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Publication Type J
Authors Flores, AM; Shukla, MK; Daniel, D; Ulery, AL; Schutte, BJ; Picchioni, GA; Fernald, S
Author Full Name Flores, Alison M.; Shukla, Manoj K.; Daniel, David; Ulery, April L.; Schutte, Brian J.; Picchioni, Geno A.; Fernald, Sam
Title Evapotranspiration changes with irrigation using saline groundwater and RO concentrate
Source JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords RO concentrate; Halophytes; Evapotranspiration; Leaching fraction; Biomass
Keywords Plus INDUSTRIAL WASTE-WATER; PLANT-GROWTH; HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY; LEACHING FRACTION; LAND APPLICATION; GERMINATION; VARIETIES; SOILS; TOLERANCE; SALVIA
Abstract In the arid southwestern United States, water is scarce. Drought and diminishing freshwater have created a need for alternate water sources. Reverse osmosis (RO) is used to desalinate groundwater but results in highly saline concentrate. This study investigates reusing RO concentrate as an irrigation source for salt tolerant plants. The objective was to evaluate the evapotranspiration (ET), leaching fractions (LF), and total above-ground biomass produced under irrigation water salinity gradient. Three irrigation treatments of 0.9 dS/m (control), 4.1 dS/m, and 8.0 dS/m were applied for 90-days. In this greenhouse study, six salt-tolerant species (Atriplex canescens, Hordeum vulgare, Lepidium alyssoides, Distichlis stricta, Panicum virgatum, xTriticosecale) were planted in contrasting soils. Irrigation and deep percolation were measured to determine ET and LF. Control water irrigated plants had higher ET and lower LF than saline water irrigated plants. Dry above-ground biomass for A. canescens and Lepidium alyssoides increased, Panicum virgatum decreased, and no trends were observed for others with increasing irrigation water salinity. All species tested in this study appear suitable for cultivation using RO concentrate in sand, but P. virgatum is less viable in clay. Concentrate reuse for growing salt-tolerant plants could aid in implementation of inland groundwater desalination in the southwestern U.S. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Flores, Alison M.; Shukla, Manoj K.; Ulery, April L.; Picchioni, Geno A.] New Mexico State Univ, Plant & Environm Sci Dept, POB 30003 MSC 3Q, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA; [Daniel, David] New Mexico State Univ, Econ Appl Stat & Int Business Dept, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA; [Schutte, Brian J.] New Mexico State Univ, Entomol Plant Pathol & Weed Sci, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA; [Fernald, Sam] New Mexico State Univ, Anim & Range Sci, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA
Reprint Address Flores, AM (reprint author), New Mexico State Univ, Plant & Environm Sci Dept, POB 30003 MSC 3Q, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA.
E-mail Address alison.flores27@gmail.com
Funding Agency and Grant Number NMSU Agricultural Experiment Station; NIFA; Nakayama Chair; Water Resources Research Institute; Bureau of Reclamation Cooperative Agreement
Funding Text Authors thank NMSU Agricultural Experiment Station, NIFA, Nakayama Chair, and Water Resources Research Institute and Bureau of Reclamation Cooperative Agreement for support.
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Cited Reference Count 50
Publisher ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publisher City LONDON
Publisher Address 24-28 OVAL RD, LONDON NW1 7DX, ENGLAND
ISSN 0140-1963
29-Character Source Abbreviation J ARID ENVIRON
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Arid. Environ.
Publication Date AUG
Year Published 2016
Volume 131
Beginning Page 35
Ending Page 45
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2016.04.003
Page Count 11
Web of Science Category Ecology; Environmental Sciences
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number DO4DM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000377732000005
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