photo of Norman Carreck

Mr Norman Carreck

Post:Senior Technician (Evolution, Behaviour and Environment)
Location:OLD ANCILLARY BUILDING OAB BK1
Email:norman.carreck@sussex.ac.uk

Telephone numbers
Internal:2587
UK:01273 872587
International:+44 1273 872587
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Biography

BSc CBiol FSB FRES NDB

I have been keeping bees since the age of 15. I read Agricultural Science at Nottingham University and joined Rothamsted Research in 1987 as an agronomist working on nutrient uptake in cereal crops. Between 1991 and 2006 I was apiculturalist in the Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, with responsibility for maintaining about 80 colonies of honey bees. I was also fully involved in the two research groups, on pollination ecology with Prof. Ingrid Williams and Dr Juliet Osborne; and bee pathology with Brenda Ball. I obtained the National Diploma in Beekeeping in 1996, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society in 2004, and a Fellow of the Society of Biology in 2011. I am a member of the Technical and Environmental Committee of the British Beekeepers Association, a Trustee of the C.B. Dennis British Beekeepers Research Trust, a member of the Examinations Board for the National Diploma in Beekeeping, a member of the Science and Evidence Advisory Committee for the Defra "Healthy Bees Plan" and a UK member of the Executive Committee of the international honey bee research network "COLOSS".

As well as carrying out bee research at the University of Sussex, I am the Science Director of the International Bee Research Association and Senior Editor of the Journal of Apicultural Research.

 

Publications

Books:-

 Matheson, A., Carreck, N.L. (Eds) (2014) Forage for pollinators in an agricultural landscape.   International Bee Research Association; Treforest, UK. 75 pp. Soft cover. ISBN: 978-0-86098-277-7

 Wilson-Rich, N., Allin, K., Carreck, N.L., Quigley, A.S. (2014) The bee - a natural history. Ivy Press; Lewes, UK. 224 pp. Hardback. ISBN: 978-1-78240-107-0

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Honey bee disease identification cards. International Bee Research Association; Cardiff, UK. 22 pp. ISBN: 978-0-86098-273-9

 Carreck, N.L. (Ed.) (2011) Varroa - still a problem in the 21st Century? International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, UK. 78 pp. Soft cover ISBN: 978-0-86098-268-5 [Book awarded Gold Medal at 42nd International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2011]

 Carreck, N.L., Johnson, A. (Eds). (2007) Aspects of sociality in insects. Central Association of Bee-Keepers; Woking. 203 pp. ISBN: 1-904379-14-1

Papers in refereed journals:-

 Meixner, M.D., Büchler, R., Costa, C., Francis, R., Hatjina, F., Kryger, P., Uzunov, A.,  Carreck, N.L. (2014) Honey bee genotypes and the environment. Journal of Apicultural Research 53(2): 183-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.53.2.01

 Pinto, M.A., Henriques, D., Chávez-Galarza, J., Kryger, P., Garnery, L., van der Zee, R., Dahle, B., Soland-Reckeweg, G., de la Rúa, P., Dall’ Olio, R., Carreck, N.L., Johnston,  J.S. (2014) Genetic integrity of the Dark European honey bee (Apis mellifera mellifera) from protected populations: a genome-wide assessment using SNPs and mtDNA sequence data.Journal of Apicultural Research 53(2): 269-273. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.53.2.08

 Martin, S.J., Ball, B.V., Carreck, N.L. (2013) The role of deformed wing virus in the initial collapse of varroa infested honey bee colonies in the UK. Journal of Apicultural Research  52(5): 251-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.52.5.12

 Carreck, N.L., Brent, C.S., Dade, H.A., Ellis, J.D., Hatjina, F., VanEnglesdorp, D. (2013) Standard methods for Apis mellifera  anatomy and dissection. In V. Dietemann, J.D. Ellis, P. Neumann (Eds) The COLOSS BEEBOOK, Volume I: standard methods for Apis mellifera research. Journal of Apicultural Research 52(4), http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.52.4.03

  Bouga, M., Alaux, C., Bienkowska, M., Büchler, R., Carreck, N.L., Cauia, E., Chlebo, R., Dahle, B., Dall'Olio, R., De la Rúa, P., Gregorc, A., Ivanova, E., Kence, A., Kence, M., Kezic, N., Kiprijanovska, H., Kozmus, P., Kryger, P., Le Conte, Y., Lodesani, M., Murilhas, A.M., Siceanu, A., Soland, G., Uzunov, A., Wilde, J. (2011) A review of methods for discrimination of honey bee populations as applied to European beekeeping. Journal of Apicultural Research 50, 51-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.50.1.06

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Fifty years of the Journal of Apicultural Research. Journal of Apicultural Research 50(4), 249-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.50.4.01

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Martin, S.J. (2010) Honey bee collapse and changes in viral prevalence associated with Varroa destructor. Journal of Apicultural Research 49, 93-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.49.1.13

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Martin, S.J. (2010) The epidemiology of cloudy wing virus infections in honey bee colonies in the UK. Journal of Apicultural Research 49, 66-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.49.1.09

