Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.20
or
Publication Type J
Authors Chen, JB; Yan, J; Qian, YL; Jiang, YQ; Zhang, TT; Guo, HL; Guo, AG; Liu, JX
Author Full Name Chen, Jingbo; Yan, Jun; Qian, Yaling; Jiang, Yanqin; Zhang, Tingting; Guo, Hailin; Guo, Aigui; Liu, Jianxiu
Title Growth responses and ion regulation of four warm season turfgrasses to long-term salinity stress
Source SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Salinity stress; Warm season turfgrass; Top growth; Water content; Ion regulation
Keywords Plus WASTE-WATER IRRIGATION; NACL-TREATED PLANTS; TOLERANCE MECHANISMS; SEASHORE PASPALUM; CL CONCENTRATIONS; BERMUDAGRASS; CULTIVARS; NA+; BARLEY; CELLS
Abstract Increased need for salinity tolerant turfgrasses continues due to increased use of saline water for lawn irrigation and turfgrass establishment on highly saline soil in arid and seashore regions. Turfgrasses growing on saline soil suffer from long-term salinity stress, so this experiment was conducted to study the salinity tolerance. growth, and physiological responses of four warm season turfgrasses [including 'Diamond' zoysiagrass (Zoysia matrella (L) Merr.), 'Z080' zoysiagrass (Z. japonica Steud.), 'C291' bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L) Pers), and 'Adalayd' seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Sw.)] to 9 months of salinity stress. Seven salinity levels of irrigation water (0, 90, 180, 360, 540, 720, and 900 mM NaCl) were applied to turfgrasses grown in plastic tubes in a glass room. The salinity tolerance decreased in the following order according to percent green leaf canopy area after 9 months of salinity treatments: 'Diamond' > 'Adalayd' > 'C291' > 'Z080'. Leaf weight, leaf length, canopy height, shoot density were significantly affected by salinity treatments for all turfgrasses. However, leaf width and/or leaf number per shoot were not affected by salinity in all turfgrasses except 'Diamond'. Leaf and/or root water contents were also little affected. As salinity increased, leaf and root Na(+) concentrations and Na(+)/ K(+) rates increased significantly and K(+) concentrations decreased significantly except that of 'Adalayd' leaf. 'Diamond' and 'Z080' could reduce Na(+) accumulation in the leaves by salt secretion from salt glands, while 'Adalayd' could exclude Na(+) from the leaves and accumulate K(+) in the leaves. 'C291' exhibited both ion regulation mechanisms, but to much less extent. Different growth responses and ion regulation means of four turfgrasses reflected different salinity tolerance mechanisms. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Chen, Jingbo; Yan, Jun; Jiang, Yanqin; Zhang, Tingting; Guo, Hailin; Guo, Aigui; Liu, Jianxiu] Inst Bot, Nanjing 210014, Peoples R China; [Chen, Jingbo; Yan, Jun; Jiang, Yanqin; Zhang, Tingting; Guo, Hailin; Guo, Aigui; Liu, Jianxiu] Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing 210014, Peoples R China; [Qian, Yaling] Colorado State Univ, Dept Hort & Landscape Architecture, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA
Reprint Address Liu, JX (reprint author), Inst Bot, Nanjing 210014, Peoples R China.
E-mail Address turfunit@yahoo.com.cn
Funding Agency and Grant Number National Natural Science Foundation of China [30800759]; Projects of High-technology Research of Jiangsu Province in China [BG2006320]
Funding Text This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30800759) and the Projects of High-technology Research of Jiangsu Province in China (BG2006320).
Cited References ACKERSON RC, 1975, AGRON J, V67, P678; Adavi Z, 2006, J HORTIC SCI BIOTECH, V81, P1074; Alshammary SF, 2004, AGR WATER MANAGE, V66, P97, DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2003.11.002; Baghalian K, 2008, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V116, P437, DOI 10.1016/j.scienta.2008.02.014; Bryson GM, 2002, COMMUN SOIL SCI PLAN, V33, P67, DOI 10.1081/CSS-120002378; DUDECK AE, 1983, AGRON J, V75, P927; FLOWERS TJ, 1977, ANNU REV PLANT PHYS, V28, P89, DOI 10.1146/annurev.pp.28.060177.000513; Grattan SR, 1999, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V78, P127; HELLEBUST JA, 1976, ANNU REV PLANT PHYS, V27, P485, DOI 10.1146/annurev.pp.27.060176.002413; Hu YC, 2007, J INTEGR PLANT BIOL, V49, P1016, DOI 10.1111/j.1672-9072.2007.00455.x; Jalali M, 2008, AGR WATER MANAGE, V95, P143, DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2007.09.010; Kaya C, 2009, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V121, P1, DOI 10.1016/j.scienta.2009.01.001; Lee G, 2005, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V104, P221, DOI 10.1016/j.scienta.2004.08.011; Lee GJ, 2007, CROP SCI, V47, P2504, DOI 10.2135/cropsci2006.10.0639; Lee GJ, 2005, CROP SCI, V45, P251; MAAS EV, 1990, CROP SCI, V30, P1309; Marcum KB, 2006, CROP SCI, V46, P2571, DOI 10.2135/cropsci2006.01.0027; Marcum KB, 1998, CROP SCI, V38, P806; MARCUM KB, 1990, AGRON J, V82, P892; MARCUM KB, 1994, J AM SOC HORTIC SCI, V119, P779; Marcum KB, 2005, HORTSCIENCE, V40, P827; Marcum KB, 1999, CROP SCI, V39, P1153; Marcum KB, 2006, AGR WATER MANAGE, V80, P132, DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.009; MUNNS R, 1988, AUST J PLANT PHYSIOL, V15, P529; Neves-Piestun BG, 2005, FUNCT PLANT BIOL, V32, P141, DOI 10.1071/FP04113; Qian YL, 2007, HORTSCIENCE, V42, P205; Qian YL, 2005, AGRON J, V97, P717, DOI 10.2134/agronj2004.0140; Qian YL, 2000, CROP SCI, V40, P488; RAWSON HM, 1988, AUST J PLANT PHYSIOL, V15, P519; ROZEMA J, 1991, AQUAT BOT, V39, P17, DOI 10.1016/0304-3770(91)90019-2; Storey R, 1999, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V78, P39, DOI 10.1016/S0304-4238(98)00190-3; Tester M, 2003, ANN BOT-LONDON, V91, P503, DOI 10.1093/aob/mcg058; WENG JH, 2001, WEED SCI B, V22, P17; ZHAO F, 1994, COMMUN SOIL SCI PLAN, V25, P407, DOI 10.1080/00103629409369047; Zhao KF, 2002, PLANT SCI, V163, P491, DOI 10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00160-7; Zribi L, 2009, SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM, V120, P367, DOI 10.1016/j.scienta.2008.11.025
Cited Reference Count 36
Times Cited 18
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 32
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0304-4238
29-Character Source Abbreviation SCI HORTIC-AMSTERDAM
ISO Source Abbreviation Sci. Hortic.
Publication Date NOV 3
Year Published 2009
Volume 122
Issue 4
Beginning Page 620
Ending Page 625
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.scienta.2009.07.004
Page Count 6
Web of Science Category Horticulture
Subject Category Agriculture
Document Delivery Number 502VU
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000270489200016
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed