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Publication Type J
Authors Can, E., M. Arslan, O. Sener and H. Daghan
Title Response of strawberry clover (Trifolium fragiferum L.) to salinity stress
Source Research on Crops
Abstract Forage crops tolerant to salinity stress during seed germination and vegetative growth are highly important for plant establishment and maintenance in saline pastures and meadows. The present study was conducted to determine how salinity affects germination, plant growth and development of strawberry clover. Strawberry clovers were grown in pots filled with a mixture of sand and peat moss, and were irrigated with waters of seven different levels of salinity [0.06 (control), 9.36, 18.22, 26.67, 34.07, 42.70 and 50.1 dS/m]. Germination studies indicated that each increase in salinity after 11.0 dS/m caused a reduction in germination, with no seed germination after 42.0 dS/m NaCl. Salinity had considerable effect on plant (hay) fresh and dry weights, chlorophyll content, SPAD reading and electrolyte leakage value. The NaCl treatment proportionally reduced the fresh and dry weights of plant. Membrane damage of cells increased as NaCl concentration increased. Higher salinity concentration decreased photosynthetic pigment content that led to decrease photosynthetic rate and less dry matter production. Our data suggest that strawberry clover possesses moderate to good salinity tolerance during seed germination and vegetative growth has potential to be used on pastures and meadows with moderate salt problems affecting forage crops establishment and maintenance.
Author Address [Can, Ersin; Arslan, Mehmet; Sener, Okan; Daghan, Hatice] Mustafa Kemal Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Field Crops, TR-31034 Antakya, Turkey. Can, E (reprint author), Mustafa Kemal Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Field Crops, TR-31034 Antakya, Turkey. ersincan69@gmail.com
ISSN 0972-3226
ISBN 0972-3226
Publication Date Jun
Year Published 2013
Volume 14
Issue 2
Beginning Page 576-584
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000322687200043
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