 Martin, S.J., Ball, B.V., Carreck, N.L. (2010) Prevalence and persistence of deformed wing virus (DWV) in untreated or acaricide treated Varroa destructor infested honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. Journal of Apicultural Research 49, 72-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.49.1.10

 Neumann, P., Carreck, N.L. (2010)Honey bee colony losses. Journal of Apicultural Research 49, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.49.1.01

 Ratnieks, F.W.L., Carreck, N.L. (2010) Clarity on honey bee collapse? Science 327, 152-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1185563

 Niitepõld, K., Smith, A.D., Osborne, J.L., Reynolds, D.R., Carreck, N.L., Martin, A.P., Marden, J.H., Ovaskainen, O, Hanski, I. (2009) Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype correlate with butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology 90, 2223-2232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/08-1498.1 

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) Is the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) native in the British Isles? Journal of Apicultural Research 47, 318-322. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.47.4.15

 Ovaskainen O, Smith, A.D., Osborne, J.L., Reynolds, D.R., Carreck, N.L., Martin, A.P.,  Niitepõld K, Hanski I. (2008) Tracking butterfly movements with harmonic radar: population age affects movement distance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105, 19090-19095. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0802066105

 Carreck, N.L., Butt, T.M., Clark, S.J., Ibrahim, L., Isger, E.A., Pell, J.K., Williams, I.H. (2007) Honey bees can disseminate a microbial control agent to more than one inflorescence pest of oilseed rape. Biocontrol Science and Technology  17, 179-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09583150600937485

 Heard, M.S., Carvell, C., Carreck, N.L., Rothery, P., Osborne, J.L., Bourke, A.F.G. (2007) Landscape context not patch size determines bumble bee density on flower mixtures sown for agri-environment schemes. Biology Letters 3, 638-641. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2007.0425

 Osborne, J.L., Martin A.P., Carreck N.L., Swain J., Knight, M., Goulson D., Hale R., Sanderson R. (2007) Bumble bee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape. Journal of Animal Ecology 77, 406-415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01333.x

 Reynolds, A.M., Smith, A.D., Reynolds, D.R., Carreck, N.L., Osborne, J.L. (2007) Honey bees perform optimal scale-free searching flights when attempting to locate a food source. Journal of Experimental Biology 210, 3763-3770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.009563 [Paper awarded the Journal of Experimental Biology’s Outstanding Paper Prize for 2007].

 Martin, A.P., Carreck, N.L., Swain, J.L., Goulson, D., Knight, M.E., Hales, R.J., Sanderson, R.A. (2006) A forager trapping and mass marking system for experimental bumble bee colonies in the field. Apidologie 37, 341-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:2006004

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H. (2002) Food for insect pollinators on farmland: Insect visits to the flowers of annual seed mixtures. Journal of Insect Conservation 6, 13-23.

 Carreck, N.L., Mänd, M., Williams, I.H. (2001) Plants for bees: Goat's Rue (Fodder Galega). Bee World 82, 142-146.

 Carreck, N.L., Osborne, J.L., Capaldi, E.A., Riley, J.R. (1999) Tracking bees with radar. Bee World 80, 124-131.

 Butt, T.M., Carreck, N.L., Ibrahim, L., Williams, I.H. (1998) Honey bee mediated control of pollen beetle (Meligethes spp.) by the insect-pathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae. Biocontrol Science and Technology 8, 533-538.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H. (1998) The economic value of bees in the UK. Bee World 79, 115-123.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1997) A study of grain dormancy and viability in spring barley. European Journal of Agronomy 6, 155-161.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H. (1997) Observations on two commercial flower mixtures as food sources for beneficial insects in the UK. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 128, 397-405.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H., Little, D.J. (1997) The movement of honey bee colonies for crop pollination and honey production by beekeepers in Great Britain. Bee World 78, 67-77.

 Michaelson-Yeates, T.P.T., Marshall, A.H., Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L., Simpkins, J.R. (1997) The use of isoenzyme markers to determine gene flow mediated by different bee species in an outbreeding plant species (Trifolium repens L.) Journal of Apicultural Research 36, 57-62.

 Osborne, J.L., Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L., Poppy, G.M., Riley, J.R., Smith, A.D., Reynolds, D.R., Edwards, A. (1997) Harmonic radar: a new technique for investigating bumble bee and honey bee foraging flight. Acta Horticulturae 437, 159-163.

 Riley, J.R., Smith, A.D., Reynolds, D.R., Edwards, A., Osborne, J.L., Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L., Poppy, G.M. (1996) Tracking low flying bees with an harmonic radar. Nature 379, 29-30.

 Ball, B.V., Pye, B.J., Carreck, N.L., Moore, D., Bateman, R.P. (1994) Laboratory testing of a mycopesticide on non-target organisms: The effect of an oil formulation of Metarhizium flavoviride applied to Apis mellifera. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 4, 289-296.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1993) The effect of previous cropping on the growth and nitrogen uptake of winter barley for malting. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 62, 137-145.

 Williams, I.H., Ball, B.V., Tomkins, P.W., Carreck, N.L. (1993) Rothamsted: Cradle of agricultural and apicultural research. 2. Bee research achievements. Bee World 74, 61-74.

 Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L., Little, D.J. (1993) Nectar sources for honey bees in the U.K. and the movement of honey bee colonies to them for crop pollination and honey production. Bee World 74, 160-175.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1991) Studies on the patterns of nitrogen uptake and translocation to the grain of winter barley intended for malting. Annals of Applied Biology 119, 549-559.

Reports, book chapters, conference proceedings, etc:-

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Pollen sources for bees in the UK. Proceedings of COLOSS workshop: CSI            Pollen - training the National Coordinators, Graz, Austria 6-7/2/14. 

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Introduction. In A. Matheson, N.L. Carreck (Eds) Forage for pollinators in an agricultural landscape. International Bee Research Association, Treforest, UK. pp 3-6.

 Brodschneider, R., Bozic, J., Carreck, N.L., Coffey, M.F., Crailsheim, K., Dahle, B., Danihlík, J., Filipi, J., Gray, A., González-Porto, A-V., Ion, N., Klima, J., Kristiansen,P., Lilek,    N., Mayr, J.,Medrzycki, P., Moosbeckhofer, R., Odoux, J-F., Peterson, M.,  Podri¿¿nik,B., Ruiz, J.A., Jørgensen, A.S., Tosi, S., Vejsnæs, F., Williams, G., van der  Steen, J. (2014) Outcome of the Workshop. Proceedings of COLOSS workshop: CSI Pollen - training the National Coordinators, Graz, Austria 6-7/2/14.

 Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L. (2014) Land use changes and honey forage plants. In A. Matheson, N.L. Carreck (Eds) Forage for pollinators in an agricultural landscape. International Bee Research Association, Treforest, UK. pp 7-20.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Twenty one years of Varroa in the UK. What have we learned? In Proceedings of XXXXIIIrd International Apicultural Congress, Kiev, Ukraine, 29 September - 4 October 2013. 162.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) Progress on breeding hygienic bees cat the University of Sussex. In Proceedings of 9th COLOSS Conference, Kiev, Ukraine, 27-29th September 2013. 12.

 Neumann, P., Blacquière, T., Carreck, N.L., Chejanovsky, N., Crailsheim, C., Dietemann, V., Ellis, J.D., Gregorc, A., Hatjina, F., Kryger, P., Le Conte, Y., Meixner, M., Ozkirim, A., Van der Steen, J., Van der Zee, R., vanEnglesdorp, D., Williams, G., Bouga, M. (2013) Colony losses: the way forward. In Proceedings of XXXXIIIrd International Apicultural Congress, Kiev, Ukraine, 29 September - 4 October 2013. 112-3.

Carreck, N.L. (2012) Why bees need help.In W D J Kirk and F N Howes (Eds) Plants for bees. International Bee Research Association; Cardiff, UK. ISBN: 978-0-86098-271-5 pp 1-11.

 Carreck, N.L. (2012) “Disseminating the results of the COLOSS Network”. In Proceedings of   8th COLOSS Conference - Prevention of Honey bee COlony LOSSes, Halle-Salle, Germany, 1-3 September, 2012. 9.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Prologue. In Varroa - still a problem in the 21st Century? (N.L. Carreck Ed). International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, UK. 1-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Breeding honey bees for varroa tolerance. In Varroa - still a problem in the 21st Century? (N.L. Carreck Ed). International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, UK. 63-69.

 Carreck, N.L., Aston, D. (2011) Honey bee winter losses in England, 2007-10. In Proceedings of  7th COLOSS Conference - Prevention of Honey bee COlony LOSSes, Belgrade, Serbia, 25th - 28th August 2011. 16. 

 Carreck, N.L., Aston, D. (2011) Pérdida inviernal de abejas en Inglaterra, 2007-10. In Proceedings of 42nd International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 21st-25th September 2011. 80-81.

 Carreck, N.L., Aston, D. (2011) Honey bee winter losses in England, 2007-10. In Proceedings of 42nd International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 21st-25th September 2011. 161.

 Alton, K.L., Carreck, N.L., Ratnieks, F.W.L. (2010) Public communication of honey bee research. In Proceedings of 4th European Conference of Apidology, METU, Ankara, Turkey, 7-9 September 2010. 107.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) Threats to bees. In abstracts of Royal Society of Medicine Meeting “Bees, food and human health”. Royal Society of Medicine, London, 30 September 2010. 12.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Jensen, A.B., Ratnieks, F.W.L. (2010) Intra-colony selection for hygienic behaviour in the dark European honey bee. In Proceedings of 6th COLOSS  Conference - Prevention of Honey bee COLony LOSSes, Hacettepe University, Ankara,  Turkey, 5-6 September 2010. 29.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Ratnieks, F.W.L. (2010) Intracolony selection of honey bee colonies for disease resistance. In Abstracts of Royal Entomological Society Annual Meeting “Ento’ 10”, Swansea University, UK, 26-28-7/10. 19.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Ratnieks, F.W.L. (2010) Intracolony selection of the Dark European honey bee for disease resistance. In Proceedings of 4th European Conference of Apidology, METU, Ankara, Turkey, 7-9 September 2010. 52.

 Carreck, N.L., Jones, S.L., Cooper, R.A. (2010) Bee products in human medicine - the need for standardisation. In Proceedings of 4th European Conference of Apidology, METU, Ankara, Turkey, 7-9 September 2010. 79.

Carreck, N.L. (2009) Can studies of Kashmir bee virus and Varroa destructor aid our understanding of “Colony Collapse Disorder”? In Proceedings of XXXXIst International   Apicultural Congress, Montpellier, France, 15th - 20th September 2009 146.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) Causes of colony losses in the UK. In Proceedings, First International Mu¿la beekeeping and pine honey congress, Mugla, Turkey, 25-27/11/08.

 Carreck, N.L., Jones, H.R. (2008) The contribution of Dr Eva Crane to bee management. In Proceedings of 3rd European Conference of Apidology, Belfast, UK, 7-11/9/0818-19.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Speaking up for honey bees. What is the evidence for competition between honey bees and "native" bees? In Proceedings of XXXXth International Apicultural Congress, Melbourne, Australia,9th - 14th September 2007. 92.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Honey bee research in the UK. In Proceedings of British Beekeepers Association colloquium: Honey Bee Research - where to next and how? Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, 6 July 2007. p3.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Honey bee research in the UK. In Abstracts, British Beekeepers Association colloquium: Honey Bee Research - where to next and how? Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, 6 July 2007.

 Williams, I.H., Butt, T.M., Carreck, N.L., Clark, S.J., Ibrahim, L., Isger, E., Pell, J.K. (2006) Bee-mediated infection of inflorescence pests of oilseed rape by the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. In Proceedings of E.U. Symposium: "Integrated Pest Management in Oilseed Rape", Göttingen, Germany, 3 - 5 April 2006.

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Wilson, J.K., Allen, M.F. (2005) The epidemiology of slow paralysis virus in honey bee colonies infested by Varroa destructor in the UK. In Proceedings of XXXIXth International Apicultural Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 21st-26th August 2005. 32-3.

 Carreck, N.L., Osborne, J.L., Bourke, A.F.G., Carvell, C., Heard, M.S. (2005). Enhancing bee populations on UK farmland using forage mixtures. In Proceedings of XXXIXth International Apicultural Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 21st-26th August 2005. 54.

 Ball, B.V., Wilson, J.K., Carreck, N.L. (2004) Investigating interactions between Varroa destructor, viruses and honey bees. In Abstracts Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting Helsinki, Finland 1-6 August 2004.

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Reed, A.V., Wilson, J.K. (2004) Studies on the interaction between Kashmir bee virus and Varroa destructor under controlled conditions. Proceedings of 1st European Conference of Apidology, Udine, Italy, 19-23/9/04. 97.

 Smith A.D, Osborne, J.L., Carreck, N.L., Reynolds, D.R., Riley, J.R. (2004). Radar observations reveal the efficacy of path integration mechanisms in flying bees. In Strength in Diversity: Proceedings of XXIInd International Congress of Entomology, Brisbane, Australia, 15-21/8/04. Carillon Conference Management Pty Ltd for the Australian Entomological Society (CD ROM).

 Martin, S.J., Ball, B.V., Carreck, N.L. (2003) The role of deformed wing virus in the collapse of Varroa infested honey bee colonies. Proceedings of XXXVIIIth International Apicultural Congress, Ljubiana, Slovenia. 584-585.

 Martin, S.J., Ball, B.V., Carreck, N.L. (2003) The role of deformed wing virus in the collapse of Varroa infested honey bee colonies. Proceedings of XXXVIIIth International Apicultural Congress, Ljubiana, Slovenia. Apimondia; Romania. (CD ROM)

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Wilson, J.K. (2002) Virus succession in honey bee colonies infested with Varroa destructor. Apiacta 37, 44 - 48.

 Osborne, J. L., Carreck, N. L., Williams, I. H. (2002). How far do honey bees fly to fields of Brassica napus (oilseed rape)? Abstracts of Royal Entomological Society Meeting on Insect Pollination Ecology, Exeter, 4 May 2002

 Ball, B.V., Martin, S.J., Carreck, N.L. (2001). Changes in viral pathology associated with mite-mediated virus spread. Proceedings of Society for Invertebrate Pathology 34th Annual Meeting, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 25-30 August 2001.

 Carreck, N.L. (2001) Reduction in forage for pollinators, and what can be done about it. Central Association of Bee-Keepers;  Poole, Dorset. 8pp.

