Selected publications

Article

Smith, Adrian and Stirling, Andrew (2017) Innovation, sustainability and democracy: an analysis of grassroots contributions. Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics, 6 (1). pp. 64-97. ISSN 2329-4175

Raven, Rob, Ghosh, Bipashyee, Wieczorek, Anna, Stirling, Andrew, Ghosh, Duke, Jolly, Suyash, Karjangtimapron, Eakanut, Prabudhanitisarn, Sidtinat, Roy, Joyashree, Sangawongse, Somporn and Sengers, Frans (2017) Unpacking sustainabilities in diverse transition contexts: solar photovoltaic and urban mobility experiments in India and Thailand. Sustainability Science, 12 (4). pp. 579-596. ISSN 1862-4065

Gilbert, Alexander, Sovacool, Benjamin K, Johnstone, Phil and Stirling, Andy (2017) Cost overruns and financial risk in the construction of nuclear power reactors: a critical appraisal. Energy Policy, 102. pp. 644-649. ISSN 0301-4215

Stirling, Andrew (2016) [Discussion paper] Addressing scarcities in responsible innovation. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 3 (3). pp. 274-281. ISSN 2329-9460

Johnstone, Philip, Sovacool, Benjamin K, MacKerron, Gordon and Stirling, Andy (2016) [Letter] Nuclear power: serious risks. Science, 354 (6316). p. 1112. ISSN 0036-8075 (Accepted)

Johnstone, Philip and Stirling, Andrew (2016) Submerged politics of UK nuclear power: is Trident renewal influencing UK energy policy? NGLI Spokesman.

Millstone, Erik, Stirling, Andy and Glover, Dominic (2015) Perspective: regulating genetic engineering: the limits and politics of knowledge. Issues in Science and Technology, XXXI (4). ISSN 0748-5492

Ely, Adrian, van Zwanenberg, Patrick and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Experiments in technology assessment for international development: what are the lessons for institutionalisation? Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, 24 (1). pp. 59-67. ISSN 1619-7623

Ely, Adrian, van Zwanenberg, Patrick and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Broadening out and opening up technology assessment: new approaches to enhance international development, co-ordination and democratisation (translation into Mandarin). Technology Foresight and Assessment, 1 (2). pp. 1-30.

Millstone, Erik, Stirling, Andy and Glover, Dominic (2015) Regulating genetic engineering: the limits and politics of knowledge. Issues in Science and Technology, 31 (4). pp. 23-26. ISSN 0748-5492

Cairns, Rose and Stirling, Andy (2014) ‘Maintaining planetary systems’ or ‘concentrating global power?’ High stakes in contending framings of climate geoengineering. Global Environmental Change, 28. pp. 25-38. ISSN 0959-3780

Ely, Adrian, van Zwanenberg, Patrick and Stirling, Andrew (2014) Broadening out and opening up technology assessment: approaches to enhance international development, co-ordination and democratisation. Research Policy, 43 (3). pp. 505-518. ISSN 0048-7333

Stirling, Andy (2014) Transforming power: social science and the politics of energy choices. Energy Research & Social Science, 1. pp. 83-95. ISSN 2214-6296

White, Rebecca and Stirling, Andrew (2013) Sustaining trajectories towards Sustainability: dynamics and diversity in UK communal growing activities. Global Environmental Change, 23 (5). pp. 838-846. ISSN 09593780

Ely, Adrian, Smith, Adrian, Stirling, Andy, Leach, Melissa and Scoones, Ian (2013) Innovation politics post-Rio+20: hybrid pathways to sustainability? Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 31 (6). pp. 1063-1081. ISSN 0263-774X

Rafols, Ismael, Leydesdorff, Loet, O'Hare, Alice, Nightingale, Paul and Stirling, Andy (2012) How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinary research: a comparison between Innovation Studies and Business & Management. Research Policy, 41 (7). pp. 1262-1282. ISSN 0048-7333

Leach, Melissa, Rockström, Johan, Raskin, Paul, Scoones, Ian Christopher, Stirling, Andrew C, Smith, Adrian, Thompson, John, Millstone, Erik, Ely, Adrian, Arond, Elisa, Folke, Carl and Olsson, Per (2012) Transforming innovation for sustainability. Ecology and Society, 17 (2). p. 11. ISSN 1708-3087

Stirling, Andrew (2012) Avoid isolation between the “two cultures” – keep it complex and open: interview with Andy Stirling, Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex, UK. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, 3 (2). pp. 39-44. ISSN 1947-8402

Sutherland, William J, Millstone, Erik P, Stirling, Andy and et, al (2012) A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. PLOS One, 7 (3). e31824. ISSN 1932-6203

Stirling, Andrew (2012) Opening up the politics of knowledge and power in bioscience. PLoS Biology, 10 (1). e1001233. ISSN 1544-9173

Stirling, Andrew (2011) Pluralising progress: From integrative transitions to transformative diversity. Journal of Environmental Innovation & Societal Transitions, 1 (1). pp. 82-88. ISSN 2210-4224

Stirling, Andrew (2011) Intolerance: retain healthy scepticism. Nature, 471 (305). ISSN 0028-0836

Demeritt, David, Dobson, Andrew, Li, Tania Murray, Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Stirling, Andy (2011) Pathways to sustainability: perspectives and provocations. Environment and Planning A, 43 (5). pp. 1226-1237. ISSN 0308-518X

