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Publication Type J
Authors Novoa, A; Rodriguez, R; Richardson, D; Gonzalez, L
Author Full Name Novoa, A.; Rodriguez, R.; Richardson, D.; Gonzalez, L.
Title Soil quality: a key factor in understanding plant invasion? The case of Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.
Source BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Biological invasions; Enzymatic activities; Seed germination; Seedling development
Keywords Plus COASTAL DUNES; ENZYME-ACTIVITIES; GERMINATION; ECOSYSTEMS; COMMUNITY; FOREST; NUTRIENT; ECOLOGY; IMPACTS; CARBON
Abstract The cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus are essential components of the processes and functioning of ecosystems. The functional capacity of the soil microbial community that drives these cycles varies among soils dominated by different plant species. This work aims to quantify changes in soil features of coastal ecosystems of the Iberian Peninsula caused by the invasion of Carpobrotus edulis by analysing soil chemical properties and extracellular soil enzymes. We also analyse the influence of these changes on the germination and early development of native species Malcolmia littorea (L.) R.Br. and Scabiosa atropurpupea L. and the alien C. edulis. Our results reveal that when C. edulis invades a dune ecosystem, it causes significant changes to pH, enzymatic activities, nutrients, salinity and moisture content of the soil (the level of the change depends on the initial characteristics of the invaded ecosystem). These changes alter the germination process of native and invasive plants in different ways. The results of this work suggest mechanism whereby C. edulis competes with native species at an early stage and breaks the initial abiotic resistance of newly invaded landscapes. This study highlights the importance of studying the effects of invasive plant-soil interactions on the germination and emergence of different plant species in order to fully understand the effects of invasion and to consider options for restoration activities in areas invaded by C. edulis.
Author Address [Novoa, A.; Rodriguez, R.; Gonzalez, L.] Univ Vigo, Fac Biol, Dept Biol Vexetal & Ciencias Solo, Vigo 36200, Spain; [Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.] Univ Stellenbosch, Dept Bot & Zool, Ctr Invas Biol, ZA-7620 Matieland, South Africa
Reprint Address Novoa, A (reprint author), Univ Vigo, Fac Biol, Dept Biol Vexetal & Ciencias Solo, Vigo 36200, Spain.
E-mail Address ANAN@sun.ac.za
ResearcherID Number Richardson, David/A-1495-2008; Gonzalez, Luis/F-6408-2010
ORCID Number Richardson, David/0000-0001-9574-8297; Gonzalez, Luis/0000-0001-8091-9364; Novoa, Ana/0000-0001-7092-3917
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Cited Reference Count 86
Times Cited 8
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 9
Publisher SPRINGER
Publisher City DORDRECHT
Publisher Address VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 1387-3547
29-Character Source Abbreviation BIOL INVASIONS
ISO Source Abbreviation Biol. Invasions
Publication Date FEB
Year Published 2014
Volume 16
Issue 2
Beginning Page 429
Ending Page 443
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s10530-013-0531-y
Page Count 15
Web of Science Category Biodiversity Conservation; Ecology
Subject Category Biodiversity & Conservation; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number 302PZ
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000330618700016
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