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Publication Type J
Authors Uddin, MK; Juraimi, AS; Ismail, MR; Othman, R; Rahim, AA
Author Full Name Uddin, Md. Kamal; Juraimi, Abdul Shukor; Ismail, Mohd. Razi; Othman, Radziah; Rahim, Anuar Abdul
Title Relative salinity tolerance of Warm season turfgrass species
Source JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Salinity tolerance; Turf grass; Seawater; Relative growth
Keywords Plus SALT TOLERANCE; SEASHORE PASPALUM; GROWTH; RESPONSES; STRESS; PLANTS; WATER; CRITERIA; QUALITY
Abstract Fresh water, coupled with soil salinization in many areas has resulted in an increased need for screening of salt tolerant turf grasses. Relative salinity tolerance of eight warm season turfgrass species were examined in this study in sand culture. Grasses were grown in a glasshouse, irrigated with either distilled water or saline sea water adjusted to 24, 48 or 72 dSm(-1). Salt tolerances of the grasses were assessed on the basis of their shoot and root growth, leaf firing and turf quality. Regression analysis indicated that Zoysia japonica (Japanese lawn grass) (JG), Stenotaphrum secundatum (St. Augustine) (SA),. Cynodon dactylon (satin) (BS), Zoysia teneuifolia (Korean grass) (KG), Digitaria didactyla (Serangoon grass) (SG), Cynodon dactylon (Tifdwarf) (TD), Paspalum notatum (Bahia grass) (BG) and Axonopus compressus (Pearl blue) (PB) suffered a 50% shoot growth reduction at 36.0, 31.8, 30.9, 28.4, 26.4, 25.7, 20.0 and 18.6 dSm(-1) of salinity, respectively and a root growth reduction at 44.9, 43.7, 33.4, 31.0, 29.5 27.5, 21.5 and 21.4 dSm(-1) of salinity, respectively. Leaf firing and turf quality of the selected species, as a Mole, were also found to be affected harmoniously with the change in root and shoot growth. On the basis of the experimental results the selected species were ranked for salinity tolerance as JG>SA>BS>KG>SG>TD>BG>PB.
Author Address [Uddin, Md. Kamal; Juraimi, Abdul Shukor; Ismail, Mohd. Razi] Univ Putra Malaysia, Inst Trop Agr, Dept Crop Sci, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia; [Othman, Radziah; Rahim, Anuar Abdul] Univ Putra Malaysia, Dept Land Management, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
Reprint Address Uddin, MK (reprint author), Univ Putra Malaysia, Inst Trop Agr, Dept Crop Sci, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail Address mkuddin07@yahoo.com
Funding Agency and Grant Number Science fund [01-04-080543]; University Putra Malaysia
Funding Text The research is funded by Science fund Grant (01-04-080543) and Graduate Research Fellowship, University Putra Malaysia.
Cited References Allakhverdiev SI, 2000, PLANT PHYSIOL, V123, P1047, DOI 10.1104/pp.123.3.1047; Alshammary SF, 2004, AGR WATER MANAGE, V66, P97, DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2003.11.002; Ashraf M, 2009, BIOTECHNOL ADV, V27, P84, DOI 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.09.003; Ashraf M, 2008, ADV AGRON, V97, P45, DOI 10.1016/S0065-2113(07)00002-8; ASHRAF M, 1990, PLANT SOIL, V128, P167, DOI 10.1007/BF00011106; Ashraf M, 2004, FLORA, V199, P361, DOI 10.1078/0367-2530-00165; Carrow RN, 1998, SALT AFFECTED TURFGR; Chinnusamy V, 2005, CROP SCI, V45, P437; Dean DE, 1996, AGRON J, V88, P844; DUDECK AE, 1983, AGRON J, V75, P927; Hixson AC, 2004, J NEMATOL, V37, P37; Jacoby B., 1999, HDB PLANT CROP STRES, P97; Lee G, 2004, HORTSCIENCE, V39, P1143; Lee G, 2004, PLANT SCI, V166, P1417, DOI 10.1016/j.plantsci.2003.12.029; Marcum K. B., 1997, International Turfgrass Society Research Journal, V8, P735; Marcum KB, 1999, CROP SCI, V39, P1153; Marcum KB, 2006, AGR WATER MANAGE, V80, P132, DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.009; Mass E. V., 1986, APPLIED AGR RES, V1, P12; Oron G, 2002, BIOSYST ENG, V81, P237, DOI 10.1006/bioe.2001.0038; PEACOCK CH, 1985, HORTSCIENCE, V20, P111; Sairam RK, 2004, CURR SCI INDIA, V86, P407; SAS Institute, 2004, SAS STAT US GUID REL; UDDIN MK, 2009, AFR J BIOTECHNOL, V21, P5799
Cited Reference Count 23
Times Cited 15
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 16
Publisher TRIVENI ENTERPRISES
Publisher City LUCKNOW
Publisher Address C/O KIRAN DALELA, 1/206 VIKAS NAGAR, KURSI RD, LUCKNOW 226 022, INDIA
ISSN 0254-8704
29-Character Source Abbreviation J ENVIRON BIOL
ISO Source Abbreviation J.Environ.Biol.
Publication Date MAY
Year Published 2011
Volume 32
Issue 3
Beginning Page 309
Ending Page 312
Page Count 4
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number 756LP
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000290013000008
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