Law LLM

Key information

Duration:
1 year full time, 2 years part time
Start date:
September 2018
Apply by:
1 August (International), 1 September (UK/EU)

This course is for you if you wish to keep your options open and explore a variety of approaches to law. You learn from leading scholars with expertise in a wide range of areas.

You can select core modules from any of our LLM courses. This means you'll extend your breadth and depth of knowledge of legal principles and the social, political, economic and cultural context in which you operate.

This LLM gives you the opportunity to investigate a broad range of legal subject areas and to choose different pathways.

Why choose this course?

  • Learn from today’s leading lawyers – our world-leading research underpins our teaching.
  • Prepare for your future career – our courses are designed with skills training at their core, enabling you to think logically about legal problems.
  • Discover what interests you most – Sussex Law School provides a truly international, stimulating and engaging learning environment for you to build a rich base of knowledge.

Entry requirements

Degree requirements

You should normally have an upper second-class (2.1) undergraduate honours degree or above.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please select your country from the list.

Argentina

Degree requirements

Licenciado/Titulo with a final mark of 7.5-8.5 depending on your university. 

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Australia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Azerbaijan

Degree requirements

Magistr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4 or 81%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bahrain

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.0/4.0 (Grade B).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Bangladesh

Degree requirements

Masters degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brazil

Degree requirements

Bacharel, Licenciado or professional title with a final mark of at least 7.5 or 8 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Brunei

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with GPA 4.0/5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Canada

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.3/4.0 (grade B+).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Chile

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of 5-5.5/7 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

China

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a leading university with overall mark of 75%-85% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Colombia

Degree requirements

Licenciado with ‘Acreditacion de alta calidad' and a GPA of 3.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Cyprus

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Ptychion with a final mark of at least 7.5.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ecuador

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 17/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Egypt

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a university with an overall grade of 75%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

France

Degree requirements

Licence with mention bien or Maîtrise with final mark of at least 13.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Germany

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree or Magister Artium with a final mark of 2.4 or better.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Ghana

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a public university with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Greece

Degree requirements

Ptychion from an AEI with a final mark of at least 7.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Hong Kong

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

India

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a leading institution with overall mark of 55-70% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Indonesia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with GPA 3.5/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Iran

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (Licence or Karshenasi) with a final mark of at least 15.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Italy

Degree requirements

Diploma di Laurea with an overall mark of at least 105.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Japan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a minimum C/GPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Jordan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kazakhstan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall mark of 4 or better (on a scale of 1-5)/GPA 3,33.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kenya

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Kuwait

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Lebanon

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.5/4.0 or 14/20.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malawi

Degree requirements

Masters degree, depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Malaysia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Mexico

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 8.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nepal

Degree requirements

Masters degree with overall mark of 80%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Nigeria

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with second-class upper division or CGPA of at least 3.5/5.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Norway

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall grade of B.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Oman

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Pakistan

Degree requirements

Four-year bachelors degree with overall grade of 65% or Masters with 60%

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Palestine

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with GPA of at least 3.5/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Paraguay

Degree requirements

Bachelors with a final mark of at least 7.5/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Peru

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of 14/20 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Philippines

Degree requirements

Masters degree with 'very good' overall, or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Qatar

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with an overall CPGA of at least 3 (on a scale of 4).

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Russia

Degree requirements

Magistr or Specialist Diploma with a minimum average mark of at least 4.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Saudi Arabia

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with a CGPA 3.5/5.0 or 3/4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Singapore

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division or CAP 4.0.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Africa

Degree requirements

Bachelors (honours) degree with second-class division 1.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

South Korea

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree from a leading university with CGPA of at least 3.5/4.0 or B+

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Spain

Degree requirements

Licenciado with a final mark of at least 2/4.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Sri Lanka

Degree requirements

Bachelors Special degree with upper second honours.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Switzerland

Degree requirements

Licence or Diplôme with 5/6 or 8/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Taiwan

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with overall mark of 70%-85% depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Thailand

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Turkey

Degree requirements

Lisans Diplomasi with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

United Arab Emirates

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA of at least 3.0/4.0 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

USA

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree with CGPA 3.3-3.5/4.0 depending on your university.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Vietnam

Degree requirements

Bachelors degree (with a Graduate Thesis/research component) with CGPA of at least 3.3/4.0 or 7.5/10.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zambia

Degree requirements

Masters degree with GPA of 2.0/2.5 or equivalent.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

Zimbabwe

Degree requirements

Bachelors (Honours) degree with second-class upper division.

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

Please note

Our entry requirements are guidelines and we assess all applications on a case-by-case basis.

My country is not listed

If your country is not listed, you need to contact us and find out the qualification level you should have for this course. Contact us at pg.enquiries@sussex.ac.uk

Subject-specific requirements

Your qualification should be in law or a relevant subject such as economics, finance, international relations, political science, history, criminology, criminal justice or sociology. You may still be considered for the course if you have a qualification in a different subject area. You may also be considered for the course if you have other professional qualifications or experience of equivalent standing.

English language requirements

IELTS (Academic)

Standard level (6.5 overall, including at least 6.0 in each component).

Check your IELTS qualification meets all of our entry requirements and find out more about IELTS

Alternative English language qualifications

Proficiency tests

Cambridge Advanced Certificate in English (CAE)

For tests taken before January 2015: grade B or above.

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill

We would normally expect the CAE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Advanced

Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE)

For tests taken before January 2015: grade C or above.

For tests taken after January 2015: 176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill.

We would normally expect the CPE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.

You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Proficiency

Pearson (PTE Academic)

62 overall, including at least 56 in all four skills.

PTE (Academic) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Pearson (PTE Academic)

TOEFL (iBT)

88 overall, including at least 20 in Listening, 19 in Reading, 21 in Speaking, 23 in Writing.

TOEFL (iBT) scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about TOEFL (iBT)

The TOEFL Institution Code for the University of Sussex is 9166.

English language qualifications

AS/A-level (GCE)

Grade C or above in English Language.

Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE)/ AS or A Level: grade C or above in Use of English.

French Baccalaureat

A score of 12 or above in English.

GCE O-level

Grade C or above in English.

Brunei/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

Singapore/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.

