Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.24
or
Publication Type J
Authors Ehsen, S., Z. Abideen, R. F. Rizvi, S. Gulzar, I. Aziz, B. Gul, M. A. Khan and R. Ansari
Title Ecophysiological adaptations and anti-nutritive status of sustainable cattle feed Haloxylon stocksii under saline conditions
Source Flora
Author Keywords Chlorophyll fluorescence Halophyte Secondary metabolites Soluble sugar Stomatal limitation Photosystem II alfalfa medicago-sativa chlorophyll fluorescence water relations antioxidant activity phragmites-karka ion accumulation nutritive-value saponin content salt stress photosynthesis
Abstract Haloxylon stocksii is a perennial halophytic shrub found in saline arid habitats. Ecophysiology of this xerohalophyte was studied to better understand its adaptations to survive under saline conditions (0-300 mM NaCl). Growth parameters remained unaffected at 100 mM NaCl compared to non-saline control and declined at 300 mM; root biomass however, increased in 100 mM NaCl. Shoot water potential, osmotic potential and turgor decreased under saline conditions. Gas exchange parameters such as rate of photosynthesis, rate of transpiration and stomatal conductance decreased in 300 mM NaCl with a decline in intercellular carbon dioxide concentration suggesting stomatal limitation of photosynthesis. Water use efficiency increased significantly in 300 mM NaCl compared to 0 and 100 mM NaCl. Chlorophyll content decreased progressively with increasing salinity while chlorophyll a/b ratio remained unaffected. Potential photochemical quantum yield of PSII (Fv/Fm) and the effective quantum yield [Y (II)] were not affected by salinity; however, there was a constitutive increase in non-photochemical quenching under saline conditions (100 and 300 mM) and decrease in relative electron transport rate in 300 mM NaCl as a protective measure to reduce oxidative stress at cellular level. Total soluble sugars increased by approximate to 25% in 300 mM NaCl possibly indicating a lower energy demand for growth. Anti-nutritive secondary metabolites such as polyphenols, tannins, flavonoids, saponins and nitrates decreased under saline conditions except for some increase in oxalates in 100 mM NaCl. This study indicates that Haloxylon stocksii is a moderately salt tolerant plant with adaptations to down-regulate its photosynthetic machinery to avoid oxidative stress and could be a palatable animal feed.
ISSN 0367-2530
ISBN 0367-2530
29-Character Source Abbreviation Flora
Publication Date Aug
Year Published 2019
Volume 257
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.flora.2019.151425
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000477674200016
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed