Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.20
or
Publication Type B
Authors Al-Jaloud, A. A. and G. Hussain
Book Author M. A. Khan, B. Boer, G. Kust and H. J. Barth
Editors M. A. Khan, B. Boer, G. Kust and H. J. Barth
Title Sabkha ecosystem and halophyte plant communities in Saudi Arabia
Source Tasks for Vegetation Science
Abstract In Saudi Arabia, sabkhas are widespread, each covering areas from a few hectares to hundreds of square kilometers. In some cases water stands on the surface giving the impression of ponds or lakes. Usually the water table is very close to the ground surface. The salinity of the sabkha groundwater ranges between 50-585 g L-1 in different places. Solute chemistry indicates Na and Mg as the major cations and Cl and SO4 as the major anions. Other ions such as Ca, K, CO3, and HCO3 exist in varying proportions besides B, NO3 and F. Salt is harvested from these sabkhas for multiple uses. The texture of sabkhas soils ranges from coarse (sandy) to fine (sandy-clay-loam) at various places.A field survey was conducted to determine the halophyte plant communities in sabkha in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Plant species such as Aeluropus lagopoides, Prosopis farcata, Bienertia cycloptera, Nitraria retusa, Salicornia europaea, Suaeda vermiculata, Tamarix amplexicaula Atriplex leucoclada, Halothamnus (sp), Plantago ovata, Atriplex glaucum, Suaeda fruticosa and Suaeda monoica contain high protein contents (ranging from 4.25-19.75%) besides other mineral elements. The soil ECe ranges between 8.25-206 dS m(-1). Based on the soil and plant analysis, these halophyte plants have an excellent potential for successful growth in a particular sabkha ecosystem. In conclusion, although most of the areas adjacent to sabkhas are heavily degraded, in some cases potential exists for the rehabilitation of either whole sabkhas or parts of sabkhas through halophyte plantation with the adoption of appropriate soil, water and plant management practices.
ISSN 978-1-4020-5071-8(H)
ISBN 978-1-4020-5071-8(H)
Year Published 2006
Volume 42
Beginning Page 1-7
Unique Article Identifier BCI:BCI200700250785
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed