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Publication Type J
Authors Khalik, KA; Al-Gohary, I; Al-Sodany, Y
Author Full Name Khalik, Kadry Abdel; Al-Gohary, Iman; Al-Sodany, Yassin
Title Floristic composition and vegetation: Environmental relationships of Wadi Fatimah, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Source ARID LAND RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords CANOCO; chorology; flora; life form; vegetation
Keywords Plus SOIL RELATIONSHIPS; PLANT-COMMUNITIES; EGYPTIAN DESERT; ECOLOGY; HABITAT; REGION; ISRAEL; SINAI; NORTH; LIFE
Abstract The present study aimed to determine floristic composition, the structure of the vegetation, and species distribution at 16 sample plots in Wadi Fatimah, Mecca, Saudi Arabia, highlighting the ecological factors that affect species distribution. The study revealed 100 plant species belonging to 34 families. Fabaceae and Poaceae were the dominant families, and chamaephytes and therophytes were predominant life forms, which demonstrate a typical desert life-form spectrum. Altitude showed a highly significant association with species frequency distribution. The highest species richness value of 23 species per plot was recorded in the coastal plain (Vegetation groups II & III). The lowest species richness value of 9 species per plot was recorded in the littoral salt marsh (Vegetation group I). Chorological analysis exhibited the Saharao-Arabian-Sudano-Zambezian chorotypes, 47% of the studied species were bi-regional. Using TWINSPAN, DCA, and CCA multivariate analysis, four major vegetation groups were classified into three main ecosystems (I) Halopeplis perfoliata, Suaeda fruticosa, Acacia tortilis, and Suaeda fruticosa, representing the littoral salt marsh; (II) Rhazya stricta and Haloxylon salicornicum, characterized by the coastal plain; and (III) Senna italica, Glinus lotoides, and Tribulus macropterus were the leading groups in the inland mountainous country. The CCA ordination showed that the separation of Vegetation group III along the axis was affected by Mg, K, and P concentration, and VG IV was significantly associated with silt, clay, and fine sand content. Furthermore, the Vegetation group I was significantly correlated with Na and Ca concentration, and VG II group was significantly correlated with heavy metal concentrations of elements as Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni, and Cu.
Author Address [Khalik, Kadry Abdel] Umm Al Qura Univ, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Mecca, Saudi Arabia; [Khalik, Kadry Abdel] Sohag Univ, Dept Bot, Fac Sci, POB 82524, Sohag, Egypt; [Al-Gohary, Iman] Desert Res Ctr, Plant Ecol & Rang Dept, Plant Taxon Unit, Cairo, Egypt; [Al-Sodany, Yassin] Taeif Univ, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Taeif, Saudi Arabia; [Al-Sodany, Yassin] Kafr El Sheikh Univ, Dept Bot, Fac Sci, Kafr Al Sheikh, Egypt
Reprint Address Khalik, KA (reprint author), Sohag Univ, Dept Bot, Fac Sci, POB 82524, Sohag, Egypt.
E-mail Address kadry3000@yahoo.com
ORCID Number abdel khalik, kadry/0000-0003-1060-6869
Funding Agency and Grant Number Deanship of Scientific Research, Institute of Scientific Research and Revival of Islamic Heritage at Umm Al-Qura University [43405035]
Funding Text The authors would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research, the Institute of Scientific Research and Revival of Islamic Heritage at Umm Al-Qura University (project ID 43405035) for financial support.
Cited Reference Count 70
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Publisher City PHILADELPHIA
Publisher Address 530 WALNUT STREET, STE 850, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106 USA
ISSN 1532-4982
29-Character Source Abbreviation ARID LAND RES MANAG
ISO Source Abbreviation Arid Land Res. Manag.
Year Published 2017
Volume 31
Issue 3
Beginning Page 316
Ending Page 334
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1080/15324982.2017.1318188
Page Count 19
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Soil Science
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Agriculture
Document Delivery Number FC0UF
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000406553500006
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