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Publication Type J
Authors Lin, J., S. Shao, Y. Wang, M. Qi, L. Lin, Y. Wang and X. Yan
Title Germination responses of the halophyte Chloris virgata to temperature and reduced water potential caused by salinity, alkalinity and drought stress
Source Grass and Forage Science
Author Keywords alkalinity stress drought stress germination recovery salinity stress water potential seed-germination leymus-chinensis atriplex-triangularis osmotic adjustment ionic balance growth salt photosynthesis light wheat
Abstract Chloris virgata is considered a useful grass species for grassland restoration in northern China. However, little information exists concerning the germination responses of this species to temperature and water potential caused by stress conditions. Experiments were conducted in growth chambers to assess the effect of temperature, salinity, alkalinity, drought and the interactions of temperature and stress on seed germination. Seeds were germinated at three diurnal temperature regimes, with four water potentials in NaCl, NaHCO3 and PEG solutions. Results showed that optimal germination under stress occurred at 15-25 degrees C, and germination percentages and rates were inhibited by either an increase or decrease in temperature from the optimal temperature. The inhibitory effects of the low water potential caused by salinity and drought on germination were greater at 25-35 degrees C, but seeds were subjected to more stress despite the relatively higher water potential because of the alkalinity at this temperature. The recovery percentage under salinity was highest at -1.2 MPa at 15-25 degrees C, and more than 80% of seeds also germinated at this water potential after they were transferred from drought stress. However, seeds lost their viability in higher alkalinities under all temperatures, and at 25-35 degrees C, there was lower recovery percentage under stress. Results suggest that salinity, alkalinity and drought stress have different impacts on seed germination, and the tolerance to stress of C. virgata seeds is affected by the interactions of temperature and water potential caused by salinity, alkalinity and drought. Chloris virgata shows potential utility as a promising grass species in salinity-alkalinity and drought-stressed environments.
Author Address [Lin, J.; Shao, S.; Wang, Y.; Qi, M.; Wang, Y.; Yan, X.] Northeast Forestry Univ, Alkali Soil Nat Environm Sci Ctr, Key Lab Saline Alkali Vegetat Ecol Restorat Oil F, Minist Educ, Harbin, Peoples R China. [Lin, J.] Northeast Forestry Univ, Key Lab Vegetat Ecol, Minist Educ, Inst Grassland Sci, Changchun, Peoples R China. [Lin, L.] Dongtou Fisheries Sci & Technol Res Inst, Dongtou, Wenzhou Provinc, Peoples R China. Yan, X (reprint author), Northeast Forestry Univ, Alkali Soil Nat Environm Sci Ctr, Key Lab Saline Alkali Vegetat Ecol Restorat Oil F, Minist Educ, Harbin, Peoples R China. xfyan@nefu.edu.cn
ISSN 0142-5242
ISBN 0142-5242
29-Character Source Abbreviation Grass Forage Sci.
Publication Date Sep
Year Published 2016
Volume 71
Issue 3
Beginning Page 507-514
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/gfs.12218
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000387376300015
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