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Publication Type J
Authors Lonard, RI; Judd, FW; Stalter, R
Author Full Name Lonard, Robert I.; Judd, Frank W.; Stalter, Richard
Title The Biological Flora of Coastal Dunes and Wetlands: Sporobolus virginicus (C. Linnaeus) K. Kunth
Source JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Seashore dropseed; morphology; habitats; communities; population ecology; physiological ecology; response to water levels
Keywords Plus ISLAND NATIONAL SEASHORE; AERIAL PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY; SALT-MARSH PLANTS; PADRE-ISLAND; ALDABRA ATOLL; PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSES; ESTUARINE ANGIOSPERMS; VASCULAR PLANTS; SOUTH-AFRICA; VEGETATION
Abstract Sporobolus virginicus (C. Linnaeus) K. Kunth is a warm temperate, subtropical, and pantropical rhizomatous grass. It is an important species in foredunes, primary dunes, interdunal depressions, salt marshes, brackish marshes, and on the margins of salt pans where it is often a dominant species. Sporobolus virginicus is a euhalophyte that tolerates soluble salts ranging from 3 to 94 parts per thousand, and where the pH varies from 6 to 8.8. This species is freeze sensitive at -2.5 degrees C with no hardening capacity. Also known as seashore dropseed, seedlings are sensitive to tidal inundation, but established plants are not affected by waterlogged conditions. The species is important for controlling beach erosion and for stabilizing sandy substrates. Stands of S. virginicus provide food for livestock and wildlife. Herein, we present a review of the biology of this important species.
Author Address [Lonard, Robert I.; Judd, Frank W.] Univ Texas Pan Amer, Dept Biol, Edinburg, TX 78539 USA; [Stalter, Richard] St Johns Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Queens, NY 11439 USA
Reprint Address Lonard, RI (reprint author), Univ Texas Pan Amer, Dept Biol, Edinburg, TX 78539 USA.
E-mail Address rlonard@utpa.edu
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Publisher COASTAL EDUCATION & RESEARCH FOUNDATION
Publisher City LAWRENCE
Publisher Address 810 EAST 10TH STREET, LAWRENCE, KS 66044 USA
ISSN 0749-0208
29-Character Source Abbreviation J COASTAL RES
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Coast. Res.
Publication Date MAY
Year Published 2013
Volume 29
Issue 3
Beginning Page 706
Ending Page 716
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-12-00139.1
Page Count 11
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Geography, Physical; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Physical Geography; Geology
Document Delivery Number 137SI
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000318457300019
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