GCSE or IGCSE

Grade C or above in English as a First Language.

Grade B or above in English as a Second Language.

German Abitur

A score of 12 or above in English.

Ghana Senior Secondary School Certificate

If awarded before 1993: grades 1-6 in English language.

If awarded between 1993 and 2005: grades A-D in English language.

Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)

 Level 4, including at least 3 in each component in English Language.

Indian School Certificate (Standard XII)

The Indian School Certificate is accepted at the grades below when awarded by the following examination boards:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) – English Core only: 70%

Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) - English: 70% 

International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB)

English A or English B at grade 5 or above.

Irish Leaving Certificate

Grade C (Honours) or above in English.

Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM) 119/GCE O-level

If taken before the end of 2008: grades 1-5 in English Language.

If taken from 2009 onwards: grade C or above in English Language.

The qualification must be jointly awarded by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).

West African Senior School Certificate

Grades 1-6 in English language when awarded by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or the National Examinations Council (NECO).

English language support

If you don’t meet the English language requirements for your degree, you may be able to take a pre-sessional course.

Visas and immigration

Find out how to apply for a student visa

Admissions information for applicants

How to apply

You apply to Sussex using our postgraduate application system

Personal statementYes

A personal statement is a piece of writing that you submit as part of your application. It should show us that you are the right person for Sussex by telling us why you want to study your course. 

Find out how to write a personal statement

If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, email pg.enquiries@sussex.ac.uk

Pre-Masters

Need to boost your academic skills for your taught course? Find out about Pre-Masters routes

Application deadlines

1 August (International), 1 September (UK/EU)

Course details

Full-time and part-time study

Choose to study this course full time or part time, to fit around your work and family life. Modules for the full-time course are listed below.

For details about the part-time course, contact us at lps@sussex.ac.uk

How will I study?

You’ll learn through core modules and options in the autumn and spring terms. In the summer, you undertake supervised work on the LLM dissertation.

You’ll be assessed through coursework, unseen examinations, essays and a 10,000-word dissertation.

Modules

Core modules

Core modules are taken by all students on the course. They give you a solid grounding in your chosen subject and prepare you to explore the topics that interest you most.

Options

Alongside your core modules, you can choose options to broaden your horizons and tailor your course to your interests.

Find out about LLM degrees at the University of Sussex

Our experts

Dr Stephanie Berry

Dr Stephanie Berry

Lecturer in Public Law

Research interests

Freedom of Religion, International human rights, Minority Rights, Public international law, The European convention on human rights

View Stephanie Berry's profile

Dr Kimberley Brayson

Dr Kimberley Brayson

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Critical Legal Theory, Feminist Legal Studies, Jurisprudence/Philosophy Of Law, The European convention on human rights

View Kimberley Brayson's profile

Dr Philip Bremner

Dr Philip Bremner

Lecturer in Tort Law

Research interests

Assisted Reproduction, Comparative Family Law, Comparative Law, Cross-border family law, EU Law, Family (especially child) law, Gender and Sexuality, legal theory, LGBTQ+ Legal Issues, Mental Health Law, Private international law, Research design and methodology, Same-Sex Parenting, Sexuality and the law, Socio Legal Studies, Surrogacy, Tort Law

View Philip Bremner's profile

Prof Jo Bridgeman

Prof Jo Bridgeman

Professor of Healthcare Law & Feminist Ethics

Research interests

critiques of rights, family and parental responsibility, feminist perspectives on law, Healthcare Law and Ethics, Legal regulation of children's health, Responsibilities to children

View Jo Bridgeman's profile

Dr Qingxiu Bu

Dr Qingxiu Bu

Senior Lecturer in Corporate/CommercialLaw

Research interests

Corporate Criminal Liability and Anti-Bribery Law, Corporate Finance Law, Extraterritoriality, Sovereignty and Global Crime, Financial Fraud Litigation, Foreign Investment and National Security, Global Antitrust Enforcement, International Business and Human Rights, Transnational Business Law

View Qingxiu Bu's profile

Dr Alex Conte

Dr Alex Conte

Reader in Human Rights Law

Research interests

Counter-terrorism, detention, fair trial, global security, International human rights, international humanitarian law, Public international law

View Alex Conte's profile

Dr Elizabeth Craig

Dr Elizabeth Craig

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Bills of Rights, Constitutional Law, Culture, Identity, International human rights, Language rights, Minority Rights

View Elizabeth Craig's profile

Dr Mark Davies

Dr Mark Davies

Senior Lecturer In Law

Research interests

Healthcare Law and Ethics, higher education, Professional regulation, Science and law

View Mark Davies's profile

Dr Kamala Dawar

Dr Kamala Dawar

Senior Lecturer in Commercial Law

Research interests

Competition and consumer law, Development law, International Financial Law, International political economy, International trade law, Investment Arbitration, Public procurement and subsidy regulation

View Kamala Dawar's profile

Mr Paul Eden

Mr Paul Eden

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Carriage by Air, Carriage of Goods by Sea, International Commercial Law, International Sales Law, Law of Treaties, Legal Interpretation, Plurilingualism, Statehood and Recognition, Terrorist Financing, The Crime of Apartheid

View Paul Eden's profile

Dr Lucy Finchett-Maddock

Dr Lucy Finchett-Maddock

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Aesthetics and Politics, Commons, Complexity and Law, Critical Legal Theory, Entropy, Environmental law, Geographies of Law, Law and Art, Law Relating To Property, Property law, Right to Housing, Right to Protest, Social Theory, Speculative Philosophy, Squatting, William S. Burroughs (disobedience)

View Lucy Finchett-Maddock's profile

Dr Maria Frabboni

Dr Maria Frabboni

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

intellectual property law, Law and economics of intellectual property, Policy, Arts Management & Creative Industries

View Maria Frabboni's profile

Dr Tom Frost

Dr Tom Frost

Lecturer In Legal Theory

Research interests

Critical Legal Theory, Giorgio Agamben, Jurisprudence/Philosophy Of Law, Michel Foucault

