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Publication Type J
Authors Sanyal, A; Decocq, G
Author Full Name Sanyal, Anushree; Decocq, Guillaume
Title Biological Flora of the British Isles: Crambe maritima
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords climatic limitation; communities; conservation; ecophysiology; geographical and altitudinal distribution; germination; herbivory; mycorrhiza; parasites and diseases
Abstract This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Crambe maritima L. (Sea-kale; Crambe pontica Stev. ex Rupr) that are relevant to understand its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles: distribution, habitat, communities, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floral and seed characters, herbivores and disease, history and conservation.Crambe maritima is found predominantly on southern and western coasts of Britain but also in Scotland, Ireland and elsewhere. It occurs primarily on neutral or slightly alkaline soils on shingle and sand beaches above the drift line, out of reach of average high tides. Equinoctial tides or storms can increase soil salinity, requiring it to be salt tolerant.Crambe maritima is a rosette plant with a fleshy taproot, which is the main perennating organ with a capacity for vegetative propagation. Flowering can take 5-8years when grown from seeds. Reproduction is predominantly by seeds. Root and stem cuttings can be used for vegetative propagation. In winter, each branch ends at ground level in a leafless crimson bud, and in spring, it produces a succession of cabbage-like leaves just above ground level, the first being purple and successive leaves becoming greener.Crambe maritima produces weakly protogynous hermaphrodite flowers. Self- and cross-pollination occurs. Pollination is by insects, flies and bees. The plants usually produce 1000-10000 seeds per year. In Britain, Crambe maritima has been reported to have declined in certain areas but increased in other areas and currently does not have rare or scarce status. There has been an expansion in range in Ireland since the 1960s as it has been recorded at new sites, and while the species has disappeared from some sites in France, it has also been identified in several new sites.
Author Address [Sanyal, Anushree; Decocq, Guillaume] Univ Picardie Jules Verne, Unite Ecol & Dynam Syst Anthropises EDYSAN, FRE CNRS 3498, FR-80037 Amiens, France
Reprint Address Sanyal, A (reprint author), Univ Picardie Jules Verne, Unite Ecol & Dynam Syst Anthropises EDYSAN, FRE CNRS 3498, 1 Rue Louvels, FR-80037 Amiens, France.
E-mail Address anushree.sanyal@gmail.com
Funding Agency and Grant Number S.A.S. PIVERT ('Institut d'Excellence en Energie Decarbonee' - French ANR); Precompetitive Research programme 'Genesys'
Funding Text We thank Emilie Gallet-Moron for help with the European distribution map of Crambe maritima and Alain Quinsac for help in providing some information. This work was conducted while AS held a post-doc fellowship from the S.A.S. PIVERT ('Institut d'Excellence en Energie Decarbonee', funded by the French ANR) and was financially supported within the framework of the Precompetitive Research programme 'Genesys'. The authors are grateful to Prof. Michael Usher and David Streeter for helpful remarks. We thank the Journal of Ecology for permission to use Table 1 and Fig. 3. Sincere appreciation goes to Tony Davy for his helpful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript and for his detailed editing of the final manuscript.
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Cited Reference Count 183
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher City HOBOKEN
Publisher Address 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
ISSN 0022-0477
29-Character Source Abbreviation J ECOL
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Ecol.
Publication Date MAY
Year Published 2015
Volume 103
Issue 3
Beginning Page 769
Ending Page 788
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/1365-2745.12389
Page Count 20
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences; Ecology
Subject Category Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number CG9MS
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000353640500024
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