter terrorism. The second section, 'Cases and Contexts', situates terrorism and political violence within the changing context of state power, international and global politics, exploring the historical and contemporary relations between them. The course concludes by looking at how terror campaigns end.

The assessment for this module is a long term paper of 7000 words. The teaching method is a three-hour seminar each week.

The United States in the World

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 3

As the 21st century begins, the United States is still the world's only superpower: no other nation possesses comparable military and economic power or has interests that reach the entire globe. To understand the place and power of the US in the contemporary world, it is vital to understand how its geopolitical strategies function, militarily and economically. Yet because US power is also secured through cultural and discursive strategies, it is equally important to analyse how US cultural/discursive products and processes participate in the construction of the US in all the varied ways it imagines itself. The aim of this module is to analyse how US cultural/discursive strategies participate in imagining the US in the world, either by being embedded within traditional geopolitical strategies or by sitting alongside them. Rather than taking an historical approach, the module is organised around specific theoretical and cultural/discursive themes and practices.

These include:

  • architectural theory and the building of embassies abroad
  • design theory and designing the nation through everyday objects
  • film theory and screening the nation through popular film
  • remediation theory and virtually remediating the nation
  • entertainmentality theory and exhibiting the nation in museums
  • performance/performativity theory and re-enacting the nation though historical re-enactments as well as song
  • advertising theory and advertising the nation to US citizens.

Along the way, significant foreign and domestic policy debates from Cold War politics to the 'War on Terror' to the US domestic 'War on Illegal Immigration' will be considered through political, cultural and discursive theories (eg Said's notion of orientalism, Foucault's notion of governmentality, Butler's notion of performativity and Ranciere's notion of the birth of the nation). 

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