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Publication Type S
Authors Zargar, M; Pakina, EN; Plushikov, VG
[=Group Author] SGEM
Author Full Name Zargar, Meisam; Pakina, Elena N.; Plushikov, Vadim G.
Title DEVELOPMENT OF MANGROVE FOREST AND BIO-DIVERSITY IN BANGLADESH & SOUTH ASIA
Source WATER RESOURCES, FOREST, MARINE AND OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, SGEM 2016, VOL III
Series International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Language English
Document Type Proceedings Paper
Conference Title 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM2016
Conference Date NOV 02-05, 2016
Conference Location Vienna, AUSTRIA
Conference Sponsors Acad Sci Czech Republ, Latvian Acad Sci, Polish Acad Sci, Bulgarian Acad Sci, Russian Acad Sci, Serbian Acad Sci & Arts, Slovak Acad Sci, Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Inst Water Problem & Hydropower NAS KR, Natl Acad Sci Armenia, Sci Council Japan, World Acad Sci, European Acad Sci Arts & Letters, Acad Sci Moldova, Montenegrin Acad Sci & Arts, Croatian Acad Sci & Arts, Georgian Natl Acad Sci, Acad Fine Arts & Design Bratislava, Turkish Acad Sci, Bulgarian Minist Environm & Water
Author Keywords Undergrowth flora; salinity; pH; ordination; Sundarban
Abstract Undergrowth species diversity was investigated by random quadrat method. Ordination and Shannon-Wiener diversity index were produced by the CANOCO program and Cluster analysis was done by the SAS (Statistical Analylitical System, sixth version) program. 48 undergrowth species were recorded in the Sundarban mangrove forest belonging to the dominant families such as Fabaceae (Cynometra ramiflora, Dalbergia spinosa, Derris trifoliata), Poaceae (Myriostachya wightiana, Porteresia coarctata), Palmae (Nypa fruticans, Phoenix paludosa), Acanthaceae (Acanthus ilicifolius), Pteridaceae (Acrostichum aureum), Myrsinaceae (Aegiceras corniculatum), Rhizophoraceae (Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). On the basis of frequency distribution of undergrowth vegetation data sets six undergrowth species were found to be dominant and widely adapted to the various salinity conditions in different zones of Sundarban mangrove forest, which were frequently occurring in most of the sites and quadrats such as Acanthus ilicifolius, Acrostichum aureum, Derris trifoliata, Vitis trifoliata, Sarcolobus globosus and Phoenix paludosa. The Sundarban forest, located in the southwest of Bangladesh, is one of the largest continuous blocks of mangrove forests in the world. This mangrove forest ecosystem in Bangladesh is now in captious position. Negative natural and anthropogenic impacts and overexploitation of natural resources have caused severe damage to the ecosystem. Growing human population with few alternative livelihood opportunities poses a serious threat to the mangrove forest. The rapidly expanding shrimp farming industry is a significant threat to the mangrove forests of Bangladesh. Due to illegal cutting, encroachment of forest areas and illegal poaching of wildlife, the mangrove forest is losing biodiversity in an alarming rate. This forest ecosystem also has become vulnerable to.pollution, which may have changed the ecosystem's biogeochemistry. Further threats arise from global climate change, especially sea level rise. This study seeks to identify the root causes of deterioration of the Sundarban mangrove forest in Bangladesh. It also recommends the application of sustainable management strategies covering needs for an advanced silvicultural system, improvement of scientific research as well as conservation measures.
Author Address [Zargar, Meisam; Pakina, Elena N.; Plushikov, Vadim G.] RUDN Univ, Inst Agr, Dept AgroBiotechnol, Moscow, Russia
Reprint Address Zargar, M (reprint author), RUDN Univ, Inst Agr, Dept AgroBiotechnol, Moscow, Russia.
Cited References Banglapedia, 2010, NAT ENC BANGL; Braun-Blanquet J, 1964, PFLANZENSOZIOLOGIE; Chaffey D.R., 1985, FOREST INVENTORY SUN; Chaffey D. R., 1995, FOREST INVENTORY SUN; Choudhury A, 1997, CHECKLIST MAMALS ASS; FAO, 2004, STAT FOOD INS WORLD; Government of Bangladesh (GoB), 1993, BANGL NAT CONS STRAT; Hossain M. K., 2003, 7 INT C EC MAN AL PL; Islam M. R., 2005, LAND MEETS SEA PROFI; MoEF, 2004, JOINT TIG CENS 2004; Motiur M. R., 2006, THESIS; Pasha M., 2003, BANGLAPEDIA NATL ENC, P133; Pearson C, 2005, J ARCHAEOL SCI, V32, P1265, DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2005.03.007; WALSH G. E., 1974, ECOLOGY HALOPHYTES, P51; [Anonymous], 2000, MANGROVES COMMUNITY
Cited Reference Count 15
Publisher STEF92 TECHNOLOGY LTD
Publisher City SOFIA
Publisher Address 1 ANDREY LYAPCHEV BLVD, SOFIA, 1797, BULGARIA
ISSN 1314-2704
ISBN 978-619-7105-81-0
29-Character Source Abbreviation INT MULTI SCI GEOCO
Year Published 2016
Beginning Page 391
Ending Page 400
Page Count 10
Web of Science Category Ecology; Water Resources
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Water Resources
Document Delivery Number BG7SC
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000391653600050
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