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Wilson, J.K. (2001) Virus succession in honey bee colonies infested by Varroa destructor. Proceedings of XXXVIIth International Apicultural Congress, Durban, South Africa, 28th October - 1st November 2001. Document Transformation Technologies; Irene, South Africa. (CD ROM)

 Osborne, J.L., Carreck, N.L., Ward, E., Williams, I.H. (2001) How far do honey bees fly to Brassica napus (oilseed rape) crops? Proceedings of XXXVIIth International Apicultural Congress, Durban, South Africa, 28th October - 1st November 2001. Document Transformation Technologies; Irene, South Africa. (CD ROM)

 Carreck, N.L., Butt, T.M., Ibrahim, L., Pell, J.K, Williams, I.H. (2000) The use of honey bees to disseminate an insect pathogenic fungus for control of insect pests on oilseed rape. Apiacta 35, 25-28.

 Williams, I.H., Osborne, J.L., Riley, J.R., Smith, A.D., Reynolds, D.R., Carreck, N.L., Poppy, G.M. (2000) Harmonic radar: progress in using this new technique to study bee flight. Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Costa Rica, 18-19 August, 1996. IBRA; Cardiff. 135-139.

 Ball, B.V., Carreck, N.L., Allen, M.F. (1999) Varroa jacobsoni and honey bee virus infections: implications for control strategies. Proceedings of XXXVth International Apicultural Congress, Antwerp, Belgium; 1st - 6th September 1997. Apimondia; Romania. p 177.

 Ball, B.V., Martin, S.J., Carreck, N.L. (1999) Understanding virus prevalence and transmission in the presence of Varroa jacobsoni. Proceedings of XXXVIth International Apicultural Congress, Vancouver, Canada; 12th - 18th September 1999. Apimondia; Romania p. 231.

 Butt, T.M., Carreck, N.L., Ibrahim, L., Williams, I.H. (1999) Honey bee mediated infection of pollen beetle (Meligethes aeneus Fab) by the insect-pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. In abstracts of Symposium "Biological Control Agents in Crop & Animal Production, University of Wales, Swansea. 24th-28th August 1999.

 Carreck, N.L. (1999) Changing nectar sources for honey bees in the UK. Proceedings of XXXVth International Apicultural Congress, Antwerp, Belgium; 1st - 6th September 1997. Apimondia; Romania. 282-286.

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Allen, M.F. (1999) Field studies of Varroa jacobsoni and secondary infections in the UK. Proceedings of XXXVth International Apicultural Congress, Antwerp, Belgium; 1st - 6th September 1997. Apimondia; Romania. p 203.

 Carreck, N.L., Ball, B.V., Allen, M.F. (1999) Temporal and geographical variation in the virus infections of bees infested by Varroa jacobsoni. Proceedings of XXXVIth International Apicultural Congress, Vancouver, Canada; 12th - 18th September 1999. Apimondia; Romania. p 229.

 Carreck, N.L., Butt, T.M., Ibrahim, L., Pell, J.K, Williams, I.H. (1999) The use of honey bees to disseminate an insect pathogenic fungus for control of insect pests on oilseed rape. Proceedings of XXXVIth International Apicultural Congress, Vancouver, Canada; 12th - 18th September 1999. Apimondia; Romania 236-237.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H., Oakley, J.N. (1999). Enhancing farmland for insect pollinators using flower mixtures. Aspects of Applied Biology 54: Field margins and buffer zones - Ecology, management and policy. 101-108.

 Osborne, J.L., Carreck, N.L., Herrmann, D., Williams, I.H. (1999) Over what distances do honey bees fly to GM and conventional oilseed rape? Abstracts, British Ecological Society winter meeting Leeds, 20-22 December 1999. p 72.

 Carreck, N.L., Butt, T.M., Ibrahim, L., Williams, I.H. (1998) Bee mediated control of pollen beetles by Metarhizium anisopliae. Proceedings of meeting "The future of fungi in the control of pests and diseases", Southampton University, 5-9/4/98. British Mycological Society p106.

 Carreck, N.L. (1997) Current bee research at Rothamsted. Central Association of Bee-Keepers; Poole, UK. 15pp.

 Christian, D.G., Carreck, N.L. (1997) Strategies to control volunteer cereals in cereal rotations. In Experience with the variability of tillage crop production in West-European Countries. (Eds. F. Tebrügge & A. Böhrnsen). Wissenschaftlicher Fachverlag; Langgöns, Germany pp 31-32.

 Riley, J.R., Smith, A.D., Reynolds, D.R., Edwards, A., Osborne, J.L., Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L., Poppy, G.M. (1996) The use of harmonic radar to track insects flying at low altitude. Proceedings of 5th European Conference on wildlife telemetry, Strasburg, August 1996.

 Williams, I.H., Carreck, N.L. (1994) Land use changes and honey forage plants. in A. Matheson (Ed.) Forage for bees in an agricultural Landscape. International Bee Research Association, Cardiff. pp 7-20.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1992) Nitrogen uptake by barley related to malting quality. H-G.C.A. Project Report 49. Home-Grown Cereals Authority, London. 65pp.

