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Publication Type J
Authors Debez, A., I. Belghith, J. Friesen, C. Montzka and S. Elleuche
Title Facing the challenge of sustainable bioenergy production: Could halophytes be part of the solution?
Source Journal of Biological Engineering
Author Keywords Biofuels Biomass Enzymes Lignocellulose Saline environments Saline and sodic soils salt-affected soils mallow kosteletzkya-pentacarpos dissolved organic-matter cakile-maritima enzymatic saccharification halophilic bacterium coastal aquifers salinity stress climate-change heavy-metals
Abstract Due to steadily growing population and economic transitions in the more populous countries, renewable sources of energy are needed more than ever. Plant biomass as a raw source of bioenergy and biofuel products may meet the demand for sustainable energy; however, such plants typically compete with food crops, which should not be wasted for producing energy and chemicals. Second-generation or advanced biofuels that are based on renewable and non-edible biomass resources are processed to produce cellulosic ethanol, which could be further used for producing energy, but also bio-based chemicals including higher alcohols, organic acids, and bulk chemicals. Halophytes do not compete with conventional crops for arable areas and freshwater resources, since they grow naturally in saline ecosystems, mostly in semi-arid and arid areas. Using halophytes for biofuel production may provide a mid-term economically feasible and environmentally sustainable solution to producing bioenergy, contributing, at the same time, to making saline areas which have been considered unproductive for a long time - more valuable. This review emphasises on halophyte definition, global distribution, and environmental requirements. It also examines their enzymatic valorization, focusing on salt-tolerant enzymes from halophilic microbial species that may be deployed with greater advantage compared to their conventional mesophilic counterparts for faster degradation of halophyte biomass.
Author Address [Debez, Ahmed; Belghith, Ikram] CBBC, LPE, BP 9012050, Hammam Lif, Tunisia. [Debez, Ahmed; Friesen, Jan; Montzka, Carsten; Elleuche, Skander] Berlin Brandenburg Acad Sci & Humanities, Working Grp Energy Water & Environm, Arab German Young Acad Sci & Humanities AGYA, Berlin, Germany. [Friesen, Jan] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Catchment Hydrol, Permoserstr 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany. [Montzka, Carsten] Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Bio & Geosci Agrosphere IBG 3, Leo Brandt Str, D-52425 Julich, Germany. [Elleuche, Skander] Hamburg Univ Technol TUHH, Inst Tech Microbiol, Kasernenstr 12, D-21073 Hamburg, Germany. [Elleuche, Skander] Miltenyi Biotec GmbH, Friedrich Ebert Str 68, D-51429 Bergisch Gladbach, Germany. Debez, A (reprint author), CBBC, LPE, BP 9012050, Hammam Lif, Tunisia.; Debez, A (reprint author), Berlin Brandenburg Acad Sci & Humanities, Working Grp Energy Water & Environm, Arab German Young Acad Sci & Humanities AGYA, Berlin, Germany. ahmed.debez@cbbc.rnrt.tn
ISSN 1754-1611
ISBN 1754-1611
29-Character Source Abbreviation J. Biol. Eng.
Publication Date Sep
Year Published 2017
Volume 11
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1186/s13036-017-0069-0
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000409126800001

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