Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science

Time Perception

Time is a physical dimension that pervades many aspects of perception, action, cognition, and consciousness - yet science knows relatively little about how time is represented and used in the brain, nor how it appears in conscious experience.  To address such interesting problems, we combine cognitive neuroscience (EEG, TMS, fMRI), psychophysical, computational modelling, and artificial systems approaches to examine how the human brain constructs temporal perception. We are currently engaged in experiments that explore how the brain may code for time, time distortions, time in virtual reality, interoceptive influences on time perception, the sense of agency, and timing between individuals in social contexts.  

The Time Perception Group at the Sackler Centre is part of the European FET-ProActive research group TIMESTORM an interdisciplinary project aimed at equipping artificial systems with human-like temporal cognition. By investigating artificial temporal cognition TIMESTORM inaugurates a novel research field in cognitive systems with the potential to contribute to the advent of next generation intelligent systems, significantly promoting the seamless integration of artificial agents in human societies. 

The role of the Time Perception Group at the Sackler Centre within TIMESTORM is focused on building biologically plausible models of human temporal perception and experience for application within the ARMAR humanoid robot developed at KIT. We are doing so by using behavioural, neuroimaging, and computational modelling approaches to understand and describe the processes underlying human time perception, with these insights integrated into the design of artificial neural networks to mimic human temporal perception and behaviour.

If you are interested in working in the Time Perception Group, we are interested in hosting interns or students at various levels. Please contact Group Leader Warrick Roseboom ( or Marianne Cole (


Warrick Roseboom: Group leader

As Group leader, Warrick is involved in many different projects, including projects investigating temporal prediction both behaviourally and neurally, sensory and Bayesian adaptation in time and timing, the sense of agency, and mimicking human temporal perception in artificial systems.

Darren Rhodes: Post-doctoral Research Fellow

Darren’s work is primarily focused on describing the influence sensory statistics on subsequent judgements of time using behavioural data and Bayesian decision models

Keisuke Suzuki: Post-doctoral Research Fellow

Keisuke is investigating the role of embodiment in temporal perception and temporal aspects of the sense of agency using a behavioural testing approach in the context of virtual and substitutional reality.

Marta Suarez-Pinilla: PhD student

Marta is working on understanding the role recent sensory experience in determining subsequent temporal perception using psychophysical and modelling approaches.

Michaela Klimova:  Research Intern

Michaela works on understanding the neural processes associated with temporal prediction using psychophysical and EEG approaches