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Publication Type J
Authors Tiwari, V., M. K. Patel, A. K. Chaturvedi, A. Mishra and B. Jha
Title Cloning and functional characterization of the Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) gene promoter from an extreme halophyte Salicornia brachiata
Source Gene
Abstract Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses which affect plant growth and productivity by imposing dual stress, ionic and osmotic stress, on plants. Halophytes which are adapted to complete their life cycle in saline soil keep the transcript expression of stress-responsive genes constitutively higher in the optimum growth environments, which can be further increased by several folds under stress conditions. The transcript expression of SbNHX1 gene, cloned from a leafless succulent halophyte Salicornia brachiata, was up-regulated under salinity stress, but its transcriptional regulation has not been studied so far. In the present study, a 1727 bp putative promoter (upstream to translation start site) of the SbNHX1 gene was cloned using a genome walking method. The bioinformatics analysis identified important stress-responsive cis-regulatory motifs, GT1, MBS, LTR and ARE, in addition to two leaf-specific enhancer motifs. The GUS expression analysis of stable transgenic tobacco plants, transformed with a transcriptional fusion of GUS with the full SbNHX1 promoter (NP1) or any of its five deletion fragments (NP2 to NP6), showed that the deletion of two enhancer motifs resulted in the sudden decrease in GUS expression in leaves but not in the stem or root tissues. In contrast, under salinity stress, the higher induction of GUS expression observed in NP1 and NP2 was correlated by the presence of salt-inducible GT1- and MBS-motifs which is distributed only in NP1 and NP2 deletion promoter fragments. Finally, we concluded that the SbNHX1 promoter has a 624 bp (-1727 to -1103 bp) regulatory region which contains the two leaf-specific enhancer motifs and salinity stress-inducible GT-1 and MBS motifs. We suggest the SbNHX1 gene promoter and fragments as a candidate alternative promoter/s for crop engineering for better stress tolerance, which can be amended according to the desired level of expression needed.
ISSN 0378-1119
ISBN 0378-1119
Publication Date Jan
Year Published 2019
Volume 683
Beginning Page 233-242
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.gene.2018.10.039
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000452565700026
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