Skills Hub

Reflecting on a past event

Reflection on action: Occurs after the event or may involve pausing to stop and think.

  • Can be used as a learning process
  • Can be undertaken alone or in a group 
  • Can be used to reflect on reflection-in-action

To lead to change, reflecting on a past event depends on the awareness of a problem and thinking about ways to address it.

Working through alternative strategies leads to:

  • The solution of the problem
  • The formation of a new concept

Example model (Dewey's 1933 model of reflective thought):


Dewey's 1933 model of reflective thought 1. Awareness that familiar approach is not working 3. Studying the situation and creating a working hypothesis 4. Reasoning 5. Testing the hypothesis Solution of the problem and control of the action Formation of a new idea 2. Mental work and definition of problem

Reflective writing exercise - reflecting on an event

Write about the key moments in your life that led to your choice of subject at university.

  • What happened?
  • Who was involved?
  • How did the experience influence you?

Write at least 250 words

Video with examples and tips on reflective writing - Neil M. Goldman (2012)

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