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Publication Type J
Authors Kettenring, KM
Author Full Name Kettenring, Karin M.
Title Viability, dormancy, germination, and intraspecific variation of Bolboschoenus maritimus (alkali bulrush) seeds
Source AQUATIC BOTANY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Alkali bulrush; Ecotype; Genetic diversity; Great Salt Lake; Native plant propagation; Phragmites australis; Revegetation; Seed dormancy; Seed germination; Seeding; Seed viability; Wetland restoration
Keywords Plus GENETIC DIVERSITY; ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION; CLONAL PLANTS; POPULATION; REGENERATION; REVEGETATION; REPRODUCTION; TEMPERATURE; VARIABILITY; DISPERSAL
Abstract Bolboschoenus maritimus (alkali bulrush) is a globally distributed, clonal wetland plant. In the Great Salt Lake (GSL) Basin, USA, the focal region for this study, this species forms large, monotypic stands that provide critical wetland habitat for millions of migratory birds. I conducted a series of seed trait studies with B. maritimus seeds sourced from five GSL Basin populations. Seed viability was high (87-98%) and varied little among the five source populations. Chemical scarification with 3% bleach for 24 or 48 h broke dormancy in seeds from all five source populations; there was substantial intraspecific variation (up to two-fold differences in germination) in response to scarification. The conditions suitable for germination included high light, summer temperatures (32/15 degrees C or 35/18 degrees C), and flooding. Results of this study suggest conditions under which recruitment from seed may play a role in B. maritimus patch dynamics. Furthermore, study results can be used to improve restoration of this important habitat species through the development of more effective seed revegetation following invasive Phragmites australis removal in GSL wetlands. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Kettenring, Karin M.] Utah State Univ, Ctr Ecol, 5210 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322 USA; [Kettenring, Karin M.] Utah State Univ, Dept Watershed Sci, 5210 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322 USA
Reprint Address Kettenring, KM (reprint author), Utah State Univ, Ctr Ecol, 5210 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322 USA.; Kettenring, KM (reprint author), Utah State Univ, Dept Watershed Sci, 5210 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322 USA.
E-mail Address karin.kettenring@usu.edu
Funding Agency and Grant Number Utah State University Ecology Center; Office of Research and Graduate Studies; Utah Agricultural Experiment Station [8906]
Funding Text I thank Jared Baker, Caroline Laine, and Rebekah Downard for assistance with data collection; Susan Durham for statistical advice; Bruce Bugbee and Alec Hay for assistance with the growth chamber design and set up; David England and Jimmy Marty for insights regarding bulrush seed germination; and Dennis Whigham, Kari Veblen, and the anonymous reviewers for feedback on earlier versions of this manuscript. This research was supported by the Utah State University Ecology Center and Office of Research and Graduate Studies, as well as the Utah Agricultural Experiment Station-approved as journal paper number 8906.
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Cited Reference Count 35
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0304-3770
29-Character Source Abbreviation AQUAT BOT
ISO Source Abbreviation Aquat. Bot.
Publication Date OCT
Year Published 2016
Volume 134
Beginning Page 26
Ending Page 30
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.aquabot.2016.06.005
Page Count 5
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Plant Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number DV3BX
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000382797100004
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