Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.22
or
Publication Type J
Authors Christensen, J; Lauridsen, UB; Andreasen, C; Lutken, H
Author Full Name Christensen, Jonas; Lauridsen, Uffe Bjerre; Andreasen, Christian; Lutken, Henrik
Title Influence of Temperature, Low Nutrient Supply, and Soil Composition on Germination and the Growth of Sea Kale (Crambe maritima L.)
Source HORTSCIENCE
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Crambe maritima; fertilizer; seed germination; soil type
Keywords Plus GLUCOSINOLATE CONTENT; SUBSTRATE COMPOSITION; BRASSICA VEGETABLES; RESTORATION; ESTABLISHMENT; DIVERSITY; SALINITY
Abstract Sea kale (Crambe maritima L.) is a wild edible plant with forgotten and undiscovered potential as a field vegetable. Its natural habitat is gravel beaches in northern Europe and the Black Sea. Three experiments were conducted to find the effect of temperature on seed germination and to determine plant growth response to organic fertilizer and soil types. Germination rates were estimated at three temperatures. Plant growth responses were conducted with application of two fertilizer concentrations [15 and 30 kg plant-available nitrogen (PAN)/ha] and by using four distinct soil types. Seeds sown at 20 and 15 degrees C reached a significantly greater germination rate after 32 days (48.0% and 40.4%, respectively) than seeds sown at 10 degrees C (16.6%). The number of days when 50% of the seeds that germinated during the experiment had germinated (T-50) were 12.0, 11.8, and 16.8 days for 20, 15, and 10 degrees C, respectively. Application of 15 or 30 kg.ha(-1) PAN did not result in any significant differences in plant size or biomass within 2 months of growth in sandy loam, but substantial plant heterogeneity was observed. Soil composition had a significant effect (P <= 0.05) on plant biomass. Plants grown in fine or loamy sand had the greatest growth and biomass. Sea kale seems to have a potential to become a field vegetable, because it grows well on other soil types than gravel. However, domestication processes of the species are required to obtain homogenous plants for future propagation.
Author Address [Christensen, Jonas; Lauridsen, Uffe Bjerre; Andreasen, Christian; Lutken, Henrik] Univ Copenhagen, Plant & Environm Sci, Taastrup, Denmark
Reprint Address Lutken, H (reprint author), Univ Copenhagen, Plant & Environm Sci, Hojbakkegard Alle 9-13, Taastrup, Denmark.
E-mail Address hlm@plen.ku.dk
ResearcherID Number Andreasen, Christian/F-6633-2014
ORCID Number Andreasen, Christian/0000-0003-0844-141X; Lutken, Henrik/0000-0003-3719-8324
Cited References Andreasen C, 2014, HORTSCIENCE, V49, P538; Bond JM, 2005, ECOGRAPHY, V28, P374, DOI 10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.04148.x; Briard M, 2002, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V95, P1, DOI 10.1016/S0304-4238(02)00022-5; Cook RD, 1999, AM STAT, V53, P29, DOI 10.2307/2685649; de Vos AC, 2010, ANN BOT-LONDON, V105, P925, DOI 10.1093/aob/mcq072; Falk KL, 2007, PLANT BIOLOGY, V9, P573, DOI 10.1055/s-2007-965431; FOWLER JL, 1991, AGRON J, V83, P169; Fusheng L., 1998, ACTA HORTIC, V467, P233; Fusheng L., 1998, ACTA HORTICULTURAE I, V467, P215; Lee SA, 2008, AM J CLIN NUTR, V87, P753; Lloyd A. B., 1959, J AGR RES, V2, P649; Low E. J., 2007, SHINGLE BIODIVERSITY; Maher J., 1812, CULTIVATION CRAMBE M, P13; Martins Lima Deleon, 2012, Idesia, V30, P23, DOI 10.4067/S0718-34292012000300003; Meier U, 2001, BBCH MONOGRAPH; Meyer C., 2011, NY NORDISK HVERDAGSM; Panno G, 2009, REV CULTIVANDO SABER, V2, P151; PERON JY, 1990, ADVANCES IN NEW CROPS, P419; Peron J. -Y., 1989, ACTA HORTIC, V242, P179; Ritz C, 2013, EUR J AGRON, V45, P1, DOI 10.1016/j.eja.2012.10.003; Rowell D.L., 1994, SOIL SCI METHODS APP, P1; Schindelin J, 2012, NAT METHODS, V9, P676, DOI [10.1038/nmeth.2019, 10.1038/NMETH.2019]; Song LJ, 2007, FOOD CHEM TOXICOL, V45, P216, DOI 10.1016/j.fct.2006.07.021; USDA, 1987, SOIL MECH LEV 1 MOD, P3; Verkerk R, 2009, MOL NUTR FOOD RES, V53, pS219, DOI 10.1002/mnfr.200800065; Walmsley CA, 1997, J APPL ECOL, V34, P131, DOI 10.2307/2404854; Walmsley CA, 1997, J APPL ECOL, V34, P154, DOI 10.2307/2404856; Walmsley CA, 1997, J APPL ECOL, V34, P143, DOI 10.2307/2404855
Cited Reference Count 28
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher AMER SOC HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
Publisher City ALEXANDRIA
Publisher Address 113 S WEST ST, STE 200, ALEXANDRIA, VA 22314-2851 USA
ISSN 0018-5345
29-Character Source Abbreviation HORTSCIENCE
ISO Source Abbreviation Hortscience
Publication Date MAR
Year Published 2015
Volume 50
Issue 3
Beginning Page 363
Ending Page 368
Page Count 6
Web of Science Category Horticulture
Subject Category Agriculture
Document Delivery Number CF7RM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000352754000006
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed