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Publication Type J
Authors Mroczek, A
Author Full Name Mroczek, Agnieszka
Title Phytochemistry and bioactivity of triterpene saponins from Amaranthaceae family
Source PHYTOCHEMISTRY REVIEWS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Anticancer tritepenoids; Chenopodiaceae; Nutraceuticals; Oleanolic acid; Phytochemicals
Keywords Plus ACHYRANTHES-FAURIEI ROOT; BETA-VULGARIS L.; NOROLEANANE-TYPE TRITERPENE; CHENOPODIUM-QUINOA SEEDS; MEDICINAL FOODSTUFFS; GLUCURONIDE SAPONINS; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; OLEANOLIC ACID; SUGAR-BEET; ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES
Abstract The family Amaranthaceae comprises more than 175 genera and 2,000 species of herbs, shrubs, subshrubs and small trees. It is a widespread and cosmopolitan family that can be found from the tropics to cool temperate regions. Some of the Amaranthaceae plants have economic importance and are used as herbal medicines or vegetables in various parts of the globe. The phytochemical profile of Amaranthaceae plants comprises essential oils, betalains, phenolic compounds and terpenoids. This review focuses on distribution, structure and pharmacological properties of triterpene saponins present in Amaranthaceae plants. These include oleanane-, ursane- and lupane-type of compounds possessing a very broad array of structures. Different pattern of triterpene saponin occurrence was characterised in almost 30 species belonging to Amaranthaceae family, i.e. Achyranthes bidendata Blume, Achyranthes faureri L,veille. & Vahiot., Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus cruentus L., Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., Alternanthera philoxeroides Griseb., Alternanthera repens L., Anabasis articulata Moq, Anabasis setifera Moq, Atriplex glauca L., Atriplex semibaccata R. Br., Bassia muricata L., Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris L., Gomphrena globosa Spreng., Celosia argentea L., Celosia cristata L., Chenopodium album L., Chenopodium foliosum L., Chenopodium quinoa Willd., Climacoptera obtusifolia L., Kochia scoparia L., Pfaffia glomerata Speng., Pfaffia paniculata Mart., Salicornia bigelovii Torr., Salicornia europaea L., Salicornia herbacea L. The bioactivity of saponin mixtures or individual saponins in vitro and in vivo include cytotoxic, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, antiosteoporosis, antiviral, antifungal as well as anthelmintic actions. Herbal and edible Amaranthaceae plants can be considered as promising and highly available sources of biologically active triterpene saponins.
Author Address Univ Warsaw, Dept Plant Biochem, Fac Biol, PL-02960 Warsaw, Poland
Reprint Address Mroczek, A (reprint author), Univ Warsaw, Dept Plant Biochem, Fac Biol, Miecznikowa St 1, PL-02960 Warsaw, Poland.
E-mail Address mroczek@biol.uw.edu.pl
Funding Agency and Grant Number European Social Fund (ESF) [POKL.04.03.00-00-060/12]
Funding Text The participation in the Phytochemical Society of Europe meeting in Romania was founded by the grant from the European Social Fund (ESF) project POKL.04.03.00-00-060/12.
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Cited Reference Count 88
Times Cited 4
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 4
Publisher SPRINGER
Publisher City DORDRECHT
Publisher Address VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 1568-7767
29-Character Source Abbreviation PHYTOCHEM REV
ISO Source Abbreviation Phytochem. Rev.
Publication Date AUG
Year Published 2015
Volume 14
Issue 4
Special Issue SI
Beginning Page 577
Ending Page 605
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s11101-015-9394-4
Page Count 29
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences
Subject Category Plant Sciences
Document Delivery Number CN4PG
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000358411700003
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