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Publication Type J
Authors Hirst, AJ; Jenkins, GP
Author Full Name Hirst, Alastair J.; Jenkins, Gregory P.
Title Experimental test of N-limitation for Zostera nigricaulis seagrass at three sites reliant upon very different sources of N
Source JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Nutrient enrichment; Pore water nutrients; Drought; delta N-15; Zostera; Port Phillip Bay
Keywords Plus PORT PHILLIP BAY; SOUTH-EASTERN AUSTRALIA; HETEROZOSTERA-TASMANICA; THALASSIA-TESTUDINUM; POSIDONIA-OCEANICA; CARBONATE ENVIRONMENT; RELATIVE AVAILABILITY; NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT; SEDIMENT NUTRIENTS; CLIMATE-CHANGE
Abstract The hypothesis that seagrasses may be nitrogen-limited has been examined in a number of studies, particularly in oligotrophic waters where nutrients are typically scarce. Here we examined nitrogen-limitation for the temperate seagrass, Zostera nigricaulis, at three sites where seagrasses use very different sources of nitrogen (N) based on stable isotopes of N: Swan Bay - fixed and recycled N, Kirk Point - N from treated sewage, and Blairgowrie - N from catchment. Dramatic changes to source inputs during a recent prolonged drought were linked to seagrass loss in parts of the bay dependent on catchment inputs. Here we test to what extent seagrasses dependent on different sources of N are N-limited, by enriching sediment pore water levels. Sediment pore water nutrient levels varied naturally between the sites by a factor of 14, from Swan Bay (highest) to Blairgowrie (lowest), and were much higher than water column levels. There was a detectable enrichment effect for pore water nutrient concentrations within the treatment plots after one month, although the effect was greatest for the Blairgowrie site, and was most pronounced for NH4 levels. There was a significant enrichment effect for seagrass growth after 5 months, but only at a single site, Blairgowrie. Seagrass cover, above-ground biomass and mean leaf length were substantially higher in the treatment than control plots at the Blairgowrie site, but not at the other two sites. Higher %N content and lower delta N-15 in the leaf tissues at Blairgowrie and Kirk Point indicated that N released from the fertilizer had been assimilated by the seagrass at both these sites, but in the case of Kirk Point this did not translate into greater seagrass growth. The results suggest that seagrasses at Blairgowrie, in the southern part of the bay, are highly N-limited. This is a region that is isolated from the major source of N (the catchment) utilised by seagrass in this part of the bay. The pattern of N-limitation in this and a previous study is consistent with regions that displayed major fluctuations in seagrass cover during the 'Millennium' drought from 1997 to 2009. Consequently, predicted decreases in long-term rainfall in south-eastern Australia could have negative consequences for seagrass extent in areas that are N-limited. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Hirst, Alastair J.] Deakin Univ, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Ctr Integrated Ecol, Geelong, Vic 3220, Australia; [Jenkins, Gregory P.] Univ Melbourne, Sch BioSci, Melbourne, Vic 3010, Australia
Reprint Address Hirst, AJ (reprint author), Deakin Univ, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Ctr Integrated Ecol, Geelong, Vic 3220, Australia.
E-mail Address a.hirst@deakin.edu.au
Funding Agency and Grant Number Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Marine Research Studies component of the Seagrass and Reefs Program for Port Phillip Bay
Funding Text We would like to thank Steve McGain, Matt Koopman and Brent Womersley for assistance in the field. David Ball produced the GIS maps. Tina Hines undertook nutrient analysis of pore water samples, and Vera Eate undertook the stable isotope and N content analysis for seagrass tissues. The paper benefited from comments from Andy Longmore. This research was supported by the Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning as part of the Marine Research Studies component of the Seagrass and Reefs Program for Port Phillip Bay. [SW]
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Cited Reference Count 54
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0022-0981
29-Character Source Abbreviation J EXP MAR BIOL ECOL
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.
Publication Date JAN
Year Published 2017
Volume 486
Beginning Page 204
Ending Page 213
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.jembe.2016.10.011
Page Count 10
Web of Science Category Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number EF7FP
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000390495800025
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