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Publication Type J
Authors Reiahisamani, N., M. Esmaeili, N. A. K. Sima, F. Zaefarian and M. Zeinalabedini
Title Assessment of the oil content of the seed produced by Salicornia L., along with its ability to produce forage in saline soils
Source Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Author Keywords Environment Fatty acids composition Food Halophyte New crop Salicornia salt tolerance fatty-acids halophyte plants stress growth quality roots water
Abstract Soil salinity presents a serious threat to crop production. The relatively poor tolerance to this stress agent exhibited by conventional crops incentivizes the search for alternative producers of food and forage in salinity-affected environments. Halophytes belonging to the genus Salicornia L. have been suggested as being able to provide both forage and edible seed oil. Here, a set of 14 Salicornia europaea L. accessions was investigated for their ability to produce seed oil and forage in response to a range of salt concentrations (100, 300 and 600mM NaCl) in the water used for irrigation. Seed of the accessions was collected from diverse sites close to saline rivers and the sea in Iran. Salinity was shown to have a major effect on biomass yield, and on seed oil yield and composition. The ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids in the seed oil was remarkably high. Forage yield was highest when irrigated with 300mM NaCl for most of the accessions, while a level of 600mM NaCl suited the production of seed oil.
Author Address [Reiahisamani, Narges; Esmaeili, Mohammadali; Zaefarian, Faezeh] Sari Agr Sci & Nat Resources Univ, Dept Agron & Plant Breeding, Sari, Iran. [Sima, Nayer Azam Khoshkholgh] Agr Res Educ & Extens Org, Agr Biotechnol Res Inst, Dept Mol Physiol, POB 31535-1897, Karaj, Iran. [Zeinalabedini, Mehrshad] Agr Res Educ & Extens Org, Agr Biotechnol Res Inst, Dept Syst Biol, Karaj, Iran. Sima, NAK (reprint author), Agr Res Educ & Extens Org, Agr Biotechnol Res Inst, Dept Mol Physiol, POB 31535-1897, Karaj, Iran. nargesreiahisamani@gmail.com; Esmaeili6@yahoo.com; ksima@abrii.ac.ir; f.zaefarian@sanru.ac.ir; mzeinolabedini@abrii.ac.ir
ISSN 0925-9864
ISBN 0925-9864
29-Character Source Abbreviation Genet. Resour. Crop Evol.
Publication Date Oct
Year Published 2018
Volume 65
Issue 7
Beginning Page 1879-1891
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s10722-018-0661-2
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000444465800006
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