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Publication Type J
Authors Gassmann, MI; Tonti, NE; Burek, A; Perez, CF
Author Full Name Gassmann, Maria I.; Tonti, Natalia E.; Burek, Antonella; Perez, Claudio F.
Title Estimation of evapotranspiration of a salt marsh in southern South America with coupled Penman-Monteith and surface resistance models
Source AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Coupled model; Spartina; Eddy covariance; Argentina
Keywords Plus CROP EVAPOTRANSPIRATION; EVAPORATION; CARBON; WATER; ENERGY; EXCHANGE; SOIL; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; TRANSPIRATION; CONDUCTANCE
Abstract One of the most recommended method to estimate evapotranspiration (ET) of vegetated surfaces with different soil moisture conditions is the Penman-Monteith equation (PM). Canopy and soil conditions are parameterized through the surface resistance or conductance, while the contribution of the canopy to ET is measured by the canopy resistance. The study of natural ecosystems has gained interest because of its importance in water and carbon cycles. However, unlike monocultures, natural environments are composed of a mixture of species that make the estimation of ET with PM troublesome. This feature makes them suitable for ET estimation considering the contribution of both, the canopy and the soil represented by the surface resistance (r(s)), or the contribution of the canopy, represented by the canopy resistance (r(c)). This work aims to model the surface and canopy resistances using conventional meteorological, biological and pedological variables observed at a salt marsh used for livestock production in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Twelve models (M1 to M12) based on the net solar radiation (R-n), air temperature (T-a), air relative humidity (RH), surface wind velocity (U), dew point departure (D-p), aerodynamic resistance (r(a)), leaf area index (LAI) and volumetric soil water content (v(s)) were obtained using two different regression methodologies. Surface resistances during daytime were calculated inverting the PM equation with ET fluxes measured with the eddy covariance method. PM-derived r(s) varied between 20 and 1000 s m(-1), with a median of 137 s m(-1). From 1620 observations, 468 were used for model calibration while 1152 for model validation. M5 and M11 with R-n, RH, r(a), LAI predictor variables were the best models with 80.8 s m(-1) root mean square error, 0.51 determination coefficient, 0.69 and 0.65 index of agreement, respectively. The modelled resistances allowed the estimation of latent heat fluxes with a root mean quadratic error varying from 60.7 to 69.5 Wm(-2). These results show the possibility to achieve r(s) from a minimum set of variables easily measured in the field which in turn, allows to estimate the ET of salt marsh ecosystems with scarce meteorological information.
Author Address [Gassmann, Maria I.; Tonti, Natalia E.; Burek, Antonella; Perez, Claudio F.] Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Ciencias Exactas & Nat, Dept Ciencias Atmosfera & Oceanos, Ave Intendente Guiraldes 2160,Piso 2,Pabellon 2, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina; [Gassmann, Maria I.; Perez, Claudio F.] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ave Godoy Cruz 2290,C1425FQB, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina
Reprint Address Gassmann, MI (reprint author), Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Ciencias Exactas & Nat, Dept Ciencias Atmosfera & Oceanos, Ave Intendente Guiraldes 2160,Piso 2,Pabellon 2, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
E-mail Address gassmann@at.fcen.uba.ar
Funding Agency and Grant Number National Council of Technical and Scientific Research (CONICET, grant PIP) [11220130100347CO]; University of Buenos Aires (grant UBACyT 2014-2017) [20020130100224BA]
Funding Text The authors are very grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and constructive suggestions. We especially thank the owners and workers of
Cited Reference Count 73
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0168-1923
29-Character Source Abbreviation AGR FOREST METEOROL
ISO Source Abbreviation Agric. For. Meteorol.
Publication Date MAR 15
Year Published 2019
Volume 266
Beginning Page 109
Ending Page 118
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.12.003
Page Count 10
Web of Science Category Agronomy; Forestry; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Subject Category Agriculture; Forestry; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Document Delivery Number HL1OG
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000458468200011
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