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Publication Type J
Authors Kumar, A., A. Kumar, C. Lata and S. Kumar
Title Eco-physiological responses of Aeluropus lagopoides (grass halophyte) and Suaeda nudiflora (non-grass halophyte) under individual and interactive sodic and salt stress
Source South African Journal of Botany
Author Keywords Salinity Sodicity Aeluropus lagopoides Suaeda nudiflora Eco-physiology water relations photosystem-ii root-zone salinity tolerance growth photosynthesis plants leaves nacl
Abstract Aeluropus lagopoides (grass halophyte) and Suaeda nudiflora (non-grass halophyte) collected from extreme saline sodic Kachchh plains, Bhuj (Gujrat), were established in micro-plot research facility of CSSRI, Karnal, to evaluate their eco-physiological responses under different salt stresses. The experiment was designed in split plot design (two factorial randomized complete block design) having 2 halophytes and 9 different treatments of salinity/sodicity, i.e., control (pH(2) 7.1; ECe: 0.56), sodic (pH(2) 9.5 and 10.0), saline (ECe: 15, 25, 35 dS m(-1)), and saline sodic (pH(2) 9.0 with ECe: 10, 15, 20 dS m(-1)). Eco-physiological responses were measured in terms of gas exchange attributes, chlorophyll fluorescence, ionic relations (Na+, K+, and Cl- content) and biochemicals (total soluble sugars, total soluble protein, proline content, epicuticular wax load, and peroxidase activity). Both these halophytes showed maximum gas exchange properties under unstressed control conditions. The highest photosynthetic rate (34.5 and 33.5 mu mol CO2 m(-2) s(-1)) was recorded in control treatment, which was decreased with the intensified stress and reduced to minimum under stress condition of pH(2) 9.0+ ECe 20 dS m(-1) (18.1 and 16.9 mu mol CO2 m(-2) s(-1)) in A. lagopoides and S. nudiflora, respectively. Reductions were also noticed in the rates of stomatal conductance and transpiration rate under different saline/sodic levels. As the stress conditions prevailed, these grass and non-grass halophytes accumulated higher amount of Na+ and Cl- in their leaves. Aeluropus accumulated 10.23% Na+ at ECe 35 dS m(-1), which was approximately 6 times higher than control (1.65%) and 2 times than pH(2) 9.0 + ECe 20 dS m(-1) (5.8%) stress level, whereas S. nudiflora accumulated 2.75% Na+ in control, which increased to 17.33% at ECe 35 dS m(-1) and 22.25% at pH(2) 9.0 + ECe 20 d Sm-1 treatment. Chloride content showed similar trend of increase. Increased accumulation of K+, i.e., 103.3% and 39.5%, was observed at ECe 35 dS m(-1) in A. lagopoides and S. nudiflora, respectively, with respect to control treatment. TSS content was decreased under sodic environment, while increasing patternwas observed under salinity and combined stress. Maximum protein accumulation of 23.24 mg/g F.W. was observed at ECe 35 d Sm-1 in A. lagopoides while in S. nudiflora (19.18 mg/g F.W.) at pH(2) 9.0 + ECe 20 dS m(-1). Approximately 10 times higher proline accumulation was observed in both halophytes with increasing stress conditions, which showed higher osmotic adaptations. This study confers the eco-physiological potential of salt tolerance in both the halophytes and these could be used as good material for forages under salt-affected environments. (C) 2016 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Kumar, Ashwani; Kumar, Arvind; Lata, C.; Kumar, S.] Cent Soil Salin Res Inst, ICAR, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India. Kumar, A (reprint author), Cent Soil Salin Res Inst, Div Crop Improvement, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India. ashwanisharma107@gmail.com
ISSN 0254-6299
ISBN 0254-6299
29-Character Source Abbreviation S. Afr. J. Bot.
Publication Date Jul
Year Published 2016
Volume 105
Beginning Page 36-44
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.sajb.2015.12.006
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000377302600005
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