View Tom Frost's profile

Dr Matthew Garrod

Dr Matthew Garrod

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Counter-terrorism, Cyber terrorism, History of international law, Immunities from Criminal Jurisdiction, International Crimes, International Criminal Law, International Terrorism, Laws of War, Piracy, Protective Principle Jurisdiction in International Law, Public international law, Universal Jurisdiction in International Law

View Matthew Garrod's profile

Dr Gianluca Gentili

Dr Gianluca Gentili

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

American Constitutional Law, Applied Constitutional Theory, Canadian Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, Comparative Law, International human rights, Law and Society, Public international law, Rights of LGBTI People, Sub-national constitutionalism, UK constitutional law

View Gianluca Gentili's profile

Dr Ahmad Ghouri

Dr Ahmad Ghouri

Senior Lecturer in Commercial Law

Research interests

Alternative Dispute Resolution, comparative corporate law and governance, international commercial arbitration, International Commercial Law, international dispute resolution, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, Islamic commercial law

View Ahmad Ghouri's profile

Dr Sabrina Gilani

Lecturer in Canadian Law

Research interests

aboriginal rights, Critical Legal Theory, digital embodiment, Digital Humanities, legal geography, legal pluralism, Minority Rights, Postcolonial/Decolonial theory, posthumanism, Socio-legal theory, sociology of law, sociology of the body

View Sabrina Gilani's profile

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Dr Andres Guadamuz

Senior Lecturer In Intellectual PropertyLaw

Research interests

Comparative Law, Complexity and Law, Copyright Law, Cyberlaw, intellectual property law, Internet Law, Internet regulation, Law and economics of intellectual property, Software patents, Virtual worlds

View Andres Guadamuz's profile

Dr Edward Guntrip

Dr Edward Guntrip

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

Foreign direct investment, global commons, international dispute resolution, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, Public international law

View Edward Guntrip's profile

Dr Sirko Harder

Dr Sirko Harder

Reader in Law

Research interests

Civil remedies, Law of obligations, Private international law

View Sirko Harder's profile

Dr Helena Howe

Lecturer In Law

Research interests

environmental education, Property law, Sustainable agriculture

View Helena Howe's profile

Dr Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez

Dr Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez

Senior Lecturer in International Finance Law

Research interests

comparative corporate law and governance, Financial Markets, Financial regulation, Global Corporate Law and Governance

View Pablo Iglesias-Rodriguez's profile

Dr Michael Kearney

Dr Michael Kearney

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

accountability, anarchism, apartheid, capitalism, Colonialism, cover up, fact-finding missions, Human Rights, incitement, international criminal court, International Criminal Law, jurisdiction, lawfare, middle east, palestine, propaganda for war, Public international law, responsibility, statehood, Transitional justice, war crimes

View Michael Kearney's profile

Prof Heather Keating

Prof Heather Keating

Professor of Criminal Law & Criminal Responsibility

Research interests

Family (especially child) law

View Heather Keating's profile

Dr Tarik Kochi

Dr Tarik Kochi

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Critical Legal Theory, Critical Theory, Hegel, History and Theory of War, History of political economy, History of Political Thought, International Law, International Political Theory, Jurisprudence/Philosophy Of Law, Social and political theory

View Tarik Kochi's profile

Dr Alexander Latham

Dr Alexander Latham

Lecturer in Welfare Law

Research interests

Constitutional Law, democracy, housing law, legal theory, political theory, Public Law, The European convention on human rights

View Alexander Latham's profile

Dr Phoebe Li

Dr Phoebe Li

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

3D bioprinting, 3D printing, Access to health technologies, Compulsory licensing, International intellectual property, Patents, Regulation of science and technology

View Phoebe Li's profile

Mr Craig Lind

Mr Craig Lind

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Child Law, Family Law, Gender and law, Sexuality and the law

View Craig Lind's profile

Dr Emily Lydgate

Dr Emily Lydgate

Lecturer In Environmental Law

Research interests

agriculture and conservation, biodiversity and climate change regulation, Economic integration, Environmental policy, Renewable Energy, Trade liberalization

View Emily Lydgate's profile

Prof Chris Marsden

Prof Chris Marsden

Professor Of Media Law

Research interests

broadcasting law, Internet Law, Internet policy, Internet Science, Law and economics, Media law, Net Neutrality, Open Access to Law, Telecommunications Law

View Chris Marsden's profile

Prof Donald Mcgillivray

Prof Donald Mcgillivray

Professor of Environmental Law

Research interests

access to land, Climate change, Environmental law, Land law, Land Use, Water Resources

View Donald Mcgillivray's profile

Prof Susan Millns

Prof Susan Millns

Professor of Law

Research interests

citizenship, Comparative Law, Constitutional Law, European Union Law, Feminist Legal Studies, Human Rights

View Susan Millns's profile

Dr Maria Moscati

Dr Maria Moscati

Lecturer in Family Law

Research interests

Access to justice, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Cause Lawyering, Children's rights, Comparative Family Law, Comparative Law, Family Law, Law in Context, Rights of LGBTI People, Sexuality and the law

View Maria Moscati's profile

Dr Verona Ni Drisceoil

Dr Verona Ni Drisceoil

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Culture and Identity Rights, FGM, Language Legislation, Language rights, law and culture, Minority Rights

View Verona Ni Drisceoil's profile

Dr Aisling O'Sullivan

Dr Aisling O'Sullivan

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Critical approaches to international criminal law, History of International Criminal Law, Immunity of State Officials in International Criminal law, Universal Jurisdiction in International Law

View Aisling O'Sullivan's profile

Dr Emanuela Orlando

Dr Emanuela Orlando

Lecturer in Environmental Law

Research interests

environmental crime, environmental liability, EU Law, International and EU environmental law

View Emanuela Orlando's profile

Dr Tanya Palmer

Dr Tanya Palmer

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminal law theory, Embodiment, feminist perspectives on law, Feminist theory, gender, Gender and Sexuality, gender-based violence, Research design and methodology, Sexual and gendered subjectivities, sexual violence, Socio Legal Studies

View Tanya Palmer's profile

Dr Amir Paz-Fuchs

Dr Amir Paz-Fuchs

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

Employment Law, legal theory, Privatisation and outsourcing, Social rights and social justice, Socio Legal Studies

View Amir Paz-Fuchs's profile

Mrs Teresa Sutton

Mrs Teresa Sutton

Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Ecclesiastical law, Land law, Land Use, Land Use Change, Law Relating To Property, Legal History, Property law

View Teresa Sutton's profile

Prof Erika Szyszczak

Prof Erika Szyszczak

Research Professor

Research interests

EU Competition Law, EU Employment Law, EU Governance, EU State Aid Law and Policy, EU trade policy, New Models of Public Services, Post Brexit Trade Policy, Public Procurement, Services of General Economic Interest, Transformation of the state and markets

View Erika Szyszczak's profile

Dr Kenneth Veitch

Dr Kenneth Veitch

Senior Lecturer

Research interests

health care law, medical law, obligation, Social policy, Social Theory, Socio Legal Studies, sociology of law, Welfare state

View Kenneth Veitch's profile

Prof Richard Vogler

Prof Richard Vogler

Professor of Comparative Criminal Law &Criminal Justice

Research interests

Comparative Law, Criminal justice reform, Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminal Law And Criminology

View Richard Vogler's profile

Dr Lara Walker

Dr Lara Walker

Senior Lecturer in Law

Research interests

Cross-border family law, Family (especially child) law, Private international law

View Lara Walker's profile

Dr Mark Walters

Dr Mark Walters

Reader in Criminal Law and CriminalJustice

Research interests

Criminal justice reform, Criminal law and criminal justice, Criminology, hate crime, Restorative justice, sexual violence

View Mark Walters's profile

Dr Joanna Wilson

Dr Joanna Wilson

Lecturer In Commercial Law

Research interests

bail in, bail out, bank regulation, banking, banking law, club governance, Common Law, Including Commercial Law, Corporate/commercial law, crisis management, lender of last resort

View Joanna Wilson's profile

Course enquiries

+44 (0)1273 678655 
lps@​sussex.ac.uk

Find out about the School of Law, Politics and Sociology

Fees and scholarships

How much does it cost?

Fees

UK/EU students:
£7,900 per year
Channel Islands and Isle of Man students:
£7,900 per year
International students:
£15,500 per year

Note that your fees may be subject to an increase on an annual basis.

Living costs

Find out typical living costs for studying at Sussex

How can I fund my course?

Postgraduate Masters loans

You can borrow up to £10,280 to help with fees and living costs if your course starts on or after 1 August 2017. Loans are available from the Student Loans Company if you’re from the UK or if you’re an EU national studying for a Masters.

Find out more about Postgraduate Masters Loans

Scholarships

Our aim is to ensure that every student who wants to study with us is able to despite financial barriers, so that we continue to attract talented and unique individuals.

How Masters scholarships make studying more affordable

Working while you study

Our Careers and Employability Centre can help you find part-time work while you study. Find out more about career development and part-time work

Careers

Career options available after graduation are as wide as the course itself. Many of our graduates go on to qualify as law professionals, nationally and internationally.

Others find employment in government or NGOs, or in commerce. Some choose to work in-house without qualifying in any particular jurisdiction or go on to further study.

Graduate destinations

97% of students from Sussex Law School were in work or further study six months after graduating. Our graduates have gone on to jobs including:

  • lawyer, City Immigration Legal Services England
  • forensic assistant, International Criminal Court
  • parliamentary assistant, European Union.

(EPI, Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education Survey 2015 for postgraduates and Sussex Law School careers database)

Advanced Legal Research and Writing

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

Advanced Legal Research and Writing has two purposes:

  • to ground students in the conventions of advanced academic writing in law (a specialised form of discourse with many non-obvious conventions and norms)
  • to ground students in the leading traditions or approaches in academic legal research.

The module covers modern standards for the citation of legal authorities (such as OSCOLA), as well as the justification for them. Legal traditions covered include:

  • doctrinal exposition and analysis
  • critique of doctrine, institutional design and practice
  • researching the dynamics of law.

Dissertation (LLM generic)

  • 45 credits
  • Spring & Summer Teaching, Year 1 credits

All LLM students design and carry out a project of research under individual supervision.

You are encouraged to apply the theoretical and practical principles of research methodology, which were addressed by the module Advanced Research for LLM Students, when producing your 10,000-word dissertation.

Approaches to International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module introduces you to the key theories and critiques that underpin scholarship and thinking about international law.

It covers approaches such as positivism and socio-legal studies, as well as approaches which place particular emphasis on power and power structures (e.g. Marxism, Feminism, Critical Legal Studies, Post-Colonial Studies and Third World Approaches to International Law) and on human rights.

You will be required to evaluate and critique different approaches, and to reflect on uses of these approaches within the field of international law.

Aspects of Intellectual Property Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

You will focus on aspects of the law of copyright, trademarks and patents. You will be introduced to intellectual property law and its philosophical and economic justifications, but you will also engage in in-depth analysis of particular issues in the law and policy of intellectual property. You will consider aspects of the international framework which governs intellectual property, such as the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPSs). However, emphasis will be placed on EC and UK law in order to provide a basis for substantive discussion of the issues.

Criminology in Theory and Method

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

In this module, you study and carry out a critical analysis of major criminological theories.

You discuss the predominant research methodologies in criminology and explore and identify the links between theoretical frameworks and methodological approaches.

Critical Approaches to Information Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

In this module, you explore an area of the law where far-reaching effects of globalisation have produced considerable consequences: an area broadly termed ‘Information Law’. These legal developments are driven at global level by institutions that make policy and regulation, and have also witnessed the evolution of existing institutions and rules.

Areas affected by these changes range from international commercial relationships and trade to public policy questions regarding development, governance and access to technology. In this context, you will study these institutions to understand their constitution, structure, effectiveness and relevance.

You will also study the most pressing policy choices faced by governments, institutions and stakeholders, and how those policy choices are translated into the law. In relation to information law, the module focuses on the institutions that regulate and police new technologies, particularly those related to the Information Society.

We will also analyse the problems of access to these technologies, and how current regulation affects choices of law and regulation. This module includes treatments of the traditional field of Information Technology Law with an examination of the role of law in the broader context of responding to advances in technology. The focus of the module is on the international nature of the subject matter – offering a highly comparative analysis of current legal developments around the globe.

Environmental Law and Governance

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module gives you a grounding in some of the most topical and challenging and foundational debates in environmental law. These include the role of rights and justice frameworks in relation to environmental law, as well as key debates in environmental legal regulation.

The aim is to provide you with a platform from which to better appreciate some of the central tensions and dynamics in the study of environmental law generally. You will have the opportunity to submit formative work for feedback and follow up as appropriate.

Environmental Law in Action

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module is taken alongside (in alternate weeks), and complements, the module Environmental Governance: Rights and Regulation.

The module aims to give you a grounding in the operation of environmental law in a range of practical contexts, including in relation to environmental law reform, environmental law activism, and environmental dispute resolution (including litigation).

We will consider the role of both lawyers and non-lawyers in these processes at the international, regional, national and comparative levels, and use real-world examples to deepen your understanding.

The module also aims to provide you with a platform from which you can better appreciate, and better critique, the law as it is considered in the modules studied in spring term, and in your dissertation.

International Financial Law Regulation and Governance

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module considers the legal and regulatory framework governing the financial and securities markets. With US, UK and EU law the primary focus, we look at civil law systems, especially at cross-border issues and where corporate assets and liabilities are located in multiple jurisdictions.

You examine legal structures of cutting-edge transactions as well as the underlying policy objectives that shape the financial law and regulation. You identify and explore the most challenging issues in the post-financial crisis legal environment, with a particular regard to the recent trend of public and private law enforcement.

The module addresses:

  • financial accounting
  • disclosure
  • corporate finance
  • securities litigation
  • mergers and acquisitions (M&As)
  • corporate criminal liability and cross-border insolvency in the global financial markets.

The theory of fraud-on-the-market will also be highlighted along with the recent landmark cases by the US Supreme Court.

International Human Rights Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This core module will provide you with advanced knowledge about key approaches and issues in international human rights law. It is focused on the interplay between human rights law at the domestic, regional and international levels.

We begin by assessing the development of the body of international legislation around human rights that started to form after World War II. You situate this within understandings of human rights that have existed for a much longer time.

You go on to reflect upon the theoretical critiques (e.g. liberal, feminist, cultural relativist) that have been addressed to the concept of rights. We will also evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of human rights institutions charged with the adjudication and implementation of human rights.

The aim of this module is to prepare you for the specialist options in the Spring Term, as well as for dissertation research.

International Law: Rights and Responsibilities

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

You are introduced to, and develop your knowledge of, the nature and sources of international law.

A non-traditional approach to international law is adopted by focusing on rights and responsibilities, not only of states, but also in relation to individuals and other putative subjects of international law.

Issues in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module will provide you with an introduction to key contemporary issues in criminal law and criminal justice, with a view to enabling you to understand the main challenges facing the English and Welsh criminal justice system at the present time. Topics will include issues which highlight the contemporary problems facing both substantive criminal law and the justice system, including: youth justice and the age of criminal responsibility; overcriminalisation for example by new `inchoate type' offences in response to the threat to security; the relationship between personal autonomy and the criminal law; the difficulties in securing convictions for certain types of offences such as sexual violence and child abuse; the impact of gender upon both the substantive criminal law and criminal justice; prison overcrowding; and access to justice. You will discuss these topics from an interdisciplinary perspective, placing them within the context of human rights, social and political developments.

Principles of International Law

  • 15 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

Principles of International Law provides you with:

  • a guide to the history of international law
  • an introduction key institutions, sources and subjects of international law
  • an overview of principles of accountability and responsibility.

It aims to contextualise public international law’s place in contemporary international relations, and to consider new problems and insights in this broad field.

The Law, Economics and Behaviour of Corporations

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module takes an innovative approach to the analysis of corporations. We focus on the economic and behavioural issues that largely determine corporate functioning, as well as the law and regulation of central aspects of their governance.

Close interactions between corporate law and financial law mean that a solid knowledge of corporate law and economics is essential to properly understand financial law. The integration of this module in the autumn term will provide you with a knowledge that will be very useful in the other modules you choose.

The Legal Regulation of International Trade

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

The central aim of this module is to provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the world trading system, in particular the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and an awareness of the different levels of government (and governance) at play in the regulation of international trade. 

To this end it explores: the background to, institutional structure, and fundamental principles of, the World Trade Organisation (WTO); certain of the substantive rules of the WTO, the context in which it operates, and the other actors operating in this field (regulation of international trade).

It also looks into the relationship between international trade rules and other branches of international law, and in particular the challenges facing the WTO in adjusting to the developing priorities of the global community.

The Nature and Institution of International Criminal Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

After an introduction to the nature and concepts of international and comparative criminal law, including issues relating to the exercise of criminal jurisdiction internationally, you examine institutional structures including the International Military Tribunals in Nuremberg and Tokyo, the Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court.

You then examine problems associated with criminal trial proceedings in an international context including issues relating to due process and extra-territorial policing. This part of the course includes an examination of the work of INTERPOL and EUROPOL.

Transnational Commercial Law

  • 30 credits
  • Autumn Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module examines the nature, history and sources of transnational commercial law.

It also looks at the role of conflict of laws in international commercial law and international commercial dispute resolution.

We examine the relevance of comparative law to transnational commercial law, and the various instruments (international conventions, model laws etc.) and institutions (including UNIDROIT, UNCITRAL, ICC, the Hague Conference on Private International Law) responsible for the harmonization of transnational commercial law.

Biodiversity, Cultural Heritage and the Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The module examines international and regional approaches to the legal protection of biodiversity and natural and cultural heritage. It also examines the way in which some national jurisdictions (emphasising the UK approach) deal with this type of protection. The module will include consideration of the natural science and non-legal social-science that deals with measuring rates of biodiversity loss and the optimum way to protect biodiversity and cultural heritage as well as the interlinking with other volitions for protection.

The aims of the module are:

  1. to provide a grounding in the relevant international, regional and some aspects of national law
  2. to provide a critical understanding of such law and the dynamics behind it
  3. to provide an understanding of the rationale behind approaches to protect biodiversity and heritage and the subject(s)’ relationship with other issues; and
  4. to develop skills of presentation and advocacy.

Carriage of Goods by Sea

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

You will examine the law and practice of the international carriage of goods by sea including contracts of affreightment, bills of lading, charter parties and other chartering documents (sometimes referred to collectively as 'dry shipping'). Seminar topics include implied obligations in the contract of affreightment; voyage charterparties; time charterparties; bills of lading and their functions; The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992; The Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules; and dispute settlement.

Commercial Conflicts of Laws

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module examines the rules governing commercial litigation in which not all facts are linked to a single jurisdiction. For example, the litigation may arise out of a sale of goods from a corporation in one jurisdiction to a person in another jurisdiction. In those cases, the following questions may arise:

  • In which jurisdiction can litigation between the parties take place?
  • The law of which jurisdiction governs the substantive issues of the dispute?
  • Can a judgment rendered in one jurisdiction be recognised and enforced in another jurisdiction?

This module addresses those questions. It focusses on the relevant EC/EU Regulations (Brussels I Recast, Rome I and Rome II) and English domestic law, but there is also an opportunity to look at international conventions and the law in some other countries.

Communications Law and Regulation

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

An understanding of competition law and internet technology is a prerequisite for this module.

As telecommunications merges with broadcasting and broadband internet, several previously distinct fields of study have come together into one: communications law and regulation.

You will analyse the approach taken by the EU in regulating electronic networks and services through its 1998 Framework succeeded by 2002 and 2009 Directives (particularly the Access and Framework Directives together with proposals for Regulations in 2015).

These are complemented by the 2007 Audiovisual Media Services Directive (2010/13/EU) developed from earlier Directives of 1989 and 1997 – all inspired by the need to complete the Single Market and to ensure consumer protection, pluralism and technologically neutral regulation.

You'll also consider Article 101, Article 102 and EU competition policy as applied through telecommunications case law at the Court of Justice.

Corruption and the Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

You will examine the ways legal systems seek to control the problem of corruption and bribery.

The module initially focuses on the regulation of bribery in domestic law, examining the Bribery Act 2010.

It then examines the domestic law of other national jurisdictions before turning to consider the position under international law. It focuses on anti-corruption agreements including the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime.

Culture and Identity Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The aim of this module is to explore the development of rights to culture, religion and language from an international and comparative perspective. The idea is to link rights based discussions to contemporary debates involving cultural issues and conflicts (for example on Shari'a law, on religious dress and symbols and on language rights in post-conflict reconciliation). In particular, the module seeks to explore the accommodation of such rights and the balancing of competing interests.

The module will be divided into three parts. The first part of the module will introduce relevant legal frameworks and different theoretical perspectives required for a study of legal approaches to culture, religion and language. Specifically, this part will consider what we mean conceptually by culture, religion and language and consider how competing values and interests are reconciled within the international human rights framework. 

The second part will consider in more depth the development of (both individual and collective) rights to culture, religion and language at the international level and consider the wider implications of the recognition of such rights with a particular focus on specific country situations. This part of the module will consider the extent to which such rights are increasingly being marginalised. It will also consider the impact of contemporary challenges, such as the current economic climate on the accommodation of such rights as well as new opportunities in a post-multicultural era. 

The final part of the module will involve oral presentation of research plans on a case-study of your choice.

Cyber Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module provides an introduction to the structure and governance of transactions taking place over the internet and related issues commonly called "cyberlaw".

You will focus on the theory and practice concerning the dematerialisation of transactions, the creation of extra-domestic rules through private self-regulation as well as public norms through international bodies such as UNCITRAL and the EU.

You'll also look at the relevance of private international law resolution in cases of disputes.

EU External Relations Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

In this module you explore the EU’s external relations law with third countries and international organisations such as the WTO.

You critically analyse:

  • the legal basis for the EU’s role as a global actor
  • the case-law of the Court of Justice
  • the key institutional players.

The module provides a survey of the main fields of EU external action.

Human Rights Law Clinic

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

You can build on law and theory learnt at degree level through the preparation of pro bono legal opinions for real clients, applying research and writing skills to the analysis of facts in real situations. You will also develop spoken presentation skills.

Under supervision, you'll work on specific legal questions related to international human rights law from clients such as international organisations or government bodies.

Depending on the complexity of the advice, you will work individually or as part of a small group to produce memoranda for clients, following a process of consultation, close supervision, oversight and review, work-in-progress discussion and draft presentations to clients.

Although the module aims to boost your ability to tailor advice to clients, it will ultimately train you in the practice and application of international human rights law.

International and Comparative Company Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

Topics covered include:

  • Introduction and theory: the company as an instrument of entrepreneurship, domestic and foreign models of corporate entities, business as a social and economic tool, the market and profit incentive, regulation and laws as an economic function and the conflict of legal and economic rules.
  • Company law concepts: the concept of the corporate contract, legal personality, the corporate veil, judicial avoidance of the doctrine, forms of business organisation, company as entity, group enterprise, distinction between corporate forms, the legislative framework, birth, life and death of the company.
  • Corporate liability: general liability in tort and contract and trust relationships, general regulatory approach, the arguments for self-regulation and interventionism, the influence of criminal and civil liability concepts, ultra vires and agency doctrines, individual and corporate capacity, corporate crime.
  • Corporate responsibility and governance: companies as democracies, representation and power, the exercise of control, the management of conflict, internal and external control, stakeholder theory, directors duties and liabilities, administration and supervision, employee consultation and participation, dispute resolution, corporate social responsibility and philanthropy.
  • European and international company law: the EU framework for co-operation in corporate affairs, fundamental freedoms for companies, harmonisation of European law, jurisdictional issues and approaches in the common law and civil law systems, competition among jurisdictions and the Delaware effect, international co-operation issues, multinationals.

International and Transnational Offending

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

In order to assess the effectiveness of legal responses to offending that cross national boundaries, it is essential that you gain an insight into the phenomenon itself, rather than merely into the legal responses which we have examined in International and Transnational Offending. This module explores the nature and extent of both state and sub-state or individual offending. It includes such examples as the use of torture, war crimes, economic criminality, including illegal arms and drug dealing, corporate crime, computer and share frauds and organised crime and international crimes of violence.

