Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.19
or
Publication Type J
Authors Erkkila, HMJB
Author Full Name Erkkila, HMJB
Title Seed banks of grazed and ungrazed Baltic seashore meadows
Source JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords grazing; water level
Keywords Plus BURIED VIABLE SEEDS; SALT-MARSH COMMUNITIES; SOIL SEED; ABOVEGROUND VEGETATION; EARLY ESTABLISHMENT; SPECIES COMPOSITION; PLANT COMMUNITY; GRASSLAND; GERMINATION; DISTURBANCE
Abstract The seed banks of three grazed and three ungrazed seashore meadows were studied on the west coast of Finland. 8486 seedlings (mean 13 669 seedlings/m(2)) germinated from cold-treated samples (n = 343; depth = 10 cm). Most seedlings and species were monocots and perennials. The seed bank flora included 54 dicots vs. 28 monocots and 66 perennials vs. 16 annuals. The most abundant species were Juncus gerardii, Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, Eleocharis uniglumis, Agrostis stolonifera, Juncus bufonius and Carex nigra, which made up 73 % of the seed bank. Numbers of species and seedlings differed between elevation classes. Species richness was highest in elevation class 50 - 70 cm. The highest seed density occurred in class 20 - 50 cm. A model for size and species composition of the seed bank in relation to elevation is presented. The seed bank was larger and richer in species in the ungrazed than in the grazed sites, but not so in the upper elevations and closest to the open sea. Grazing reduced the size of the seed bank of Agrostis stolonifera, A. capillaris, Calamagrostis stricta, Elymus repens, Juncus bufonius, Limosella aquatica and Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, but increased that of J. gerardii. 32 species germinated only from ungrazed samples and 11 species only from grazed ones. Multivariate classification resulted in nine sample groups. The ordination scatter was best explained by the flooding stress variables, elevation, the distance from the water line and the number of helophyte species in samples. 75 species were found both in the seed bank and in the vegetation, but there was a significant lack of resemblance (in the Mantel test) due to over-representation of some species. Eight species occurring only in the seed bank were mainly annuals or biennials (63 %); those occurring only in the established vegetation (86 species) were mainly perennials (86 %).
Author Address Turku Univ, Finnish Environm Inst, Satakunta Environm Res Ctr, FIN-28900 Pori, Finland
Reprint Address Erkkila, HMJB (reprint author), Honkalankatu 2B9, FIN-13210 Hameenlinna, Finland.
Cited References ANDRESEN H, 1990, VEGETATIO, V89, P137, DOI 10.1007/BF00032166; Bakker JP, 1996, J VEG SCI, V7, P165, DOI 10.2307/3236316; BAKKER JP, 1985, NEW PHYTOL, V101, P291, DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1985.tb02836.x; BAKKER JP, 1992, J VEG SCI, V3, P247, DOI 10.2307/3235686; BELBIN L, 1991, J VEG SCI, V2, P491, DOI 10.2307/3236031; BELBIN L, 1993, TECHNICAL REFERENCE; BERTILLER MB, 1992, J VEG SCI, V3, P47, DOI 10.2307/3235997; BROWN D, 1992, CAN J BOT, V70, P1603, DOI 10.1139/b92-202; CHAMPNESS SS, 1948, J ECOL, V36, P149, DOI 10.2307/2256652; Chippindale HG, 1934, J ECOL, V22, P508, DOI 10.2307/2256187; CONNELL JH, 1978, SCIENCE, V199, P1302, DOI 10.1126/science.199.4335.1302; CRAMER W, 1987, VEGETATIO, V69, P157, DOI 10.1007/BF00038697; DIETERT MF, 1978, ESTUARIES, V1, P164, DOI 10.2307/1351458; DONELAN M, 1980, BIOL CONSERV, V17, P297, DOI 10.1016/0006-3207(80)90029-4; ENGEL JL, 1983, THESIS RUTGERS U PIS; Eriksson O, 1996, CAN J BOT, V74, P1369, DOI 10.1139/b96-166; FORCELLA F, 1984, AUST J AGR RES, V35, P645, DOI 10.1071/AR9840645; GIBSON CWD, 1991, J VEG SCI, V2, P291, DOI 10.2307/3235919; GILFEDDER L, 1993, BIOL CONSERV, V64, P113, DOI 10.1016/0006-3207(93)90647-J; GRANSTROM A, 1988, J APPL ECOL, V25, P297, DOI 10.2307/2403627; Grime J.P., 1988, COMP PLANT ECOLOGY F; GROSS KL, 1990, J ECOL, V78, P1079, DOI 10.2307/2260953; GRUMBLAT JD, 1987, SALZWIESEN GEFORMT K, P189; Hamet-Ahti L., 1986, RETKEILYKASVIO; HANSEN K, 1993, NORD J BOT, V13, P431, DOI 10.1111/j.1756-1051.1993.tb00077.x; Harper J.L., 1977, POPULATION BIOL PLAN; HENDERSON CB, 1988, J ECOL, V76, P717, DOI 10.2307/2260569; HOPKINS DR, 1984, AM J BOT, V71, P348, DOI 10.2307/2443494; HOWE CD, 1983, J APPL ECOL, V20, P915, DOI 10.2307/2403136; HYTTEBORN H, 1991, AQUAT BOT, V40, P289, DOI 10.1016/0304-3770(91)90064-C; JERLING L, 1982, HOLARCTIC ECOL, V5, P405; JERLING L, 1983, HOLARCTIC ECOL, V6, P150; JUTILA H, 1994, LUONNON TUTKIJA, V98, P128; JUTILA H, 1997, ANN BOT FENN, V34, P200; JUTILA H, 1997, COASTLINE, V6, P24; JUTILA H, 1996, SATAKUNNAN PERINNEMA; KADLEC JA, 1984, WILDLIFE SOC B, V12, P388; KIIRIKKI M, 1993, ANN BOT FENN, V30, P139; KINUCAN RJ, 1992, AM MIDL NAT, V128, P11, DOI 10.2307/2426408; KJELLSSON G, 1992, ECOGRAPHY, V15, P86, DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0587.1992.tb00012.x; KOMULAINEN M, 1994, CAN J BOT, V72, P143, DOI 10.1139/b94-019; LAVOREL S, 1991, J VEG SCI, V2, P367, DOI 10.2307/3235929; Leck M. A., 1989, ECOLOGY SOIL SEED BA; LEVASSOR C, 1990, J VEG SCI, V1, P339, DOI 10.2307/3235709; Looney PB, 1995, J VEG SCI, V6, P825, DOI 10.2307/3236396; MAJOR JACK, 1966, VEGETATIO ACTA GEOBOT, V13, P253, DOI 10.1007/BF00643329; Mc Donald A. W., 1996, J VEG SCI, V7, P156, DOI DOI 10.2307/3236315; Milton WEJ, 1939, J ECOL, V27, P149, DOI 10.2307/2256305; Navie SC, 1996, AUST J BOT, V44, P421, DOI 10.1071/BT9960421; OOSTING HENRY J., 1940, BULL TORREY BOT CLUB, V67, P253, DOI 10.2307/2481173; Paatela J., 1971, ANN AGR FENN, V10, P144; Pederson R. L., 1981, SEL P MIDW C WETL VA, P61; Roberts H. A., 1981, Advances in Applied Biology, V6, P1; Seina A., 1991, FINNISH MAR RES, V258, P1; SHUMWAY SW, 1992, OECOLOGIA, V92, P490, DOI 10.1007/BF00317840; SMITH LM, 1985, CAN J BOT, V63, P2133, DOI 10.1139/b85-301; SMITH LM, 1983, J APPL ECOL, V20, P673, DOI 10.2307/2403534; TerHeerdt GNJ, 1996, FUNCT ECOL, V10, P144; THOMPSON K, 1977, NATURE, V267, P147, DOI 10.1038/267147a0; THOMPSON K, 1978, J BIOGEOGR, V5, P425, DOI 10.2307/3038032; Thompson K, 1997, SOIL SEED BANKS NW E; UNGAR IA, 1993, J VEG SCI, V4, P531, DOI 10.2307/3236080; Ungar IA, 1996, INT J PLANT SCI, V157, P746, DOI 10.1086/297398; UNGAR IA, 1980, BOT GAZ, V141, P447, DOI 10.1086/337181; van Tooren BF, 1988, FUNCT ECOL, V2, P303, DOI 10.2307/2389402; VIENO M, 1993, CAN J BOT, V71, P379, DOI 10.1139/b93-042; WESSON G, 1967, NATURE, V213, P600, DOI 10.1038/213600a0; WISHEU IC, 1991, J VEG SCI, V2, P181, DOI 10.2307/3235950; [Anonymous], 1988, SAS STAT USERS GUIDE
Cited Reference Count 69
Times Cited 12
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 12
Publisher OPULUS PRESS UPPSALA AB
Publisher City UPPSALA
Publisher Address BOX 25137, S 752 25 UPPSALA, SWEDEN
ISSN 1100-9233
29-Character Source Abbreviation J VEG SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Veg. Sci.
Publication Date JUN
Year Published 1998
Volume 9
Issue 3
Beginning Page 395
Ending Page 408
Subject Category 14
Document Delivery Number Plant Sciences; Ecology; Forestry
Unique Article Identifier Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Forestry
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed