Loading content, please wait..
Version 3.20
Publication Type J
Authors Lonard, RI; Judd, FW
Author Full Name Lonard, RI; Judd, FW
Title The biological flora of coastal dunes and wetlands. Sesuvium portulacastrum (L) L
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords sea purslane; variation; morphology; habitats; communities; physiology; population ecology; reproduction; geomorphological interactions; economic importance
Abstract Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. (sea purslane, cenicilla) is a pantropical, perennial, trailing herb (Aizoaceae) with pink-purple or occasionally white flowers that grows on coastal beaches of five continents and many islands. Herein we present a review of the biology of S. portulacastrum. It is an important pioneer species on sandy beaches in the subtropics and tropics, where its stoloniferous, mat-forming growth habit promotes embryonic dune formation in belts parallel to the shoreline. Colonies act as barriers to intercept and hold water and wind transported sand. Sesuvium portulacastrum's success as a colonizing species is related, in large part, to its ability to be propagated by vegetative fragments and the tolerance of these fragments to salt water. Indeed, it has apparently reached nearly all locations in which it occurs by drifting segments in the sea. Other factors contributing to its success as a pioneer species include its tolerance of salt spray, sand scouring and burial, high substrate temperatures and low levels of soil nutrients. Its northern and southern distribution limits appear to be limited by the frequency, duration and severity of freezing temperatures.
Reprint Address Lonard, RI (reprint author), UNIV TEXAS,DEPT BIOL,EDINBURG,TX 78539, USA.
Cited References ABHAYKUMAR VK, 1991, INDIAN J MAR SCI, V20, P275; ALLAWAY WG, 1984, AUST J BOT, V32, P449, DOI 10.1071/BT9840449; BANERJI A, 1971, PHYTOCHEMISTRY, V10, P2225, DOI 10.1016/S0031-9422(00)97227-3; BARBOUR M G, 1987, Phytocoenologia, V15, P201; Beard JS, 1944, ECOLOGY, V25, P127, DOI 10.2307/1930688; BHOSALE LJ, 1983, PHOTOSYNTHETICA, V17, P59; BLUM M, 1985, TEX J SCI, V37, P63; BOGLE A L, 1970, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Harvard University, V51, P431; Britton N. L., 1962, BAHAMA FLORA; Carlquist S., 1974, ISLAND BIOL; CARLS EG, 1991, SOUTHWEST NAT, V36, P121, DOI 10.2307/3672128; Correll D. S., 1970, MANUAL VASCULAR PLAN; CORRELL DS, 1972, MANUAL VASCULAR PLAN; Correll D.S., 1972, AQUATIC WETLAND PLAN; de Foucault B., 1987, PHYTOCOENOLOGIA, V15, P397; DESLOOVER JR, 1992, BELG J BOT, V125, P65; DIFULVIO TE, 1967, KURTZIANA, V4, P87; DOING H, 1985, VEGETATIO, V61, P65, DOI 10.1007/BF00039811; ESPEJEL I, 1986, Biotica (Mexico), V11, P7; FOSBERG FR, 1953, ATOLL RES B, P1; GATES FC, 1915, TORREYA, V15, P27; Guppy H.B., 1917, PLANTS SEEDS CURRENT; HNATIUK SH, 1979, J BIOGEOGR, V6, P105, DOI 10.2307/3038046; Johnson A. F., 1977, J BIOGEOGR, V7, P83; Joshi G. V., 1982, Contributions to the ecology of halophytes., P21; JUDD