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Keep it complex. Nature, 468 (7327). pp. 1029-1031. ISSN 0028-0836

Dawson, Terence P, Rounsevell, Mark D A, Kluvankova-Oravska, Tatiano, Chobotová, Veronika and Stirling, Andrew (2010) Dynamic properties of complex adaptive ecosystems: implications for the sustainability of service provision. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19 (10). pp. 2843-2853. ISSN 0960-3115

Ely, Adrian V, Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Stirling, Andy C (2010) A New Manifesto for innovation, sustainability and development - Response to Rhodes and Sulston. European Journal of Development Research, 22 (4). pp. 586-588. ISSN 0957-8811

Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Stirling, Andrew (2010) Governing epidemics in an age of complexity: Narratives, politics and pathways to sustainability. Global Environmental Change, 20 (3). pp. 369-377. ISSN 0959-3780

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Multicriteria diversity analysis: a novel heuristic framework for appraising energy portfolios. Energy Policy, 38 (4). pp. 1622-1634. ISSN 0301-4215

Smith, Adrian and Stirling, Andy C (2010) The politics of social-ecological resilience and sustainable socio-technical transitions. Ecology and Society, 15 (1). p. 11.

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Risk, uncertainty and power. Seminar Magazine, 597. pp. 33-39.

Stirling, Andy C and Scoones, Ian (2009) From Risk Assessment to Knowledge Mapping: Science, Precaution, and Participation in Disease Ecology. Ecology and Society, 14 (2). ISSN 1708-3087

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Science, precaution, and the politics of technological risk. Converging implications in evolutionary and social scientific perspectives. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1128. pp. 95-110. ISSN 0077-8923

Stirling, Andrew (2008) "Opening up" and "closing down" power, participation, and pluralism in the social appraisal of technology. Science, Technology, and Human Values, 33 (2). pp. 262-294. ISSN 0162-2439

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Regulation, innovation and climate change. Risk and Regulation, 15. pp. 12-14.

Stirling, Andrew (2007) Deliberate futures: precaution and progress in social choice of sustainable technology. Sustainable Development, 15 (5). pp. 286-295. ISSN 0968-0802

Stirling, Andrew (2007) A general framework for analysing diversity in science, technology and society. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 4 (15). pp. 707-719. ISSN 1742-5689

Burgess, Jacquelin, Stirling, Andy, Clack, Judy, Davies, Gail, Eames, Malcolm, Staley, Kristina and Williamson, Suzanne (2007) Deliberative Mapping: a novel analytic-deliberative methodology to support contested science-policy decisions. Public Understanding of Science, 16 (3). pp. 299-322. ISSN 0963-6625

Stirling, A, Lobstein, T, Millstone, E and and the PorGrow Research Team, (2007) Methodology for obtaining stakeholder assessments of obesity policy options in the PorGrow project. Obesity Reviews, 8 (2). pp. 17-27. ISSN 14677881

Stirling, Andrew (2007) Risk, precaution and science: towards a more constructive policy debate: talking point on the precautionary principle. EMBO Reports, 8 (4). pp. 309-315. ISSN 1469-221X

Smith, Adrian and Stirling, Andy (2007) Moving Outside or Inside? Objectification and Reflexivity in the Governance of Socio-Technical Systems. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 9 (3-4). pp. 351-373. ISSN 1523-908X

Tansey, James, Gee, David, Leach, Melissa, Ravetz, Jerome, Scott, Alister, Stirling, Andrew, Szerszynski, Bronislaw and Wakeford, Tom (2006) Hasty energy review risks failing to win public trust. Nature, 440. p. 148. ISSN 0028-0836

Stirling, Andrew (2006) Analysis, participation and power: justification and closure in participatory multi-criteria analysis. Land Use Policy, 23 (1). pp. 95-107. ISSN 0264-8377

Klinke, Andreas, Dreyer, Marion, Renn, Ortwin, Stirling, Andrew and Van Zwanenberg, Patrick (2006) Precautionary Risk Regulation in European Governance. Journal of Risk Research, 9 (4). pp. 373-392.

Stirling, Andrew (2005) Opening up or closing down: analysis, participation and power in the social appraisal of technology. Japan Journal for Science, Technology and Society, 14. pp. 63-83.

Smith, Adrian, Stirling, Andy and Berkhout, Frans (2005) The governance of sustainable socio-technical transitions. Research Policy, 34 (10). pp. 1491-1510. ISSN 0048-7333

Mayer, Sue and Stirling, Andy (2004) GM crops, for good or bad? Those who choose the questions, determine the answers. EMBO Reports, 5 (1). ISSN 1469-221X

Stirling, Andy and Gee, David (2003) Science, Precaution and Practice. Public Health Reports, 117 (6). pp. 521-533.

Stirling, Andy and Mayer, Sue (2002) Finding a Precautionary Approach to Technological Developments ¿ lessons for the evaluation of GM crops. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 15 (1). pp. 57-71. ISSN 1187-7863

Stirling, Andrew (2002) Contributions on issues of representation in citizen juries and similar participatory approaches. Participatory Learning and Action, 46. pp. 13-15.