 Christian, D.G., Carreck, N.L. (1992) Effect of cultivations and herbicides on the occurrence of volunteer cereals. H-G.C.A. Project Report. Home-Grown Cereals Authority, London. 21pp.

 Christian, D.G., Carreck, N.L. (1991) Effect of cultivations and herbicides on the occurrence of volunteer cereals. 3rd Report of H-G.C.A. Project 0087/1/87. 14pp.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1990) Nitrogen uptake by barley related to malting quality. 3rd Report of H-G.C.A. Project 0025/1/87. 21pp.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G., Jenkyn, J.F. (1990) The dynamics of nitrogen accumulation in barley grain and malting quality. Ferment 3, 180-182.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1989) Growing barley for malting - a review. H-G.C.A. Project Report 20. Home-Grown Cereals Authority, London. 15pp.

 Carreck, N.L., Christian, D.G. (1989) Nitrogen uptake by barley related to malting quality. 2nd Report of H-G.C.A. Project 0025/1/87. 17pp.

 Carreck, N.L. (1987) The effect of timing of nitrogen application on the yield of Brassica napus. BSc dissertation. University of Nottingham. 47 pp.

Popular articles:-

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) What is: IBRA? British Beekeepers Association News 221, 66.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Biology of other Apis honey bees. Beekeeping 80(2), 32.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Are we beginning to understand worldwide colony losses? Bee World 91(1), 20-21.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Book review: “Pot honey - a legacy of stingless bees” edited by Patricia Vit,     Silvia Pedro and David Roubik. Bee World 91(1), 21.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) CSI Pollen: an opportunity for beekeepers to help research. British Beekeepers Association News 221, 135.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Fancy yourself as a scientist? CSI Pollen.  Bee Craft 96(4), 41.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) CSI Pollen: an opportunity for beekeepers to help research. Beekeeping 80(4), 92-3.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) CSI Pollen: an opportunity for beekeepers to help research. Welsh Beekeeper  185, 16-18.

 Carreck, N.L. (2014) Honey bee genotypes and the environment.  Bee World 91(2), 38-39.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) The COLOSS BEEBOOK. Bee World 90(1), 9.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) A visit to Beaverlodge. Bee World 90(1), 15-16.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Are pesticides the most important cause of colony losses? Bee World 90(2), 38-39.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Book review: “A sting in the tale" by Dave Goulson. Bee World 90(2), 48.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Guest Editorial: The future of COLOSS. Bee World 90(3), 53.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) How does Apis cerana defend itself against hornets? Bee World 90(3), 64-5.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) The biology of other Apis honey bees. Bee World 90(4), 96-7.

 Carreck, N.L. (2013) Apimondia notes and news. Bee World 90(4), 105.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) News from the University of Sussex hygienic bees project. An Beachaire 68(1), 8-10.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) News from the University of Sussex hygienic bees project. Beekeeping 79(1), 15-16, 22.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) News from the University of Sussex hygienic bees project. British Beekeepers Association News 209, 15-16.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) News from the University of Sussex hygienic bees project.Gwenynwyr Cymru (in press).

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Scandian, L., Al-Toufailia, H., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) News from the University of Sussex hygienic bees project. The Scottish Beekeeper (in press).

 Carreck, N.L., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2013) Will neonicotinoid moratorium save the bees? Research Fortnight, 415, 20-22.

 Ellis, J.D., Carreck, N.L., Dietemann, V., Neumann, P. (2013) The COLOSS BEEBOOK and its relevance to beekeepers. British Beekeepers Association News 220, 19-20.

Carreck, N.L. (2012) Eva Crane Memorial Award 2011.  Bee World 89(3), 58-59.

 Carreck, N.L. (2012) Where are we now with Nosema ceranae? Bee World 89(3), 62-63.

 Carreck, N.L. (2012) Book Review: “Honey bee colony health - challenges and sustainable solutions” edited by Diana Sammataro and Jay Yoder. Bee World 89(3), 67.

Carreck, N.L. (2012) Are bad beekeepers to blame for honey bee colony losses? Bee World 89(1), 10-11.

 Carreck, N.L. (2012) How can we quantify bumble bee populations? Bee World 89(2), 30-31.

 Carreck, N.L. (2012) Ninety years of bee research at Rothamsted. Bee World 89(2), 53-54.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) IBRA - What’s new? Bee Culture 139(1), 48-50.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Is my bee better than yours? Bee World 88(1), 9-10.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Colony collapse. The Parliament Magazine. 324, 89.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Documenting pollinator decline. Bee World 88(2), 35-36.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) What future for stingless bees? Bee World 88(3), 62-63.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Guest Editorial. An update on COLOSS. Bee World 88(4), 73.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Apimondia 2011. Bee World 88(4), 77-8.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Beekeeping at Sutton Bonington. Agrimag 2011, 130.

 Carreck, N.L. (2011) Happy birthday - the Journal of Apicultural Research is 50! Bee World 88(4), 82-3.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Charles, P., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2011). Hygienic behaviour training workshops at the University of Sussex. An Beachaire. 66(9), 241-248.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Ratnieks, F.L.W., Bigio, G., Charles, P. (2011). Hygienic behaviour training workshops at the University of Sussex. Bee Craft. 93(12), 23-25.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Charles, P., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2011). Hygienic behaviour training workshops at the University of Sussex. Beekeeping. 77(10), 215-218.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Charles, P., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2011). Hygienic behaviour training workshops at the University of Sussex. Gwenynwyr Cymru. 174, 17-21.

 Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G., Charles, P., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2011). Hygienic behaviour training workshops at the University of Sussex. The Scottish Beekeeper. 88(10), 260-262.

 Carreck, N.L., Aston, D. (2011) Honey bee winter losses in England, 2007-10. Mellifera [in Turkish]. (in press).

 Ratnieks, F.L.W., Carreck, N.L., Alton, K.L., Bigio, G. (2011) Breeding disease-resistant hygienic  honey bees and providing breeder queens to beekeepers. British Beekeepers Association News 191, 7.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) How were the BBKA Honey Bee Research priorities decided? British Beekeepers Association News 181, 5-6.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) What is the Coloss Network? British Beekeepers Association News 182, 1,4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) What is new at the International Bee Research Association? British Beekeepers Association News 186, 13.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) Honey bee colony losses - towards a better understanding of the causes? Bee World 87(1), 10-11.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) Science and the novice beekeeper. Bee World 87(2), 27-8.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) Only one queen in the hive? Bee World 87(3), 50-1.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) What about toxic pollen and nectar? Bee World 87(4), 75-6.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) COLOSS and EurBee in Turkey, 2010. Bee World 87(4), 86-87.

 Carreck, N.L. (2010) Welcome back Bee World! Journal of Apicultural Research 49(2), 223.

 Neumann, P., Carreck, N.L. (2010) Honey bee colony losses. Beekeepers Quarterly 102, 44-47.

 Neumann, P., Carreck, N.L. (2010) Pérdidas de colonias de abejas. Actualidad Apicola 1, 6-9.

 Aston, D., Carreck, N.L., Davis, I., Lovett, T.J., Metcalf, P. (2009) Honey bee health research concepts. British Beekeepers Association; Stoneleigh, UK. 59 pp.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Editors Note. Journal of Apicultural Research. 48, 82.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Varroa v. pesticides in the bee debate. NFU Horticulture. Summer 2009. 15.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Speaking up for honey bees. Part 2: Does the honey bee compete with other bees? British Beekeepers Association News  175, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Varroa tolerant bees: dream or reality. Part 1. British Beekeepers Association News  176, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Varroa tolerant bees: dream or reality. Part 2. British Beekeepers Association News  177, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Why do we avoid the obvious explanations for colony losses? British    Beekeepers Association News  178, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) The mystery of the empty hives. British Beekeepers Association News  179, 3.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) What future for fungal biological control of Varroa? British Beekeepers Association News  180, 3,6.

 Carreck, N.L. (2009) Update on bee research at the University of Sussex. Bee Farmers Association Bulletin 376, 12.

 Carreck, N.L., Beasley, T, Keynes, R. (2009) Charles Darwin, cats, mice, bumble bees and clover. Bee Craft 91, 4-6.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) CCD: a view from across the pond. Bee Culture 136, 49-50.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) Africanised bees: a threat to the UK? British Beekeepers Association News 169, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) How do honey bees navigate? Part 1. British Beekeepers Association News 170, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) How do honey bees navigate? Part 2. British Beekeepers Association News 171, 5-6.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) How do honey bees navigate? Part 3. British Beekeepers Association News 172, 6-7.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) Pesticides and honey bees. British Beekeepers Association News  173 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008) Dead bee traps. Beekeepers Quarterly 93, 25-26.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008)Distance, direction, navigation. Bees definitely don't have a lack of communication. Bee Culture 136, 31-34.

 Carreck, N.L. (2008)Advances in the dance language. Bee Culture 136 (11), 20-22.

  Carreck, N.L. (2008) Speaking up for honey bees Part 1: Is the honey bee native in Britain? British Beekeepers Association News  174, 3.

 Carreck, N.L., Jones, H.R. (2008) What is IBRA? Bee Craft 90(7), 36-7.

 Carreck, N.L., Goulson, D. (2008) Honey bees need conserving too! Buzzword 7, 6-7.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) A few thoughts about spring inspection. British Beekeepers Association News 163, 1-3.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Drone laying queens and laying workers. British Beekeepers Association News 164, 10-11.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) The grass is always greener... British Beekeepers Association News 165, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Foreword. In C. Davis: The honey bee around and about. Bee Craft; Northampton. ix-x.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Mystery of the vanishing bees. Yale Global. http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=9599.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Is inbreeding a problem? British Beekeepers Association News 166, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Migratory beekeeping. Good or bad? British Beekeepers Association News 167, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Editorial. Journal of Apicultural Research 46, 133.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Apimondia down under. Buzz Extra 4(4) 1-3.

