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Publication Type J
Authors Ammari, TG; Al-Hiary, S; Al-Dabbas, M
Author Full Name Ammari, Tarek G.; Al-Hiary, Sa'id; Al-Dabbas, Mohammad
Title Reclamation of saline calcareous soils using vegetative bioremediation as a potential approach
Source ARCHIVES OF AGRONOMY AND SOIL SCIENCE
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords bioremediation of salt-affected soils; electrical conductivity; sodium; chloride; hydraulic conductivity
Keywords Plus SODIC SOILS; AMELIORATION; REMOVAL; GRASS; CROP
Abstract Vegetative bioremediation of saline calcareous soil (EC1:1 11.01 dS m-1) was practised through growing fodder beet (Beta Beta vulgaris var. magnum) and millet (Panicum spp.) in soil columns. Beet was grown at a planting density of 4427 plants m-2, whereas millet was grown at two planting densities: 5202 (M1) and 8928 (M2) plants m-2. Some plants were irrigated with 233 mu S cm-1 water throughout the experiment (70 days), while for others non-saline water was replaced with saline water (2.52 dS m-1) at the middle of the experiment. The control was leaching of uncropped soil. Beet had higher ash content and efficiently extracted higher amount of salts (particularly Na and Cl) along with their aboveground biomass than millet under the two irrigation regimes. Millet grown at high planting density had higher ash content and extracted higher amount of salts (particularly Cl) than those at low planting density. Bioremediation, particularly in the case of millet (M1), considerably enhanced soil hydraulic conductivity as compared with leaching treatment; thus, facilitating the removal of some soluble salts beyond the root zone. Accordingly, soil electrical conductivity was considerably decreased by 5469% compared with the untreated soil. It is concluded that mainly fodder beet is a potential candidate for efficient bioremediation of saline calcareous soils.
Author Address [Ammari, Tarek G.; Al-Hiary, Sa'id] Al Balqa Appl Univ, Dept Water Resources & Environm Management, Al Salt, Jordan; [Al-Dabbas, Mohammad] NCARE, Al Baqa, Jordan
Reprint Address Ammari, TG (reprint author), Al Balqa Appl Univ, Dept Water Resources & Environm Management, Al Salt, Jordan.
E-mail Address tarekamm@yahoo.com
ResearcherID Number Ammari, Tarek/D-9288-2017
ORCID Number Ammari, Tarek/0000-0002-9360-422X
Cited References Abrol IP, 1988, SOIL B FAO, V39; Ammari TG, 2008, J FOOD AGRIC ENVIRON, V6, P456; Ashour NI, 1997, J ARID ENVIRON, V37, P299, DOI 10.1006/jare.1997.0284; Batra L, 1997, EXP AGR, V33, P389, DOI 10.1017/S0014479797004067; Dagar JC, 2004, LAND DEGRAD DEV, V15, P143, DOI 10.1002/ldr.598; Evangelou V. P., 1998, ENV SOIL WATER CHEM; Hamidov A, 2007, ENV DEV, V3, P123; HAYNES RJ, 1993, J SOIL SCI, V44, P665; Klute A, 1986, METHODS SOIL ANAL 1; Koyro HW, 1999, PROGR BIOMETEOROLOGY, V13, P87; Koyro H. W., 1999, HDB PLANT CROP STRES, P843; Qadir M, 2005, SOIL USE MANAGE, V21, P173, DOI 10.1079/SUM2005312; Qadir M, 2000, LAND DEGRAD DEV, V11, P501, DOI 10.1002/1099-145X(200011/12)11:6<501::AID-LDR405>3.0.CO;2-S; Rengasamy P, 2006, J EXP BOT, V57, P1017, DOI 10.1093/jxb/erj108; Malik K. A., 1975, NUCLEUS, V12, P35; SAS Institute, 1988, SAS STAT US GUID; SINGH MV, 1989, INDIAN J AGR SCI, V59, P495
Cited Reference Count 17
Times Cited 6
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 6
Publisher TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Publisher City ABINGDON
Publisher Address 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON OX14 4RN, OXON, ENGLAND
ISSN 0365-0340
29-Character Source Abbreviation ARCH AGRON SOIL SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation Arch. Agron. Soil Sci.
Publication Date MAR 1
Year Published 2013
Volume 59
Issue 3
Beginning Page 367
Ending Page 375
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1080/03650340.2011.629813
Page Count 9
Web of Science Category Agronomy; Soil Science
Subject Category Agriculture
Document Delivery Number 055TY
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000312441800004
Plants associated with this reference

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