Horizontal Development(s) (007IDS)

30 credits, Level 6

Spring teaching

This module explores emerging ‘horizontal’ forms of development assistance and humanitarian aid, including flows of resources, expertise and labour that make up ‘South-South humanitarianism’ (Pacitto and Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 2013).
They are understood as informal, decentral development practices, and include:
  • hometown associations
  • grassroots groups
  • local and international solidarity activities
  • peer-to-peer assistance.
We will cover to what extent these forms of private aid address the power differentials at the heart of 'traditional' North-South aid paradigms; whether these initiatives have distinctive modes of operation or ethics; and what difference these new forms of aid make for those that receive their support.


100%: Practical (Workshop)


100%: Coursework (Project, Report)

Contact hours and workload

This module is approximately 300 hours of work. This breaks down into about 33 hours of contact time and about 267 hours of independent study. The University may make minor variations to the contact hours for operational reasons, including timetabling requirements.

We regularly review our modules to incorporate student feedback, staff expertise, as well as the latest research and teaching methodology. We’re planning to run these modules in the academic year 2023/24. However, there may be changes to these modules in response to COVID-19, staff availability, student demand or updates to our curriculum. We’ll make sure to let our applicants know of material changes to modules at the earliest opportunity.


This module is offered on the following courses: