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Publication Type S
Authors Bresdin, C; Glenn, EP
Editors Khan, MA; Boer, B; Ozturk, M; ClusenerGodt, M; Gul, B; Breckle, SW
Author Full Name Bresdin, Cylphine; Glenn, Edward P.
Title Distichlis palmeri: An Endemic Grass in the Coastal Sabkhas of the Northern Gulf of California and a Potential New Grain Crop for Saltwater Agriculture
Source SABKHA ECOSYSTEMS VOL V: THE AMERICAS
Series Tasks for Vegetation Science
Language English
Document Type Article; Book Chapter
Abstract Extensive coastal sabkhas in the northern Gulf of California in North America are colonized by Distichlis palmeri, an endemic grass that produces a grain that was harvested as a staple food by native Cocopah people. It has been considered as a potential perennial grain crop for salt water agriculture. Previous short-term trials have shown good vegetative growth but low percentage of flowering stems resulted in low grain yields. In these trials, we grew D. palmeri outdoors in paddy-style (flooded) conditions in 26-34 g L-1 sea salt solutions. Reproductive maturity was reached 4 years after initial establishment of plants from seed, with nearly all stems producing male or female flowers. Mixtures of male and female plants (1:3) produced 231-310 g m(-2) of grain, with nutritional content similar to domesticated grains. These yields are within the range of other grain crops and demonstrate the potential for further developing D. palmeri as a global crop for salinized soils and water supplies.
Author Address [Bresdin, Cylphine; Glenn, Edward P.] Univ Arizona, Environm Res Lab, 2601 East Airport Dr, Tucson, AZ 85756 USA
Reprint Address Bresdin, C (reprint author), Univ Arizona, Environm Res Lab, 2601 East Airport Dr, Tucson, AZ 85756 USA.
E-mail Address cylph@email.arizona.edu
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Cited Reference Count 15
Publisher SPRINGER INT PUBLISHING AG
Publisher City CHAM
Publisher Address GEWERBESTRASSE 11, CHAM, CH-6330, SWITZERLAND
ISSN 0167-9406
ISBN 978-3-319-27093-7; 978-3-319-27091-3
29-Character Source Abbreviation TASKS VEG SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation Tasks Veg. Sci.
Year Published 2016
Volume 48
Beginning Page 389
Ending Page 396
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/978-3-319-27093-7_21
Book Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/978-3-319-27093-7
Subject Category 8
Document Delivery Number Plant Sciences; Ecology
Unique Article Identifier Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Plants associated with this reference

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