Stirling, Andrew (2001) Science and precaution in the appraisal of electricity supply options. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 86 (1-3). pp. 55-75. ISSN 0304-3894

Stirling, Andy and Mayer, Sue (2001) A novel approach to the appraisal of technological risk: a multicriteria mapping study of a genetically modified crop. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 19 (4). pp. 529-555. ISSN 0263-774X

Stirling, Andrew (2001) Inclusive deliberation and scientific expertise: precaution, diversity and transparency in the governance of risk. Participatory Learning and Action, 40. pp. 66-71. ISSN 1357-938X

Stirling, A and Mayer, S (2000) Precautionary approaches to the appraisal of risk: a case study of a genetically modified crop. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 6 (4). pp. 342-357. ISSN 10773525

Stirling, Andrew (1999) Risk assessment and precaution: some implications for decision making. Marine Environmental Management Review, 6. pp. 13-20.

Stirling, Andrew (1999) Risk at a turning point? Journal of Environmental Medicine, 1. pp. 119-126. ISSN 1099-1301

Stirling, Andrew (1999) The appraisal of sustainability: some problems and possible responses. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 4 (2). pp. 111-135. ISSN 1354-9839

Stirling, Andrew (1998) Valuing the environmental impacts of electricity production: a critical review of some "first generation" studies. Energy Sources, 20 (4-5). pp. 267-300. ISSN 0090-8312

Stirling, Andrew (1998) Risk at a turning point? Journal of Risk Research, 1 (2). pp. 97-109. ISSN 1466-4461

Stirling, Andrew (1997) Limits to the value of external costs. Energy Policy, 25 (5). pp. 517-540. ISSN 0301-4215

Stirling, Andrew (1994) Diversity and ignorance in electricity supply investment: addressing the solution rather than the problem. Energy Policy, 22 (3). pp. 195-216. ISSN 0301-4215

Stirling, Andrew (1992) Regulating the electricity supply industry by valuing environmental effects: how much is the Emperor wearing? Futures, 24 (10). pp. 1024-1047. ISSN 0016-3287

Book

Flower, Rod, Dando, Malcolm, Hay, Alastair, Iverson, Susan, Robbins, Trevor, Robinson, Julian Perry, Rose, Steven, Stirling, Andrew, Tracey, Irene and Wessely, Simon (2012) Brain Waves Module 3: Neuroscience, conflict and security. Excellence in Science, 06 (11). Royal Society, London. ISBN 9780854039388

Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Stirling, Andy (2010) Dynamic Sustainabilities, Technology, Environment, Social Justice. Pathways to Sustainability Series . Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN 9781849710930

Stirling, Andrew (1999) On science and precaution in the management of technological risk: volume I - a synthesis report of case studies. Institute for Prospctive Technology Studies.

Book Section

Stirling, Andy (2017) Precautionary appraisal as a response to risk, uncertainty, ambiguity and ignorance. In: Spash, Clive L (ed.) Routledge handbook of ecological economics. Routledge international handbooks . Routledge, Abingdon, pp. 267-277. ISBN 978138931510

Stirling, Andrew (2016) Knowing doing governing: realizing heterodyne democracies. In: Voß, Jan-Peter and Freeman, Richard (eds.) Knowing governance: the epistemic construction of political order. Palgrave studies in science, knowledge and policy, 1 . Palgrave Macmillan UK, Basingstoke, Hampshire, pp. 259-289. ISBN 9781137514493

Stirling, Andrew (2015) Emancipating transformation: from controlling ‘the transition’ to culturing plural radical progress. In: Scoones, Ian, Leach, Melissa and Newell, Peter (eds.) The politics of green transformations. Pathways to sustainability . Routledge, London, pp. 54-67. ISBN 9781138792890

Stirling, Andrew (2014) From sustainability, through diversity to transformation: towards more reflexive governance of technological vulnerability. In: Hommels, A, Mesman, J and Bijker, W (eds.) Vulnerability in technological cultures: new directions in research and governance. Inside technology . MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. ISBN 9780262027106

Stirling, Andrew and Rayner, Steve (2012) Governing geoengineering: lessons, syndromes, responses. In: Blackstock, Jason, Miller, Clark and Rayner, Steve (eds.) The governance of climate geoengineering : science, ethics, politics and law. The earthscan science in society series . Routeledge, London. ISBN 9781849713740

Stirling, Andy (2011) Engineering sustainability: synergies between science, precaution and participation. In: Philosophy of Engineering: Volume 2 of the proceedings of a series of seminars held at The Royal Academy of Engineering. The Royal Academy of Engineering, London, pp. 32-39. ISBN 1903496780

Yoshizawa, Go, Stirling, Andy and Suzuki, Tatsujiro (2011) Multicriteria Diversity Analysis: theory, method and an illustrative application. In: Galarraga, Ibon, Gonzalez-Eguino, Mikel and Markandya, Anil (eds.) Handbook on Sustainable Use of Energy. Edward Elgar.

Stirling, Andrew (2011) Governance of neuroscience: challenges and responses. In: Blakemore, C (ed.) Brain waves module 1: neuroscience, society and policy. Royal Society, London, pp. 87-96. ISBN 9780854038794

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Evidence on setting science and technology research funding priorities. In: Setting priorities for publicly funded research. The Stationery Office Limited, London.

