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Publication Type J
Authors Lonard, RI; Judd, FW
Author Full Name Lonard, RI; Judd, FW
Title The biological flora of coastal dunes and wetlands. Sesuvium portulacastrum (L) L
Source JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords sea purslane; variation; morphology; habitats; communities; physiology; population ecology; reproduction; geomorphological interactions; economic importance
Keywords Plus VEGETATION; ISLAND; MEXICO; STRESS; GULF
Abstract Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. (sea purslane, cenicilla) is a pantropical, perennial, trailing herb (Aizoaceae) with pink-purple or occasionally white flowers that grows on coastal beaches of five continents and many islands. Herein we present a review of the biology of S. portulacastrum. It is an important pioneer species on sandy beaches in the subtropics and tropics, where its stoloniferous, mat-forming growth habit promotes embryonic dune formation in belts parallel to the shoreline. Colonies act as barriers to intercept and hold water and wind transported sand. Sesuvium portulacastrum's success as a colonizing species is related, in large part, to its ability to be propagated by vegetative fragments and the tolerance of these fragments to salt water. Indeed, it has apparently reached nearly all locations in which it occurs by drifting segments in the sea. Other factors contributing to its success as a pioneer species include its tolerance of salt spray, sand scouring and burial, high substrate temperatures and low levels of soil nutrients. Its northern and southern distribution limits appear to be limited by the frequency, duration and severity of freezing temperatures.
Reprint Address Lonard, RI (reprint author), UNIV TEXAS,DEPT BIOL,EDINBURG,TX 78539, USA.
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Cited Reference Count 70
Times Cited 14
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 18
Publisher COASTAL EDUCATION & RESEARCH FOUNDATION
Publisher City LAWRENCE
Publisher Address 810 EAST 10TH STREET, LAWRENCE, KS 66044
ISSN 0749-0208
29-Character Source Abbreviation J COASTAL RES
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Coast. Res.
Publication Date WIN
Year Published 1997
Volume 13
Issue 1
Beginning Page 96
Ending Page 104
Page Count 9
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Geography, Physical; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Physical Geography; Geology
Document Delivery Number WL799
Unique Article Identifier WOS:A1997WL79900013
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