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Publication Type J
Authors Uyeda, KA; Deutschman, DH; Crooks, JA
Author Full Name Uyeda, Kellie A.; Deutschman, Douglas H.; Crooks, Jeffrey A.
Title Abiotic Limitation of Non-native Plants in the High Salt Marsh Transition Zone
Source ESTUARIES AND COASTS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Non-native species; Transition zone; Soil salinity; Vegetation
Keywords Plus PHRAGMITES-AUSTRALIS; SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA; NEW-ENGLAND; SALINITY; RESTORATION; ESTABLISHMENT; GERMINATION; COMPETITION; INVASION; ZONATION
Abstract Native plants in the upland to high-marsh transition zone of southern California salt marshes are mostly perennials and therefore experience the abiotic stress of low soil moisture and high soil salinity throughout much of the year. However, many annual non-native plants reproduce during the brief period of reduced salinity and increased moisture during winter rainfall. We investigated the seasonal and spatial variation in vegetation and soil properties of the transition zone using an observational study. Next, we explored the potential for managing non-native plants using a field experiment with varying timing, quantity, and frequency of salt addition treatments. The observational study showed that the distribution of non-native plants is related to changes in soil salinity and soil moisture that accompany changes in elevation, although there are variations among species. In the field experiment, salt was effective at reducing non-native plant cover, but the timing of treatment was important. Although additional work is needed to refine the salt treatments, this work supports the idea that altering abiotic conditions can effectively reduce the presence of non-native species in the upland to high-marsh transition zone.
Author Address [Uyeda, Kellie A.; Deutschman, Douglas H.] San Diego State Univ, Dept Biol, San Diego, CA 92182 USA; [Uyeda, Kellie A.] San Diego State Univ, Dept Geog, San Diego, CA 92182 USA; [Crooks, Jeffrey A.] Tijuana River Natl Estuarine Res Reserve, Imperial Beach, CA 91932 USA
Reprint Address Uyeda, KA (reprint author), San Diego State Univ, Dept Geog, San Diego, CA 92182 USA.
E-mail Address kellie.uyeda@gmail.com
ORCID Number Uyeda, Kellie/0000-0001-7043-3870
Funding Agency and Grant Number Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; California State Parks; Estuarine Reserves Division, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management; National Ocean Service; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Funding Text We thank the Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and California State Parks for their help and support with this project. We also thank numerous students and TRNERR volunteers for their assistance in the field.; This research was conducted under an award from the Estuarine Reserves Division, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
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Cited Reference Count 29
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher SPRINGER
Publisher City NEW YORK
Publisher Address 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
ISSN 1559-2723
29-Character Source Abbreviation ESTUAR COAST
ISO Source Abbreviation Estuaries Coasts
Publication Date NOV
Year Published 2013
Volume 36
Issue 6
Beginning Page 1125
Ending Page 1136
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s12237-013-9640-1
Page Count 12
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number 227GP
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000325099900003
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