lifeform tree
Annual (A)
A plant with an annual lifecycle
Aquatic (AQ)
A plant with roots submerged in water, commonly
Chaemaephyte (CH)
small shrub, under 0.5 m average height
Nano-chamaephyte (CHN)
Dwarf shrub, under 0.25m average. height.
Fern (F)
Vascular plants reproducing via spores and without flowers or seeds.
Geophyte (G)
A plant perennating by means of underground storage organs, such as tubers, bulbs or corms.
Hemicryptophyte (H)
A plant perennating with dormant buds at ground level.
Herbaceous perennial (HP)
An herbaceous plant (i.e., not woody) that survives a dormant period but rarely lives more than a few years.
Parasite (P)
A plant drawing nutrients from another plant.
Perennial grass (PG)
A member of the Poaceae that survives periods of dormancy.
Seagrass (SG)
A marine aquatic flowering plant.
Shrub (SH)
A relatively long-lived woody perennial generally under 5 m in height, often with multiple stems.
Succulent (SU)
Plants with fleshy stems or leaves or both (a high water content per unit area).
Tree (T)
A long-lived woody perennial generally over 3-5 m in height, depending on biome, with a single stem or one or a few dominant stems with 5-10 cm diameter or much more. Can also refer to tree-like monocots (palms, e.g. Pandanus spp..) without lignified stems.
Vine (V)
A long-lived plant with long woody or non-woody stems that grows over the ground or other objects (trees or shrubs under natural conditions).