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Authors Kaplan, Z; Danihelka, J; Sumberova, K; Chrtek, J; Rotreklova, O; Ekrt, L; Stepankova, J; Taraska, V; Travnicek, B; Prancl, J; Duchacek, M; Hrones, M; Kobrlova, L; Horak, D; Wild, J
Author Full Name Kaplan, Zdenek; Danihelka, Jiri; Sumberova, Katerina; Chrtek, Jindrich, Jr.; Rotreklova, Olga; Ekrt, Libor; Stepankova, Jitka; Taraska, Vojtech; Travnicek, Bohumil; Prancl, Jan; Duchacek, Michal; Hrones, Michal; Kobrlova, Lucie; Horak, David; Wild, Jan
Title Distributions of vascular plants in the Czech Republic. Part 5
Source PRESLIA
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords alien species; central Europe; chorology; Czech Republic; distribution atlas; distribution patterns; endangered species; endemic; flora; grid maps; herbaria; introduction; phytogeography; plant record; vascular plants
Keywords Plus PORTULACA-OLERACEA L; GAGEA-BOHEMICA; CHROMOSOME-NUMBERS; NORTH-AMERICA; TYPIFICATION; UTRICULARIA; FLORA; THELYPTERIDACEAE; LENTIBULARIACEAE; CLASSIFICATION
Abstract The fifth part of the series on the distributions of vascular plants in the Czech Republic includes grid maps of 106 taxa of the genera Arnica, Carduus, Cicuta, Coleanthus, Comarum, Dactylorhiza, Digitaria, Gagea, Gypsophila, Hieracium, Hydrocotyle, Leersia, Myosurus, Oenanthe, Oreopteris, Paris, Phalaris, Phegopteris, Pilosella, Polystichum, Portulaca, Pulicaria, Salicornia, Saxifraga, Suaeda, Thalictrum, Thelypteris, Tripolium, Utricularia, Veronica and Xeranthemum. These maps were produced by taxonomic experts based on herbarium specimens, literature and field records. Almost two-thirds of the mapped taxa are on the national Red List. These include endangered plants of rather dry habitats such as Gypsophila paniculata, Thalictrum foetidum, Veronica austriaca and Xeranthemum annuum as well as species of various sorts of wetlands such as Cicuta virosa and species of the genera Dactylorhiza and Utricularia, or fens and intermittently wet meadows including Oenanthe fistulosa, Thalictrum flavum and Th. simplex subsp. galioides. Particularly endangered are ecological specialists; for example, many species of saline habitats such as Salicornia perennans and Suaeda prostrata, both confined to saline habitats, are now extirpated from this country. In contrast, Saxifraga tridactylites, previously a rare species found mainly on base-rich rock outcrops, has become more abundant by spreading along railways during the last two decades. Maps based solely or mainly on herbarium records revised by experts are provided for taxonomically critical groups, particularly those of the genus Pilosella. Alien species mapped in this paper include both archaeophytes and neophytes, with various modes of introduction. For example, Carduus tenuiflorus has been introduced with wool, Digitaria ciliaris with cotton, Gypsophila perfoliata with iron ore from Ukraine, while the ornamentals G. elegans and G. scorzonerifolia escaped from cultivation. The halophytic Suaeda salsa is recorded as a new alien species for this country's flora; it has recently colonized motorway verges of which the salinity of the soil was increased by the application of de-icing salts. Two archaeophyte species, Digitaria ischaemum and Portulaca oleracea, are now classified as invasive. Spatial distributions and often also temporal dynamics of individual taxa are shown in maps and documented by records included in the Pladias database and available in electronic appendices. The maps are accompanied by comments, which include additional information on the distribution, habitats, taxonomy and biology of the taxa.
Author Address [Kaplan, Zdenek; Danihelka, Jiri; Sumberova, Katerina; Chrtek, Jindrich, Jr.; Stepankova, Jitka; Prancl, Jan; Wild, Jan] Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Zamek 1, CZ-25243 Pruhonice, Czech Republic; [Kaplan, Zdenek; Chrtek, Jindrich, Jr.; Prancl, Jan] Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Benatska 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic; [Danihelka, Jiri; Rotreklova, Olga] Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Kotlarska 2, CZ-61137 Brno, Czech Republic; [Ekrt, Libor] Univ South Bohemia, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Branisovska 1760, CZ-37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic; [Taraska, Vojtech; Travnicek, Bohumil; Hrones, Michal; Kobrlova, Lucie; Horak, David] Palacky Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Slechtitelu 27, CZ-78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic; [Duchacek, Michal] Natl Museum, Dept Bot, Cirkusova 1740, CZ-19300 Prague 9, Czech Republic
Reprint Address Kaplan, Z (reprint author), Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Zamek 1, CZ-25243 Pruhonice, Czech Republic.; Kaplan, Z (reprint author), Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Benatska 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic.
