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Publication Type J
Authors Hamouda, I., M. Badri, M. Mejri, C. Cruz, K. H. M. Siddique and K. Hessini
Title Salt tolerance of Beta macrocarpa is associated with efficient osmotic adjustment and increased apoplastic water content
Source Plant Biology
Author Keywords Apoplastic water adjustment Beta macrocarpa osmotic adjustment salt stress spartina-alterniflora drought stress salinity tolerance ion accumulation plasma-membrane abiotic stress vulgaris l. growth photosynthesis pressure
Abstract The chenopod Beta macrocarpa Guss (wild Swiss chard) is known for its salt tolerance, but the mechanisms involved are still debated. In order to elucidate the processes involved, we grew wild Swiss chard exposed to three salinity levels (0, 100 and 200mm NaCl) for 45days, and determined several physiological parameters at the end of this time. All plants survived despite reductions in growth, photosynthesis and stomatal conductance in plants exposed to salinity (100 and 200mm NaCl). As expected, the negative effects of salinity were more pronounced at 200mm than at 100mm NaCl: (i) leaf apoplastic water content was maintained or increased despite a significant reduction in leaf water potential, revealing the halophytic character of B.macrocarpa; (ii) osmotic adjustment occurred, which presumably enhanced the driving force for water extraction from soil, and avoided toxic build up of Na+ and Cl- in the mesophyll apoplast of leaves. Osmotic adjustment mainly occurred through accumulation of inorganic ions and to a lesser extent soluble sugars; proline was not implicated in osmotic adjustment. Overall, two important mechanisms of salt tolerance in B.macrocarpa were identified: osmotic and apoplastic water adjustment.
Author Address [Hamouda, I.; Badri, M.; Mejri, M.; Hessini, K.] Ctr Biotechnol Borj Cedria, Lab Extremophile Plants, Hammam Lif, Tunisia. [Cruz, C.] Fac Ciencias Lisboa, Dept Biol Vegetal, CBA, Campo Grande, Lisbon, Portugal. [Siddique, K. H. M.] Univ Western Australia, Inst Agr, Perth, WA 6009, Australia. [Hessini, K.] Taif Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, POB 888, At Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia. Hessini, K (reprint author), Taif Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, POB 888, At Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia. kamelhessini@gmail.com
ISSN 1435-8603
ISBN 1435-8603
29-Character Source Abbreviation Plant Biol.
Publication Date May
Year Published 2016
Volume 18
Issue 3
Beginning Page 369-375
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/plb.12419
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000374349000003
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