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Publication Type J
Authors Kannan, PR; Deepa, S; Kanth, SV; Rao, JR; Gnanasekaran, CS; Rengasamy, R
Author Full Name Kannan, P. Ramesh; Deepa, S.; Kanth, Swarna V.; Rao, J. Raghava; Gnanasekaran, C. S.; Rengasamy, R.
Title STUDIES ON THE USE OF SESUVIUM PORTULACASTRUM - PART III: PHYTOREMEDIATION OF SALT CONTAMINATED SOILS OF TANNERY WASTEWATER DISCHARGED ILANDS
Source JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION
Language English
Document Type Article
Keywords Plus SALICORNIA-EUROPAEA; GROWTH; ATRIPLEX; FIELD
Abstract The leather processing industry is known to be associated with the generation of liquid waste with high total dissolved solids (TIDS), in particular salinity. In part I of the present study, S. portulacastrum was used for accumulation of NaCl present in tannery wastewater and in part 11 of the work, the harvest plant was reused for preservation of hides and skins. In the present investigation, S. portulacastrum is being used as a phytoremediant for the removal of NaCl in tannery wastewater discharged open lands containing TDS levels of 12,300 ppm for a period of 15 months (April 2008 - June 2009), at pilot scale in a commercial site in Tamilnadu state of India. The TDS levels of the soil in terms of NaCl were reduced from 12,300 to 2700 ppm by harvesting Sesuvium portulacastrum for 15 months. An average of 77% of Na(+) and 63% of Cl(-) was absorbed by the plants during the fifteen months of harvesting. Maximum accumulation of Na(+) and Cl(-) was observed during the month of August'08 and minimum level of absorption resulted during the period September'08 to December'08. The phytoremediation capacity of the plant was dependent on the climatic conditions. The lower values of salt absorption are attributed to heavy rainfall in these regions resulting in lower availability of salt for accumulation by the plant. The results of the present work indicate that S. portulacastrum can be used for phytoremediation of sodium chloride contaminated soils of tannery wastewater treated lands.
Author Address [Kannan, P. Ramesh; Deepa, S.; Kanth, Swarna V.; Rao, J. Raghava] CSIR, Cent Leather Res Inst, Madras 600020, Tamil Nadu, India; [Rengasamy, R.] Univ Madras, Ctr Adv Studies Bot, Madras 600025, Tamil Nadu, India; [Gnanasekaran, C. S.] C Kalyanam & Co Chrompet, Madras 600045, Tamil Nadu, India
Reprint Address Rao, JR (reprint author), CSIR, Cent Leather Res Inst, Madras 600020, Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail Address clrichem@mailcity.com
ResearcherID Number Rao, Jonnalagadda/B-8486-2009
Cited References BERNSTEIN L, 1975, ANNU REV PHYTOPATHOL, V13, P295, DOI 10.1146/annurev.py.13.090175.001455; Chaudhri I.I., 1964, PLANT SOIL, V21, P1, DOI 10.1007/BF01373866; CLESCERI LS, 1989, STANDARDS METHODS EX, P144; Gritsenko GV, 1999, EURASIAN SOIL SCI+, V32, P236; HYDER SZ, 1981, J RANGE MANAGE, V34, P208, DOI 10.2307/3898042; *INEDGMRAR, 1999, MAN PROC MAN AD RES; Khawaja M. A., 1995, SURVEY TANNERY LEATH; LEVITT J, 1972, RESPONSE PLANTS ENV, P553; MALCOLM CV, 1988, AGR ECOSYST ENVIRON, V21, P265, DOI 10.1016/0167-8809(88)90093-X; MALIK AR, 1976, AUST J BOT, V24, P265, DOI 10.1071/BT9760265; Martinez JP, 2005, J EXP BOT, V56, P2421, DOI 10.1093/jxb/eri235; Messedi D, 2004, J PLANT NUTR SOIL SC, V167, P720, DOI 10.1002/jpln.200420410; Qadir M, 2003, LAND DEGRAD DEV, V14, P301, DOI 10.1002/ldr.558; Ravindran KC, 2007, SOIL BIOL BIOCHEM, V39, P2661, DOI 10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.02.005; RIEHL TE, 1982, OECOLOGIA, V54, P193, DOI 10.1007/BF00378392; Salt DE, 1998, ANNU REV PLANT PHYS, V49, P643, DOI 10.1146/annurev.arplant.49.1.643; UNGAR IA, 1979, ECOLOGY, V60, P329, DOI 10.2307/1937662
Cited Reference Count 17
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher AMER LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOC
Publisher City LUBBOCK
Publisher Address TEXAS TECH UNIV, BOX 45300, LUBBOCK, TX 79409-5300 USA
ISSN 0002-9726
29-Character Source Abbreviation J AM LEATHER CHEM AS
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc.
Publication Date DEC
Year Published 2009
Volume 104
Issue 12
Beginning Page 416
Ending Page 422
Page Count 7
Web of Science Category Chemistry, Applied; Materials Science, Textiles
Subject Category Chemistry; Materials Science
Document Delivery Number 532DM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000272725000003
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