Stirling, Andrew (2010) From Enlightenment to Enablement: opening up choices for innovation. In: López-Claros, A (ed.) The Innovation for Development Report: 2009-10. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 199-210. ISBN 9780230239661

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Energy diversity and security: challenges, links, gaps and practical recommendations for policy analysis. In: Sovacool, B (ed.) The Routledge handbook of energy security. Routledge, Oxford. ISBN 9780415591171

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Science, precaution and risk assessment: towards a more constructive debate. In: Moreno Castro, Carolina (ed.) Communicate risk: science and technology in the information society. Editorial Biblioteca Nueva. ISBN 9788497429269

Stirling, Andrew and van Zwanenberg, Patrick (2009) A general model for the precautionary regulation of risk. In: Renn, Ortwin, Schweizer, Pia-Johanna, Muller-Herold, Ulrich and Stirling, Andrew (eds.) Precautionary Risk Appraisal and Management: An Orientation for Meeting the Precautionary Principle in the European Union. Salzwasser-Verlag im Europäischen Hochschulverlag, Bremen, pp. 26-49. ISBN 9783941482258

Stirling, A and Mayer, S (2009) A novel approach to the appraisal of technological risk: a multi-criteria mapping study of a genetically modified crop. In: Spash, Clive L (ed.) Ecological economics: critical concepts in the environment. Critical concepts in the environment, 4 . Routledge, London / New York, pp. 529-555. ISBN 9780415431453 / 9780415431453 (set)

Stirling, Andrew (2009) The precautionary principle. In: Olsen, Jan Kyrre, Pedersen, Stig Andur and Hendricks, Vincent F (eds.) Blackwell companion to the philosophy of technology. Blackwell Companions to Philosophy . Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 248-262. ISBN 9781405146012

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Sustainable energy - the challenge of choice. In: Scrase, Ivan and MacKerron, Gordon (eds.) Energy for the future: a new agenda. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 251-260. ISBN 9780230221529

Renn, Ortwin, Dreyer, Marion, Klinke, Andreas, Losert, Christine, Stirling, Andrew, Van Zwanenberg, Patrick, Muller-Herold, Ulrich, Morosini, Marco and Fisher, Elizabeth (2009) The Application of the Precautionary Principle in the European Union. In: Precautionary risk appraisal and management. An orientation for meeting the precautionary principle in the European Union. Europaeischer Hochschulverlag. ISBN 9783941482258

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Ciencia, Precaucion y Evaluacion de Riesgos: Halta un Debate mas Constructivo. In: Moreno Castro, C (ed.) Communicar los Riesgos: ciencia y tecnologia en la sociedad de la informacion. Biblioteca Nueva. ISBN 9788497429269

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Engaging futures: opening up choices on science and technology. In: Stilgoe, J (ed.) The road ahead: public dialogue on science and technology. Department for business, innovation and skills.

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Participation, precaution and reflexive governance for sustainable development. In: Governing sustainability. Cambridge University Press, pp. 193-225. ISBN 9780521518758

Dreyer, M, Renn, O, Ely, A, Stirling, A, Vos, E and Wendler, F (2009) Summary: Key features of the General Framework. In: Food safety governance : integrating science, precaution and public involvement. Springer, pp. 159-166. ISBN 9783540693093

Ely, A, Stirling, A, Dreyer, M, Renn, O, Vos, E and Wendler, F (2009) Need for change. In: Dreyer, Marion and Renn, Ortwin (eds.) Food safety governance: integrating science, precaution and public involvement. Springer-Verlag, pp. 11-28. ISBN 9783540693086

Ely, Adrian, Stirling, Andrew, Dreyer, M, Renn, O and Vos, E (2009) Overview of the General Framework. In: Food safety governance : integrating science, precaution and public involvement. Springer-Verlag, pp. 29-46. ISBN 9783540693086

Ely, Adrian and Stirling, Andrew (2009) The Process of Assessment. In: Dreyer, Marion and Renn, Ortwin (eds.) Food safety governance : integrating science, precaution and public involvement. Springer-Verlag, pp. 57-70. ISBN 9783540693086

Ely, A, Stirling, A, Wendler, F and Vos, E (2009) The Process of Framing. In: Food safety governance : integrating science, precaution and public involvement. Springer-Verlag, pp. 47-56. ISBN 9783540693086

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Diversity and sustainable energy transitions: multicriteria diversity analysis of electricity portfolios. In: Bazilian, Morgan and Roques, Fabien A (eds.) Analytical methods for energy diversity and security. Global energy policy and economics series . Elsevier, pp. 1-30. ISBN 9780080568874

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Framing', `lock-in' and diversity in social choice of energy futures. In: Dorfman, Paul (ed.) Nuclear consultation: public trust in government. Nuclear Consultation Working Group, University of Warwick.

Stirling, Andrew and Smith, Adrian (2008) Moving Outside or Inside? Objectification and Reflexivity in the Governance of Socio-technical systems. In: Governance for Sustainable Development: Steering in Contexts of Ambivalence, Uncertainty and Distributed Power. Routledge. ISBN 9780415451925

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Choosing Energy Futures: Framing, Lock-in, and Diversity. In: Dorfman, Paul (ed.) Nuclear Consultation: Public Trust in Government. Nuclear Consultation Working Group, University of Warwick, Warwick, pp. 61-71.

Adamowicz, W L, Chapman, David, Mancini, Gene, Munns, Wayne, Stirling, Andrew and Tomasi, Ted (2007) Valuation Methods. In: Stahl, Ralph, Kapustka, Larry A, Munns, Wayne R and Bruins, Randall J F (eds.) Valuation of Ecological Resources: Integration of Ecology and Socioeconomics in Environmental Decision Making. Taylor and Francis CRC Press.