International Aspects of Intellectual Property and Technology Regulation

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The strengthening of the international intellectual property system has been one of the main features of the international globalisation effort that culminated with the creation of the World Trade Organisation. It could be argued that this process is likely to remain in place for the foreseeable future. The scope of international protection of intellectual property rights is on the increase, not only in length of protection, but also geographically and in the amount of rights awarded to owners. How then does this system affect the acquisition of technology by developing countries? This is not just an academic question. Some may consider that a strong international system of intellectual property is detrimental for developing countries because one could argue that it makes technology more difficult to come by. If developing countries rely on this initial acquisition of high technologies then who owns it, and how, becomes of critical significance for their development prospects. However, others may argue that developing countries should implement stronger protection in order to foster foreign investment into their economies, which will eventually assist their efforts to become developed.

This module will focus on the relationship between technology, intellectual property and development. Special attention will be given to the specific issues that affect developing countries the most, such as access to knowledge, transfer of technology and access to essential medicines.

International Business and Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The module considers the legal and regulatory framework governing the financial and securities markets. With US, UK and EU law the primary focus, the module also looks at civil law systems, in particular, when cross-border issues arise and where corporate assets and liabilities are located in multiple jurisdictions. The module examines legal structures of cutting edge transactions as well as the underlying policy objectives that shape the financial law and regulation. In the post-financial crisis legal environment, the most challenging issues are identified and explored, with a particular regard to the recent trend of public and private law enforcement. Specifically, the module addresses financial accounting, disclosure, corporate finance, securities litigation, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), corporate criminal liability and cross-border insolvency in the global financial markets. The theory of fraud-on-the-market will also be highlighted along with the recent landmark cases by the US Supreme Court.

International Commercial Arbitration

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

International commercial arbitration is a process of resolving business disputes between or among transnational parties through the use of arbitrators rather than courts. The module will examine the conceptual and practical issues relating to matters such as the decision to arbitrate, the relevant law, the structure and process of international arbitration, and the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards. Throughout the module, comparisons will be made with other mechanisms of dispute settlement in international law such as the International Court of Justice, the WTO Dispute Settlement Body and the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea.

International Crimes

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module will focus on the four core crimes in international law, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. In each case we will highlight their development, application in international and domestic courts and matters of controversy in relation thereto, before examining other so-called quasi-international crimes including torture, hijacking, and terrorism.

International Environmental Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module begins with an introduction to the policies and principles surrounding international environmental law including an examination of the historical development of the subject area; the sources and participants found within international environmental law; and issues surrounding compliance and enforcement. Following this, the module will examine a range of substantive issues of contemporary global importance including climate change; the conservation of biological diversity; the law of impact assessment; liability; international economic institutions and environmental protection; international trade, development & the environment; and the relationship between human rights and the environment.

International Investment Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

International investment law is the law that protects investors and investments located in foreign jurisdictions (known as foreign direct investment).

A global network of treaties regulate foreign direct investment, and it is the interpretation of these treaties by arbitral tribunals, together with customary international law, that form the basis of international investment law.

This module examines the nature of international investment law, the protections offered to foreign investors by international investment law and investor-State dispute resolution procedures. In addition, the module considers recent developments in international investment law, including its interaction with other areas of public international law. The module addresses both theoretical and practical aspects of international investment law.

Issues in Climate and Energy Law

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module examines a selected number of topics relating to the legal regulation of anthropogenic climate change, the legal regulation of the energy sector and the promotion of renewable and other alternative forms of energy generation and conservation.

The module considers the nature of climate change as a policy problem and a selected number of salient issues in relation to the legal response to it, the use of long-term legislative targets, the tension between direct regulation and the use of economic instruments such as emissions trading, informational regulation, liability, rules on financial support for energy generation and the interaction with free trade and competition (antitrust) law. As the international law and governance of climate change is covered elsewhere, the focus of the module is on the response at regional (especially EU) and national levels.

Liability for Natural Resources Damage

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module examines the specific features and legal issues involved in relation to liability and reparation for damage to natural resources. It aims at engaging you in a critical analysis of the special nature of natural resources damage and developing an in-depth understanding of the different systems of liability and redress that are available (private, public; national, European, international) and how these systems apply and interact in practice.

Specific aspects that will be covered include the question of standing, proof of causation, as well as valuation, assessment and restoration of the ecological aspects of the damage. While primarily focussing on legal aspects, the module will also introduce you to alternative methodologies for the valuation and compensation of the damage from a law and economics perspective.

From a methodological point of view, the module will combine the analysis of the legal remedies and liability regimes (private, public, national, European, international) with the examination and class discussion of real case scenarios. This aims to help you develop an advanced understanding and skills in relation to the application of the different liability and redress mechanisms in practice.

Privacy and Data Protection Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

In this module, you examine the importance of privacy and data protection law, tracing its origins in international and European law.

You study its institutions, structure and enforcement challenges in the new technological age.

Particular attention is placed on the paradigmatic shifts taking place with respect to risk-based regulation, privacy by design and privacy certification, and the scope of new rights such as a right to be forgotten, a right to data portability and a right to explanation for algorithmic decision-making.

Propaganda and the Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

You study how international law has recognised the key role propaganda plays in conditioning society to tolerate and support the perpetration of mass violations of human rights.

You look at propaganda techniques such as censorship, incitement, hate speech, false news and study how these have been repeatedly addressed by international criminal tribunals (Nuremberg, Yugoslavia, Rwanda) and by UN human rights bodies.

You engage with key sources and jurisprudence related to propaganda, aiming to develop an understanding of whether law can confront an intangible phenomenon which facilitates atrocity.

Public Procurement Laws in the International System

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module critically assesses the growing body of international hard and soft laws that regulate procurement markets, address corruption and provide best practice guidelines for public procurement laws and policies.

Public procurement occurs when a government agency purchases supplies as varied as construction services, defence, or education and public transportation. Accounting for 10 to 20 per cent of GDP, public procurement accounts for a substantial part of the global economy. Public authorities in Europe spend over $2000 billion a year purchasing goods and services, while in the US public procurement accounts for over $500 billion at the federal level alone. This results in huge purchasing power, which can be used to force innovation and ensure competition and value for money. Conversely, public money can also be wasted in bad purchasing policies and corruption, with negative consequences for citizens as taxpayers and consumers of public goods.

