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Publication Type J
Authors Lin, YM; Li, J; Bakker, JD; Lin, H; Chen, C; Hong, W; Fisher, L; Wu, CZ; Hong, T; Deng, HJ; Zhang, GS; Du, K
Author Full Name Lin, Yongming; Li, Jian; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Lin, Han; Chen, Can; Hong, Wei; Fisher, Loretta; Wu, Chengzhen; Hong, Tao; Deng, Haojun; Zhang, Guangshuai; Du, Kun
Title Wind and salt spray alter tree shape and dry mass density in Casuarina equisetifolia L.
Source TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Adaptive strategies; Morphological traits; Functional traits; Wind; Salt spray; Coastal area; Environmental stress; Thigmomorphogenesis
Keywords Plus COASTAL SANDPLAIN HEATHLANDS; MECHANICAL PERTURBATION; WATER RELATIONS; FOREST; PLANTS; GROWTH; THIGMOMORPHOGENESIS; ARCHITECTURE; RESPONSES; SUCCESSION
Abstract Wind, salt spray, and the proximity to the coastline significantly caused the variation of tree shape and dry mass density of Casuarina equisetifolia L. planted in coastal areas. Despite negative effects of exotic plants, they play an important role in the erosion control and the accumulation of wind-borne deposits in coastal areas. Identifying the adaptive strategies of exotic species and predicting their ability for stress adaption are of great interest to improve the management and regeneration of coastwise protective forests. We studied Casuarina equisetifolia L., an introduced tree planted successfully for dampening wind speed and preventing coastal soil erosion in coastal regions of southern China, 450-1400 m from the coastline in Taiwan Strait. Morphological and functional traits were measured on the windward and leeward sides of each of 48 trees of identical age and diameter. Coastal stress was measured by wind speed and salt spray. Traits were summarized using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and PC scores were related to coastal stress and to other environmental effects. Morphological traits were summarized as PCs describing tree shape, branch supporting capacity, and branching pattern. Coastal stress significantly influenced tree shape, but not branch supporting capacity and branching pattern. Tree shape was also affected by other environmental factors. Functional traits were summarized by PCs describing dry mass density, dry matter content, and water balance, but only dry mass density was influenced by coastal stress or other environmental factors. Our study indicated that C. equisetifolia adapts to coastal stress by altering its tree shape and dry mass density. Our results provide useful information for the selection of adequate species for the erosion control and management of coastal areas.
Author Address [Lin, Yongming; Li, Jian; Lin, Han; Chen, Can; Hong, Wei; Wu, Chengzhen; Hong, Tao; Deng, Haojun; Zhang, Guangshuai; Du, Kun] Fujian Agr & Forestry Univ, Coll Forestry, Fuzhou 350002, Peoples R China; [Lin, Yongming; Li, Jian; Lin, Han; Chen, Can; Hong, Wei; Wu, Chengzhen; Hong, Tao; Deng, Haojun; Zhang, Guangshuai; Du, Kun] Key Lab Forest Ecosyst Proc & Management Fujian P, Fuzhou 350002, Peoples R China; [Lin, Yongming; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Fisher, Loretta] Univ Washington, Sch Environm & Forest Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; [Wu, Chengzhen] Wuyi Univ, Coll Ecol & Resource Engn, Nanping 354300, Peoples R China
Reprint Address Wu, CZ (reprint author), Fujian Agr & Forestry Univ, Coll Forestry, Fuzhou 350002, Peoples R China.; Wu, CZ (reprint author), Key Lab Forest Ecosyst Proc & Management Fujian P, Fuzhou 350002, Peoples R China.; Wu, CZ (reprint author), Wuyi Univ, Coll Ecol & Resource Engn, Nanping 354300, Peoples R China.
E-mail Address 35938305@qq.com
Funding Agency and Grant Number Fujian Provincial Natural Science Foundation [2015J01607]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31400533, 41201564]; National Ministry of Education Foundation for Ph.D Program of China [20090315120008]; Sponsoring Agreement for Overseas Studies in Fujian Province [20131227]
Funding Text This work was supported by the Fujian Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant no. 2015J01607), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 31400533 and 41201564), the National Ministry of Education Foundation for Ph.D Program of China (Grant no. 20090315120008), and Sponsoring Agreement for Overseas Studies in Fujian Province (Grant no. 20131227). The authors thank G. X. Zheng, Z. B. Wu, J. L. Wang, and the staff of Dahe state-owned forest plantation for help collecting and analyzing the data.
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Cited Reference Count 62
Publisher SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Publisher City HEIDELBERG
Publisher Address TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY
ISSN 0931-1890
29-Character Source Abbreviation TREES-STRUCT FUNCT
ISO Source Abbreviation Trees-Struct. Funct.
Publication Date FEB
Year Published 2017
Volume 31
Issue 1
Beginning Page 15
Ending Page 26
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s00468-016-1450-1
Page Count 12
Web of Science Category Forestry
Subject Category Forestry
Document Delivery Number EL0AA
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000394283900002
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