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Publication Type J
Authors Petropoulos, S. A., A. Karkanis, N. Martins and I. Ferreira
Title Edible halophytes of the Mediterranean basin: Potential candidates for novel food products
Source Trends in Food Science & Technology
Author Keywords Edible greens Halophytic species Mediterranean diet Native plants Underutilized species Wild greens crithmum-maritimum l. capparis-spinosa l. portulaca-oleracea l. salsola-species chenopodiaceae salicornia-herbacea l. inula-crithmoides l antioxidant activity cichorium-spinosum in-vitro tribulus-terrestris
Abstract Background: Recent trends in the food science industry and consumers' preferences for diversified diets suggest the consumption of wild greens not only as diet complements but also as healthy and functional foods for targeted conditions, rendering its commercial cultivation of major importance in order to avoid irrational gathering and genetic erosion threats. The Mediterranean basin abounds in wild edible species which have been used for food and medicinal purposes by human throughout the centuries. Many of these species can be found near coastal areas and usually grow under saline conditions, while others can adapt in various harsh conditions including high salinity. Scope and approach: The aim of this review focuses on listing and describing the most important halophyte species that traditionally have been gathered by rural communities of the Mediterranean basin, while special interest will be given on their chemical composition and health promoting components. Cases of commercially cultivated halophytes will be also presented to highlight their potential as alternative cash crops, while results from in vitro and in vivo health effects will be presented. Key findings and conclusions: The recent literature has provided useful information regarding the potential of wild halophytes as promising ingredients in functional food products and/or as sources of bioactive compounds. However, further research is needed regarding the chemical characterization of these species under commercial cultivation practices, while further clinical and model trials have to be conducted to assess their long term bioactivity and elucidate potential toxic effects and regulations of safe consumption.
Author Address [Petropoulos, S. A.; Karkanis, A.] Univ Thessaly, Dept Agr Crop Prod & Rural Environm, Fytokou St, Nea Ionia 38446, Magnesia, Greece. [Martins, N.; Ferreira, I. C. F. R.] Polytech Inst Braganca, ESA, Mt Res Ctr CIMO, Campus Santa Apolonia 1172, P-5301855 Braganca, Portugal. Petropoulos, SA (reprint author), Univ Thessaly, Sch Agr Sci, Fytokou St, N Ionia 38446, Magnissia, Greece.; Ferreira, ICFR (reprint author), Polytech Inst Braganca, Campus Santa Apolonia 1172, P-5301855 Braganca, Portugal. spetropoulos@uth.gr; iferreira@ipb.pt
ISSN 0924-2244
ISBN 0924-2244
29-Character Source Abbreviation Trends Food Sci. Technol.
Publication Date Apr
Year Published 2018
Volume 74
Beginning Page 69-84
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.tifs.2018.02.006
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000430758400007
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