Stirling, Andrew, Renn, O and Van Zwanenberg, Patrick (2006) A Framework for the Precautionary Governance of Food Safety: integrating science and participation in the social appraisal of risk. In: Fisher, E, Jones, J and von Schomberg, R (eds.) Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Perspectives and prospects. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 284-315.

Stirling, Andrew (2006) Precaution, foresight and sustainability: reflection and reflexivity in the governance of technology. In: Voss, J, Kemp, R and Bauknecht, D (eds.) Reflexive governance for sustainable development. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK,, pp. 225-272. ISBN 9781845425821

Stirling, Andrew, Awerbuch, Shimon, Jansen, Jaap C and Beurskens, Luuk W M (2006) Full-spectrum portfolio and diversity analysis of energy technologies. In: Leggio, Karyl B, Bodde, David L and Taylor, Marilyn L (eds.) Managing enterprise risk: what the electric industry experience implies for contemporary business. Elsevier global energy policy and economics series . Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 202-222. ISBN 9780080449494

Stirling, Andrew (2005) Opening up or closing down? Analysis, participation and power in the social appraisal of technology. In: Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Wynne, Brian (eds.) Science and citizens: globalization and the challenge of engagement. Claiming citizenship . Zed Books, pp. 218-231. ISBN 9781842775516

Stirling, Andrew and Mayer, Sue (2005) Confronting Risk with Precaution: a Multi-Criteria Mapping of Genetically Modified Crops. In: Getzner, Michael, Spash, Clive L and Stagl, Sigrid (eds.) Alternatives for Environmental Valuation. Routledge. ISBN 9780415310123

Stirling, Andrew and Van Zwanenberg, Patrick (2004) Risk Regulation in Europe and the United States - A Response to David Vogel. In: Somsen, Han and et al, (eds.) Yearbook of European environmental law. Oxford University Press, pp. 43-57. ISBN 9780199254620

Stirling, Andrew (2004) Electric power generation: valuation of environmental costs. In: Cleveland, Cutler J (ed.) Encyclopedia of energy. Elsevier Science, pp. 229-243. ISBN 9780121764807

Smith, Adrian, Stirling, Andy and Berkhout, Frans (2004) Governing Sustainable Industrial Transformation Under Different Transition Contexts. In: Jacob, K, Binder, M and Wieczorek, A (eds.) Governance for Industrial Transformation. Proceedings of the 2003 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Environmental Policy Research Centre, Berlin, pp. 113-132.

Stirling, Andrew and Tickner, J (2004) Implementing Precaution: assessment and application tools for health and environmental decision making. In: Martuzzi, M and Tickner, J (eds.) The Precautionary Principle: protecting public health, the environment and the future of our children. World Health Organisation.

Gee, David and Stirling, Andrew (2004) Late Lessons from Early Warnings: improving science and governance under uncertainty and ignorance. In: Martuzzi, Marco and Tickner, Joel A (eds.) The Precautionary Principle: protecting public health, the environment and the future of our children. World Health Organisation.

Stirling, Andrew, Berkhout, Franciscus and Smith, Adrian (2004) Socio-Technological Regimes and Transition Contexts. In: Elzen, B, Geels, F and Green, K (eds.) System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability: theory, evidence and policy. Edward Elgar.

Stirling, Andrew and Gee, D (2003) Late lessons from early warnings: an EEA report on the precautionary principle. In: Tickner, J (ed.) Precaution: environmental science and preventive public policy. Island Press.

Stirling, Andrew (2003) Renewables, sustainability and precaution: beyond environmental cost-benefit and risk analysis. In: Hester, R (ed.) Sustainability and environmental impact of renewable energy sources. Issues in environmental science and technology (19). Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge. ISBN 9780854042906

Stirling, Andrew (2003) Risk, uncertainty and precaution: some instrumental implications from the social sciences. In: Berkhout, F, Leach, Melissa and Scoones, Ian (eds.) Negotiating environmental change: new perspectives from social science. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK,, pp. 33-76. ISBN 184376153X

Stirling, Andrew, Harremoës, P, Gee, D, MacGarvin, MM, Keys, JJ, Vaz, S and Wynne, B (2002) Conclusions. In: Harremoës, P, Gee, D, MacGarvin, M, Stirling, A, Keys, J, Wynne, B and Vaz, S (eds.) The Precautionary Principle in the Twentieth Century: late lessons from early warnings. Earthscan.

Harremoës, Paul, Gee, David, MacGarvin, Malcolm, Stirling, Andy, Keys, Jane, Wynne, Brian and Vaz, Sofia Guedes (2002) Conclusions [to Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000]. In: Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000. European Environment Agency. ISBN 9789291673230

Stirling, Andrew, Wynne, B, Gee, D, Keys, J, MacGarvin, M, Vaz, S and Harremous, P (2002) Introduction. In: Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000. European Environment Agency.

Harremous, Poul, Gee, David, MacGarvin, Malcolm, Stirling, Andy, Keys, Jane, Wynne, Brian and Guedes Vaz, Sofia (2002) Introduction. In: The Precautionary Principle in the Twentieth Century: late lessons from early warnings. Earthscan.

