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Publication Type J
Authors Diaz, FJ; Grattan, SR
Author Full Name Diaz, Francisco J.; Grattan, S. R.
Title Performance of tall wheatgrass (Thinopyrum ponticum, cv. 'Jose') irrigated with saline-high boron drainage water: Implications on ruminant mineral nutrition
Source AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Tall wheatgrass; Salinity-boron interaction; Carbon isotope fractionation; Ruminant nutrition
Keywords Plus CARBON-ISOTOPE DISCRIMINATION; SALT-TOLERANT FORAGES; REUSE SYSTEMS; EXCESS BORON; GROWTH; SELENIUM; MOLYBDENUM; YIELD; SOILS; QUALITY
Abstract Tall wheatgrass (Thinopyrum pooticum, cv. 'Jose') (TWG) has been identified as a salt-tolerant forage that has acceptable nutritional Value and shows considerable promise for reducing saline drainage volumes in California's San Joaquin Valley (SJV). The SJV drainage water also contains high concentrations of boron (B), selenium (Se) and molybdenum (MO), Which may affect the production potential and mineral nutritional value of the forage. A greenhouse Study was conducted with soil-filled pots using irrigation waters that varied in B (0.7-20 mg L(-1)) and sodium-sulfate dominated salinity (0.5-20 dS m(-1)), a quality Characteristic Of the SJV, With a constant background of 0.5 mg L(-1) Se and Mo. Our experiment confirms that TWG is very tolerant to salinity. For example forage production in treatments with irrigation water with in EC(w) of 10 dS m(-1) (EC(c) oft 6.8 dS m(-1))was 74% of those irrigated with non-saline water. We found that the stable carbon isotope fractionation ill Shoot tissue was a good Cumulative stress indicator of the crop as the discrimination value (A) decreased with increased salinity and reduced shoot biomass. Moreover, this forage crop is extremely tolerant to B, tolerating up to 20 mg L(-1) in the irrigation water Without a significant reduction ill Cumulative biomass. Tissue B concentrations increased with increased B to values above 2000 mg kg(-1) dry matter (DM). However as salinity increased within a particular B treatment, tissue B decreased. Forage quality, from a ruminant mineral nutrition perspective, raised concerns. Forage samples contained high levels of B, Se, Mo and sulfur near or above the recommended maximum tolerable level (MTL). Although ruminant grazing of pastures containing forage of this quality is not recommended, it has considerable potential as a forage supplement if rations can be controlled. Livestock consuming forage of this quality should be monitored for signs of B, Se and sulfur toxicity and molybdenum-sulfur induced copper deficiency. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Diaz, Francisco J.; Grattan, S. R.] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Land Air & Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA
Reprint Address Diaz, FJ (reprint author), Univ Calif Davis, Dept Land Air & Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA.
E-mail Address fjdiaz@ucdavis.edu
Funding Agency and Grant Number Spanish Government [EX-2006-0366]; University of California Salinity-Drainage Task Force; UC Davis
Funding Text This work was partially supported by a Postdoctoral Fellowship from the Spanish Government (EX-2006-0366) and funds from University of California Salinity-Drainage Task Force. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of David Harris at the UC Davis Stable Isotope facility for conducting the carbon isotope analysis and Garry Pearson for logistical support at the UC Davis greenhouse facility. The authors thank Dr. Peter Robinson (Department of Animal Science, UC Davis) for his critical comments oil early drafts of the manuscript.
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Cited Reference Count 58
Times Cited 15
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 17
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0167-8809
29-Character Source Abbreviation AGR ECOSYST ENVIRON
ISO Source Abbreviation Agric. Ecosyst. Environ.
Publication Date JUN
Year Published 2009
Volume 131
Issue 3-4
Beginning Page 128
Ending Page 136
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.agee.2009.01.003
Subject Category 9
Document Delivery Number Agriculture, Multidisciplinary; Ecology; Environmental Sciences
Unique Article Identifier Agriculture; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
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