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Version 3.21
Publication Type J
Authors Osland, MJ; Day, RH; From, AS; McCoy, ML; McLeod, JL; Kelleway, JJ
Author Full Name Osland, Michael J.; Day, Richard H.; From, Andrew S.; McCoy, Meagan L.; McLeod, Jennie L.; Kelleway, Jeffrey J.
Title Life stage influences the resistance and resilience of black mangrove forests to winter climate extremes
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Avicennia germinans; climate change; coastal wetlands; extreme climatic event; freeze damage; mangrove; marsh; ontogeny; plant-climate interactions; positive feedback; range expansion; woody plant encroachment
Abstract In subtropical coastal wetlands on multiple continents, climate change-induced reductions in the frequency and intensity of freezing temperatures are expected to lead to the expansion of woody plants (i.e., mangrove forests) at the expense of tidal grasslands (i.e., salt marshes). Since some ecosystem goods and services would be affected by mangrove range expansion, there is a need to better understand mangrove sensitivity to freezing temperatures as well as the implications of changing winter climate extremes for mangrove-salt marsh interactions. In this study, we investigated the following questions: (1) how does plant life stage (i.e., ontogeny) influence the resistance and resilience of black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) forests to freezing temperatures; and (2) how might differential life stage responses to freeze events affect the rate of mangrove expansion and salt marsh displacement due to climate change? To address these questions, we quantified freeze damage and recovery for different life stages (seedling, short tree, and tall tree) following extreme winter air temperature events that occurred near the northern range limit of A. germinans in North America. We found that life stage affects black mangrove forest resistance and resilience to winter climate extremes in a nonlinear fashion. Resistance to winter climate extremes was high for tall A. germinans trees and seedlings, but lowest for short trees. Resilience was highest for tall A. germinans trees. These results suggest the presence of positive feedbacks and indicate that climate-change induced decreases in the frequency and intensity of extreme minimum air temperatures could lead to a nonlinear increase in mangrove forest resistance and resilience. This feedback could accelerate future mangrove expansion and salt marsh loss at rates beyond what would be predicted from climate change alone. In general terms, our study highlights the importance of accounting for differential life stage responses and positive feedbacks when evaluating the ecological effects of changes in the frequency and magnitude of climate extremes.
Author Address [Osland, Michael J.; Day, Richard H.; From, Andrew S.] US Geol Survey, Lafayette, LA 70506 USA; [McCoy, Meagan L.] US Geol Survey, McLemore Consulting, Lafayette, LA 70506 USA; [McLeod, Jennie L.] US Geol Survey, McLeod Consulting, Lafayette, LA 70506 USA; [Kelleway, Jeffrey J.] Univ Technol Sydney, Plant Funct Biol & Climate Change Cluster, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
Reprint Address Osland, MJ (reprint author), US Geol Survey, Lafayette, LA 70506 USA.
E-mail Address mosland@usgs.gov
Funding Agency and Grant Number U.S. Geological Survey's Ecosystems Mission Area; Department of Interior Southeast Climate Science Center
Funding Text We thank Rebecca Howard, two anonymous reviewers, and the subject-matter editor for their helpful comments on a previous version of this manuscript. This research was supported by the U.S. Geological Survey's Ecosystems Mission Area and the Department of Interior Southeast Climate Science Center. We thank the ConocoPhillips Company/Louisiana Land and Exploration Company LLC for permission to conduct research on their land. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. This manuscript is submitted for publication with the understanding that the U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes.
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Cited Reference Count 67
Times Cited 3
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 3
Publisher City WASHINGTON
Publisher Address 1990 M STREET NW, STE 700, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
ISSN 2150-8925
29-Character Source Abbreviation ECOSPHERE
ISO Source Abbreviation Ecosphere
Publication Date SEP
Year Published 2015
Volume 6
Issue 9
Article Number 160
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1890/ES15-00042.1
Page Count 15
Web of Science Category Ecology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number CS5MF
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000362121600017
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