 Carreck, N.L. (2007) Israeli acute paralysis virus and bee losses. British Beekeepers Association News 168, 3-4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2005) BRAVE: Bee Research and Virology in Europe. Bee World 86, 47-8.

 Carreck, N.L., Birchall, C. (2005) Rothamsted Research. British Beekeepers Association News 151, 4-5.

 Carreck, N.L., Birchall, C. (2005) Update on bee studies at Rothamsted Research. An Beachaire, 60, 41-45.

 Carreck, N.L., Birchall, C. (2005) Update on bee studies at Rothamsted Research. Gwenynwyr Cymru, 148, 14-18.

 Carreck, N.L., Birchall, C. (2005) Update on bee related studies at Rothamsted Research. The Scottish Beekeeper 82, 49-51.

 Carreck, N.L. (2004) Foreword. In C. Davis: The honey bee inside out. Bee Craft; Northampton. ix-x.

 Carreck, N.L. (2004) Enhancing bee populations in farmland. Rothamsted Research Association Newsletter 15, 4.

 Carreck, N.L. (2003) Some impressions of Apimondia 2003. Bee World 84, 174-176.

 Carreck, N.L. (2000) The use of honey bees to disseminate an insect pathogenic fungus for control of insect pests on oilseed rape. The Australasian Beekeeper 101, 302-304.

 Carreck, N.L. (2000) Changing forage for bees. Beekeeping in a nutshell 53, Northern Bee Books; Hebden Bridge. 10 pp.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H. (2000) The economic value of bees in the UK. Beekeeping in a nutshell 51, Northern Bee Books; Hebden Bridge. 12 pp.

 Carreck, N.L. (1999) Varroa research at IACR-Rothamsted: progress and prospects. The Scottish Beekeeper 76, 20-22.

 Carreck, N.L. (1999) Radar tracking of bees at IACR-Rothamsted. British Beekeepers Association News 119, 10-11.

 Carreck, N.L., Butt, T.M., Ibrahim, L., Pell, J.K, Williams, I.H. (1999) The use of honey bees to disseminate an insect pathogenic fungus for control of insect pests on oilseed rape. Beekeepers News 85, 9-10.

 Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H. (1999) The economic value of bees in the UK. Bee Farmers Association Bulletin 317,  21-28.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Varroa and viruses. Beekeeping 64, 17-19.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Varroa and viruses: progress and prospects. An Beachaire 53, 18-20.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Recent Rothamsted research on Varroa and viruses in the UK. Bee Biz 7, 34-36.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Varroa and viruses: progress and prospects. Gwenynwyr Cymru 120, 6-8.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Varroa research at IACR-Rothamsted: progress and prospects. Bee Craft 80, 198-202.

 Carreck, N.L. (1998) Tolerance of honey bees to Varroa jacobsoni - a review. Beekeepers Quarterly 54, 24-27.

 Carreck, N.L. (1997) Changing countryside - changing forage for bees. Bee Craft 79, 180-185, 215-216.

 Carreck, N.L. (1997) Changing countryside - changing forage for bees. Beekeeping 63, 60-63, 93-95.

 Carreck, N.L. (1997) Recent research on Varroa and viruses at Rothamsted. Newyddlin 117, 32-38.

 Carreck, N.L. (1997) The bees knees. Science Matters 18, 6.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) Colony losses and Varroa jacobsoni. Bee Farmers' Association Bulletin 297, 8-9.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) The use of harmonic radar to track flying bees. Bee Craft 78, 104-109.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) The Rothamsted / Bee Farmers' Association pollination practice survey. Bee Farmers' Association Bulletin 298, 8-9.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) Update on research on Varroa jacobsoni at Rothamsted. An Beachaire 51, 60-63.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) Recent research on Varroa and viruses at Rothamsted. Beekeeping 62, 55-58

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) Update on Varroa research at Rothamsted. British Beekeepers Association News 106, 2-3.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) Update on Varroa research at Rothamsted. The Scottish Beekeeper 73, 222,232-234.

 Carreck, N.L. (1996) We're on your trail - using harmonic radar to track flying bees. Bee Biz 3, 28.

 Carreck, N.L. (1995) Varroa research at Rothamsted. British Beekeepers' Association News 98, 4.

 Carreck, N.L. (1995) Research in the pollination ecology group at Rothamsted. Part 1. The pollination requirements of arable crops. Bee Craft 77, 103-108.

 Carreck, N.L. (1995) Research in the pollination ecology group at Rothamsted. Part 2. Bee forage crops and other bee related studies. Bee Craft 77, 141-143.

 Carreck, N.L. (1995) Varroa research at Rothamsted. An Beachaire 50, 87-90.

 Carreck, N.L. (1995) Varroa Research at Rothamsted. The Scottish Beekeeper 72, 173-5.

 Carreck, N.L. (1994) British beekeeping practice and honey sources in the nineteen eighties. Bee Craft 76, 151-155.

 Carreck, N.L. (1994) The Rothamsted Varroa Project. Bee Craft 76, 209-213.