As the global marketplace becomes more fluid and integrated, knowledge of international and comparative public procurement rules becomes increasingly vital. Most governments regulate procurement to prevent fraud, waste, corruption or local protectionism. This is acknowledged to be a vital dimension of good governance. At the international level, public procurement is the subject of the Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), a plurilateral treaty under the auspices of the WTO. Many regional and bilateral trade agreements also include chapters to regulate procurement and provide access to each others procurement markets.

Throughout this module, you will learn about the growing signficance of international, regional and domestic public procurement practices, along with their applicable legal frameworks.

Regulating the Creative Industries

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The module looks at international and comparative aspects of regulation, which affect the creative industries. It will start with an identification of the scope and economic value generated by the creative industries, particularly in terms of GDP and employment.

The attention will then turn to the main regulatory instruments, which affect the creation, commercialisation and fruition of creative outputs. The focus will be on intellectual property rights, the law of contracts, competition and employment. The discussion will also address more specific forms of regulation which include the administration of domain names, and the drafting and enforcement of codes of conduct by administrative authorities

The module will address certain legal aspects of the music industry. In considering the process of songwriting, music publishing, producing, recording and touring, emphasis will be given to the management of rights (eg copyright and trade marks) by way of contracts and licences (such as creative commons licences) or via collective management organisations. In addition, consideration will be given to new and evolving business models emerged from the online exploitation of music content.

When looking at the film industry the focus will be on the process of creation, production and distribution of a feature picture. Particularly, the approach will be an international and comparative one to reflect the significance of the Hollywood industry as a point of reference for film production in Europe and in developing countries. Following this approach the discussion will concentrate on the legal protection granted to film plots and film characters, on the contractual arrangements between stakeholders involved in film production and financing, and on the evolving aspects which affect the legal status and international recognition of film actors and their trade representatives.

The third industry that will be the focus of this module is the fashion industry. In this regard, consideration will be given to how the legal framework (trade mark and design laws in particular) affects the creation of fashion design both in the haute couture and prêt-à-porter markets. This will be done in a comparative manner by considering the effect of domestic legislation in markets where fashion design has a considerable commercial impact. There will be particular focus on the regulatory measures that apply to knock-offs, look-alikes and excellent fakes.

Restorative Justice: Domestic and International Approaches

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module will provide scope for you to explore contemporary restorative justice developments in the United Kingdom and internationally. The module starts by examining restorative justice theory and explores how its principles have been put into practice within the UK and in other countries. You will then examine the relationship between restorative justice and the state as well as the importance of the concept of "community" in assessing whether restorative practices can repair harm. You will also look at whether restorative justice can be used in "difficult" cases including domestic violence, hate crime, and even homicide. Finally, the module explores the use of restorative justice in countries where mass human rights violations have been committed - including genocide. Examples such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa and the Gacaca courts in Rwanda are just some of the examples of how restorative principles might be used to help repair the harms of the most serious of all crimes.

Sustainability and Community

  • 15 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

The module examines the law at international and national levels (in the UK and elsewhere) as it deals with issues of sustainability that impact and relate to human communities.

Thus at the international level it examines the law as it supports traditional and other communities who embed sustainable lifestyles drawing from many sources: environmental, human rights etc.

At the national level the module examines different legal paradigms that work towards sustainability including case studies in countries where customary law regimes are relevant and others such as the UK where state or formal systems operate side by side with, inter alia, informal regimes such as may be prevalent in experimental systems such as the ‘transition movement’ or claims to land for recreational or environmental reasons.

The International Legal Regulation of Armed Conflict

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module subjects the international law of armed conflict to critical examination. Since 1945 states, international and regional organisations have used armed force in circumstances and for purposes unforeseen by the drafters of the United Nations Charter. This practice is evidence of the tension between the need for the international community to respond to new threats to international peace and security and the requirement that the use of armed force is limited by international legal controls. You will explore this practice and examine international legal rules relating to the conduct of armed force and international humanitarian law.

The Law of Financial Derivatives and Structured Products

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

In this module you focus on the law relating to derivatives. You examine the analysing and documenting of derivatives transactions, the termination of derivatives transactions, legal issues relevant to collateralisation and credit derivatives, stock-lending and securitisation.

Topics include:

  • financial product, income and risk
  • financial deviates product 
  • commercial and structural aspects of financial derivatives 
  • standard market documentation of financial derivatives 
  • collateralisation and taking security 
  • common legal issues with financial derivatives contracts in practice 
  • termination of financial derivatives
  • development and challenges to financial derivative after financial crisis 2008.

Transnational Corporate Finance Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module examines from a transnational perspective both the public and private dimensions of corporate finance law, using case studies that originate in the United Kingdom, continental Europe (with particular reference to France and Germany), the United States, and Asia, but also involving a significant cross-border dimension. The module focuses primarily on legal challenges to multinationals companies’ operations, such as jurisdiction and extraterritoriality, recognition of foreign judgments, judicial cooperation, and conflict of laws.

Cutting-edge issues arising from cross-border insolvencies, merger and acquisitions (M&As), and corporate criminal liability are studied in a global context. A secondary focus is on the interplay between international and national legal frameworks as well as soft initiatives, all of which are indispensible to an understanding of the globalisation of business law. Special attention is paid to the cultural, economic and political underpinnings of transnational laws, which will also be examined in case studies.

War, Terror, Violence and International Law

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

You'll focus upon the contemporary problems of war and terrorism within a historical, political and global context.

Drawing upon approaches from international law, political and critical theory and international relations, this module examines law's various attempts to define what constitutes 'legitimate violence'. We'll look at some of the dominant legal, moral and political arguments behind the justification and condemnation of acts of war, terror and public violence. You also examine:

  • the law's criminalisation of non-state violence
  • the use of new theological arguments to justify 'humanitarian wars'
  • the relationship between violence and international security
  • the ethics of violence.

Women and Human Rights

  • 30 credits
  • Spring Teaching, Year 1 credits

This module is divided into two halves. The first half consists of core topics providing a theoretical framework for the study of women's human rights. You will draw on feminist legal theory, human rights theory, anthropological and historical materials and international and national rights instruments and documentation. The second half focuses on the conception, implementation, adherence and breach of a specific right or related rights. 

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