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Publication Type J
Authors Urrego, LE; Polania, J; Buitrago, MF; Cuartas, LF; Lema, A
Author Full Name Urrego, Ligia E.; Polania, Jaime; Buitrago, Maria F.; Cuartas, Luisa F.; Lema, Alvaro
Title DISTRIBUTION OF MANGROVES ALONG ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS ON SAN ANDRES ISLAND (COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN)
Source BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE
Language English
Document Type Article
Keywords Plus PUERTO-RICO; VEGETATION STRUCTURE; RESOURCE-MANAGEMENT; SOIL-SALINITY; COSTA-RICA; SRI-LANKA; PATTERNS; FOREST; ZONATION; DYNAMICS
Abstract Species richness and distribution along environmental gradients in mangroves have been linked to abiotic and eco-physiological factors. The small surface area of San Andres Island, Colombia, the relatively low environmental variability, as well as the lack of permanent freshwater courses may prevent the formation of a zonation pattern, leading to a homogeneous composition and structure of the forests. The goal of this study was to evaluate the mangrove types, including their structure and floristic composition under the influence of five environmental factors. The primary relationships among tree species and flooding levels, salinity, pH, soil depth, and soil texture were investigated along 86, 500-m(2) plots established across 20 transects throughout the San Andres Island shoreline. Canonical Correspondence Analysis identified four mangrove groups, with the first two canonical axes explaining 65% of the variation in the data. The grouping of species along those axes was mainly associated with inundation level and soil depth. Two mangrove groups were classified as fringe mangroves that grow on highly saline and relatively shallow soils under the direct influence of tides. The remaining two were classified as riverine mangroves that grow on lower salinity soils influenced by sporadic freshwater flows and isolated from direct tidal influence. Rhizophora mangle L. was present in the four mangrove groups but, on the highest saline soils where fringe mangroves grew, Avicennia germinans (L.) L. was dominant. In riverine mangroves, Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn., and Conocarpus erectus L. were the most important species.
Author Address [Urrego, Ligia E.; Polania, Jaime; Buitrago, Maria F.; Cuartas, Luisa F.; Lema, Alvaro] Univ Nacl Colombia Medellin, Dept Ciencias Forestales, Medellin, Colombia
Reprint Address Urrego, LE (reprint author), Univ Nacl Colombia Medellin, Dept Ciencias Forestales, Calle 59 63-20, Medellin, Colombia.
E-mail Address leurrego@unalmed.edu.co
ResearcherID Number Polania, Jaime/J-9527-2013; Buitrago, Maria /E-1491-2017
ORCID Number Polania, Jaime/0000-0002-6521-3061; Buitrago, Maria /0000-0003-0666-8901
Funding Agency and Grant Number Universidad Nacional de Colombia (National University of Colombia), at Medellin and San Andres; Research Directorate in Medellin (DIME)
Funding Text The authors acknowledge the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (National University of Colombia), at Medellin and San Andres, and to the Research Directorate in Medellin (DIME), for the funding of the project
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Cited Reference Count 72
Times Cited 9
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 10
Publisher ROSENSTIEL SCH MAR ATMOS SCI
Publisher City MIAMI
Publisher Address 4600 RICKENBACKER CAUSEWAY, MIAMI, FL 33149 USA
ISSN 0007-4977
29-Character Source Abbreviation B MAR SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation Bull. Mar. Sci.
Publication Date JUL
Year Published 2009
Volume 85
Issue 1
Beginning Page 27
Ending Page 43
Page Count 17
Web of Science Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Subject Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Document Delivery Number 478UM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000268613800003
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