Stirling, Andrew (2002) Science and the rationality of precaution. In: Freytag, E, Jakl, T, Loibl, G and Wittman, M (eds.) The role of precaution in chemicals policy : the precautionary principle in existing law, the rationality of precaution, the future of precaution in chemicals policy. Favorita papers . Diplomatische Akademie, Vienna. ISBN 3902021292

Harremous, Poul, Gee, David, MacGarvin, Malcolm, Stirling, Andy, Keys, Jane, Wynne, Brian and Vaz, Sofia (2002) Twelve Late Lessons. In: The Precautionary Principle in the Twentieth Century: late lessons from early warnings. Earthscan, pp. 168-192.

Stirling, Andrew, Wynne, B, Gee, D, Keys, J, MacGarvin, M, Vaz, S and Harremous, P (2002) Twelve Late Lessons. In: Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000. European Environment Agency.

Stirling, Andrew (2001) The precautionary principle in science and technology. In: O'Riordan, Tim, Cameron, James and Jordan, Andrew (eds.) Reinterpreting the precautionary principle. Cameron-May. ISBN 9781874698234

Stirling, Andrew (2000) On `precautionary' and `science based' approaches to risk assessment and environmental appraisal. In: Klinke, A, Renn, O, Rip, A, Salo, A and Stirling, A (eds.) On science and precaution in the management of technological risk. Unset.

Stirling, Andrew (2000) Sciences et Risques: aspects theoriques et pratiques d'une approche de precaution. In: Zaccai, E (ed.) Le Principe de Precaution: significations et consequences. University of Brussels Press.

Stirling, Andrew (1999) Risk assessment and external cost valuation: how useful is the `analytical fix' in the environmental appraisal of energy options? In: Pearson, P and MacKerron, Gordon (eds.) The international energy experience. Imperial College Press, London. ISBN 9781860941979

Stirling, Andrew (1998) Closure through disclosure: mapping alternatives in technology choice. In: Esser, Josef, Fleischmann, Gerd and Heimer, Thomas (eds.) Soziale schliessung im prozess der technologieentwicklung: leitbild, paradigma, standard. Campus Verlag. ISBN 3593359618

Stirling, Andrew (1998) Energy and sustainability. In: Søfting, G B and et al, (eds.) The Brundtland Commission's report : 10 years. Scandinavian University Press, Oslo. ISBN 8200128954

Stirling, Andrew (1997) Regulating the electricity supply industry by Valuing environmental effects: how much is the emperor wearing. In: Ackerman, F, Kiron, D, Goodwin, N, Harris, JM and Gallagher, KP (eds.) Human well-being and economic goals. Frontier issues in economic thought . Island Press, Washington, D. C.. ISBN 9781559635608

Stirling, Andrew (1997) Multi-criteria mapping: mitigating the problems of environmental valuation? In: Foster, J (ed.) Valuing nature? Economics ethics and the environment. Routledge, London, pp. 186-210. ISBN 0415148758

Stirling, Andrew (1996) Optimising UK electricity portfolio diversity. In: MacKerron, Gordon and Pearson, P (eds.) The UK energy experience: a model or a warning? Imperial College Press, London. ISBN 9781860940224

Stirling, Andrew (1996) On the Nirex MADA. In: Haszeldine, R S and Smythe, D K (eds.) Radioactive Waste Disposal at Sellafield, UK: site selection, geological and engineering problems. University of Glasgow Press, pp. 93-108. ISBN 0852615248

Stirling, Andrew (1993) What does energy security of supply mean. In: Thomas, Steve (ed.) Energy policy: an agenda for the 1990s. Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU). ISBN 9780903622592

Stirling, Andrew (1989) The end of the nuclear dream. In: May, John (ed.) The Greenpeace book of the nuclear Age. Gollancz. ISBN 9780575045675

Edited Book

Wilsdon, James, Doubleday, Robert and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Future directions for scientific advice in Europe. Centre for Science and Policy, Cambridge. ISBN 9780993281808

Renn, Ortwin, Schweizer, Pia-Johanna, Muller-Herold, Ulrich and Stirling, Andrew (2009) Precautionary Risk Appraisal and Management: an orientation for meeting the precautionary principle in the European Union,. Europaeischer Hochschulverlag. ISBN 9783941482258

MacGarvin, Malcolm, Lambert, Barrie, Infante, Peter, Greenberg, Morris, Gee, David, Koppe, Janna G, Keys, Jane, Farman, Joe, Ibarreta, Dolores, Swan, Shanna H, Edqvist, Lars-Erik, Pedersen, Knud Borge, Semb, Arne, von Krauss, Martin Krayer, Harremoes, Poul, Gilbertson, Michael, Santillo, David, Johnston, Paul, Langston, William J, Bridges, Olga, Van Zwanenberg, Patrick and Millstone, Erik (2002) Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000. European Environment Agency.

Millstone, Erik and Zwanenberg, Patrick van (2002) The Precautionary Principle in the Twentieth Century: late lessons from early warnings. Earthscan.

Stirling, Prof Andrew, ed. (1999) On Science and Precaution in the Management of Technological Risk: Volume II -case studies. European Commission Institute for Prospective Technological Studies.

Reports and working papers

Smith, Adrian and Stirling, Andrew (2016) Grassroots innovations and democracy. Working Paper. STEPS Centre.

Coburn, Josie and Stirling, Andrew (2016) Multicriteria mapping manual - version 2.0. Manual. SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton.

Davé, Anoushka, Hopkins, Michael, Hutton, Joshua, Krčál, Adam, Kolarz, Peter, Martin, Ben, Nielsen, Kalle, Rafols, Ismael, Rotolo, Daniele, Simmonds, Paul and Stirling, Andrew (2016) Landscape review of interdisciplinary research in the UK. Project Report. HEFCE.

Cox, Emily, Johnstone, Phil and Stirling, Andrew (2016) Understanding the intensity of UK policy commitments to nuclear power: the role of perceived imperatives to maintain military nuclear submarine capabilities. Working Paper. SPRU Working Paper Series (SWPS 2016-16), Brighton.

Stirling, Andrew (2016) Precaution in the governance of technology. Working Paper. SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton.

Grant, Jonathan, Hopkins, Michael, Rafols, Ismael, Rotolo, Daniele, Stirling, Andrew and Digital Science, (2015) The value of structural diversity: assessing diversity for a sustainable research base. Technical Report. Digital Science, London.

Twigger-Ross, Clare, Brooks, Katya, Papadopoulou, Liza, Orr, Paula, Sadauskis, Rolands, Coke, Alexia, Simcock, Neil, Stirling, Andrew and Walker, Gordon (2015) Community resilience to climate change: an evidence review. Technical Report. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York.

Austen, Melanie C, Hooper, Tara, Coburn, Josie, Stirling, Andrew, Papathanasopoulou, Eleni, Ashley, Matthew, Howard, David, Maskel, Lindsay C, Agnolucci, Paolo, Fawcett, Tina and Mayne, Ruth (2015) SPLiCE Phase 1: Investigation of methods for comparing impacts and prototype framework for comparison Output 4 for SPLiCE Phase 1. Project Report. Ricardo-AEA, Didcott.

Agnolucci, Paulo, Biedka, Marius, Coburn, Josie, Stirling, Andrew and et al, (2015) SPLiCE Phase 1 Significant evidence gaps on the environmental, social and economic impacts of energy system components. Output 1 from SPLICE Phase 1. Project Report. Ricardho-AEA, Didcot.

Tweed, James, Howard, David, Agnolucci, Paulo, Austen, Melanie, Fawcett, Tina, Hooper, Tara, Sims, Lee, Smithers, Richard, Stirling, Andrew, Whitaker, Jeanette, Coburn, Josie and et al, (2015) SPLiCE Phase 1: sustainable pathways to low carbon energy – final report. Project Report. Ricardo-AEA, Didcott.

Stirling, Andrew (2015) Developing ‘Nexus Capabilities’: towards transdisciplinary methodologies. Discussion Paper. SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton.

Tweed, James, Howard, David, Agnolucci, Paulo, Austen, Melanie, Fawcett, Tina, Hooper, Tara, Sims, Lee, Smithers, Richard, Stirling, Andrew, Whitaker, Jeanette and Coburn, Josie (2015) SPLiCE Phase 1 Rapid Evidence Assessment Case Study 1: Small-scale district heating using biomass feedstocks: Output 2a for SPLiCE Phase 1. Project Report. Ricardo-AEA, Didcott.

Johnstone, Philip and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Comparing nuclear power trajectories in Germany and the UK: from ‘regimes' to ‘democracies’ in sociotechnical transitions and Discontinuities. Working Paper. SPRU, Brighton.

Tweed, James, Howard, David, Agnolucci, Paulo, Austen, Melanie, Fawcett, Tina, Hooper, Tara, Sims, Lee, Smithers, Richard, Stirling, Andrew, Whitaker, Jeanette and Coburn, Josie (2015) SPLiCE Phase 1: List of energy system components for assessment of research gaps: Milestone report 1.2 from SPLiCE Phase 1. Project Report. Ricardo-AEA, Didcott.

Stirling, Andrew, Unset, Unset and Unset (2015) Towards innovation democracy? Participation, responsibility and precaution in innovation governance. Working Paper. STEPS, Brighton.

Coburn, Josie and Stirling, Andrew (2014) SPRU report to the SPLiCE Project: a review of 'social appraisal' methodologies. Project Report. SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton.

Stirling, Andy and Coburn, Josie (2014) Multi criteria mapping manual version 1.0. Working Paper. University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex.

Hart, A, Spiegelhalter, D, Kinghorn-Perry, S and Stirling, Andrew (2014) Approaches to uncertainty for policy-makers and their advisors. Other. UK Government, UK.

Stilgoe, J, Stirling, Andrew, Jackson, R, Warburton, D, Acland, A and Lansdell, S (2011) Talking about GM: approaches to public and stakeholder engagement. Other. Sciencewise-ERC subgroup, UK.

Ely, Adrian, Van Zwanenberg, Patrick and Stirling, Andrew (2011) New Models of Technology Assessment for Development. Working Paper. STEPS Centre.

Stirling, Andrew, Clift, R, Gaskell, C and Walton, S (2010) Report of the sub-group on the evidence investment strategy. Other. Defra, UK.

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Evidence to the House of Lords select committee on science and technology: inquiry on setting science and technology research funding priorities. Other. SPRU, Brighton.

Barrett, Mark, Bradshaw, Mike, Froggatt, Antony, Mitchell, Catherine, Parag, Yael, Stirling, Andrew, Watson, Jim and Winzer, Christian (2010) Energy Security in a Multi-Polar World. Discussion Paper. Exeter University.

Stirling, Andrew, Arond, Elisa, Leach, Melissa, Ely, Adrian and Scoones, Ian (2010) Innovation, Sustainability and Development: A New Manifesto. Unset. STEPS Centre, University of Sussex.

Stirling, Andrew (2010) Outline of the STEPS Centre 'pathways' approach. Other. STEPS Centre, Brighton.

Stirling, Andrew and Caswill, Chris (2009) Baby or Bathwater: how much of current public engagement should we throw out? Unset. People and Science, British Science Association.

Jaeger, C, Bismuth, P, Boukalova, Z, Brunori, G, Cherp, A, Cornell, S, Iglesias, A, Jager, J, Loh, C, Rotmans, J, Scheunemann, I, Stengers, I, Tubiana, L, Mwangombe, A, Ostrom, E, Rokstrom, J, Stirling, Andrew and van der Leeuw, S (2009) Research for sustainability and the European Union: from wish to will - a manifesto. Unset. European Commission.

Stirling, Andrew, Gaskell, C, Clift, R and Shepherd, J (2009) Report of the capability sub-group. Other. Defra.

Stirling, Andrew (2009) Direction, distribution and diversity! pluralising progress in innovation, sustainability and development. Working Paper. STEPS Centre.

Scrase, I, Stirling, A, Geels, F W, Smith, A and Van Zwanenberg, P (2009) Transformative Innovation. Unset. Unset.

Van Zwanenberg, Patrick, Ely, Adrian and Stirling, Andrew (2009) Emerging Technologies and Opportunities for International Science and Technology Foresight. Working Paper. STEPS Centre, Brighton.

Yoshizawa, Go, Stirling, Andy and Suzuki, Kazuto (2008) Electricity System Diversity in the UK and Japan - a Multicriteria Diversity Analysis. Working Paper. SPRU.

Stirling, Andrew (2008) European Commission Science and Society Advisory Committee. Project Report. EC Directorate General for Research.

Dreyer, Marion, Renn, Ortwin, Ely, Adrian, Stirling, Andy, Vos, Ellen and Wendler, Frank (2008) A general framework for the precautionary and inclusive governance of food safety in Europe. Project Report. DIALOGIK, Stuttgart.

Stirling, Andrew (2008) Expert advisory group on science in society: final report. Project Report. European Commission Directorate General for Research.

Smith, Adrian and Stirling, Andy (2008) Social-ecological resilience and socio-technical transitions: critical issues for sustainability governance. Working Paper. STEPS Centre.

Scoones, Ian, Leach, Melissa, Smith, Adrian, Stagl, Sigrid, Stirling, Andy and Thompson, John (2007) Dynamic Systems and the challenge of Sustainability. Working Paper. Centre for Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS),.

Stirling, Andrew, Leach, Melissa, Mehta, Lyla, Scoones, Ian, Smith, Adrian, Stagl, Sigrid and Thompson, John (2007) Empowering designs: towards more progressive appraisal of sustainability. Working Paper. Centre for Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS),.

Stirling, Andrew, Mehta, Lyla, Movik, Synne, Marshall, Stephen, Shah, Esha, Smith, Adrian and Thompson, John (2007) Liquid dynamics: challenges for sustainability in water and sanitation. Working Paper. Centre for Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS).

Leach, Melissa, Scoones, Ian and Stirling, Andy (2007) Pathways to Sustainability: an overview of the STEPS Centre approach. Documentation. Centre for Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS).

Felt, Ulrike, Wynne, Brian, Stirling, Andy, Callon, Michel, Goncalves, Maria Eduardo and et al, (2007) Science and Governance: taking European Knowledge Society Seriously. Working Paper. Report of the Expert Group on Science and Governance to DG Research.

Stirling, Andrew (2007) European Commission Science and Society Advisory Committee: Rapporteur's second report. Project Report. European Commission Directorate General for Research.

Stirling, Andrew (2007) Science in society: first report. Project Report. European Commission Directorate General for Research.

Millstone, Erik, Stirling, Andy, Lobstein, Tim and Mohebati, Lisa (2006) Policy options for responding to obesity: cross-national report of the PorGrow project. Project Report. SPRU, University of Sussex.

Stirling, Andrew (2006) From science and society to science in society: towards a framework for co-operative research. Project Report. European Commission Directorate General for Research.

Stirling, Andrew and GM Science Review Panel, (2004) GM Science Review: second report. Project Report. Department of Trade and ndustry.

King, Sir David, Stirling, Andrew and et al, (2003) GM Science Review: First Report. Project Report. Department of Trade and Industry.

Stirling, Andy and Mayer, Sue (1999) Rethinking Risk: a pilot multicriteria mapping of a genetically modified crop in agricultural systems in the UK. Unset. University of Sussex.

Stirling, Andrew (1998) On the economics and analysis of diversity. Working Paper. University of Sussex, Brighton.

Other

Johnstone, Philip and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Why Germany is dumping nuclear power – and Britain isn’t. The Conversation.

Johnstone, Philip and Stirling, Andrew (2015) Shining a light on Britain’s nuclear state. The Guardian.

Johnstone, Philip, Gross, Matthew, MacKerron, Gordon, Kern, Florian and Stirling, Andrew (2013) Response to the DECC Consultation of the siting process for a Geological Disposal Facility, 2013. SPRU.