E-mail Address kaplan@ibot.cas.cz; danihel@sci.muni.cz; katerina.sumberova@ibot.cas.cz; chrtek@ibot.cas.cz; orotrekl@sci.muni.cz; libor.ekrt@gmail.com; stepankova@ibot.cas.cz; vojtech.taraska@centrum.cz; bohumil.travnicek@upol.cz; jan.prancl@ibot.cas.cz; duchace@seznam.cz; michal.hrones@upol.cz; lucka.kobrlova@seznam.cz; david.horak1@seznam.cz; wild@ibot.cas.cz
ResearcherID Number Wild, Jan/G-2380-2010; Prancl, Jan/V-8067-2017; Kaplan, Zdenek/A-3751-2012; Danihelka, Jiri/G-4792-2014
ORCID Number Wild, Jan/0000-0003-3007-4070; Prancl, Jan/0000-0003-4308-0824; Kaplan, Zdenek/0000-0003-1707-7461; Hrones, Michal/0000-0002-0380-929X; Kobrlova, Lucie/0000-0001-9024-7717
Funding Agency and Grant Number Centre of Excellence PLADIAS from the Czech Science Foundation [14-36079G]; Czech Academy of Sciences [RVO 67985939]; Internal Grant Agency of the Palacky University [IGA_PrF_2017_001]; Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic [00023272]
Funding Text We are grateful to all who made this study possible and helped us in any way. Field botanists collected distribution records and plant specimens for herbaria, which served as a basis for the distribution maps. Curators of the herbaria visited allowed us to study their specimens and collect records. Administrators of the integrated databases, particularly Jan Stepanek, Milan Chytry, Dana Michalcova and Karel Chobot as representatives of the major ones, agreed to share plant distribution records. Pavel Drevojan, Petr Kocian, Adam Kantor and Pavel Kur helped with the preparation of certain maps. The South-Bohemian branch of the Czech Botanical Society kindly provided records from the regional floristic database of Vaclav Chan. Regional collaborators, particularly Radim Paulic, Pavel Drevojan, Jan Dolezal, Petr Koutecky, Ludek Cech, Petr Kocian, Milan Kotilinek, David Hlisnikovsky, Petr Lepsi, Tomas Svacina, Zdenka Hroudova, Karel Fajmon, Zuzana Mruzikova, Rudolf Hlavacek, Jaroslav Rydlo, Jana Janakova, Jan Kosnar, Karel Boublik, David Pubal, Vit Grulich, Martin Dancak, Pavel Lustyk, Pavel Zdvorak, Pavel Kur, Josef Komarek, Leo Bures, Jiri Brabec, Hana Galuskova, Petr Petrik, Vaclav Dvorak, Lenka Pivonkova, Jan Blahovec, Jiri Juricka, Jaroslav Zamecnik, Radomir Nemec and Zdenka Rozbrojova commented on early versions of maps and/or provided additional records for their areas. Petra Bidmanova (nee Strnadova), Josef Bruna, Petr Filippov, Hana Galuskova, Ondrej Hornych, Klara Kabatova, Anna Kladivova, Adam Knotek, Marketa Kollarovicova, Kristyna Marvanova, Ludmila Mikovcova, Helena Moltasova, Sona Novotna (nee Dvorakova), Helena Prokesova, Lucie Rejchrtova, Ludmila Roithova, Jan Rys, Nina Slovakova, Petra Silarova, Lucie Smejdova, Petra Stepankova, Vaclav Sulc and Kristyna Vazacova georeferenced distribution records, computerized data, helped with the preparation of maps or provided other technical assistance. Helmut Freitag kindly examined and identified the first specimens of Suaeda salsa. Lukas Cihal, Jiri Hadinec, Hana Houzarova, Jana Jelinkova, Milan Marek, Lenka Safarova and Otakar Sida helped with the deciphering of old herbarium labels or identification of localities. Programmers Petr Novotny and Martin Rohn produced the Pladias database and an internet-accessible mapping interface. An anonymous reviewer carefully read the manuscript and suggested numerous valuable improvements. Tony Dixon proofread the English text. The research was supported by the Centre of Excellence PLADIAS, project no. 14-36079G from the Czech Science Foundation. ZK, JD, KS, JCh, JS, JP and JW were also supported by the long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939 from the Czech Academy of Sciences, MH, LK, VT and DH by the project no. IGA_PrF_2017_001 from the Internal Grant Agency of the Palacky University, and MD by the project no. 00023272 (National Museum, DKRVO 2017/11) from the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic.
Cited Reference Count 123
Times Cited 2
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 2
Publisher CZECH BOTANICAL SOC
Publisher City PRAHA 2
Publisher Address BENATSKA 2, PRAHA 2 12801, CZECH REPUBLIC
ISSN 0032-7786
29-Character Source Abbreviation PRESLIA
ISO Source Abbreviation Preslia
Year Published 2017
Volume 89
Issue 4
Beginning Page 333
Ending Page 439
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.23855/preslia.2017.333
Page Count 107
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences
Subject Category Plant Sciences
Document Delivery Number FP8ZK
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000417935400003
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