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Publication Type J
Authors ISHIKAWA, SI; FURUKAWA, A; OIKAWA, T
Author Full Name ISHIKAWA, SI; FURUKAWA, A; OIKAWA, T
Title ZONAL PLANT-DISTRIBUTION AND EDAPHIC AND MICROMETEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS ON A COASTAL SAND DUNE
Source ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords COASTAL DUNE PLANTS; EVAPORATIVE DEMAND; SOIL-WATER SALINITY; WATER AVAILABILITY; ZONAL PLANT DISTRIBUTION
Keywords Plus ENGLAND SALT-MARSH; ZONATION; GROWTH
Abstract Some edaphic and meteorological conditions were examined to detect environmental gradients from shoreline to inland at the Kado-ori coast, Ibaraki, Japan, in 1989. Zonal distribution patterns of coastal dune plant species, including three ubiquitous perennials, Calystegia soldanella, Carex kobomugi and Ischaemum anthephoroides, were described in relation to the environmental gradients. Environmental gradients were found in water availability, evaporative demand and soil-water salinity. Water availability, evaluated by thickness of capillary water layer, increased from 10 cm at 20 m to 48 cm at 85 m from the shoreline, reflecting the percentage of fine sand. Evaporative demand, which was evaluated by the evaporation rate from a wet black filter paper, decreased with increasing distance from the shoreline. Soil-water salinity was lowest (15 mmol/L) at 85 m from the shoreline and highest (30 mmol/L) at 30 m. On the coast, C. soldanella, a salt-tolerant perennial, was distributed mainly in the environmentally harsh area 40-60 m from the shoreline. Ischaemum anthephoroides and C, kobomugi, less salt-tolerant perennials, occurred mainly 70-80 m from the shoreline, where environmental conditions were more hospitable.
Author Address NATL INST ENVIRONM STUDIES,GLOBAL ENVIRONM RES DIV,TSUKUBA,IBARAKI 305,JAPAN
Reprint Address ISHIKAWA, SI (reprint author), UNIV TSUKUBA,INST BIOL SCI,TSUKUBA,IBARAKI 305,JAPAN.
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Cited Reference Count 28
Times Cited 19
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 22
Publisher BLACKWELL SCIENCE PUBL AUSTR
Publisher City CARLTON
Publisher Address 54 UNIVERSITY ST, P O BOX 378, CARLTON 3053, AUSTRALIA
ISSN 0912-3814
29-Character Source Abbreviation ECOL RES
ISO Source Abbreviation Ecol. Res.
Publication Date DEC
Year Published 1995
Volume 10
Issue 3
Beginning Page 259
Ending Page 266
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/BF02347851
Page Count 8
Web of Science Category Ecology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number TJ026
Unique Article Identifier WOS:A1995TJ02600004
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