FW, 1983, SOUTHWEST NAT, V28, P365, DOI 10.2307/3670799; Judd F.W., 1987, P 5 S COAST OC MAN S, P1731; JUDD FW, 1977, SW NATURALIST, V23, P31; KAN W-H, 1988, Bulletin of Taiwan Forestry Research Institute New Series, V3, P225; KUTHUBUTHEEN AJ, 1981, MYCOPATHOLOGIA, V76, P33, DOI 10.1007/BF00761897; Lacerda LD, 1983, TROPICAL ECOLOGY, V24, P162; Lacerda LD, 1982, REV BRAS BIOL, V42, P89; LEENHOUTS W P, 1982, Wildlife Society Bulletin, V10, P127; Lloyd F.E., 1901, B TORREY BOT CLUB, V28, P61, DOI 10.2307/2477884; Lonard RI, 1991, P 7 INT S COAST OC M, P2823; Lonard RI, 1989, P N AM PRAIR C, P217; LONARD RI, 1978, SW NATURALIST, V23, P495; LUDLOW-WIECHERS B, 1982, Biotica (Mexico), V7, P65; LUTTGE U, 1981, NEW PHYTOL, V111, P283; MARTINEZ ML, 1992, OECOLOGIA, V92, P343, DOI 10.1007/BF00317460; MARTYN BA, 1934, J ECOL, V22, P292; Miranda F., 1942, ANALES I BIOL, V13, P53; MORENOCASASOLA P, 1988, J BIOGEOGR, V15, P787, DOI 10.2307/2845340; MORENOCASASOLA P, 1986, VEGETATIO, V66, P147, DOI 10.1007/BF00039908; NAKAJIMA K, 1970, Journal of Geobotany, V18, P63; NAVALKAR B S, 1973, Indian Science Congress Association Proceedings, V60, P393; NEVLING LI, 1961, ANN MISSOURI BOT GAR, V48, P422; PARADIS G, 1981, Annales de l'Universite d'Abidjan Serie E Ecologie, V14, P7; PFEIFFER WC, 1982, ENVIRON POLLUT B, V4, P193, DOI 10.1016/0143-148X(82)90052-0; POGGIE JJ, 1963, LOUISIANA STATE U ST, V6; Radford A.E., 1968, MANUAL VASCULAR FLOR; RAGHAVAN TS, 1940, ANN BOT, V2, P651; RICO-GRAY V, 1990, Phytologia, V68, P102; Sauer J. D., 1967, GEOGRAPHIC RECONNAIS; Sauer JD, 1982, CAYMAN ISLANDS SEASH; SHARMA ARUN KUMAR, 1956, CARYOLOGIA, V8, P257; SINGH S, 1966, P 53 IND SCI C 3, V53, P314; STEWART GR, 1974, PLANTA, V120, P279, DOI 10.1007/BF00390296; Stone B. C., 1970, MICRONESICA, V6, P1; Strogonov B.P., 1973, STRUCTURE FUNCTION P; SUBRAMANIAN D, 1988, CYTOLOGIA, V53, P87; Taylor Charlotte M., 1992, Gayana Botanica, V49, P11; THOMAS MLH, 1993, ATOLL RES B, P1; Vanden Berghen C., 1979, B JARD BOT NAT BELG, V49, P185; VENKATESALU V, 1994, J PLANT NUTR, V17, P1635, DOI 10.1080/01904169409364836; VENKATESALU V, 1993, PHOTOSYNTHETICA, V28, P313; WHISTLER WA, 1980, COASTAL FLOWERS TROP; WICKENS G E, 1979, Atoll Research Bulletin, P1; Woodhouse W.W., 1982, CREATION RESTORATION, P1; 1960, AIZOACEAE INDEX PLAN
Cited Reference Count 70
Times Cited 14
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 18
Publisher City LAWRENCE
Publisher Address 810 EAST 10TH STREET, LAWRENCE, KS 66044
ISSN 0749-0208
29-Character Source Abbreviation J COASTAL RES
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Coast. Res.
Publication Date WIN
Year Published 1997
Volume 13
Issue 1
Beginning Page 96
Ending Page 104
Page Count 9
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Geography, Physical; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Physical Geography; Geology
Document Delivery Number WL799
Unique Article Identifier WOS:A1997WL79900013
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed